• 2020年高考真题 英语 (浙江卷)
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

2. How does the woman go to work this week?

ABy car.

BBy bike.

COn foot.

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3. What time does Dave’ s meeting start?

AAt 8:30.

BAt 9:00.

CAt 10:00.

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1. What will the speakers do tonight?

AVisit Mary.

BGo out of town.

CHost a dinner.

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5. What is the woman’s feeling now?




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7. Who might be able to help Tom this week?




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9. What does Judy often do at the railway station?

ARead books.

BCall some friends.

CLook around the shops.

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4. What is Helen going to do?

ABuy some books.

BStudy in the library.

CAttend a history class.

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6. What is Tom busy doing?

ARaising money.

BWriting a lab report.

CGiving classes to children.

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8. Why is Jack leaving early?

ATo avoid getting stuck in traffic.

BTo enjoy the scenery on the way.

CTo buy some gifts for his family.

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10. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

AWhat to do next year.

BWhere to go for vacations.

CHow to pass the waiting time.

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13. What does the woman seem to suggest Bill do?

ALearn to repair cars.

BDecline the job offer.

CAsk his uncle for advice.

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16. How much time does the man have to read the book?

ATwo weeks.

BThree weeks.

CFour weeks.

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17. What is the speaker doing?

AReporting a study.

BChairing a meeting.

CTeaching a class.

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18. What should you pay most attention to when taking notes?




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20. What will the speaker do next?

AAsk a few questions.

BShow some notes.

CMake a summary.

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11. Why does Bill look troubled?

AHe is short of money.

BHe has made a big mistake.

CHe is facing a tough choice.

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12. What is Bill now?

AA college student.

BAn army officer.

CA computer engineer.

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14. What is the woman recommending to the man?

AA writer.

BA club.

CA course.

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15. What is the woman reading now?

AThe Beautiful Mind.

BThe Great Gatsby.

CThe Kite Runner.

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19. What is an advantage of using symbols in note-taking?

AIt keeps information secret.

BIt leaves space for future use.

CIt makes key words noticeable.

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。


I am an active playgoer and play-reader, and perhaps my best reason for editing this book is a hope of sharing my enthusiasm for the theater with others. To do this I have searched through dozens of plays to find the ones that I think best show the power and purpose of the short play.

Each play has a theme or central idea which the playwright(剧作家)hopes to get across through dialogue and action. A few characters are used to create a single impression growing out of the theme. It is not my intention to point out the central theme of each of the plays in this collection, for that would, indeed, ruin the pleasure of reading, discussing, and thinking about the plays and the effectiveness of the playwright. However, a variety of types is represented here. These include comedy, satire, poignant drama, historical and regional drama. To show the versatility(多面性)of the short play, I have included a guidance play, a radio play and a television play.

Among the writers of the plays in this collection, Paul Green, Susan Glaspell, Maxwell Anderson, Thornton Wilder, William Saroyan, and Tennessee Williams have all received Pulitzer Prizes for their contributions to the theater. More information about the playwrights will be found at the end of this book.

To get the most out of reading these plays, try to picture the play on stage, with you, the reader, in the audience. The houselights dim(变暗). The curtains are about to open, and in a few minutes the action and dialogue will tell you the story.

21. What do we know about the author from the first paragraph?

AHe has written dozens of plays.

BHe has a deep love for the theater.

CHe is a professional stage actor.

DHe likes reading short plays to others.

22. What does the author avoid doing in his work?

AStating the plays’ central ideas.

BSelecting works by famous playwrights.

CIncluding various types of plays.

DOffering information on the playwrights.

23. What does the author suggest readers do while reading the plays?

AControl their feelings.

BApply their acting skills.

CUse their imagination.

DKeep their audience in mind.

24. What is this text?

AA short story.

BAn introduction to a book.

CA play review.

DAn advertisement for a theater.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >


The traffic signals along Factoria Boulevard in Bellevue, Washington, generally don’ t flash the same length of green twice in a row, especially at rush hour. At 9:30 am, the full red/yellow/green signal cycle might be 140 seconds. By 9:33 am, a burst of additional traffic might push it to 145 seconds. Less traffic at 9:37 am could push it down to 135. Just like the traffic itself, the timing of the signals changes.

That is by design. Bellevue, a fast-growing city, just east of Seattle, uses a system that is gaining popularity around the US:intersection(十字路口) signals that can adjust in real time to traffic conditions. These lights, known as adaptive signals, have led to significant declines in both the trouble and cost of travels between work and home.

“Adaptive signals can make sure that the traffic demand that is there is being addressed,” says Alex Stevanovic, a researcher at Florida Atlantic University.

For all of Bellevue’ s success, adaptive signals are not a cure-all for jammed roadways. Kevin Balke, a research engineer at the Texas A&M University Transportation Institute, says that while smart lights can be particularly beneficial for some cities, others are so jammed that only a sharp reduction in the number of cars on the road will make a meaningful difference. “It’s not going to fix everything, but adaptive signals have some benefits for smaller cities,” he says.

In Bellevue, the switch to adaptive signals has been a lesson in the value of welcoming new approaches. In the past, there was often an automatic reaction to increased traffic: just widen the roads, says Mark Poch, the Bellevue Transportation Department’s traffic engineering manager. Now he hopes that other cities will consider making their streets run smarter instead of just making them bigger.

25. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 2 refer to?

AIncreased length of green lights.

BShortened traffic signal cycle.

CFlexible timing of traffic signals.

DSmooth traffic flow on the road.

26. What does Kevin Balke say about adaptive signals?

AThey work better on broad roads.

BThey should be used in other cities.

CThey have greatly reduced traffic on the road.

DThey are less helpful in cities seriously jammed.

27. What can we learn from Bellevue’ s success?

AIt is rewarding to try new things.

BThe old methods still work today.

CIt pays to put theory into practice.

DThe simplest way is the best way.

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >



I experienced years of loneliness as a child.      31   His friends teased him about babysitting his sister and his interests were far different from mine. With no other kids of my age in the neighborhood, I had to spend hours by myself. A bright spot for me turned out to be reading. My love of the written word began early as my mother read to me every evening.      32   I started reading books on my own before age 5 and my mother took me to the public library once a week to borrow several books. I quickly graduated from typical children’s books to ones with fewer pictures and longer chapters. Reading opened new worlds to me.  33   My mother also encouraged me to make what I wanted. I tried making toy cars with cardboard boxes and constructing buildings from leftover cardboard and bits of wood my father gave me. When my mother saw my creations, she told me how creative my designs were.      34   I learned a lot about how to extend the life of objects and transform them into something new and useful. It was a trait(特点) others found helpful, and I soon had friends who wanted to make things with me.  35   My parents made it a point for their two kids to spend time outside, no matter the weather or season. My brother, of course, raced off to be with his friends, while I had plenty to do myself. There was making leaf houses in autumn, ice skating in winter, and so much more. They’re all memories I treasure today. 

A. I wasn’t alone any longer. 

B. I enjoyed reading stories aloud. 

C. I was invited to play with another kid. 

D. I loved the colorful photographs in the books. 

E. Another habit I formed early was being outdoors. 

F. Thus, I began my lifelong interest in making things. G. My older brother couldn’t be bothered to play with me.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >



I’ve been farming sheep on a hillside for 54 years. I use a small tractor to get about. My dog Don always sits beside me in the passenger scat.

One morning I      36   a lost lamb when I was in the top field, near where a motorway cuts through my land. The lamb had become separated from its  37  , so I jumped out of the tractor to  38   it while Don stayed in his scat.

Lamb and mother  39  , I turned back to the tractor only to see it move suddenly away from me. This was so  40   because I had put the handbrake on when I jumped out.      41   Don had somehow made the  42   move.

My heart froze in my chest as I  43   the tractor heading towards the  44  . I ran desperately but failed to  45  . It crashed through a wooden fence and disappeared. The      46   thing I saw was Don’ s face, looking calmly back at me.

Heart in mouth, I  47   the fence and looked over. The tractor was      48   against the crash barrier in the central reservation, having miraculously(奇迹般地)crossed the  49   road with fast-flowing traffic. I couldn’t see Don, but as I  50   the tractor he jumped out onto the road, apparently  51  , and dashed back to me.

The police  52   and the motorway ran normally again. I couldn’t quite believe my  53   it turned out no one got badly hurt, but the outcome could have been  54  . Don was given a special      55   that night — I didn’t want him 

thinking I was angry with him.

36. A. dropped      B. spotted        C.carried        D. returned

37. A. kids         B. friends        C.owner          D. mother

38. A. ask about    B. play with      C.tend to        D. run into

39. A. freed        B. switched       C.reunited       D. examined

40. A. unexpected   B. dangerous      C.embarrassing   D. difficult

41. A. Fortunately  B. Generally      C.Immediately    D. Obviously

42. A. lamb         B. vehicle        C.seat           D. fence

43. A. saw          B. stopped        C.remembered     D. drove

44. A. crowd        B. motorway       C.field          D. hill

45. A. take off     B. catch up       C.hold back      D. get out

46. A. real         B. best           C.basic          D. last

47. A. fixed        B. noticed        C.reached        D. closed

48. A. resting      B. running        C.parking        D. turning

49. A. steep        B. long           C.rough          D. busy

50. A. abandoned    B. approached     C. recognized     D.repaired

51. A. unclean      B. uncertain      C.unhurt         D. unhappy

52. A. arrived      B. replied        C.survived       D. waited

53. A. ability      B. dream          C. luck           D. idea

54. A. common       B. confusing      C.desirable      D. awful

55. A. meal         B. test           C.job            D. lesson

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >

66.第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,你校来自爱尔兰的外教Peter因病回国休假。请给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:1. 询问近况;2. 分享班级最新消息;3. 表达祝愿。

注意:1. 词数80左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >


Challenging work that requires lots of analytical thinking, planning and other managerial skills might help your brain stay sharp as you age, a study published Wednesday in the journal Neurology suggests.

Researchers from the University of Leipzig in Germany gathered more than 1, 000 retired workers who were over age 75 and assessed the volunteers’ memory and thinking skills through a battery of tests. Then, for eight years, the scientists asked the same group to come back to the lab every 18 months to take the same sorts of tests.

Those who had held mentally stimulating(刺激), demanding jobs before retirement tended to do the best on the tests. And they tended to lose cognitive(认知)function at a much slower rate than those with the least mentally challenging jobs. The results held true even after the scientists accounted for the participants’ overall health status.

“This works just like physical exercise,” says Francisca Then, who led the study. “After a long run, you may feel like you’re in pain, you may feel tired. But it makes you fit. After a long day at work — sure, you will feel tired, but it can help your brain stay healthy. ”

It’s not just corporate jobs, or even paid work that can help keep your brain fit, Then points out. A waiter’ s job, for example, that requires multitasking, teamwork and decision-making could be just as stimulating as any high-level office work. And “running a family household requires high-level planning and coordinating(协调),” she says. “You have to organize the activities of the children and take care of the bills and groceries.”

Of course, our brains can decline as we grow older for lots of reasons — including other environmental influences or genetic factors. Still, continuing to challenge yourself mentally and keeping your mind busy can only help.

28. Why did the scientists ask the volunteers to take the tests?

ATo assess their health status.

BTo evaluate their work habits.

CTo analyze their personality.

DTo measure their mental ability.

29. How does Francisca Then explain her findings in paragraph 4?

ABy using an expert’s words.

BBy making a comparison.

CBy referring to another study.

DBy introducing a concept.

30. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

ARetired Workers Can Pick Up New Skills

BOld People Should Take Challenging Jobs

CYour Tough Job Might Help Keep You Sharp

DCognitive Function May Decline As You Age

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >



Some time after 10, 000 BC, people made the first real attempt to control the world they lived      56 , through agriculture. Over thousands of years, they began to depend less on  57   could be hunted or gathered from the wild, and more on animals they had raised and crops they had 


Farmingproduced more food per person   58   hunting and gathering, so people were able toraise more children. And, as more children were born, more food    59  (need). Agriculture gave people their first experience of the power oftechnology  60  (change)lives.

Byabout 6000 BC, people   61  (discover)the best crops to growand animals to raise. Later, they learned to work with the   62  (season), planting at the right time and, indry areas,   63  (make)use of annual floods to irrigate(灌溉)theirfields.

Thisstyle of farming lasted for quite a long time. Then, with   64   rise of science, changes began. New methods   65  (mean)that fewer people worked in farming. In the last century or so,these changes have accelerated. New power machinery and artificial fertilizers(化肥)have now totally transformed a way of life that started in the StoneAge.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >

67.第二节  读后续写(满分25分)


One fall, my wife Elli and I had a single goal:to photograph polar bears. We were staying at a research camp outside “the polar bear capital of the world” — the town of Churchill in Manitoba, Canada.

Taking pictures of polar bears is amazing but also dangerous. Polar bears — like all wild animals — should be photographed from a safe distance. When I’m face to face with a polar bear, I like it to be through a camera with a telephoto lens. But sometimes, that is easier said than done. 

This was one of those times.

AsElli and I cooked dinner, a young male polar bear who was playing in a nearbylake sniffed, and smelled our garlic bread.

Thehungry bear followed his nose to our camp, which was surrounded by a high wire fence.He pulled and bit the wire. He stood on his back legs and pushed at the woodenfence posts.

Terrified,Elli and I tried all the bear defense actions we knew. We yelled at the bear,hit pots hard, and fired blank shotgun shells into the air. Sometimes loud noiseslike these will scare bears off. Not this polar bear though — he just kepttrying to tear down the fence with his massive paws(爪子).

Iradioed the camp manager for help. He told me a helicopter was on its way, butit would be 30 minutes before it arrived. Making the best of this closeencounter(相遇), I took some pictures of the bear.

Elliand I feared the fence wouldn’  t last through30 more minutes of the bear’s punishment. The campmanager suggested I use pepper spray. The spray burns the bears’ eyes, but doesn’t hurt them. So Iapproached our uninvited guest slowly and, through the fence, sprayed him inthe face. With an angry roar(吼叫), the bear ranto the lake to wash his eyes.

注意:1 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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