Swimming in the water of Hawaii’s Big Island is a fun experience. But it can be more exciting if there are dolphins swimming around and jumping out of the sea too. For many people, it would be a wonderful dream to swim with these lovely animals! However, this may not be good for dolphins. They may get hurt because of human interaction (互动).
Dolphins are active and usually look for food at night. In the day, they like to rest in shallow bays(海湾). Many people think the dolphins are awake during the day as they swim. But when they sleep they rest half of their brain and keep the other half awake to breathe, so they may be sleeping even when they’re swimming in the water.
From 2010 to 2013, spinner dolphins (飞旋海豚) of Hawaii’s Big Island were exposed to human activities more than 82 percent of the time, according to Julian Tyne, a researcher at Australia’s Murdoch University.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says disturbing the animals in their near-shore habitat could force them to swim to less favorable places, putting them at risk of attack by sharks and other animals.
Besides, when people are around, dolphins become more active. Thus, they can’t get enough sleep. “Disturbing their resting behaviors can actually affect their long term health and the health of the dolphin population,” Ann Garrett of NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service told the Associated Press.
As a result, the NOAA wants to make rules to help protect the dolphins. For example, the agency may ban swimming with the Hawaii spinner dolphins. Or they may stop people from swimming in shallow bays when the dolphins are resting. Tour operators must also be taught to watch for signs to know when the dolphins are in their resting state.
1．Which of the following about dolphins is NOT true?
2．When dolphins are disturbed in their near-shore habitat, they _____.
3．Which activity is against the rules?
4．What does the article mainly talk about?
Robert Owen was born in Wales in 1771. At the age of ten he went to work. His employer had a large private library so Owen was able to educate himself. He read a lot in his spare time and at nineteen he was given the job of superintendent(监工) at a Manchester cotton mill. He was so successful there that he persuaded his employer to buy the New Lanark mill in Scotland.
When he arrived at New Lanark it was a dirty little town with a population of 2,000 people. Nobody paid any attention to the workers' houses or their children's education. The conditions in the factories were very bad. There was a lot of crime and the men spent most of their wages on alcoholic drinks.
Owen improved the houses. He encouraged people to be clean and save money. He opened a shop and sold the workers cheap, well-made goods to help them. He limited the sale of alcoholic drinks. Above all, he fixed his mind on the children's education. In 1816 he opened the first free primary school in Britain.
People came from all over the country to visit Owen's factory. They saw that the workers were healthier and more efficient than in other towns. Their children were better fed and better educated. Owen tried the same experiment in the United States. He bought some land there in 1825, but the community was too far away. He could not keep it under control and lost most of his money.
Owen never stopped fighting for his idea. Above all he believed that people are not born good or bad. He was a practical man and his ideas were practical. "If you give people good working conditions," he thought, "they will work well and, the most important thing of all, if you give them the chance to learn, they will be better people."
5．For Owen, his greatest achievement in New Lanark was _____.
6．From the passage we may infer that Owen was born _____.
7．Owen's experiment in the United States failed because _____.
8．We may infer from the passage that no children in Britain could enjoy free education until _____.
People around the world have their own ways of celebrating weddings. Now let’s compare Eastern and Western weddings.
Chinese and Indian brides normally wear red dresses and most of the wedding decorations are of the same color. This is because the color red is said to bring good fortune. In many Eastern weddings, especially Chinese weddings, the bride will change into a different dress after the ceremony. White dresses only arrived in modern times because of the influence of Western wedding dress designs.
Western wedding dresses are different. Brides usually wear a wedding dress that is white in color and wear it throughout the whole wedding. Wearing white wedding dresses is said to have started in the 1840s, beginning with Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain. There are occasions when brides dress into more comfortable clothing so that they will be able to move more freely during the wedding reception.
Traditional practices are strictly followed for most Western weddings. The couple follow up with any plans they have agreed and decided on to make their special wedding day unique and memorable. Wedding receptions and other celebrations differ among the East and the West, but the concept is still the same. They are held to show gratitude towards family members, friends and guests for being a part of the wedding ceremony.
Another common custom that weddings of the East and the West have is the wearing of the wedding veil(面纱). According to superstitious(迷信的) beliefs, the bride wears a veil to protect her from being seen by evil spirits and the bridesmaids are decoys(诱饵). This is still followed even today.
9．Queen Victoria is said to be the first woman in Britain to ______.
10．According to superstitious beliefs, having bridesmaids is to_____.
11．The passage is mainly developed____.
When my brother Joey was 6 months old, my mother brought him home from the hospital and told me to watch him while she fixed supper. We started playing a game I called “dogs”, rolling on the floor like pups (小狗). Then I looked up and saw my mother watching us. She was crying.
“He’s blind,” she said. “The doctor told me today.”
I looked at Joey. He was laughing. “He can’t be blind,” I said. “He smiles at my face.”
“He smiles at your voice,” she said. “He’ll never see your face.”
That was that. Joey was blind. Mama went back to cooking. I went back to playing a dog. From the age of 8, Joey boarded at a school for the deaf and the blind, learning to read Braille (盲文). When he was 16, the school said he’d learned enough and sent him home with a Braille typewriter. At 21, Joey moved out to live on his own, he said, “like a man,” in an apartment 30 miles (48 km) away. He learned to cook, clean, do his own laundry, and do almost anything else he needed.
Then he met the love of his life. She, too, was blind. When Joey called to tell me, he said: “Even a blind man can fall in love at first sight.”
They shared 10 good years before he lost her to cancer. Painfully soon after, he also lost our mother, who was his champion, and our stepmother, who was Joey’s best friend.
What is left when you lose the loves of your life? My brother clung with an iron fist (拳头) to three gifts: Faith, hope and love.
His faith grew stronger. He always had hope. And his love for his family has never gotten weaker, despite death or disappointment. Loved ones leave, but love remains.
The years ahead may prove to be his hardest. His legs are growing weaker, threatening to take away the independence he’s fought so hard to keep.
My sister and I often wonder what will happen if Joey can’t live on his own. It’s not up to us. We’ll do what we can, but it’s his life. He won’t have it any other way.
You don’t find strength to do something until it’s time to do it. Joey has found it whenever he has needed it. I believe he will again.
12．When the author’s mother brought her little brother Joey back from the hospital, the author _____.
13．Which of the following order of events is CORRECT according to the article?
· Joey started learning Braille at a school for the deaf and the blind.
· Joey moved out to live independently and learned to cook and clean.
· Joey was sent back home with his Braille typewriter.
· Joey had a hard time when he lost three beloved family members.
· Joey fell in love with a blind girl the first time they met.
14．What is the key message the author wants to convey through the article?
15．What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refer to?
Undoubtedly, everyone has one or more friends in his or her daily life. Someone may come across the fact _ one of his friends borrows some money from him but doesn’t return _ in time. At this time, he must be faced with the question how _ (ask) his friend to return his money, _ person or by writing a letter?
If I were forced to choose one of the two, I would prefer _ latter. Once I received a letter from one of my friends _ (unexpected), in which he asked me to return his money in a polite way. In my opinion, the letter doesn’t hurt me. Instead, it helps me to get along with my friend _ (closely) than ever before. If I hadn’t received his letter, it would _ (ruin) our friendship only because of some money.
As far as I am concerned, everyone suffers _ the strain of modern life. If you drop in on your friend just because you want to get your money back, it will hurt your friend and obviously hurt your relationship. However, a kind letter not only can solve the problem _ upsets you, but also can further develop your relationship.
Thank you for invite me to the summer English course in your school. As for your choice between the two courses, I prefer the four-week course because of this will allow me more time to do some traveling but make a few new friends. Of all the subject I’m learning at school, I like English better. I had been learning English for eleven years but my spoken English remains poorly. So I really hope to take this chance to improve it. If possible, I’d like to stay with a family for a couple of days in order that I can know some customs in England, what I’m particularly interested in. I believe I will have wonderful time this summer.
How to Make Friends
Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leave us without a friend. _ . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.
· Associate (交往) with others.
The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places.
· 2. Start a conversation.
Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. _ You can always start the conversation first. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people.
Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together. Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.
· 2. Let it grow.
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. _ . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.
· 5. Enjoy your friendship
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. _ Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you.
There was a man who played the piano in a small bar. There were not too many _, but because he was a good piano player, some people _ came in every night just to hear him play. But one night, a patron (老主顾) told him he didn’t want to hear him play but to sing a song.
The man said, “I have never _ that before in public. I think I’m _ at playing the piano.”
But the customer _. He told the waiter, “I’m _ listening to the piano day after day. I want to hear something new and I want that guy to sing.”
The waiter _ across the room, “Hey, buddy! If you want to get _, sing a song. The patrons are asking you to sing!”
_ in order to bring some money home that night, the piano player who had never sung in public did so for the first time. And 30 had ever heard the song Mona Lisa sung _ that night by Nat King Cole, and it surprised all, including the _ himself!
He had talent he was _ on! He may have lived the rest of his life as a no-name piano player in a no-name bar, but because he had to sing, he _ to become one of the best-known entertainers in America.
You, too, have skills and _. You may not feel as if your “talent” is particularly _, but it may be better than you think! And with persistence (坚持), most skills can be _. Besides, you may as well have no ability at all if you sit on whatever talent you _! The _ is not “What ability do I have that is useful?” It is _ “How will I use whatever ability I have?”.
Just think a minute…