• 英语 拉萨市2017年高三第二次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共31分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。

Swimming in the water of Hawaii’s Big Island is a fun experience. But it can be more exciting if there are dolphins swimming around and jumping out of the sea too. For many people, it would be a wonderful dream to swim with these lovely animals! However, this may not be good for dolphins. They may get hurt because of human interaction (互动).

Dolphins are active and usually look for food at night. In the day, they like to rest in shallow bays(海湾). Many people think the dolphins are awake during the day as they swim. But when they sleep they rest half of their brain and keep the other half awake to breathe, so they may be sleeping even when they’re swimming in the water.

From 2010 to 2013, spinner dolphins (飞旋海豚) of Hawaii’s Big Island were exposed to human activities more than 82 percent of the time, according to Julian Tyne, a researcher at Australia’s Murdoch University.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says disturbing the animals in their near-shore habitat could force them to swim to less favorable places, putting them at risk of attack by sharks and other animals. 

Besides, when people are around, dolphins become more active. Thus, they can’t get enough sleep. “Disturbing their resting behaviors can actually affect their long term health and the health of the dolphin population,” Ann Garrett of NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service told the Associated Press.

As a result, the NOAA wants to make rules to help protect the dolphins. For example, the agency may ban swimming with the Hawaii spinner dolphins. Or they may stop people from swimming in shallow bays when the dolphins are resting. Tour operators must also be taught to watch for signs to know when the dolphins are in their resting state.


1.Which of the following about dolphins is NOT true?

AThey spend most of their time sleeping at night.

BThey like to stay in shallow bays during the day.

CThey keep half of their brain awake while sleeping.

DThey may be sleeping even when they’re swimming.

2.When dolphins are disturbed in their near-shore habitat, they _____.

Awould swim to a crowded place

Bcould move closer to sharks

Ccould become less active

Dcould likely sleep longer

3.Which activity is against the rules?

ASwimming with the Hawaii spinner dolphins.

BSwimming in bays where the dolphins live.

CMaking signs that show the dolphins’ resting state.

DMaking signs that show where the dolphins are.

4.What does the article mainly talk about?

AWhat habits dolphins have.

BWhat spinner dolphins are.

CHow the animals live in the sea.

DHow to protect dolphins near the shore.

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Robert Owen was born in Wales in 1771. At the age of ten he went to work. His employer had a large private library so Owen was able to educate himself. He read a lot in his spare time and at nineteen he was given the job of superintendent(监工) at a Manchester cotton mill. He was so successful there that he persuaded his employer to buy the New Lanark mill in Scotland.

When he arrived at New Lanark it was a dirty little town with a population of 2,000 people. Nobody paid any attention to the workers' houses or their children's education. The conditions in the factories were very bad. There was a lot of crime and the men spent most of their wages on alcoholic drinks.

Owen improved the houses. He encouraged people to be clean and save money. He opened a shop and sold the workers cheap, well-made goods to help them. He limited the sale of alcoholic drinks. Above all, he fixed his mind on the children's education. In 1816 he opened the first free primary school in Britain.

People came from all over the country to visit Owen's factory. They saw that the workers were healthier and more efficient than in other towns. Their children were better fed and better educated. Owen tried the same experiment in the United States. He bought some land there in 1825, but the community was too far away. He could not keep it under control and lost most of his money.

Owen never stopped fighting for his idea. Above all he believed that people are not born good or bad. He was a practical man and his ideas were practical. "If you give people good working conditions," he thought, "they will work well and, the most important thing of all, if you give them the chance to learn, they will be better people."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。本文就Robert Owen的一生做传,描述了他的传奇一生,从中我们更能学到他的精神,这才是我们学习的精髓,内容充满社会正能量。

5.For Owen, his greatest achievement in New Lanark was _____.

Aimproving worker's houses

Bproviding the children with a good education

Chelping people to save money

Dpreventing men from getting drunk

6.From the passage we may infer that Owen was born _____.

Ainto a rich family

Binto a noble family

Cinto a poor family

Dinto a middle class family

7.Owen's experiment in the United States failed because _____.

Ahe lost all his money

Bpeople who visited it were not impressed

Che did not buy enough land

Dit was too far away for him to organize it properly

8.We may infer from the passage that no children in Britain could enjoy free education until _____.





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Undoubtedly, everyone has one or more friends in his or her daily life. Someone may come across the fact _ one of his friends borrows some money from him but doesn’t return _ in time. At this time, he must be faced with the question how _ (ask) his friend to return his money, _ person or by writing a letter?

If I were forced to choose one of the two, I would prefer _ latter. Once I received a letter from one of my friends _ (unexpected), in which he asked me to return his money in a polite way. In my opinion, the letter doesn’t hurt me. Instead, it helps me to get along with my friend _ (closely) than ever before. If I hadn’t received his letter, it would _ (ruin) our friendship only because of some money.

As far as I am concerned, everyone suffers _ the strain of modern life. If you drop in on your friend just because you want to get your money back, it will hurt your friend and obviously hurt your relationship. However, a kind letter not only can solve the problem _ upsets you, but also can further develop your relationship.












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书面表达 本大题共23分。

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单选题 本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

2.根据公司法的有关规定,下列关于一人有限责任公司的表述中,正确的是(   )





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4.根据国有股东转让所持上市公司股份的相关规定,在不涉及资源整合或重组上市、国有资源整合或资产重组的情况下,下列有关国有股东协议转让上市公司股份确定价格的表述中,正确的是(   )。





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6.甲、乙、丙、丁拟共同投资设立一有限合伙企业,甲、乙为普通合伙人,丙、丁为有限合伙人。各合伙人经协商后草拟了一份合伙协议。该合伙协议的下列约定中,符合合伙企业法规定的是(   )。





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7.注册会计师甲、乙、丙共同出资设立一特殊的普通合伙制的会计师事务所。甲、乙在某次审计业务中,因故意出具不实审计报告被人民法院判决由会计师事务所赔偿当事人80万元。根据合伙企业法的规定,下列有关该赔偿责任承担的表述中,正确的是(   )





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8.甲、乙、丙、丁拟任A上市公司独立董事。根据上市公司独立董事制度的规定,下列选项中,不影响当事人担任独立董事的情形是(   )。





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