William Butler Yeats, a most famous Irish writer, was born in Dublin on June 13, 1865. His childhood lacked the harmony that was typical of a happy family. Later, Yeats shocked his family by saying that he remembered “little of childhood but its pain”. In fact, he inherited (继承) excellent taste in art from his family—both his father and his brother were painters. But he finally settled on literature, particularly drama and poetry.
Yeats had strong faith in the coming of new artistic movements. He set himself the fresh task in founding an Irish national theatre in the late 1890s. His early theatrical experiments, however, were not received favorably at the beginning. He didn’t lose heart, and finally enjoyed success in his poetical drama.
Compared with his dramatic works, Yeast’s poems attract much admiring notice. The subject matter includes love, nature, history, time and aging. Though Yeats generally relied on very traditional forms, he brought modern sensibility to them. As his literary life progressed, his poetry grew finer and richer, which led him to worldwide recognition.
He had not enjoyed a major public lift since winning the Nobel Prize in 1923. Yet, he continued writing almost to the end of his life. Had Yeats stopped writing at age 40, he would probably now be valued as a minor poet, for there is no other example in literary history of a poet who produces his greatest works between the age of 50 and 75. After Yeast’s death in 1939, W. H. Auden wrote, among others, the following lines:
Earth, receive an honoured guest:
William Yeats is laid to rest.
Let the Irish vessel (船) lie
Emptied of its poetry.
Which of the following can describe Yeats’s family?
According to the passage, what do we know about Yeats’s life?
What kind of feeling is expressed in W.H.Auden’s lines?
What is the passage mainly about?
Exhibitions in the British Museum
Hokusai: beyond the Great Wave
Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) is widely regarded as one of Japan's most famous and influential artists. He produced works of astonishing quality right up until his death at the age of 90. This new exhibition will lead you on an artistic journey through the last 30 years of Hokusai's life—a time when he produced some of his most memorable masterpieces.
25 May—13 August 2017
Adults￡12, Members/under 16s free
Places of the mind: British watercolour landscapes 1850-1950
Drawn from the British Museum's rich collection, thisis the first exhibition devoted to landscape drawings and watercolours byBritish artists in the Victorian and modern eras—two halves of very differentcenturies.
23 February—27 August 2017
Free, just drop in
Scythians: warriors of ancient Siberia
This major exhibition explores the story of theScythians—nomadic tribes and masters of mounted warfare, who flourished between900 and 200 BC. Their encounters with the Greeks, Assyrians and Persians werewritten into history but for centuries all trace of their culture waslost—buried beneath the ice.
14 September 2017—14 January 2018
Adults￡16.50, Members/under 16s free
Politics and paradise: Indian popular prints from the MoscatelliGift
This display is part of the Museum's contribution tothe India-UK Year of Culture 2017. It looks at the popular print culture ofIndia from the 1880s until the 1950s.
19 July—3 September 2017
Free, just drop in
If you are interested in paintings of natural scenery, you will probably go to______.
Which exhibition best suit the taste of an expert in ancient civilization?
Where can we most probably find the passage?
Intelligent people are more likely to trust others, while those who score lower on measures of intelligence are less likely to do so. Oxford University researchers based their finding on an analysis of the 'General Social Survey'.
The authors say one explanation could be that more intelligent individuals are better at judging characters and may spend more time building relationships with people they can trust. Another reason could be that smarter people are better at weighing up situations and assessing whether or not the other person will hold up his or her end of a bargain.
“Intelligence is shown to be linked with trusting others.” said the study's lead author, Noah Carl of Oxford University, “This finding supports what other researchers have argued, namely that being a good judge of character is a distinct part of human intelligence.”
In addition, the study shows that individuals who are more trusting are also happier with their lives and had higher levels of physical health. The Oxford researchers found, however, that the links between trust and health, and between trust and happiness, are not explained by intelligence. The findings confirmed that trust is a valuable resource for an individual, and is not simply a measure of intelligence.
The authors say the research is significant because the study of social trust could have far-reaching implications in public welfare, as social trust contributes to the success of important social institutions, such as welfare systems and financial markets.
According to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, trust is in increasingly short supply in current generation. This decline threatens world leaders’ ability to handle some of today's key challenges like global warming, and the political system. There are good reasons to think that governments should try to develop more trust in society.
Distrust usually causes friction in personal relationships, careers and politics among others, says Stephen Covey. Although majority of people say that trust can never be restored once it's broken, Stephen feels it can be brought back. "It's not easy, it takes time, but you do it through your behavior, not just things you say."
It can be concluded from the passage that .
What does the underlined phrase in paragraph 2 probably mean?
According to the research, higher level of social trust is .
When it comes to rebuilding trust, Stephen is most likely to agree that .
Almost every day we come across situations in which we have to make decisions one way or another. Choice, we are given to believe, is a right. But for a good many people in the world, in rich and poor countries, choice is a luxury, something wonderful but hard to get, not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, a false idea created by companies and advertisers, hoping to sell their products.
The endless choice gives birth to anxiety in people’s lives. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy access to a wide range of everyday goods leads to a sense of powerlessness in many people, ending in the shopper giving up and walking away, or just buying an unsuitable item that is not really wanted. Recent studies in England have shown that many electrical goods bought in almost every family are not really needed. More difficult decision-making is then either avoided or trusted into the hands of the professionals, lifestyle instructors, or advisors.
It is not just the availability of the goods that is the problem, but the speed with which new types of products come on the market. Advances in design and production help quicken the process. Products also need to have a short lifespan so that the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The typical example is computers, which are almost out-of-date once they are bought. This indeed makes selection a problem. Gone are the days when one could just walk with ease into a shop and buy one thing; no choice, no anxiety.
What does the author try to argue in Paragraph l?
Why do more choices of goods give rise to anxiety?
By using computers as an example, the author wants to prove that___________.
What is this passage mainly about?
Do you have a spare room in your house? Do you like to share your driveway in front of your garage with others? 36 Many people are benefiting from this new business of renting.
Perhaps the best-known example of a company in this field is Airbnb―an American Web business which allows you to rent out your spare room to holidaymakers. It says it operates in 34,000 cities and it has 800,000 listings of rooms and apartments. 37
A British company is doing something with parking spaces. JustPark's founder, Anthony Eskinazi, says, "When I had the original idea, I spotted a driveway close to a sports stadium. It would have been so convenient if I could have just parked in that driveway rather than in a commercial car park." 38 Around 20, 000 people have advertised their spaces on the website and he says around half a million drivers use it. 39 They are people who run things like traditional hotels and commercial car parks. They are afraid of ending up losing money.
And there is another problem. Regulations for the new business are still unclear. 40 Because this is a new business world, those rules about appropriate manners aren't there yet.
A. And his great idea has proved a success.
B. Both of these can help you make money.
C. A rewarding thing is that you get to meet interesting guests.
D. They seem to have occupied the majority of the market.
E. How will renting out your driveway affect your neighbours?
F. But the new business of renting does have its competitors.
G. Share your driveway with people looking for parking in your area.
It’s not easy for us to accept the fact which we are going to leave our beloved school. However, we are eager looking forward to our future life. Last night, my friends and I go for a walk around our school. We talked about those funny and interesting thing that had been happened in the past three years. An idea occurred me. I said to him we should make a deal that we could get together here four years late. My friends were so excited about it, shared their thoughts with me. I started to think about what I would become in the future. I think a deal will help us keep in touch with each other.
People will do anything to see a free show, even if it is a bad one. When the news got round that a comedy show would 61 (give) at our local cinema, we all rushed to see it. Everyone had to queue for hours to get 62 free ticket and there must have been several hundred people present just 63 the show began. Luckily, the show was one of the most boring we have ever seen. Those who failed 64 (get) in need not have felt 65 (disappoint), as many of the artists who should appear did not come. The only funny thing we 66 (hear) that evening came from the advertiser 67 the beginning of the program. He seemed to be 68 (extreme) nervous and for some minutes stood awkwardly before the microphone. As soon as he opened his mouth to make an 69 (introduce), everyone burst into laughter. We all knew 70 the poor man should have said, but the words he actually said was, “Good ladies, evening and gentlemen!”
Time talks. It speaks more plainly than words. Time 41 in many ways.
Consider the different parts of theday, for example. The time of the day when something is done can give a 42 meaning to theevent. It is not a 43 to telephonesomeone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, 44 heis probably shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows thatsomething is urgent and 45 immediateattention.
The same meaning is 46 telephonecalls made after 11: 00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours,he may think it is a 47 oflife or death. The time chosen for the call 48 itsimportance.
In social life, time plays a very 49 part.In the United States, guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the 50 toa dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. Butthis is not 51 in allcountries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make anappointment too far 52 becauseplans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be 53 .
The meaning of time 54 from place toplace in the world. 55 ,misunderstandings often arise between people from different cultures that 56 timedifferently. For example, promptness(及时)is 57 greatly inAmerican life. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as 58 ornot fully responsible. In the US, no one would think of keeping a businessassociate 59 for an hour; itwould be too rude. A person who is five minutes late is 60 tomake a short apology.
41. A. wastes B. runs C.travels D. communicates
42. A. precious B.ridiculous C. particular D. rare
43. A. deal B.custom C. problem D. duty
44. A. because B.though C. once D. while
45. A. requires B. escapes C. pays D. gives
46. A. compared with B.covered with C. devoted to D. attached to
47. A. matter B.story C. game D. view
48. A. reduces B.ignores C. stresses D. doubts
49. A. different B.significant C. small D. equal
50. A. plan B.wish C. gift D. invitation
51. A. useful B. true C. clear D. grateful
52. A. on time B.at length C. by chance D. in advance
53. A. forgotten B.remembered C. canceled D.opposed
54. A. rushes B. separates C. varies D. keeps
55. A. However B.Thus C. Otherwise D.Besides
56. A. make B. kill C. treat D. save
57. A. valued B.complained C. seized D. influenced
58. A. reliable B.desperate C. impolite D. unusual
59. A. working B.waiting C. approaching D.thinking
60. A. expected B.forced C. refused D.blessed