• 2020年高考真题 英语 (北京卷)
前去估分
简答题(综合题) 本大题共60分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

第一节语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)

阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空。在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。

A

Oliver is a host of a TV programme on food. He says food   1   (play) a big role in his life. "My mum was a great cook, and she'd sometimes let me have a try," he said. The first dish Oliver prepared for his family was fried chicken wings. He made it with his mum's help. Oliver says if you're   2   (luck) enough to have someone close to you who enjoys cooking, ask them   3   you can join in when it's possible.

B

Single-use plastic bags are used at most a few times before they   4   (throw) away. It takes them hundreds of years   5   (break) down. Many of these bags end up in the ocean where larger ones can trop sea creatures, such as turtles and dolphins. Over time, the bags fall apart   6   countless tiny pieces, and fish cam accidentally eat some of them. Now, lots of   7  (country)and regions are taking action to ban the sale of such bags to stop people using them.

C

A piece of stone   8  (find) on a Dutch beach suggests that our extinct human relatives, known as Neanderthals,

were cleverer than previously thought. The Neanderthals   9  (live)alongside human ancestors in Europe for tens of thousands of years, before dying out about 40, 000 years ago. They were much stronger than modern humans, but it's long been assumed that human ancestors were   10   (smart)than the Neanderthals. However, the stone tool made by Neanderthals suggests otherwise.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Many people think that positive thinking is mostly about keeping one's head in the sand and ignoring daily problems, trying to look optimistic. In reality it has more to do with the way an individual talks to himself. Self-talk is a constant stream of thoughts of a person, who is often unaware and uncertain of some events, phenomena, people, or even the person himself.   46   Meanwhile, positive thinking can help to stop negative self-talks and start to form a positive view on an issue. People who regularly practise positive thinking tend to solve problems more effectively. They are less exposed to stress caused by external factors. They tend to believe in themselves and in what they do.

A. It doesn't cause any severe emotional discomfort, either.

B. Negative self-talk damages self-confidence and decreases self-respect.

C. It helps one to remain clear-headed and confident in difficult situations.

D. Positive thinking has several beneficial effects on the body and the mind.

E. As thinking changes, an individual's behaviour and habits change as well.

F. They often offer a real alternative to the common and regular way of thinking.

G. They often feel discouraged long before trying to solve the problem, even if small.



47 People who think positively demonstrate increased life spans(寿命), lower rates of depression and anxiety, better physical and psychological health, reduced risks of death from heart problems. Positive thinking also contributes to one's ability to deal with problems and hardships. 48 For example, researchers have found that in the case of a crisis accompanied by strong emotions, such as a natural disaster, positive thinking can provide a sort of buffer(缓冲作用)against depression and anxiety. Resilient(适应性强的)people who think positively tend to treat every problem as a challenge, a chance for improvement of any kind, or as an opportunity for personal growth. Pessimists, on the contrary, tend to perceive problems as a source of additional stress. 49

In conclusion, positive thinking is a powerful and effective tool for dealing with hard times and improving the quality of one's life. It doesn't have anything to do with ignorant optimism when an individual refuses to notice a problem. 50

Thinking in a positive, self-encouraging way brings about many benefits to one's physical and mental health.

AIt doesn't cause any severe emotional discomfort, either.

BNegative self-talk damages self-confidence and decreases self-respect.

CIt helps one to remain clear-headed and confident in difficult situations.

DPositive thinking has several beneficial effects on the body and the mind.

EAs thinking changes, an individual's behaviour and habits change as well.

FThey often offer a real alternative to the common and regular way of thinking.

GThey often feel discouraged long before trying to solve the problem, even if small.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节(15分)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你们学校英语戏剧俱乐部外籍指导教师Jim因疫情滞留英国。复学在即,作为俱乐部负责人,你给Jim写一封电子邮件,请他推荐一名外籍指导教师,内容包括:

1. 条件及要求;

2. 表示感谢并提醒注意防护。

注意:

1. 词数不少于50;

2. 表示感谢并提醒注意防护。

Dear Jim,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

(请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

第二节(20分)

假设你是红星中学高三(1)班班长李华。居家学习期间,你们班开展了一次以“自律”为主题的调研活动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文稿件,给你们学校英文网站投稿,记述你在本次活动中发现问题并解决问题的过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词:自律 self-discipline

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的4、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My faith in human nature has never been so great as it was last weekend after our family get-together in the town of Vail.

On Saturday, we all went to the market right in the middle of the town. Near the end, we all 11 at the fountain near the bridge, and the kids waded(蹚水)around in the fountain until we 12 This is one of the busiest walking streets.

After we returned to the hotel late in the afternoon, my 7-year-old son Ponder 13 that nowhere could he find his backpack, which 14 his Gameboy and his watch. After a thorough 15 we determined that he must have left it at the fountain.

Ponder has never 16 anything. So we just take for granted that he needs no supervision(指导)for managing his 17 .

He was upset, not about the Gameboy, but about the watch. "But Dad," he said, through massive 18 . "they don't make that kind of watch anymore." We were all very 19 .

Our dinner reservation was at a restaurant just on the other side of the bridge, so I 20 him that we would not only search the area around the fountain when we went back for dinner, but we would also find the police and ask them if the backpack had been 21 .

As we exited from the parking garage, we could see the fountain as we walked down the long staircase. I saw something black 22 there, but it was right next to a woman standing by the fountain, so I could not 23 what it was or if it was hers.

"See it, Dad?" Ponder shouted. "Don't get too 24 because that may not be it," I said. But that was it. It had been five or six hours since we left the fountain, and it was 25 there. There was no ID in it, and it looked like someone had looked through it and then set it right out where all could 26 it.

I literally 27 when we reached it and it was his!Everyone in our party was blown away by this "miracle(奇迹)". In my wildest 28 . I would never have imagined that this could happen nowadays.

What a charmed life, eh? I believe this was a perfect 29 for a child in losing something important…to lose it and feel the full 30 of that loss, and then to miraculously get it back.

11.

Adrove

Bhiked

Cmet

Dunited

12.

Alanded

Bleft

Csettled

Dslept

13.

Aresponded

Brecognized

Crealised

Drecalled

14.

Acontained

Bcombined

Ccomprised

Dcovered

15.

Apreparation

Bcheckup

Crevision

Dsearch

16.

Awasted

Blost

Csough

Ddeserted

17.

Aemotion

Btime

Cmoney

Dstuff

18.

Atears

Bfists

Creliefs

Doutbreaks

19.

Ahesitant

Bcurious

Csad

Deager

20.

Apromised

Binformed

Cwarned

Dtaught

21.

Aworn out

Bcaught up

Cput ava

Dturned in

22.

Ahiding

Bsitting

Cswinging

Dflowing

23.

Aassess

Bdeclare

Ctell

Dpredict

24.

Aexcited

Bpuzzled

Crelaxed

Damused

25.

Aalready

Beven

Calmost

Dstill

26.

Atake

Bsee

Ctouch

Dprotect

27.

Apanicked

Bexploded

Ccollapsed

Dcried

28.

Adreams

Bclaims

Cefforts

Dpassions

29.

Amode

Blesson

Coption

Dplot

30.

Arange

Bpressure

Cweight

Dharvest

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Lancom is a worldwide language learning app and a leader in the online language learning industry with millions of active subscribers. We house a broad range of experts united by the common goal of creating the best language learning tools possible. With advice from A I specialists, art designers and culture researchers, our multi-language experts endow(赋予)Lancom with an enormous potential for innovation within the world of language leaning. Our courses, totalling 20,000 hours of content in 20 different languages, guarantee you language skills you can use right away.

At the core of Lancom is a world-class effective method that enhances language leaning with advanced technology.

Examples and dialogues are recorded with real native speakers instead of automatic computers. Lancom trains your brain to learn efficiently, so you absorb more information while in the app and continue leaning outside of it. The app makes our practical language lessons available wherever and whenever. We work directly for our leaners, not for any third party. And it's all supported by an efficient customer service team, available through telephone, email and online chat.

Millions of learners have their own stories and their own reasons for learning a new language. Lancom cares about you and addresses your individual learning type. Lancom is the only product to offer courses tailored to your native language, building on grammar and words you already know. Our content is about real-life topics that are relevant because we know what matters to you is what sticks best. You will, find it very rewarding to learn with Lancom.

Buy with confidence: 21-day money back guarantee! If you aren't satisfied, just write to Customer Service within 21 days.

Contact & Support: customerservice@lancom.com

31. Who can provide Lancom with a huge potential for innovation in learning?

ACulture researchers.

BAI specialists.

CLanguage experts.

DArt designers.

32. What lies at the core of the Lancom app?

AA flexible system.

BAn effective method.

CThe brain-training technique.

DThe informative content.

33. Lancom claims that it is unique in its ___________.

Apersonalised courses

Bmultiple languages

Cpricing policy

Dservice team

34. With a monitor on her collar, Baggy can ____________.

Atake pollutant readings

Brecord pollutant levels

Cprocess collected data

Dreduce air pollution

35. What can we learn from the Baggy data?

AHigh places are free of air pollution.

BHigher pushchairs are more risky for kids.

CConventional monitors are more reliable.

DAir is more polluted closer to the ground.

36. What is Tom's purpose of doing the research?

ATo wan of a health risk.

BTo find out pollution sources.

CTo test his new monitor.

DTo prove Baggy's abilities.

37. According to the passage, which word can best describe Tom Hunt?

AModest.

BGenerous.

CCreative.

DOutgoing.

38. How did Smith, feel after reading the French manuscript?

AConfused about the technical terms.

BImpressed with its detailed instructions.

CDiscouraged by its complex structure.

DShocked for her own lack of hand skills.

39. According to Smith, the reconstruction work is done mainly to _____________.

Arestore old workshops

Bunderstand the craftsmen

Cimprove visual effects

Dinspire the philosophers

40. Why does the author mention museums?

ATo reveal the beauty of ancient objects.

BTo present the findings of old science.

CTo highlight the importance of antiques.

DTo emphasise the values of hand skills.

41. Which would be the best title for this passage?

ACraftsmen Set the Trends for Artists

BCraftsmanship Leads to New Theories

CCraftsmanship Makes Better Scientists

DCraftsmen Reshape the Future of Science

42. What does the underlined word “ubiquitous” in Paragraph I probably mean?

AEnormous in quantity.

BChangeable daily.

CStable in quality.

DPresent everywhere.

43. What could A GI do for us, according to its supporters?

AHelp to tackle problems.

BMake brains more active.

CBenefit ambitious people.

DSet up powerful databases.

44. As for Irving Good's opinion on ultra-intelligent machines, the author is ____________.

Asupportive

Bdisapproving

Cfearful

Duncertain

45. What can be inferred about A GI from the passage?

AIt may be only a dream.

BIt will come into being soon.

CIt will be controlled by humans.

DIt may be more dangerous than ever.

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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