• 英语 2018年高三吉林省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Safety and SecurityProcedures   Yoursafety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern tothose of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of thefollowing suggestions.

 YOUR VEHICLE

        Lock your vehicle and do not leave  money or valuable items inside. We are not responsible for their loss.

TRAVELING

        Be good at noticing things around  you when sightseeing or traveling. Stay in heavily traveled areas. Don’t  display large amounts of cash.

GUEST  ROOM SECURITY

        For additional security, use the  deadbolt (插锁) provided on your door and make sure the windows  are locked. As an additional precautious (防备的) measure, please secure the secondary locks  provided. Do not admit anyone to your room without first making  identification. A one-way viewer is provided in your door to assist with  identification. If there is any doubt about the person’s identity, please  contact the Front Desk.

SAFETY  BOXES

        Do not leave money or valuables in  your room or vehicle. We provide free safety boxes for you. We are not  responsible for items left in room valued over $200.

KEYS

        Safeguard your key. Please do not  leave it in the door. Do not give your key to others or leave it unattended.  Please leave your key at the Front Desk when you check out.

FIRE

        Please familiarize yourself with the  nearest fire exits. Report fire or smoke to the hotel operator. In the  unlikely event of a fire, please move quickly and calmly to the nearest safe  exit and leave the building. Avoid the use of the elevator.

REPORTING

        Please report any suspicious  activity, or safety concerns to management.

What should you do with a suspicious-looking stranger who knocks at your door?

APretend you are not in the room.

BSend him to the police station.

CGet in touch with the Front Desk.

DLet him in to make sure of his identity.

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                                A

        Safety and SecurityProcedures   Yoursafety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern tothose of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of thefollowing suggestions.

 YOUR VEHICLE

        Lock your vehicle and do not leave  money or valuable items inside. We are not responsible for their loss.

TRAVELING

        Be good at noticing things around  you when sightseeing or traveling. Stay in heavily traveled areas. Don’t  display large amounts of cash.

GUEST  ROOM SECURITY

        For additional security, use the  deadbolt (插锁) provided on your door and make sure the windows  are locked. As an additional precautious (防备的) measure, please secure the secondary locks  provided. Do not admit anyone to your room without first making  identification. A one-way viewer is provided in your door to assist with  identification. If there is any doubt about the person’s identity, please  contact the Front Desk.

SAFETY  BOXES

        Do not leave money or valuables in  your room or vehicle. We provide free safety boxes for you. We are not  responsible for items left in room valued over $200.

KEYS

        Safeguard your key. Please do not  leave it in the door. Do not give your key to others or leave it unattended.  Please leave your key at the Front Desk when you check out.

FIRE

        Please familiarize yourself with the  nearest fire exits. Report fire or smoke to the hotel operator. In the  unlikely event of a fire, please move quickly and calmly to the nearest safe  exit and leave the building. Avoid the use of the elevator.

REPORTING

        Please report any suspicious  activity, or safety concerns to management.

Where are you advised to put your valuable things when you go out?

AIn your cars.

BIn the room.

CAt the Front Desk.

DIn the free safety box.

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                                A

        Safety and SecurityProcedures   Yoursafety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern tothose of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of thefollowing suggestions.

 YOUR VEHICLE

        Lock your vehicle and do not leave  money or valuable items inside. We are not responsible for their loss.

TRAVELING

        Be good at noticing things around  you when sightseeing or traveling. Stay in heavily traveled areas. Don’t  display large amounts of cash.

GUEST  ROOM SECURITY

        For additional security, use the  deadbolt (插锁) provided on your door and make sure the windows  are locked. As an additional precautious (防备的) measure, please secure the secondary locks  provided. Do not admit anyone to your room without first making  identification. A one-way viewer is provided in your door to assist with  identification. If there is any doubt about the person’s identity, please  contact the Front Desk.

SAFETY  BOXES

        Do not leave money or valuables in  your room or vehicle. We provide free safety boxes for you. We are not  responsible for items left in room valued over $200.

KEYS

        Safeguard your key. Please do not  leave it in the door. Do not give your key to others or leave it unattended.  Please leave your key at the Front Desk when you check out.

FIRE

        Please familiarize yourself with the  nearest fire exits. Report fire or smoke to the hotel operator. In the  unlikely event of a fire, please move quickly and calmly to the nearest safe  exit and leave the building. Avoid the use of the elevator.

REPORTING

        Please report any suspicious  activity, or safety concerns to management.

Where might you see these suggestions?

AAt a gym.

BAt a hotel.

CAt a shop.

DAt a bank.

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                                B

        “There’s a mother in PICU (儿童重症监护病房) who wants to talk about a kit shereceived.” the nurse told me. “Something about it made her cry.”

        I’ve been a child-1ife specialist at the Cleveland ClinicChildren’s Hospital since 2000. I help families understand diagnoses andtreatment plans and manage the ups and downs that come with caring for a sickchild. Tough talks with parents are part of the job, it still makes me feelnervous.

        The kits the nurse was talking about weresomething I had recently introduced to the hospital: Comfort Kits fromGuideposts. They were supposed to make a child’s experience here easier, notupsetting.

        When I came across the kits at aconference, I fell in love with them. A treasure box of items designed not onlyto entertain kids, but to comfort and inspire them. There’s a coloring book, astress ball, a CD of relaxing music, a hairy star named Sparkle, a journal andmuch more. I really believed these kits would help kids. I wished I hadn’t beenmistaken.

        At the patient’s room in PICU I saw alittle girl, sleeping soundly, surrounded by tubes and machines. My eyes mether mother’s. The kit was open on her lap and tears were running down hercheeks.

        “I’m Shannon.I manage the Child Life Department.” I said. “I’m sorry if the kit upset you.It’s a new item…”

        The mother shook her head. “This has beenone of the worst days of my life. I felt so scared and alone. Then I was handedthis box. I know it’s for my daughter, but it’s just the comfort I needed. Iwanted to say thank you.”

        With that I knew Comfort Kits belonged here.We’ve been using them for almost three years now. Each child who’s admitted tothe hospital receives one. Every day I see kids coloring, journaling, playingwith Sparkle.

        But as this mom showed me Comfort Kitsaren’t just for kids. The hope they bring, which can be in short supply inhospitals sometimes, is felt by the whole family.

The author introduced Comfort Kits to the hospital to_________.

Arelax nurses

Bcure kids of diseases

Ccomfort parents

Dbenefit sick kids

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                                B

        “There’s a mother in PICU (儿童重症监护病房) who wants to talk about a kit shereceived.” the nurse told me. “Something about it made her cry.”

        I’ve been a child-1ife specialist at the Cleveland ClinicChildren’s Hospital since 2000. I help families understand diagnoses andtreatment plans and manage the ups and downs that come with caring for a sickchild. Tough talks with parents are part of the job, it still makes me feelnervous.

        The kits the nurse was talking about weresomething I had recently introduced to the hospital: Comfort Kits fromGuideposts. They were supposed to make a child’s experience here easier, notupsetting.

        When I came across the kits at aconference, I fell in love with them. A treasure box of items designed not onlyto entertain kids, but to comfort and inspire them. There’s a coloring book, astress ball, a CD of relaxing music, a hairy star named Sparkle, a journal andmuch more. I really believed these kits would help kids. I wished I hadn’t beenmistaken.

        At the patient’s room in PICU I saw alittle girl, sleeping soundly, surrounded by tubes and machines. My eyes mether mother’s. The kit was open on her lap and tears were running down hercheeks.

        “I’m Shannon.I manage the Child Life Department.” I said. “I’m sorry if the kit upset you.It’s a new item…”

        The mother shook her head. “This has beenone of the worst days of my life. I felt so scared and alone. Then I was handedthis box. I know it’s for my daughter, but it’s just the comfort I needed. Iwanted to say thank you.”

        With that I knew Comfort Kits belonged here.We’ve been using them for almost three years now. Each child who’s admitted tothe hospital receives one. Every day I see kids coloring, journaling, playingwith Sparkle.

        But as this mom showed me Comfort Kitsaren’t just for kids. The hope they bring, which can be in short supply inhospitals sometimes, is felt by the whole family.

Why was the girl’s mother crying?

AShe couldn’t wake her kid.

BShe felt alone and scared.

CShe was moved to tears.

DShe worried about her kid’s illness.

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                                B

        “There’s a mother in PICU (儿童重症监护病房) who wants to talk about a kit shereceived.” the nurse told me. “Something about it made her cry.”

        I’ve been a child-1ife specialist at the Cleveland ClinicChildren’s Hospital since 2000. I help families understand diagnoses andtreatment plans and manage the ups and downs that come with caring for a sickchild. Tough talks with parents are part of the job, it still makes me feelnervous.

        The kits the nurse was talking about weresomething I had recently introduced to the hospital: Comfort Kits fromGuideposts. They were supposed to make a child’s experience here easier, notupsetting.

        When I came across the kits at aconference, I fell in love with them. A treasure box of items designed not onlyto entertain kids, but to comfort and inspire them. There’s a coloring book, astress ball, a CD of relaxing music, a hairy star named Sparkle, a journal andmuch more. I really believed these kits would help kids. I wished I hadn’t beenmistaken.

        At the patient’s room in PICU I saw alittle girl, sleeping soundly, surrounded by tubes and machines. My eyes mether mother’s. The kit was open on her lap and tears were running down hercheeks.

        “I’m Shannon.I manage the Child Life Department.” I said. “I’m sorry if the kit upset you.It’s a new item…”

        The mother shook her head. “This has beenone of the worst days of my life. I felt so scared and alone. Then I was handedthis box. I know it’s for my daughter, but it’s just the comfort I needed. Iwanted to say thank you.”

        With that I knew Comfort Kits belonged here.We’ve been using them for almost three years now. Each child who’s admitted tothe hospital receives one. Every day I see kids coloring, journaling, playingwith Sparkle.

        But as this mom showed me Comfort Kitsaren’t just for kids. The hope they bring, which can be in short supply inhospitals sometimes, is felt by the whole family.

Which of the following can replace the underlined sentence in the last paragraph?

AThere may be lack of hope in hospitals.

BKits are in great need in hospitals.

CParents are often in low spirits in hospitals.

DMedical supplies are not enough in hospitals.

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                                B

        “There’s a mother in PICU (儿童重症监护病房) who wants to talk about a kit shereceived.” the nurse told me. “Something about it made her cry.”

        I’ve been a child-1ife specialist at the Cleveland ClinicChildren’s Hospital since 2000. I help families understand diagnoses andtreatment plans and manage the ups and downs that come with caring for a sickchild. Tough talks with parents are part of the job, it still makes me feelnervous.

        The kits the nurse was talking about weresomething I had recently introduced to the hospital: Comfort Kits fromGuideposts. They were supposed to make a child’s experience here easier, notupsetting.

        When I came across the kits at aconference, I fell in love with them. A treasure box of items designed not onlyto entertain kids, but to comfort and inspire them. There’s a coloring book, astress ball, a CD of relaxing music, a hairy star named Sparkle, a journal andmuch more. I really believed these kits would help kids. I wished I hadn’t beenmistaken.

        At the patient’s room in PICU I saw alittle girl, sleeping soundly, surrounded by tubes and machines. My eyes mether mother’s. The kit was open on her lap and tears were running down hercheeks.

        “I’m Shannon.I manage the Child Life Department.” I said. “I’m sorry if the kit upset you.It’s a new item…”

        The mother shook her head. “This has beenone of the worst days of my life. I felt so scared and alone. Then I was handedthis box. I know it’s for my daughter, but it’s just the comfort I needed. Iwanted to say thank you.”

        With that I knew Comfort Kits belonged here.We’ve been using them for almost three years now. Each child who’s admitted tothe hospital receives one. Every day I see kids coloring, journaling, playingwith Sparkle.

        But as this mom showed me Comfort Kitsaren’t just for kids. The hope they bring, which can be in short supply inhospitals sometimes, is felt by the whole family.

What’s the author’s attitude towards Comfort Kits?

ADisappointed.

BExcited.

CNervous.

DConfident.

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                                C

         In English the sky is blue, and the grass isgreen. But in Vietnamese there is just one color category for both sky andgrass: xanh. For decades cognitive (认知) scientists have point­ed to suchexamples as evidence that lan­guage largely determines how we see color. Butnew research with four-to six-month-old babies indicates that long before welearn language, we see up to five basic cate­gories of color — a finding thatsuggests a stronger biological element to perceive (感知) color than previously thought.

        The study, published recently in thePro­ceedings of the National Academy ofScienc­es USA, tested the color-discrimination abilities of more than 170British babies. Researchers at the Universityof Sussex inEnglandmeasured how long babies spent staring at color swatches, a system known aslooking time. First babies were showed one swatch repeatedly until theirlooking time decreased — a sign they had grown bored with it. Then theresearchers showed them a different sample and noted their reaction. Longerlooking times were explained to mean the babies considered the second sample tobe a new color. Their increasing responses showed that they distinguished amongfive colors: red, green, blue, purple and yellow.

        The finding “suggests you come bynature to make color distinctions, but given your culture and language, certaindis­tinctions may or may not be used.” explains lead author Alice Skelton, adoctoral student atSussex.

        The study systematically exploredbabies’ color per­ception, showing how we perceive colors before we have thewords to describe them, says Angela M. Brown, an experimental psy­chologist atthe Ohio State University’s Col­lege of Optometry, who was not involved withthe new research. The results add a new challenge to the long nature-versus-nurture(先天与后天) debate and the so-called SapirWhorf hypothesis (假设) — the idea that the way we seethe world is shaped by language.

        In future work, Skelton and hercol­leagues are interested in testing babies from other cultures. “The waylanguage and culture interact is a really interesting question,” shesays. “We don’t yet know the exact systems, but we do know how we start off.”

What’s the finding of the new research?

AIt clarifies what makes babies perceive colors.

BIt proves human color recognition is inborn.

CIt finds how many colors babies can perceive.

DIt shows the color culture is shaped by language.

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                                C

         In English the sky is blue, and the grass isgreen. But in Vietnamese there is just one color category for both sky andgrass: xanh. For decades cognitive (认知) scientists have point­ed to suchexamples as evidence that lan­guage largely determines how we see color. Butnew research with four-to six-month-old babies indicates that long before welearn language, we see up to five basic cate­gories of color — a finding thatsuggests a stronger biological element to perceive (感知) color than previously thought.

        The study, published recently in thePro­ceedings of the National Academy ofScienc­es USA, tested the color-discrimination abilities of more than 170British babies. Researchers at the Universityof Sussex inEnglandmeasured how long babies spent staring at color swatches, a system known aslooking time. First babies were showed one swatch repeatedly until theirlooking time decreased — a sign they had grown bored with it. Then theresearchers showed them a different sample and noted their reaction. Longerlooking times were explained to mean the babies considered the second sample tobe a new color. Their increasing responses showed that they distinguished amongfive colors: red, green, blue, purple and yellow.

        The finding “suggests you come bynature to make color distinctions, but given your culture and language, certaindis­tinctions may or may not be used.” explains lead author Alice Skelton, adoctoral student atSussex.

        The study systematically exploredbabies’ color per­ception, showing how we perceive colors before we have thewords to describe them, says Angela M. Brown, an experimental psy­chologist atthe Ohio State University’s Col­lege of Optometry, who was not involved withthe new research. The results add a new challenge to the long nature-versus-nurture(先天与后天) debate and the so-called SapirWhorf hypothesis (假设) — the idea that the way we seethe world is shaped by language.

        In future work, Skelton and hercol­leagues are interested in testing babies from other cultures. “The waylanguage and culture interact is a really interesting question,” shesays. “We don’t yet know the exact systems, but we do know how we start off.”

According to the new research, we can learn that_________.

Aswatches affect babies in memory and attention

Blonger looking times are based on the psychology

Cresearchers determine babies’ color perception

Dbabies can tell the differences of some colors

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                                C

         In English the sky is blue, and the grass isgreen. But in Vietnamese there is just one color category for both sky andgrass: xanh. For decades cognitive (认知) scientists have point­ed to suchexamples as evidence that lan­guage largely determines how we see color. Butnew research with four-to six-month-old babies indicates that long before welearn language, we see up to five basic cate­gories of color — a finding thatsuggests a stronger biological element to perceive (感知) color than previously thought.

        The study, published recently in thePro­ceedings of the National Academy ofScienc­es USA, tested the color-discrimination abilities of more than 170British babies. Researchers at the Universityof Sussex inEnglandmeasured how long babies spent staring at color swatches, a system known aslooking time. First babies were showed one swatch repeatedly until theirlooking time decreased — a sign they had grown bored with it. Then theresearchers showed them a different sample and noted their reaction. Longerlooking times were explained to mean the babies considered the second sample tobe a new color. Their increasing responses showed that they distinguished amongfive colors: red, green, blue, purple and yellow.

        The finding “suggests you come bynature to make color distinctions, but given your culture and language, certaindis­tinctions may or may not be used.” explains lead author Alice Skelton, adoctoral student atSussex.

        The study systematically exploredbabies’ color per­ception, showing how we perceive colors before we have thewords to describe them, says Angela M. Brown, an experimental psy­chologist atthe Ohio State University’s Col­lege of Optometry, who was not involved withthe new research. The results add a new challenge to the long nature-versus-nurture(先天与后天) debate and the so-called SapirWhorf hypothesis (假设) — the idea that the way we seethe world is shaped by language.

        In future work, Skelton and hercol­leagues are interested in testing babies from other cultures. “The waylanguage and culture interact is a really interesting question,” shesays. “We don’t yet know the exact systems, but we do know how we start off.”

In Paragraph 5, the word “interact” probably means_________.

Aexperience

Bintroduce

Cinfluence

Dimagine

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                                C

         In English the sky is blue, and the grass isgreen. But in Vietnamese there is just one color category for both sky andgrass: xanh. For decades cognitive (认知) scientists have point­ed to suchexamples as evidence that lan­guage largely determines how we see color. Butnew research with four-to six-month-old babies indicates that long before welearn language, we see up to five basic cate­gories of color — a finding thatsuggests a stronger biological element to perceive (感知) color than previously thought.

        The study, published recently in thePro­ceedings of the National Academy ofScienc­es USA, tested the color-discrimination abilities of more than 170British babies. Researchers at the Universityof Sussex inEnglandmeasured how long babies spent staring at color swatches, a system known aslooking time. First babies were showed one swatch repeatedly until theirlooking time decreased — a sign they had grown bored with it. Then theresearchers showed them a different sample and noted their reaction. Longerlooking times were explained to mean the babies considered the second sample tobe a new color. Their increasing responses showed that they distinguished amongfive colors: red, green, blue, purple and yellow.

        The finding “suggests you come bynature to make color distinctions, but given your culture and language, certaindis­tinctions may or may not be used.” explains lead author Alice Skelton, adoctoral student atSussex.

        The study systematically exploredbabies’ color per­ception, showing how we perceive colors before we have thewords to describe them, says Angela M. Brown, an experimental psy­chologist atthe Ohio State University’s Col­lege of Optometry, who was not involved withthe new research. The results add a new challenge to the long nature-versus-nurture(先天与后天) debate and the so-called SapirWhorf hypothesis (假设) — the idea that the way we seethe world is shaped by language.

        In future work, Skelton and hercol­leagues are interested in testing babies from other cultures. “The waylanguage and culture interact is a really interesting question,” shesays. “We don’t yet know the exact systems, but we do know how we start off.”

Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

ARainbow in the Baby’s World

BA Journey to the World of Colors

CA New Challenge: Language vs. Culture

DDifferent Babies, Different Color Perception

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                                D

       Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has.There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

       We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue (疲惫) and performance fatigue. In theformer case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or toodifficult. And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel. Such start-upfatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in ourmuscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply:always handle the most difficult job first.

       Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of somefamous authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them inalphabetical (按字母顺序), never letting myself leave out atough idea. And I always started the day’s work with the difficult task ofessay-writing. Experience proved that the rule works.

       Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to getstarted, we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so greatthat, however hard we work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, Iwork as hard as I can — then let the unconscious take over.

       When planning EncyclopaediaBritannica (《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table ofcontents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever beendone before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none ofthem worked. My fatigue became almost unbearable.

       One day, mentally exhausted, Iwrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved. I tried toconvince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not with me. Then,I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

       An hour later, I woke up suddenlywith the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks that followed, the solutionwhich had come up in my unconscious mind provided correct at every step. ThoughI worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as exciting asfailure had been depressing.

       Human beings, I believe must tryto succeed. Success, then, means never feeling tired.

People with start-up fatigue are most likely to   .

Adelay tasks

Bwork hard

Cseek help

Daccept failure

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                                D

       Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has.There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

       We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue (疲惫) and performance fatigue. In theformer case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or toodifficult. And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel. Such start-upfatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in ourmuscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply:always handle the most difficult job first.

       Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of somefamous authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them inalphabetical (按字母顺序), never letting myself leave out atough idea. And I always started the day’s work with the difficult task ofessay-writing. Experience proved that the rule works.

       Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to getstarted, we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so greatthat, however hard we work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, Iwork as hard as I can — then let the unconscious take over.

       When planning EncyclopaediaBritannica (《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table ofcontents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever beendone before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none ofthem worked. My fatigue became almost unbearable.

       One day, mentally exhausted, Iwrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved. I tried toconvince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not with me. Then,I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

       An hour later, I woke up suddenlywith the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks that followed, the solutionwhich had come up in my unconscious mind provided correct at every step. ThoughI worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as exciting asfailure had been depressing.

       Human beings, I believe must tryto succeed. Success, then, means never feeling tired.

What does the author recommend doing to prevent start-up fatigue?

AWriting essays in strict order.

BBuilding up physical strength.

CLeaving out the toughest ideas.

DDealing with the hardest task first.

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1

                                D

       Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has.There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

       We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue (疲惫) and performance fatigue. In theformer case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or toodifficult. And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel. Such start-upfatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in ourmuscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply:always handle the most difficult job first.

       Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of somefamous authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them inalphabetical (按字母顺序), never letting myself leave out atough idea. And I always started the day’s work with the difficult task ofessay-writing. Experience proved that the rule works.

       Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to getstarted, we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so greatthat, however hard we work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, Iwork as hard as I can — then let the unconscious take over.

       When planning EncyclopaediaBritannica (《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table ofcontents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever beendone before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none ofthem worked. My fatigue became almost unbearable.

       One day, mentally exhausted, Iwrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved. I tried toconvince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not with me. Then,I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

       An hour later, I woke up suddenlywith the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks that followed, the solutionwhich had come up in my unconscious mind provided correct at every step. ThoughI worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as exciting asfailure had been depressing.

       Human beings, I believe must tryto succeed. Success, then, means never feeling tired.

On what occasion does a person probably suffer from performance fatigue?

ABefore starting a difficult task.

BWhen all the solutions fail.

CIf the job is rather boring.

DAfter finding a way out.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

       Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has.There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

       We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue (疲惫) and performance fatigue. In theformer case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or toodifficult. And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel. Such start-upfatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in ourmuscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply:always handle the most difficult job first.

       Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of somefamous authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them inalphabetical (按字母顺序), never letting myself leave out atough idea. And I always started the day’s work with the difficult task ofessay-writing. Experience proved that the rule works.

       Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to getstarted, we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so greatthat, however hard we work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, Iwork as hard as I can — then let the unconscious take over.

       When planning EncyclopaediaBritannica (《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table ofcontents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever beendone before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none ofthem worked. My fatigue became almost unbearable.

       One day, mentally exhausted, Iwrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved. I tried toconvince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not with me. Then,I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

       An hour later, I woke up suddenlywith the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks that followed, the solutionwhich had come up in my unconscious mind provided correct at every step. ThoughI worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as exciting asfailure had been depressing.

       Human beings, I believe must tryto succeed. Success, then, means never feeling tired.

According to the author, the unconscious mind may help us ____________ .

Aignore mental problems

Bget some nice sleep

Cgain complete relief

Dfind the right solution

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

        In the business of day-to-day life, we often forget to stop and be grateful for the present moment.   36   It has many mental and physical benefits. If you want to work on being more grateful, try shifting your focus throughout the day. Work on practicing mindfulness, which can help you appreciate the present moment, you should also find a balance, allowing yourself to feel grateful.      

        Dependable. Choose someone who you are sure will show up for every scheduled workout or who will call you if they can’t make it. It is a drain (消耗) on your valuable energy especially before training to have to constantly remind your partner.

           37   Mindfulness is also about paying attention to your breath. Breathing is a vital bodily function that we often do not notice throughout the day. Start making a conscious effort to focus on your own breathing.

        Breathing is a natural processthat follows a certain rhythm. Therefore, when our minds wander and stressfulthoughts occur, focusing on the breath can help us stay calm.             

          38         

        Find a comfortableplace to sit.   39    Think of three or four phrases that sum up your coredesires. For example, you might come up with something like, “May I be happy inmy pursuits. May I have good health. May I be calm and patient throughout theday.”

        Say this prayer for yourself.   40    Direct it towards someone you are thankful forin your life. For example, “May my mother be happy in her pursuits. May mymother have good heath, etc.”

    A. Focus on the breath.

    B. Then, direct itoutwards.

    C. As a result, we feelregretful later.

    D. However, beinggrateful is important.

    E. Find a number ofthings that can motivate you.

    F. Close your eyes andimagine your wish for your life.

    G. It can also allow us to return to the presentmoment and appreciate it.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        Four years ago in church, I saw a child of my age. His  41   was pinned on the bulletin board; his dirty clothes barely covering his small,  42   body. He should not have had a  43   on his face but there he had, showing off his white teeth. I walked past his picture every day  44   him less and less. His pictures are also sent to us not to show what the child looks like but to  45   us that we are sponsoring him. We need to reflect because we are so  46   in our own misfortunes that we  47   that there are people worse off than us. Our desires are never satisfactory and we take for granted every  48   that we are blessed with.

        I looked at the child’s picture today for the first time in a  49   time. His letter came every few months and I  50   them over never taking the time to  51   back. I was just too busy spending money going to movies with my friends. We can’t just help others  52   and they need our time and hands to help create a better world.

        We are presented with  53   opportunities such as work and education. What we don’t realize is that the people without these  54   would make every effort to get the opportunities that  55   before us every day. When they are  56   to us, we shouldn’t push them aside.

        I honestly  57   if everyone had a chance to experience these, this world would open up a little more and provide more  58   and assistance to those who  59   it most. Anything can help those homeless in our own city but  60   with me.

41. 

    A. prize             B. picture                

    C.name             D.letter

42. 

    A. black             B. lovely                   

    C.main              D.weak

43. 

    A. change          B. pain                     

    C.smile              D.sign

44. 

    A. noticing        B. greeting                

    C.seeing            D.touching

45. 

    A. inform           B. remind                 

    C.teach              D.warn

46. 

    A. engaged        B.interested             

    C.expert             D.lost

47. 

    A. believe           B. fear                      

    C.forget              D.doubt

48. 

    A. opportunity    B. possibility             

    C.relation            D.person

49. 

    A. short               B. long                     

    C.limited             D.hard

50. 

    A. glanced           B. thought                

    C.turned              D.looked

51. 

    A. go                   B. call                       

    C. write               D. pay

52. 

    A. physically       B. financially            

    C.mentally          D.casually

53. 

    A. real                 B. special                  

    C.rare                  D.many

54. 

    A. ways               B. plans                    

    C.choices            D.experiences

55. 

    A. turnup            B.send up                

    C. get up            D. useup

56. 

    A. close              B. similar                  

    C.available         D. hopeful

57. 

    A. hope               B. believe                  

    C.doubt               D.say

58. 

    A. attention        B. freedom                

    C.energy             D.power

59. 

    A. care                B. enjoy                    

    C.dislike              D.need

60. 

    A. agrees            B. starts                    

    C. fights              D. talks

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        In ancient China the kite was known as “Zhiyuan“.   61   (original) regarded as a technology, it also featured in many art collections, and was considered to have unique artistic value. It first  62    (appear) in the year of the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC—476BC). According to historical records, Mo Zi spent three years   63   (construct) a wooden kite that failed after one day’s flight. One book noted that the master carpenter Lu Ban also made some which  64   (use) to spy on the situation of the enemy.

        Now the basic procedure of making kites remains the same, but  65   (style) of kite-making vary in different regions. These in the “World Kite Capital” of Weifang in Shandong Province are well known for  66   (they) craftsmanship, materials, painting, sculpture and flexible flying movement. One of these kites,   67    was over 300 meters long, won first place in the International Kite Festival   68   (hold) in Italy. It is now housed in the Weifang Kite Museum. Every year, the festival is held there and is expected to draw many fans with a passion for flying kites.

          69   you are interested in flying a kite, you should choose a sunny and windy day so you can enjoy the open air, and take care to avoid electric wires and cars. You could make more than one with you and fly them according to the change of wind. And of course, a pair of sunglasses may prove useful in protecting your eyes   70   bright sunshine.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        I just come back from Britain last week. I was luckily enough to be one of the student from different countries to visit the UK from Feb. 16 to 26. We paid a visit to many places, like London, Oxford or the Lake District. I learned much about British culture in London, which was my favorite. I also liked Oxford, for which I saw much more old buildings. The Lake District was beautiful, but it was pity that it rained heavily when they were there. The most excited thing for me in the Britain was that I made a lot of friends there.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是李华,你所在的班级就“实现中国梦,从我做起”展开了讨论。请根据同学们的发言,给你的外教David发一封邮件,告诉他你们的想法。

    1努力学习;

    2培养优秀品格;

    3做好日常小事;

注意:1词数:100左右;

        2开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

Dear David,

        I’m eager to tell you about                                                                                        

        What do you think matters to achieve our great China Dream?

                                                Yours,

                                                Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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