• 英语 成都市2016年高三第一次联合考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

One day in my class, the children were busy preparing for the coming concert. Suddenly Patty came up to me and said, “Every year I-g-g-g-get to be a quiet student. The other kids are always in a p-p-p-play or something. This year, I w-w-want to recite a p-p-p-poem myself!”

Watching her eager eyes, I had no way to refuse her request. So I had to promise her that she would have a “reciting” part. That promise proved to be very difficult to keep. None of my books had any proper poems for her. So I had to spend most of the night writing a poem for her. It was not excellent, but it was enough to cope with Patty’s speech problem.

From then on, Patty spent a lot of time practicing the reciting every day. With my help, she made great progress. However, an unexpected thing happened when the concert was about to start. The MC(报幕员came to me with anger, waving his printed program. “There has been a mistake! You have listed Patty for a recitation. That girl can’t even say her own name without stuttering.” Because there was not enough time for explanations, I said to him angrily, “We know what we are doing.”

The concert was going very well. When it was time for Patty’s recitation, the MC again said that Patty would embarrass everyone. Losing patience, I shouted to him loudly, “Patty will do her part. You do yours. Just introduce her number.”

The curtain parted to show Patty, excited and confident. In perfect control, Patty uttered each syllable clearly helped by my gestures. At last, she made her bow, with tears in her eyes.

The curtain closed. At first silence held the audience, then the silence gave way to warm and lasting applause. Patty threw her arms around me and said to me excitedly, “We d-d-d-did it!”

22. The author yelled at the MC loudly because_____.

Ahe made a mistake about the printed program

Bhe showed no respect for the author

Che didn’t list Patty for a recitation

Dhe was unwilling to include Patty in the performing list

23. From the passage we can learn that_____.

Awhere there is a will, there is a way

Bexperience is the mother of wisdom

Cstrike while the iron is hot

Dthe spirit is willing but the flesh is weak

21. What was thechallenge for Patty to prepare for the concert?

AShe hadn’t enoughtime to practice.

BShe wasn’t popularwith the students in her class.

CShe couldn’t recitewords clearly owing to stuttering.

DThere weren’t properpoems for her at all.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — A group of black parents and civil rights activists presented a petition(请愿书) Thursday calling for officials to drop charges against a 16-year-old South Carolina high school student who was videotaped being dragged from her desk and thrown to the floor by a police officer in her classroom.

The group said it was unfair and unacceptable that the student and her 18-year-old classmate at Spring Valley High School who taped the incident were the only people charged that day when authorities already knew Richland County Deputy Ben Fields had tossed the girl from her desk to the ground.

They also said their petition had hundreds of thousands of names from around the country asking prosecutor Dan Johnson to drop the "disturbing schools" charges against the teens. The students in the case are black; Fields is white.

Johnson issued a statement Wednesday saying he won't do anything with the case until the FBI finishes its investigation into Fields, who was fired after the video became public. "I do not simply decide cases based upon feelings, public opinion or sentiment, nor do I decide them based on political pressure," Johnson said in the statement.

Disturbing schools is punishable by a fine of up to $1,000 or 90 days in jail. The students' lawyer did not respond to telephone messages.

The video spread quickly across the country, prompting questions about when police officers should get involved with classroom discipline. Fields was called to the classroom after the student refused to stop using her cellphone, and then she would not leave the classroom for a teacher or administrator.

In the days after the incident, the teacher turned her class over to a substitute and the administrator was placed on leave. Richland two officials didn't respond to an email asking about their current status. The students were allowed back in school.

Organizers of the protest said they plan to be at South Carolina's Statehouse next year, calling for legislators to change the law that allows police officers to arrest students for misbehaving at schools. Richland County Sheriff Leon Lott blamed that law for escalating the situation. "Let's find a way where we don't saddle students with arrest records," said Efia Nwangaza from the Malcom X Center for Self Determination. "Let's get ahead of the schoolhouse-to-jailhouse train in South Carolina."

24. What are the teens charged with?

APlaying cellphones in class

BDisobeying the teacher

CDisturbing schools

DFighting with the police officer

25. What is Don Johnson's attitude towards the case?

AIndifferent

BAmbiguous

CSubjective

DCautious

26. According to the passage, people are now concerned about the following except_____.

Awhether the incident reflects a racial issue

Bwhen police officers should get involved with classroom discipline

Cwhether students can play cellphones in class

Dwhether the law that allows police officers to arrest students for misbehaving at schools should be changed

27. Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

APolice officer fired for tossing student

BBlack parents protest charge for teen tossed from desk

CCharged teens allowed back in school

DViolence at school

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

A study of a million UK women, published today in The Lancet, has shown that happiness itself has no direct effect on mortality, and that the widespread but mistaken belief that unhappiness and stress directly cause ill health came from studies that had simply confused cause and effect. Life-threatening poor health can cause unhappiness, and for this reason unhappiness is associated with increased mortality. In addition, smokers tend to be unhappier than non-smokers. However, after taking account of previous ill health, smoking, and other lifestyle and socio-economic factors, the investigators found that unhappiness itself was no longer associated with increased mortality.

The lead author, Dr Bette Liu, now at the University of New South Wales, Australia said: "Illness makes you unhappy, but unhappiness itself doesn't make you ill. We found no direct effect of unhappiness or stress on mortality, even in a ten-year study of a million women."

As in other studies, unhappiness was associated with deprivation, smoking, lack of exercise, and not living with a partner. The strongest associations, however, were that the women who were already in poor health tended to say that they were unhappy, stressed, not in control, and not relaxed.

The main analyses included 700 000 women, average age 59 years, and over the next 10 years these women were followed by electronic record linkage for mortality, during which time 30 000 of the women died.

After allowing for any differences already present in health and lifestyle, the overall death rate among those who were unhappy was the same as the death rate among those who were generally happy. The study is so large that it rules out unhappiness being a direct cause of any material increase in overall mortality in women.

This was true for overall mortality, for cancer mortality, and for heart disease mortality, and it was true for stress as well as for unhappiness.

28. The word “mortality” in the passage means         .

Arichness

Brelaxation

Cdeath

Dmorality

29. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

AUnhappiness will definitely make a person ill.

BUnhappiness doesn’t necessarily make you ill.

CUnhappiness is not associated with lack of exercise.

DThe death rate among those unhappy people is greater.

30. It’s wrongly believed that ________.

Aunhappiness itself is not associated with increased mortality

Bthere is no direct link between unhappiness and mortality

Cill health directly causes unhappiness and stress

Dill health directly results from unhappiness and stress

31. The writer’s attitude towards the result of the study is __________.

Adisappointing

Bindifferent

Csubjective

Dobjective

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

A full stop is used at the end of an idea or thought, and is an important rule in proper grammar. But text messages are changing the rules, as a new study finds digital messages ending with one aren't sincere. The results suggest skipping punctuation altogether, as it indicates you are answering naturally and heartfelt.

Binghamton University’s Harpur College observed 126 students, who read a series of messages displayed as texts on a screen or handwritten notes on loose-leaf paper(活页纸). In the 16 experimental exchanges, the sender’s message contained a statement followed by an invitation phrased as a question such as, “Dave gave me his extra ticket. Wanna come?” The receiver then gave a one-word response like “Okay”, “Sure”, “Yeah” or “Yup”. Half of the participants’ responses were with a full stop and the other half did not use it. Based on the responses, text messages that ended with a full stop were rated less sincere than those that did not end with one. The students who read the notes on the paper reported that full stop or not, they felt the message was sincere. These results suggest that punctuation can misconstrue or influence the meaning of text messages. The study concludes, “ not so much that the full stop is used to convey a lack of sincerity in text messages, but that punctuation is one of the cues(提示) used by senders, and understood by receivers, to convey practical and social information.

“Texting is lacking many of the social cues used in actual face-to-face conversations”, said Celia Klin, associate professor of psychology at Binghamton University’s Harpur College. “When speaking, people easily convey social and emotional information with eye gaze, facial expressions, tone of voice, pauses, and so on. People obviously can't use these mechanisms when they are texting. Thus, it makes sense that texters rely on what they have available to them -- emoticons, deliberate misspellings that mimic speech sounds(拟声) and, according to our data, punctuation. ”

Recently, Klin’s team conducted a follow-up study and found that text response with an exclamation mark(感叹号) is interpreted as more sincere. “That’s not surprising, but it broadens our claim,”said Klin. “Punctuation is used and understood by texters to convey emotions and other social and practical information. Given that people are wonderfully good at communicating complex information in conversations, it’s not surprising that as texting evolves, people are finding ways to convey the same types of information in their texts. ”

32. According to a new study in the first paragraph, digital messages with punctuation indicate you are ______.

Aimpolite

Binsincere

Cheartfelt

Dnatural

33. The underlined sentence in the passage means that ______.

Athe full stop conveys a lack of sincerity in text messages

Bto show sincerity, people shouldn’t use punctuation in text messages

Cpunctuation can’t influence the meaning of text messages

Dpunctuation actually conveys practical and social information in a way

34. Compared with face-to-face conversations, which of the following can text messages rely on to convey their meaning?

AEye contact

BTone of voice

CEmoticons

DGestures

35. Which of the following agrees with Celia Klin’s opinion?

AConversations rely on the same expression way as text messages.

BTexters may find more ways available to convey the same information.

CText response with an exclamation mark sounds more insincere.

DPunctuation is only used to convey emotions.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共25分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

36.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to live life to the fullest

“Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re going to get.” But for those who take critical decisions, life can be different. How true that is! Stare life in the face as you experience it like a roller coaster ride.    36   Life is made up of choices and decision-making is critical as each choice has both consequences and benefits. Please weigh the latter and always choose life. Always ask what you can learn and how you can move forward, and stop yourself from blaming other people if things aren’t the way you would like them to be.

Seize the day.     37   Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery but today is a gift—that’s why it’s called the present. Life presents us with a lifetime of opportunities, but the opportunities of a lifetime are got when right choices are followed. Be present to enjoy the moment. Each day is a fresh start with choices just waiting to be explored, so what are you waiting for?

38     This is a great way to live life. It means accepting your present the way it is, and offering no resistance to it. However, it does not mean not trying to change it. It means being truly yourself, accepting the present around you, then trying to change it. Often ask yourself: “Has my resistance helped me in any way?” Remember: “Life goes on.”

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

61.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

A group of frogs were travelling through the woods, and two of themfell into a deep pit. When the other frogs saw    61   deep the pit was, they told the two frogs thatthey were as good as dead. The two frogs didn’t listen to the others and triedto jump out of the pit with all their might. The other frogs kept    62   (tell) them to stop. Finally, one of the frogsheard what the other frogs were saying and __63___ (give) up, so hedied.

The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could   64    (get) out. Once again, the other frogs criedat him and told him to stop and just allow   65    to die, but he jumped even    66  (hard)and finally made himself out. When he was out, the other frogs said, “Didn’tyou hear us?” the frog explained to them that something was wrong with his   67    (hear). He thought they were encouraging him   68   wholetime.

     There is power of life and death in thetongue. An   69    (inspire) word to someone who is down can lifthim or her up and help them make it through the day,   70    bad words can rob another of the spirit to goon in difficult times. Be careful of what you say.



分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

In Florida, one McDonald's customer started a pay-it-forward chain that bd blank other 249 customers to be generous and do the same.

ABC News reports the spirit of  bd blank  is in the air as 250 drive-thru customers at a local McDonald's paid for the meals of the people next to them.

When Torie Keene was paying for her food on Wednesday morning, it occurred to her to pay for the meal of the car next to her. Keene then  bd blank told McDonald's cashier Figueroa to greet the other customer "Merry Christmas". The next customer was  bd blank  when Figueroa said her food was already paid by the  bd blank  car. That's  bd blank  she thought that she would love to do the same and the domino effect (多米诺效应)  bd blank  .

"It kept going and going" Figueroa told ABC news. "After the 15th car, I started  bd blank  the number of people participating  bd blank  a piece of paper."

Figueroa said the chain  bd blank almost lasted for her entire shift. "I just kept giving everyone the same bd blank  , and they were all so astonished and so happy," she continued. "One lady  bd blank  paid for the meals of the next three cars behind her."

While people were amazed by how bd blank  they could get, Figueroa said she had "never experienced  bd blank  like that before" in her 12 years of working for McDonald's. "I feel very  bd blank  to have been a part of all that," the cashier said.

Keene contacted Figueroa on Facebook when the pay-it-forward chain  bd blank  in the local news. She revealed that she  bd blank  the long chain of kindness, adding that she was  bd blank  by the number of people who continued her good  bd blank  when she was "only trying to  bd blank  someone's day."

文章大意:本文主要讲的是美麦当劳250人“接力买单”传温暖。

针对各个小题话术:此题是XX(词义辨析,固定搭配,逻辑推理,语法结构,上下文语境)题+分析选项,所以选择X选项正确。

41.

Ainvited

Binstructed

Cindicated

Dinspired

42.

Areceiving

Bgaining

Cgiving

Dtaking

43.

Apurposely

Bparticularly

Cespecially

Dcasually

44.

Ainfected

Bguided

Creminded

Daffected

45.

Aunusual

Bprevious

Cnext

Dfamiliar

46

Awhen

Bwhere

Chow

Dwhat

47.

Acreated

Bdisturbed

Cmade

Dfollowed

48.

Aaccounting

Bmarking

Cestimating

Devaluating

49.

Ain

Bunder

Con

Dat

50.

Areception

Breaction

Creflection

Drange

51.

Aorder

Brequest

Cmessage

Dsuggestion

52.

Astill

Balso

Ceven

Dmerely

53.

Amean

Bgenerous

Clovely

Dselfish

54.

Asomething

Bit

Ceverything

Dall

55.

Ablessed

Bhelpful

Cinterested

Ddoubtful

56

Atook out

Bcame out

Cpicked out

Dstood out

57.

Aproduced

Breleased

Cstarted

Dspread

58.

Asurprised

Bpuzzled

Cconfused

Ddelighted

59.

Aprocess

Bidea

Cdecision

Ddeed

60.

Astrengthen

Bloosen

Clengthen

Dbrighten

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题15分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(), 并在其下面写出改加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在改词下面写出修改后的词。注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Recently there had been many reports about teenagers’ safety, in which some of them got hurt and even lost their lives. Besides, it’s necessary for our teenagers to develop self-protection awareness and learn to protect ourselves. But how can we protect ourselves? First of all, we should make a rule to eat healthy food, in case unhealthy food does harm for our health. Second, we should be careful when made friends, especially online. Third, for the sake of our safety and the others’ safety, we should obey the traffic rules. Last but not least, if we are in dangers, we should call the police immediate. All in all, we must keep safety in mind, no matter when and where we are.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共20分。
1

72.某中学生英文报近期开辟专栏,讨论学习习惯问题,请你结合自身学习实际,按以下提示,用英文为该专栏写一篇稿件。1、说明学习习惯与学习效果之间的关系; 2、介绍一种好的学习习惯并提出养成该习惯的建议; 3、描述自己在学习习惯方面存在的某个问题并给出改进措施。注意: 1、词数120左右,开头语已为你写好; 2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3、文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。

It's useful and necessary to discuss learning habits.

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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