In the summer vacation, I paid a visit a mountain village in a suburb of Xi’an. No sooner had I got off the bus when I was greatly surprising to see all the changes. It was far better than I had been expected. Now every family can drink cleanly running water. The villagers needn’t carry water himself any more. Firewood is no longer used for cooking. Marsh gas, a new cheap clean energy, make it very convenient to cook and light. As all the families have color TV set, they can enjoy plays at home. It impressed me most was that the best building in a village was the school. I hope the mountain village will become better and better.
Body and Food
Our body, which has close relations with the food that we eat 61 our daily life, is the most important thing that we own, so our body 62 (need) proper treatment and proper nourishment (营养).
The old saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” is not as silly as some people think. The body needs fruit 63 vegetables, such as apples, pears, banana, carrots and cabbages, because they contain vitamin C, 64 is very necessary and important to us all. It’s clear that a lack of vitamin C can make people ill and weak easily.
In order to get enough needed vitamins, many people take extra vitamins in pill form, 65 (believe) that these will make them 66 (health). But a good diet is made up of nourishing food and this gives all the vitamins that we need. The body doesn’t need or use extra vitamins, so why waste money on them?
Nowadays many people are too busy to bother about eating properly. They throw anything into their 67 (stomach), eating something carelessly and 68 (hurry). The list of illnesses 69 （cause）or made worse by bad eating habits is frightening. It is high time we should realize the importance of having a good diet. If not, it is impossible for 70 (we) to keep fit and strong.
Three Critical Truths We Forget All Too Soon
So much happens in our lives every day that we often forget what we have learned. In effect, the only thing faster than the speed of our thoughts is the speed of our forgetfulness. 16
●Small steps get you to big places.
The greatest of all mistakes is to do nothing simply because you can only do a little. In fact, it is far more productive to take many small steps in the right direction than to make a giant leap. 17 Figure out where you want to go, take a step, and keep on stepping. Diligence and persistence will get you there.
Two people can be affected by the same circumstance but respond in completely different ways. The reason is that it just depends on their attitudes. When you expect life to be unkind, it will always live up to your expectations. On the other hand, when you consider yourself to be in a fortunate situation, you will find yourself in many more. 19
●You can only change yourself.
Don't wait for someone who hurt you to make it up to you; this kind of thinking only keeps your old wounds from healing. 20 You have no control over them, and they may never change. Inner peace is found by changing your thinking, not the people who hurt you. So forgive those who have hurt you in the past, and even more importantly, forgive yourself for allowing them to hurt you. Then smile like you've never cried re-open your heart and mind like you've never been hurt, and live the rest of your life like you're running out of time.
Peter, a high school student, was pretty busy with school, and he was on the soccer team. High school was hard, because everyone wanted to have nice clothes, hang out, drive cars, and all these cost money. Peter’s father was the sort of guy that believed you had to earn whatever you got, so he wasn’t just about to hand over lots of money for Peter to use to have fun. So, he had to get a job.
During his freshman year summer vacation, his classmate got him a job working on a hay (干草) farm. He threw hay up into wagons as the tractor drove around fields, and then they stacked (剁起) it in the hot barn.（干草棚） It was a hot, low paying job.
He once worked a few nights a week at a grocery store. He put things on the shelf. It was a lot of lifting and carrying, and his arms were strong from this and the previous job. It was dull and didn’t pay much.
He took some time off when soccer got serious, but the following summer he tried working at a lumber（废旧家具）yard. It was hot outside, but he got a lot of exercise lifting and carrying things like boards and drywall. He also learned a lot about building supplies. It still didn’t pay well.
From there, he spent a year doing some tutoring for a friend of the family, but that was piecemeal. His first real job came the last year at school, when he fixed registers and worked on computers at a big box store. It was his favorite job yet, but it still didn’t pay well.
What Peter realized with all of these jobs was that he needed a better paying job! The only way to get that was to get trained or educated. He could go to school and get a 2­year degree in an office or technical position. His other choices were going to a 4­year college or joining the army. He wasn’t sure what he was going to do yet, but he knew he had to do something. Jobs were a lot of work, money was hard to earn, but he liked staying busy and being able to buy things. Peter wanted the most out of life, and that meant education.
12. How many jobs had Peter taken?
13.All the jobs Peter had taken had one thing in common:________.
14. ________was the most important for Peter if he wanted a good job.
15. We can learn from the text that________.
More than 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed across the globe each day, and it’s likely that many taste bitter.
Now, a new study suggests that coffee fans can make their drink taste sweeter by simply changing the colour of their cups.
Scientists claim that blue and glass mugs, which are popular in some coffee shops, can reduce coffee’s bitterness, without any need for sugar, and that coffee drunk from white cups tastes the bitterest.
To prove their claims, the researchers invited 36 volunteers and used three different colored cups -- blue, white and transparent glass -- to do an experiment.
In the experiment, coffee consumed from the white cup was found to taste less sweet when compared to the other two colored cups, while the blue cup made the coffee taste the sweetest.
The scientists believe that the colour brown may be associated with coffee’s bitterness because coffee in a white cup appears the brownest and tastes the bitterest.
“Our study clearly shows that the colour of a coffee cup does influence the perceived (感受到的) taste and flavor of coffee,” said Dr George Doorn of Federation University Australia, “but the potential effects may be different between a one-time purchase and a return customer.”
“Anyhow, the effect of the colour of the cup on the flavor of the coffee suggests that café owners, baristas (服务员), as well as coffee cup manufacturers should carefully consider the colour of their cups, ” he added.
However, the idea that colour can alter the taste of food and drink is not new.
A study published last year revealed that red, strawberry-flavored mousse (慕斯蛋糕) served on a white plate was rated as 10 percent sweeter and 15 percent more flavorous than the same food presented on a black plate.
8. What color of the cup can best reduce coffee’s bitterness without adding sugar?
9. The scientists used ________ to do the experiment to prove their claims.
① different brands of coffee ② different colored coffee cups
③ several volunteers ④ several manufactures
10. Why does coffee in white cups taste the least sweet?
11. According to the article, which of the following statements is TRUE?
An African proverb says that a single hand cannot tie a bundle. Everyone needs companions to help them sail through the rough seas of life. Even the strongest and richest person still needs friends. Our money and strength would have no value if we had no friends to share with us. The best friendship is a give-and-take relationship. We need the support of our family, friends and the community. In turn we also give support to the society, our friends and our family.
The word “friend” has many meanings. It could be the bus driver who takes you to and from work every day. It could be a parent, a colleague, a wife or husband, a brother or sister, or even the unknown person who helped you just once when you could not find your way. Real friends share not only our happiness but our sorrows as well. This may explain why we have the expression “a friend in need is a friend indeed”.
Friendship is like the sunshine that keeps us warm. It is like the refreshing raindrops on the fields that give the farmers hope of a good planting season. Without friends our life would be like a desert where our only friend would be loneliness and sadness. The most fortunate person is the one who has friends from all levels in the society. A driver might find friends not only among his colleagues but among farmers, bankers, traders, students, politicians or teachers. We should never forget our old friends when we make new ones. We should treasure each of our friends whether poor or rich, beautiful or not. Each friend is unique in his or her own way. And all together, they enrich life and make it very colourful.
4. What is the main topic of the passage?
5. What is the correct understanding of friends according to the writer?
6. An unknown person can be a friend as well when .
7. The underlined word “unique” in the last paragraph most probably means “ ”.
It’s summer movie time again. Check out our list of four films.
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
Release Date: November 4
Story: It’s the summer before Harry Potter’s third year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. A dangerous murderer, Sirius Black, has escaped from the Wizards’ Prison. And he was ordered to kill Harry Potter.
Around the World in 80 Days
Release Date: November 16
Story: This version of the classic novel set in 1872 focuses on Passepartout ( Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan), a Chinese thief who seeks refuge (庇护) with a strange London adventurer, Phileas Fogg. Passepartout uses his martial art skills(军事技能) to defend Fogg from danger as he travels around the world in 80 days.
Release Date: November 30
Story: Peter Parker is still coming to accept his dual identity (双重身份) as the crime superhero Spider-Man. He wants to reveal his secret identity to Mary Jane, meanwhile, his Aunt May is in trouble. This is Dr Otto Octavius who has appeared to bring her a lot of troubles.
Release Date: November 7
Story: King Arthur is presented as a clever ruler who manages to unite all the knights in Britain. Under the guidance of Merlin and the beautiful, brave Guinevere, Arthur will struggle to realize his dreams.
1. When can you see the film acted by Jackie Chan?
2. In Spider-Man 2, Aunt May’s trouble is caused by______.
3. What kind of article of this passage?
Pooja Dhingra should have been a lawyer. But while studying 21 at university in Mumbai, she decided to quit her major and to something more 22 .
Remembering helping her mother in the 23 during her childhood, she decided to work with food instead of legal cases. So she 24 her parents to let her go to study cooking. One day, her friends took her to one of the best macaron（杏仁小圆饼）shops in Paris.
After just one 25 , Ms Dhingra determined that when she 26 to Mumbai she would open her own macaron store, the first of its kind in India. Upon graduation, she started 27 macarons in her parents' kitchen, but it was a complete 28 .The hot and wet weather in Mumbai made it 29 to make delicious cakes. After 60 failed 30 ,she finally got an ideal recipe. 31 being both young and female meant she faced additional 32 ."The biggest problem was to get people to take you 33 ．”she tells us. "For example, 34 I had to buy machinery, I would have to ask my father to make these calls for me. " However, she 35 opened her first shop in 2010. To 36 sales in a city where very few people knew what a macaron was, Ms Dhingra 37 free samples to customers. The cakes were immediately popular, and sales soon took off thanks to the 38 evaluation. .
Now, Ms Dhingra is the 39 of three busy macaron shops. She has planned to 40 her business across the country. One newspaper article called her " the macaron queen of India" .
When I was a kid, my mom liked to make breakfast food for dinner every now and then. And I remember one night in particular when she had made dinner after a long, hard day at_41__.
On that evening so long ago, my mom placed a plate of eggs, sausage and extremely burned toast in front of my dad. I remember_42_ to see if anyone noticed! _43_ all my dad did was reach for his toast, _44_ at my mom and ask me how my day was at school. . . I don't remember what I told him that night, but I do remember__45__him spread butter and jelly on that toast and eat every bite!
When I got up from the table that evening, I remember hearing my mom _46_ to my dad for burning the toast. And I'II never_47_what he said: “Honey, I love burned toast.” Later that night, I went to kiss Daddy good night and I asked him if he really _48_ his toast burned. He wrapped me in his arms and said," Your Momma put_49_ a hard day at work today and she's really _50_. And besides, a burned toast never 51_anyone! "
_52_is full of imperfect things... and imperfect people. I'm not the best at anything, and I forget_53_ and anniversaries just like everyone else. But what I've learned over the years is that learning to accept each other's _54_---and choosing to_55__ each other's differences---is one of the most important keys to creating a healthy, growing, and_56_relationship where a burned toast isn't a deal-breaker!
We could extend this to any__57_. In fact, understanding is the_58_ of any relationship, whether it is a husband-wife or parent-child or friendship!
"Don't put the key to your_59__in someone else's pocket---keep it in your own.”
So please pass me a toast, and yes, a_60_ one will be fine!