• 英语 和平区2017年高三第二次模拟考试
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1.—Shall we eat Chinese or Western food for lunch?

—________.I don’t mind either.

AIt’s up to you.

BHelp yourself.

CIt depends.

DNo problem.

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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2.This product contains no_________colors; only natural substances are used.

Acommercial

Bbeneficial

Cofficial

Dartificial

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3.If you_________any mistakes in the article, just mark them with a pencil.

Amake

Brepeat

Cspot

Dignore

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4.---A child’s behavior is most easily influenced by his parents.

---True. That’s_________we should set a good example to our kids.

Awhy

Bwhen

Cwhether

Dwhere

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5.________for many years, the novelist suddenly became famous.

AHaving ignored

BHaving been ignored

CIgnoring

DTo be ignored

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6.I’ve finally finished my paper and it_______me an entire month.

Awas taken

Btakes

Ctook

Dhad taken

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9.The report shows that increase in oil prices has_________many changes in our lives.

Agot through

Bresulted from

Cturned into

Dbrought about

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10.We didn’t play football yesterday. The match__________.

Ais canceled

Bwas canceled

Chas canceled

Dhad canceled

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8.Planning so far ahead makes no________---so many things will have changed by next year.

Asense

Broom

Cchoice

Deffort

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7.I’ll have all of the essays________by the end of this term if my plan goes well.

Acompleting

Bto complete

Ccompleted

Dbeing completed

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14.It wasn’t serious accident. The car was only________damaged.

Aheavily

Bslightly

Cnearly

Dnarrowly

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13.The law must be strictly observed and_______breaks it shall be punished.

Aanyone who

Bthose who

Canyone

Dthose

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12.The girl thought her boyfriend had bought her a necklace of great value________in fact it was made of glass.

Awhen

Bwhile

Cthat

Das

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11.---Do you want to join me on a ten-mile run?

---_________I feel so tired today.

AI think so.

BI’m not surprised.

CNot likely!

DOf course.

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15.I wish I_______her the news and then she wouldn’t be worried now.

Adon’t tell

Bdidn’t tell

Chaven’t told                               

D D.hadn’t told

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共90分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从16-35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

For my 8th birthday my bd blank was a shiny blue bike. My older sisters decided to teach me to ride. We lived on Edgewood Avenue at the top of a steep hill. My bd blank , Agnes and Christina, put me on my bike and bd blank me hard, yelling instructions, “Peddle! Steer! Use the brakes!” Needless to say, I was rushing down the street bd blank trying to hold on.

I bumped into the curb(路缘), bd blank over the handlebars onto the sidewalk, skinning my knees, hunting my hands and crying loudly. Instead of offering bd blank ,my sisters yelled at me bd blank I hadn’t listened to their instructions.Weeks bd blank before I tried again. This time I walked my bike to the bd blank parking lot behind the schoolyard. I kept repeating the instructions to myself and after a few awkward bd blank and even more painful spills I leaned to ride a bike.

Learning life lesson is bd blank like learning to ride a bike. Some life lessons are bd blank to learn. We don’t always get to choose where we learn them; we don’t always have good teachers and we are not always bd blank . Sometimes we find ourselves madly trying to hold on.

But things are different now.

My husband, Rich, bd blank my sons to ride a bike. First he raised the training wheels a little and they rode around the block getting used to the unstable bd blank . After he removed the training wheels he would run along the side of the bike holding on to the seat to bd blank them. Up and down our street, he would go with Rich calling out, “You bd blank have it! You’re doing great!” until my son would call out “Let go”. Rich would let go but still run along, just bd blank . It was a happy day in the neighborhood.

When the life lessons come along in this New Year you may bd blank them from a patient and kind teacher; you may have them surrounded by bd blank and encouragement. And you may have someone stay by your side until you have found victory.

【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文,文章通过描述主人公小时候学习自行车的经历,以及现在他的儿子学习自行车的经历,对比了两段学习自行车经历的教育方法。

16.

Adream

Breward

Cgift                

Daim

17.

Abrothers

Bsisters

Cfriends

Dclassmates

18.

Astuck

Bturned

Cknocked

Dpushed

19.

Awildly

Bcarefully

Cslowly

Dinstantly

20.

Ajumping

Bflying

Cmoving

Dleaving

21.

Asadness

Bhappiness

Cexcitement

Dsympathy

22.

Aalthough

Buntil

Cbecause

Dwhile

23.

Apassed

Bremained

Chappened

Dchanged

24.

Acrowed

Bbusy

Ccovered

Dempty

25.

Aexperiments

Battempts

Cfights

Dconflicts

26.

Athough

Beven

Cmuch

Dstill

27.

Awonderful

Bcomfortable

Cdangerous

Dpainful

28.

Aready

Bperfect

Cwrong

Dstrong

29.

Aforced

Btaught

Callowed

Dordered

30.

Apractice

Bhabit

Cdevelopment

Dfeeling

31.

Arepair

Bfix

Csteady

Dmove

32.

Aalmost

Busually

Calways

Dseldom

33.

Ain time

Bin relief

Cin turn

Din case

34.

Aaccept

Blearn

Crefuse

Davoid

35.

Ablame

Bcomplaint

Csupport

Dcriticism

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

So you want to be a civilian scientist? The National Science Foundation(NSF)has got you covered. NSF supports civilian science across all area of science, whether your passion is to scan the night sky, or explore your own backyard.

Join a group of birders.

eBird is an online platform that allows bird-watchers to go online and record their sightings to a database.With more than 100,000 active users, eBird’s system is a treasure of information on bird population, distribution and habitat, with users can explore in real time.

Count every drop.

The Community Collaborative Rain. Hall and Snow Network(CoCoRaHS) is the largest provider of daily precipitation(降水)observations in the United States.Volunteers set up rain gauges(测量仪器)and record data every time rain or snow passes over. Data is organized and shared on the CoCoRaHS website, and used by scientists, farmers and more.

Search for stars with your computer.

Einstein@Home uses your computer’s spare time to search for space signals. The project has already had major successes; Volunteer discovered about 50 stars, using data from Puerto Rico’s Arecibo Observatory and Australia’s Parkess Observatory. Einstein@Home also searches for gravitational-wave signals using data from NSF’s Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory.

Be part of a supercomputer.

To link all those home computers, Einstein@Home uses the software called the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing, better known as BOINC. The software choreographs(编排)the technical aspect of volunteer computing and help you use radio telescope signals to search for creatures outside the earth.

Join the Plankton Party.

Without plankton, life in the ocean would not exist. These tiny organisms form the base of the food chain, and play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Plankton Portal enlists(征募) civilian scientists to identify images of plankton, snapped by In Situ Icthyo plankton Imagine System(ISIIS),an underwater robot engineered at the University of Miami. ISIIS has taken millions of images in oceans around the world; classifying the images helps researchers understand plankton diversity, habitat and behavior.

【语篇导读】本文介绍了如何成为一名民间科学家。

36.According to “Join a group of birders”, eBird’s system helps people find the information about __________.

Athe record paper of its database

Bthe spreading areas of a bird species

Cmore than 100,000active users

Dthe living habits of a bird species

37.You can join “Count every drop”if you are interested in________.

Aweather

Bspace

Canimals

Dorganisms

38.Which of the following two programs is related to the space exploration?

A“Join a group of birders” and “Count every drop”.

B“Count every drop” and “Search for stars with your computer”.

C“Search for stars with your computer”and “Be part of a supercomputer”.

D“Be part of a supercomputer”and “Join the plankton party”.

39.Plankton is vital to________.

Aeagles

Belephants

Csnakes

Dsharks.

40.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

AMake the Most of Computers!

BBecome a Citizen Scientist!

CBe Part of Space Exploration!

DMake a Contribution to NSF!

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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The Common Application for college, known as the Common App, is a timesaving tool accepted by more and more schools each years—public, private, large, and small. Depending on where you plan to apply, you may be able to save yourself from writer’s cramp(痉挛)because you only have to complete it once, filling out the typical pages of information just a single time. After that ,you can send it out over and over again in clear photocopy form. Better yet, it can be completed online at www.commonapp.org.

Member schools of the Common Application organization are allowed membership only if they stick to a whole applicant evaluation process. If you’re checking the sites of your favorite colleges and they’re members of the organization, then there’s a good chance they’ll have a link right on their site that will take you straight to the college Common Application at its home website. As an added bonus, several dozens of these schools will reduce or give up their application charge if you apply online.

It’s not unusual for some colleges to require a brief supplement(补充)unique to their school in addition to the Common Application. Many of those supplements require applicants to write an extra essay or two, so if you plan to use the Common Application, make sure you’re submitting everything that the school is requesting.

There’re rumors(谣言)that some schools don’t treat the Common Application with the same regard as their own unique applications. Thankfully,such rumors appear to be mostly just that—rumors.Colleges accepting the Common Application promise to give it equal weight, and they do. In fact, more and more schools now only use the Common Application.

For a list of participating schools and to access the college Common Application online, visit www.commonapp.org. Peterson’s is your guide to college information. Use Peterson’s college search to find the best college or university for you.

【语篇导读】本文介绍了一种在线申请大学的方法。

41.According to the first paragraph, the Common Application for college________.

Ais only suitable for public schools

Bcan help save a lot of time and energy

Chelps you get more information

Dcan only be completed on the websites

42.If you apply through the site of your favorite college, one of the members of the Common App,_______.

Ayou’ll offer the Common App additional information about yourself

Bit will increase your chances of being admitted

Cyou will be taken to the Common App’s home website

Dyou might not pay any application fee

43.The fourth paragraph is mainly to show that _________.

Athe related rumors are wrong

Bthe Common App is popular

Cthe Common App is treated badly

Dthe applicants are easily cheated

44.Besides the application, visit www.commonapp.org can also help you_______.

Asuit the college life better

Bchoose the right major

Cimprove study in college

Dknow the related college better

45.What is the text mainly about?

AThe way to go to college in America.

BTreating the Common Application equally.

CThe Common Application for college.

DThe history of the Common Application.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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There are moments in life when you’re in the middle of some activity and think, “I love doing this. Love it!” Maybe it happens on the golf course, or camping, or when you’re having dinner at a favorite restaurant. There are so many things to love about modern life.

I’m in love with 35 miles per hour.

It’s a difficult kind of love to talk about in the present age of TV commercials and big-budget movies that constantly promote and glorify images of vehicles with roaring engines and smoking tires thundering across city streets in endless pursuit of adventure.

My personality has never had a fast-and-crazy side. I vividly recall going to Disneyland as a young teenager and being emotionally thrashed on the Matterhorn roller coaster ride. Other kids were howling with delight at the sharp turns and steep drops while I was mentally repeating the phrases “Please be over soon” and “I don’t want to die”.

Do not, however, assume I spend most of my road time trembling behind the steering wheel. Freeway fright is not my partner. After 45-plus years on the road, I can handle a vast range of traffic hardships. I’ve had my share of rigid joints and sweaty palms but not one accident since a curving fender(挡泥板)incident in college. I go with the flow.

But in private situations, alone on some suburban avenue or country lane, I like to ease off the gas pedal, settle in at a smooth 35 mph.

It’s a speed that allows me to appreciate my surroundings because the scenery doesn’t flash by in a blur. There’s also a significant safety factor because slowing down means I have more time to react and avoid holes, bouncing balls, wild animals, or other risks that may appear unexpectedly.

This is my way of pushing back against the insistently increasing pace of our high-intensity, on-demand society. Think of it as a car drive on a trail. When you load up for a trip, you don’t race across the countryside at a full dash. It’s much nicer to wander along and find pleasure in the journey.

46.The writer thinks her love of 35 miles per hour_________.

Adoesn’t agree with the modern society

Bis too complicated to talk about with others

Cwill become popular after being advertised on TV

Dwill start a slow movement in society

47.The writer mentioned her experience in Disneyland to prove_________.

Acaution is golden rule to avoid accidents

Bshe wasn’t bold enough to challenge high speed

Crides make children mentally wild with joy

DDisneyland is a place where kids enjoy pleasure

48.According to the passage, the writer_________.

Adrove slowly behind other cars on freeway

Bcouldn’t handle an emergency in driving

Cdrove as fast as others on the road

Dexperienced a few traffic accidents

49.The underline word “blur” in Paragraph seven could be replaced by ________.

Aunknown danger

Bquick reaction

Cunclear reason

Dfoggy sight

50.The best title for the passage may be __________.

AMy life in the slow lane

BMy habit of driving on roads

CMy special love for racing

DMy slow pace of life

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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Saying “I’m sorry” when you’ve hurt someone can be a hard thing to do. We’re stubborn creatures, after all, and don’t love dealing with it when we’re wrong. But apologizing, and meaning it, is an important part of the forgiveness process.

Michael McCullough made a research and found that the most sincere, forgiveness-inducing apologies include saying “I’m sorry”, offering to make up for the wrongdoing in some way, and taking responsibility. And the reason why they work so well is largely based on principles of evolution: the apologies make the transgressor(犯错的人)seem more valuable as a relationship partner, and also help the victim feel less at risk of getting hurt again.

One basic scientific implication of the results is that the human psychology of conflict resolution is usually similar to that of animals which live in groups. “Many group-living animals, but particularly mammals, seem to use ‘peace-making gestures’ as signals of their desire to end conflict and restore cooperative relationships with other individuals after aggressive conflict has occurred,” McCullough said. “We seem to reach a common view on this point.”

“I would say that empathy(情感共鸣)is a part of good mental health, and that could be a part of the natural selection process, too,” Bethany Marshall says. “Humans with empathy tend to be healthier and make better choices in life, while those who are aggressive don’t tend to do as well.”

And having empathy when you’ve hurt someone, she says, is the best way to apologize. “The most important thing is that you feel the other person’s pain,” she explains. “So instead of using logic to explain or defend, look inward to identify why you did the bad thing. Then convey that to them and say that you would like to make it better. That counts.”

You can make it even better by making sure to act differently the next time around—what the study authors referred to as “compensation”(补偿). But what tends to happen often, says Marshall, is that people get defensive about what they’ve done, or even mad at the person they’ve wronged. So watch your response, because the worst apology, she adds, “is one where the victim is blamed.”

【语篇导读】关于道歉的研究成果。

51.When you hurt someone and apologize, it means________.

Ayou won’t take risk of getting hurt

Byou put a good value on a sincere partner

Cyou have to pay a price for your wrongdoing

Dyou are ready to be responsible

52.In the experiment, McCullough find that_________.

Aanimals are more cooperative with other individuals

Bhumans’ psychology is very close to animals’ when dealing with conflicts

Caggressive conflicts aren’t easy to end among animals

Dsignal gestures may help end conflicts

53.According to Marshall, people with empathy tend to_________.

Adefend themselves for what they have done

Btry to explain why they do something logically

Cfind fault with themselves seriously

Dshow aggressive behaviors in life

54.To make up for the wrongdoing, you need to__________.

Aconvey the bad things to others

Bexperience the other person’s pain

Cbe careful of your response

Dpromise to behave yourself well next time

55.What is the main idea of the passage?

AWhy apologizing the right way matters.

BHow you accept apologizing of others.

CWhen it is suitable to apologize.

DWhat you will make an apology for.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

A generous stranger bought a plane ticket for a homeless mother to watch her three daughters compete at the AAU Junior Olympic Games. It is an annual event where kids in the U.S. compete in sports.

Sisters Tai Sheppard, 11, Rainn Sheppard, 10, and Brooke Sheppard, 8 --- who began training in track and field in January of 2015 --- all made it into the Junior Olympics to compete in various races. Brooke also competed in the high jump, an event which involves equipment that her training team doesn’t even have. That meant all of her jumps were practiced during competitions.

The girls, who live in a homeless shelter with their mother, Tonia Handy, 46, were able to attend the games thanks to support from the girls’ training team and a successful GoFundMe campaign. Handy, however, could not afford a plane ticket of her own to watch them compete in person.

That was until Ken Smaltz Jr., A complete stranger, read about the family. He reached out to Handy and offered to buy her a ticket.

“It just feels nice to help someone,” Smaltz said, who also didn’t intend for the gesture to be made public.

On August 1, Handy surprised Rainn by showing up to the track right before she was about to run the 3,000m race.

Rainn was extremely excited. The mother and daughter hugged six times before they took each other’s hands and walked to the track together.

Shortly after their sweet reunion, Rainn won the gold medal in the race.

Although the family’s athletic accomplishments are grand, their needs are simple.

“Do you have money to eat?” Rainn whispered into her mom’s ear after her race.

“She knew I didn’t have money,” Handy later explained. “For me to be out here is an impressive achievement on its own.”

56.What is the AAU Junior Olympic Games?

(No more than 15 words)

57.What was the problem that Brooke had before the game?

(No more than 12 words)

58.What does the underlined sentence probably mean?

(No more than 15 words)

59.How did Rainn feel when she saw her mother appear at the track?

(No more than 5 words)

60.If you do the same as Smaltz did to the people who need help, what can you and the people you help benefit from it?

(No more than 30 words)

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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61.假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李津,近期你所在学校要举行题为“沟通拉近距离,理解弥合分歧”的生活经验交流活动,你将在活动的开幕式上致辞,请你根据以下提示写一篇发言稿。

就活动主题发表自己的观点;

举例说明理由;

呼吁大家相互之间勤于表达与沟通,并表达自己的祝愿与期望。

注意:

词数不少于100;

可适当增加细节,以使内容充实,行文连贯;

.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

弥合:bridge/narrow

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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