• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)



Need a Job This Summer?

The provincial government and its partners offer many programs to help students find summer jobs. The deadlines and what you need to apply depend on the program.

Not a student? Go to the government website to learn about programs and online tools available to help people under 30 build skills, find a job or start businesses all year round.

Jobs for Youth

If you are a teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible(符合条件)for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employment along with training.

Who is eligible: Youth 15—18 years old in select communities(社区).

Summer Company

Summer Company provides students with hands-on business training and awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer businesses.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15—29, returning to school in the fall.

Stewardship Youth Ranger Program

You could apply to be a Stewardship Youth Ranger and work on local natural resource management projects for eight weeks this summer.

Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.

Summer Employment Opportunities(机会)

Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, students are hired each year in a variety of summer positions across the Provincial Public Service, its related agencies and community groups.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons with a disability.

21. What is special about Summer Company?

AIt requires no training before employment.

BIt provides awards for running new businesses.

CIt allows one to work in the natural environment.

DIt offers more summer job opportunities.

22. What is the age range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program?





23. Which program favors the disabled?

AJobs for Youth.

BSummer Company.

CStewardship Youth Ranger Program.

DSummer Employment Opportunities.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


For Canaan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogue, N.Y.,today is speech day, and right now it’s Chris Palaez’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he’s nervous."I’m here to tell you today why you should … should…"Chris trips on the"-ld,"a  pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is next to him, whispering support."…Vote for …me …"Except for some stumbles, Chris is doing amazingly well. When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

A son of immigrants, Chris started learning English a little over three years ago. Whaley recalls(回想起)how at the beginning of the year, when called upon to read, Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.

Learning English as a second language can be a painful experience. What you need is a great teacher who lets you make mistakes. "It takes a lot for any student," Whaley explains, "especially for a student who is learning English as their new language, to feel confident enough to say, ‘I don’t know,but I want to know.’"

Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president. The answer broke his heart. Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast(夸耀)about themselves.

"Boasting about yourself, and your best qualities," Whaley says, "is very difficult for a child who came into the classroom not feeling confident."

24. What made Chris nervous?

ATelling a story.

BMaking a speech.

CTaking a test.

DAnswering a question.

25. What does the underlined word "stumbles" in paragraph 2 refer to?

AImproper pauses.

BBad manners.

CSpelling mistakes.

DSilly jokes.

26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________.

Ahelp students see their own strengths

Bassess students’ public speaking skills

Cprepare students for their future jobs

Dinspire students’ love for politics

27. Which of the following best describes Whaley as a teacher?





分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


As data and identity theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biometric(生物测量)technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces. At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.

Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device(装置)that gets around this problem: a smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence(节奏)with which one types and the pressure fingers apply to each key. The keyboard could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user’s typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people’s identities, and by extension, whether they should be given access to the computer it’s connected to — regardless of whether someone gets the password right.

It also doesn’t require a new type of technology that people aren’t already familiar with. Everybody uses a keyboard and everybody types differently.

In a study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word "touch"four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercialize and is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?

ATo reduce pressure on keys.

BTo improve accuracy in typing

CTo replace the password system.

DTo cut the cost of e-space protection.

29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible?

AComputers are much easier to operate.

BFingerprint scanning techniques develop fast.

CTyping patterns vary from person to person.

DData security measures are guaranteed.

30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?

AIt’ll be environment-friendly.

BIt’ll reach consumers soon.

CIt’ll be made of plastics.

DIt’ll help speed up typing.

31. Where is this text most likely from?

AA diary.

BA guidebook

CA novel.

DA magazine.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


During the rosy years of elementary school(小学), I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweens and teens, and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rules and playing jokes on others, among whom I soon found myself.

Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likable and the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skills and, when tapped early, are employed ever after in life and work. Then there’s the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence: status born of power and even dishonorable behavior.

Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school, as well as those least liked in elementary school, are "most likely to engage(从事)in dangerous and risky behavior."

In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys(调查研究). "We found that the least well-liked teens had become more aggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us."

Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date-sharing, kindness, openness — carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and connect with others.

In analyzing his and other research,Dr. Prinstein came to another conclusion: Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes, but it is also responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learning and for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gain an advantage, " he said.

32. What sort of girl was the author in her early years of elementary school?





33.What is the second paragraph mainly about?

AThe classification of the popular.

BThe characteristics of adolescents.

CThe importance of interpersonal skills.

DThe causes of dishonorable behavior.

34. What did Dr. Prinstein’s study find about the most liked kids?

AThey appeared to be aggressive.

BThey tended to be more adaptable.

CThey enjoyed the highest status.

DThey performed well academically.

35. What is the best title for the text?

ABe Nice—You Won’t Finish Last

BThe Higher the Status, the Better

CBe the Best—You Can Make It

DMore Self-Control, Less Aggressiveness

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共4小题,每小题10分,共40分。把答案填写在题中横线上。



Is Fresh Air Really Good for You?

We all grew up hearing people tell us to "go out and get some fresh air" .    36    According to recent studies, the answer is abig YES, if the air quality in your camping area is good.

     37      If the air you’re breathingis clean — which it would be if you’re away from the smogof cities — then the air is filled with life-giving, energizingoxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe moredeeply, allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain.

Recently, people have begun studying the connection between thenatural world and healing(治愈).     38    In these places patients cango to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just looking atgreen, growing things can reduce stress, lower blood pressure, and put peopleinto a better mood(情绪). Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients who see tree branchesout their window are likely to recover at a faster rate than patients who seebuildings or sky instead.      39      It gives us a great feeling of peace.

    40    While the sun’s rays can age and harm our skin, they also give usbeneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D — but still protect your skin — put on sunscreen right as you head outside. It takes sunscreenabout fifteen minutes to start working, and that’s plenty of time for your skinto absorb a day’s worth of Vitamin D.

A. Fresh air cleans our lungs.

B. So what are you waiting for?

C. Being in nature refreshes us.

D. Another side benefit of getting fresh air is sunlight.

E. But is fresh air really as good for you as your mother alwayssaid?

F. Just as importantly, we tend to associate fresh air with healthcare.

G. All across the country, recovery centers have begun buildingHealing Gardens.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >

41.第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)



Every year about 40,000 people attempt to climbKilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. They   41   with them lots of waste. The   42   might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers(冰川)are disappearing, changing the   43   of Kilimanjaro.

Hearing these stories, I’m   44   about the place — other destinations are described as "purer" natural experiences.

However, I soon   45   that much has changed since the days ofdisturbing reports of   46   amongtons of rubbish. I find a   47   mountain,with toilets at camps and along the paths. The environmental challenges are   48   but the efforts made by the Tanzania NationalPark Authority seem to be   49  .

The best of a Kilimanjaro   50  ,in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. Mountains are   51   as spiritual places by many cultures. This   52   is especially evident on Kilimanjaro as   53   go through five ecosystems(生态系统)in the space of a few kilometers. At the base is a rainforest. It endsabruptly at 3, 000 meters,   54   landsof low growing plants. Further up, the weather   55   — low clouds envelope the mountainsides, which are covered with thickgrass. I   56   twelveshades of green from where I stand. Above 4, 000 meters is the highland   57  :gravel(砾石), stones and rocks.   58   you climb into an arctic-like zone with   59   snow and the glaciers that may soon disappear.

Does Kilimanjaro   60   its reputation as a crowded mountain withlines of tourists ruining the atmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to betrue.

41. A. keep                   B. mix                          C. connect                   D.bring

42. A. stories                B.buildings                 C. crowds                    D.reporters

43. A. position              B.age                          C. face                        D. name

44. A. silent                  B. skeptical                  C. serious                    D. crazy

45. A. discover              B. argue                       C. decide                     D.advocate

46. A. equipment          B.grass                       C. camps                     D.stones

47. A. remote                      B.quiet                       C. all                           D.clean

48. A. new                    B. special                     C.significant                D. necessary

49. A. paying off          B.spreading out           C. blowing up              D.fading away

50. A. atmosphere        B. experience              C.experiment               D. sight

51. A. studied               B. observed                  C.explored                  D. regarded

52. A. view                   B. quality                     C. reason                      D.purpose

53. A. scientists            B. climbers                  C. locals                       D.officials

54. A. holding on to      B. going back to           C. living up to              D. giving way to

55. A. changes              B. clears                       C. improves                  D.permits

56. A. match                B.imagine                   C. count                       D.add

57. A. village               B.desert                      C. road                         D. lake

58. A. Obviously          B.Easily                      C. Consequently          D.Finally

59. A. permanent          B.little                         C. fresh                        D. artificial

60. A. enjoy                 B.deserve                    C. save                         D. acquire

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >



The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and some bigland masses as far south as Newfoundland. While they are rare north of 88°, thereis evidence   61   theyrange all the way across the Arctic, and as far south as James Bay in Canada. Itis difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the rangehas been    62   (poor) studied; however, biologists calculatethat there are about 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.

Modern methods   63   tracking polar bear populations have been employedonly since the mid-1980s, and are expensive   64   (perform) consistently over a large area. In recentyears some Inuit people in Nunavut   65   (report) increases in bear sightings aroundhuman settlements, leading to a   66   (believe) that populations are increasing. Scientistshave responded by    67   (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集)around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉) thatpopulations are   68   (high) than they actually are. Of   69    nineteenrecognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six   70   (be) stable, one is increasing, and nine lackenough data.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >

71.第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)







I became interesting in playing football thanks to asmall accident. One afternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking bythe school playground. Suddenly football feel just in front of me but almosthit me. I stopped the ball and kicked it hardly back to the playground. Toeveryone`s surprising, the ball went into the net. All the football player onthe playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football. From nowon, I started to play my football with classmates after school. I am a goodplayer now.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)









分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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