Tayka Hotel de Sal
Where: Tahua, Bolivia
How much: About $ 95 a night
Why it’s cool: You’ve stayed at hotels made of brick or wood, but salt? That’s something few can claim. Tayka Hotel de Sal is made totally of salt---including the beds (though you’ll sleep on regular mattresses and blankets). The hotel sits on the Salar de Uyuni, a prehistoric dried-up lake which is the world’s biggest salt flat. Builders use the salt from the 4,633-square-mile flat to make the bricks, and glue them together with a paste (糊) of wet salt that hardens when it dries. When rain starts to dissolve (溶解) the hotel, the owners just mix up more salt paste to strengthen the bricks.
Green Magic Nature Resort
Where: Vythiri, India
How much: About $ 240 a night
Why it’s cool: Taking a pulley(滑轮)---operated lift 86 feet to your treetop room is just the start of your adventure. As you look out of your open window, there is no glass! You watch monkeys and birds in the rain forest canopy(罩篷). Later you might test your fear of heights by crossing the handmade rope bridge to the main part of the hotel, or just sit on your bamboo bed and read. You don’t even have to come down for breakfast---the hotel will send it up on the pulley-drawn “elevator”.
Dog Bark Park Inn B&B
Where: Cottonwood, Idaho
How much: $ 92 a night
Why it’s cool: This doghouse isn’t just for the family pet. Sweet Willy is a 30-foot-tall dog with guest rooms in his belly. Climb the wooden stairs beside his hind leg to enter the door in his side. You can relax in the main bedroom, go up a few steps of the loft(阁楼) in Willy’s head, or hang out inside his nose. Although you have a full private bathroom in your quarters, there is also a toilet in the 12-foot-tall fire hydrant(消防栓) outside.
Gamirasu Cave Hotel
Where: Ayvali, Turkey
How much: Between $ 130 and $ 450 a night
Why it’s cool: Experience what it was like 5,000 years ago, when people lived in these mountain caves formed by volcanic ash. But your stay will be much more modern. Bathrooms and electricity provide what you expect from a modern hotel, and the white volcanic ash, called tufa, keeps the rooms cool in summer. (Don’t worry--- there is heat in winter.)
21. What do we know about Tayka Hotel de Sal?
22. How are the hotels similar?
23. What do the underlined words “Sweet Willy” refer to?
24. Which of the hotels gives you a feeling of living in the far past?
The Owl Count
Annie slept in the front of the seat with her father drove through the darkness. “We’re almost there!” Dad announced cheerfully. “Soon we’ll be observing and counting owls at the state park.” Yawning, Annie nodded and smiled. The time was 4:30 a.m. Looking out into the darkness, Annie remembered learning in school that most owls are active at night, when they hunt for food. During the day they sleep in hard-to-find spots.
“Dad, why do you need to count owls?” she asked. “It’s important for the scientists to have current information about bird populations,” he explained. “We want to know which birds have decreased in number and whether any new kinds of birds are coming into a certain area. You and I will write down the kinds of birds that we see today and keep a record of how many times we see each kind. Then we’ll send out a report to a scientific organization that is collecting about birds from people all over the country.”
Dad pulled into the parking lot of the state park. Then, with flashing in hand, they began their hike into the woods. Annie zipped up her coat and tried to keep from trembling. She had not expected the morning to be so cold. Luckily her gloves were in her pocket.
Suddenly Annie’s father stopped and gestured for her to be still. Obeying, Annie did not take another step. She thought she heard a low crying up head. “That’s certainly a screech owl,” her father whispered. “Let’s get a look at it.” After looking more closely, Annie could see that it was a small owl. Sensing danger, the owl narrowed its eyes and pulled its feathers tightly against its body. Annie carefully wrote down in her notebook that they had seen a screech owl.
Walking a little farther, they came to a tall oak tree. “This looks like a perfect spot to attract owls,” Dad said, “I’m going to play a recording of common call of the barred owl. Maybe we can get one to answer.’ Annie could hardly believe her ear. The recorded call sounded as if the bird were asking, “Who cooks for you?” Moments later Annie thought she heard a return call in the distance. She held her breath and waited. Suddenly a huge bird landed very quietly on a branch above them.
Annie had long forgotten how cold it was. She stood in wonder, shining her flashlight on the bird and studying it carefully. The barred owl was nearly two feet tall. Grey feathers surrounded its dark eyes. The bird did not stay long, but it did not matter. Annie would never forget the image of the powerful barred owl.
25. Why did Annie and her father go to the state park?
26. In paragraph 4, why did Annie’s father stop her suddenly?
27. How did Annie feel when she saw the barred owl?
I told my friend Graham that I often cycle two miles from my house to the town centre but unfortunately there is a big hill on the route. He replied, “You mean fortunately.” He explained that I should be glad of the extra exercise that the hill provided.
My attitude to the hill has now changed. I used to complain as I approached it but now I tell myself the following. This hill will exercise my heart and lungs. It will help me to lose weight and get fit. It will mean that I live longer. This hill is my friend. Finally I comfort myself with the thought of all those silly people who pay money to go to a gym and sit on stationery exercise bicycles when I can get the same value for free. I have a smile of satisfaction as I reach the top of the hill.
Problems are there to be faced and overcome. We cannot achieve anything with an easy life. Helen Keller was the first deaf and blind person to gain a university degree. Her activism and writing proved inspirational. She wrote, “Character cannot be developed in ease. Only through experiences of suffering can the soul be strengthened, vision cleared, ambition inspired and success achieved.”
One of the main determinants of success in life is our attitude towards adversity (逆境). From time to time we all face hardships, problems, accidents and difficulties. Some are of our making but many are no fault of our own. While we cannot choose the adversity, we can choose our attitude towards it.
Douglas Bader was 21 when in 1931 he had both legs cut off following a flying accident．He was determined to fly again and went on to become one of the leading flying aviators in the Battle of Britain with 22 aerial victories over the Germans．He was an inspiration to others during the war. He said, “Don’t listen to anyone who tells you that you can’t do this or that. That’s nonsense. Make up your mind, you’ll never use crutches (拐杖) or a stick, and then have a go at everything. Go to school, and join in all the games you can. Go anywhere you want to. But never, never let them persuade you that things are too difficult or impossible.”
The biographies (传记) of great people are full of examples of how they took steps to overcome the difficulties they faced. The common thread is that they did not become depressed. They chose their attitude. They chose to be positive. They took on the challenge. They won.
Nevertheless, there is still the problem of how you change your attitude towards adversity.
28. Which of the following is true according to the author of the passage?
29. By quoting what Douglas Bader said, the author intends to tell us “ .”
30. Following this passage, the author will further talk about .
31. Which of the following can best function as the title of the passage?
Adding math talk to story time at home is a winning factor for children’s math achievement, according to a new research from the University of Chicago. The study from psychologists Sian Beilock and Susan Levine shows a marked increase in math achievement among children whose families used Bedtime Math, an iPad app that delivers engaging math story problems for parents and children to solve together. [
Even children who used the app with their parents as little as once a week saw gains in math achievement by the end of the school year. The app’s effect was especially strong for children whose parents tend to be anxious or uncomfortable with math.
Previous research from this group has demonstrated the importance of adults’ attitudes about math for children’s math success. For example, a recent study found that math-anxious parents who help their children with math homework actually weaken their children’s math achievement.
The new findings demonstrate that structured, positive interactions around math at home can cut the link between parents’ uneasiness about math and children’s low math achievement.
“Many Americans experience high levels of anxiety when they have to solve a math problem, with a majority of adults feeling at least some worries about math,” said Beilock, professor in Psychology and author of Choke, a book about stress and performance. “These math-anxious parents are probably less likely to talk about math at home, which affects how competent their children are in math. Bedtime Math encourages a dialogue between parents and kids about math, and offers a way to engage in high-quality math interactions in a low-effort, high-impact way.”
Study participants included 587 first-grade students and their parents. Families were given an iPad installed with a version of the Bedtime Math app, with which parents and their children read stories and answer questions involving math, including topics like counting, shapes and problem-solving. A control group received a reading app that had similar stories without the math content and questions related to reading comprehension instead. Children’s math achievement was assessed at the beginning and end of the school year. Parents completed a questionnaire about their nervousness with math.
The more times parents and children in the math group used the app, the higher children’s achievement on a math assessment at the end of the school year. Indeed, children who frequently used the math app with their parents outperformed similar students in the reading group by almost three months in math achievement at year’s end.
32. Bedtime Math is an iPad app that _____.
33. The previous study found that _____.
34. We can infer from the passage that ______.
35. Which is the best title for the passage?
I’m 30 years old,and there are several things that life has taught me that I want to share withyou．Here are the 4 lessons that life has taught me in the past 30years．
1.Take care ofyour body
Life is “unfairly” biased (偏向的) towards people who “look good,” like it or not. So it’s important thatyou do all that is in your power to look your best． 36 You will live longer, and you will live happier, if you takecare of your body; you may even get promoted faster on your job. Remember thatyour health is really your greatest wealth.
No one taught me tosave when I was growing up; no one told me the importance of saving. FortunatelyI was able to learn the value of saving through reading great books like “TheMillionaire Next Door”. What I want to teach others is to save at least twentypercent of your income. If you are to be wealthy, you must not just earn a lot,you must save a lot．
3.Think in the longterm
In high school Iwas thinking about college, in college I was thinking about life after college.I’m designing my life and I’m making decisions today that will enable me to live the life I desirewhen I’m in my 40’s, 50’s and 60’s. You have to think in the long term; youhave to see the “big picture”. 38
4.Realize the powerof focus
Focus, focus,focus… 39 If you fail in this lifetime, you willfail because of broken focus. If you focus on the goals that are most importantto you, you will achieve them. The problem is that there are so manydistractions. 40 Winners decide to major on majors, andthey even let important things slip, because they just focus on achieving whatis critical to their goals.
A．Theimportance of saving.
B．Ifyou plan your future properly, you will live into your plans.
D．Nothingis more important than focus．
E．What separates the winners from thelosers is that the winners learn to focus on their goals．
F．I mean dressing nicely, working outand eating right．
G．It’s important that you pursue relationships with individuals who are good first．
Fabien Cousteau was born withdeep love for the ocean. His grandfather and his father were ocean __61__(explore) and documentary filmmakers. Today, Fabien follows his family’sfootstep, trying __62__ (protect) the planet’s endangered ocean life __63__ to strikea balance between environmental problems and market economies.
Fabienis well known for his study of sharks. In 2001，he created a TV special based on theshark attacks that __64__(occur) along the New Jersey shoreline in 1916. Thenin 2003，__65__the help of a large crew，Fabien created a shark submarine thatenabled him to put __66__(he) inside the shark world. For the next four years，Fabienwas part of a series called Ocean Adventures, __67__ offered a rare look intosome of the most fantastic ocean species. In 2010, Fabien and his team spent 31days underwater to discover __68__ climate change and pollution which areaffecting the oceans.
Fabien is __69__(current) working on adocumentary film about the adventures of Mission 31, as well as __70__ (build)an Ocean Learning Center to provide children with the opportunity to learnabout oceans.
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
Last month, I, together with my parents, were invited to my uncle in the USA. My uncle, who moved America when I was five, has been living there for nearly ten years. He meets us at the airport. I was excited while I set foot on the land of America. In the following days, we visited some places of interests and took photos in the front of the Statue of Liberty. We both enjoyed visiting the Museum of Natural History because it great enriched our knowledge. For me, this is one of the most rewarding trips I have never made in my life.
A gentle breeze blew through Jennifer’s hair. The golden red sun was bd blank . She was on the beach, looking up at the fiery（火红的）ball. She was bd blank by its color, deep red in the middle, softly fading into yellow. She could hear nothing but the waves and the seagulls bd blank up above in the sky.
The atmosphere bd blank her. After all she had been through, this was what she needed. “It’s getting bd blank ,” she thought, “I must go home. My parents will be bd blank where I am.”
She wondered how her parents would bd blank , when she got home after the three days she was bd blank . She kept on walking, bd blank herself to the bungalow(小房子) where she spent every summer holiday. The road was deserted. She walked slowly and bd blank . Just in a few hundred meters she would be safe in her house.
It was really getting dark now. The sun had set a few minutes before and it was getting cold, too. She bd blank she had her favorite sweater on — it kept her really warm. She imagined having it bd blank her. This thought disappeared when she finally saw her front door. It seemed bd blank . The outside garden seemed bd blank . She was shocked: her father was usually so strict about keeping everything clean and tidy.
She entered the house. First, she went into the kitchen where she saw a bd blank written by her father. It said, “Ellen, there is some coffee bd blank . I went looking.” Ellen was her mother but — where was she? She entered her parent’s home. Then she saw her. Her mother, lying on the bed, bd blank . Jennifer would have wanted to wake her up but she looked too tired. So Jennifer just fell asleep beside her. When Jennifer bd blank , something was different. She was in her cozy bed in her pajamas.
It felt so good being back home. bd blank she heard a voice, “Are you feeling better now? You know you got us very, very bd blank .”
81.为了使我们的校园更美好，作为学生会主席的你，向全校学生倡议要养成环保意识，让同学们明白保护环境是我们中学生应尽的责任。请根据下面内容写一份倡议书，要点如下：1.节电，节水，节粮食；2.步行或骑车上学；3.不乱扔纸，垃圾，拒绝使用一次性筷子及方便袋，支持“光盘行动”注意：1. 词数100左右 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；3. 开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总词数。
参考词汇：一次性筷子 once-off chopsticks; 光盘行动 Clear Your Plate Campaign;