• 英语 2018年高三江西省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共35小题,每小题1分,共35分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节  单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

—Let's go to       zoo this afternoon?

—I'd like to, but I have caught       cold.

A/,/

B/; a

Cthe,a

Dthe; /

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—Do you want to come along.

—________ . I may stay at home to have a rest.

ANot really

BNot likely

CNo problem

DNo way

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—Did your classmate accept your invitation?
  —No, he ____ refused.

Aas far as

Bas well as

Cas soon as

Das good as

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So clearly and slowly        these words that everyone in the room knew what he meant.

Adoes he say

Bsays he

Cdid he say

Dhe said

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They failed to         the fire in time and it spread quickly through the building.

Asettle

Bban

Cobserve

Dcontain

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You can’t predict everything. Often things don’t _____ as you expect.

Arun out

Bbreak out

Cwork out

Dput out

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We were all agreed that the cottage would         a perfect holiday home for the family.

Amake

Bturn

Ctake

Dhave

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By the time you have finished this book, your meal         cold.

Ahas got

Bwill have got

Cgets

Dis getting

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________ the garden, my finger was seriously hurt by a rose stalk.

ATo water

BHaving watered

CWhile watering

DWhile I was watering

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— Mary, what did our monitor say just now?

—Every boy and every girl, as well as teachers who         to visit the museum,        .asked to be at the school gate before 8:30 in the morning.

Ais; is

Bis; are

Care; is

Dare; are

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I have no experience and don't know         it take to start to run such a shop.

Awhat

Bthat

Cwhere

Dhow

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—I didn't         for a moment about taking the job.

—It's wise of you! It's hard to find a job these days.

Aappeal

Bhesitate

Cpreserve

Dchoose

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We would have met Professor Li, if         hadn't been for the heavy traffic.

Athat

Bwhich

Cwhat

Dit

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Sara hopes to become a friend of ________ shares her interests.

Awho

Bno matter who

Cwhoever

Dwhomever

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—Thanks a lot for your book. I find it very interesting.

— ______. I’m glad you enjoyed it.

AAll the best

BIt’s nothing

CNo thanks

DVery well

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第三部分:阅读理解。第一节(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项. 

                                A

        Tom Smith was lazy. He had finished his education and was happy to sit in his room and listen to the radio all day long. In fact, he had been doing nothing for almost six months, which worried his father a lot. One day Mr Smith decided that he had to do something. “Tommy. When I was your age I was working and supporting my ten brothers and sisters. I want you to go out and get a job.” So that was what he did. In fact, in the next three months, Johnny started ten jobs and was fired from ten jobs. He explained to his father.

        “They wanted me to be at work at 8:00 a. m. and told me to do all sorts of unpleasant things.”

        “I don’t care how you do it,” Mr Smith said. “Either you earn some money or move out of the house. I gave you one week’s time.”

        In the next few days Tommy began to change. He still stayed in his room all day, but spent his time writing letters and reading through the newspapers. More and more posts began to arrive for him. He bought a new suit for himself and invited his parents to the theatre and for dinner afterwards at the most expensive restaurant in town. When his proud parents arrived home after their evening hour, a policeman was waiting at the front door.

        “Tom Smith,” he said as he handed him a piece of paper, “I’ll see you in the court tomorrow.”

        When he got outside, Tom told his parents everything.

        “When you told me to earn some money, I decided to put an advertisement in the newspaper saying, ‘New way to money fast! Send me $ 5 and I’ll tell you my secret.’ When I received the money I wrote back telling people to do as I do.”

        Tom was fined $ 250 by the court and was ordered to pay all the people back. As he left the court house feeling very ashamed, a newspaper man came up to him, “Young man, would you like to tell your story to my newspaper for $ 2500?”

Tom was fired from the jobs because _______.

Ahe liked listening to the radio

Bhe had a big family to support

Che spent a lot of time writing letters

Dhe didn’t do the jobs well

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                                A

        Tom Smith was lazy. He had finished his education and was happy to sit in his room and listen to the radio all day long. In fact, he had been doing nothing for almost six months, which worried his father a lot. One day Mr Smith decided that he had to do something. “Tommy. When I was your age I was working and supporting my ten brothers and sisters. I want you to go out and get a job.” So that was what he did. In fact, in the next three months, Johnny started ten jobs and was fired from ten jobs. He explained to his father.

        “They wanted me to be at work at 8:00 a. m. and told me to do all sorts of unpleasant things.”

        “I don’t care how you do it,” Mr Smith said. “Either you earn some money or move out of the house. I gave you one week’s time.”

        In the next few days Tommy began to change. He still stayed in his room all day, but spent his time writing letters and reading through the newspapers. More and more posts began to arrive for him. He bought a new suit for himself and invited his parents to the theatre and for dinner afterwards at the most expensive restaurant in town. When his proud parents arrived home after their evening hour, a policeman was waiting at the front door.

        “Tom Smith,” he said as he handed him a piece of paper, “I’ll see you in the court tomorrow.”

        When he got outside, Tom told his parents everything.

        “When you told me to earn some money, I decided to put an advertisement in the newspaper saying, ‘New way to money fast! Send me $ 5 and I’ll tell you my secret.’ When I received the money I wrote back telling people to do as I do.”

        Tom was fined $ 250 by the court and was ordered to pay all the people back. As he left the court house feeling very ashamed, a newspaper man came up to him, “Young man, would you like to tell your story to my newspaper for $ 2500?”

Tom put an advertisement in the newspaper about _______ months after he left school.

Athree

Bsix

Cnine

Deleven

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                                A

        Tom Smith was lazy. He had finished his education and was happy to sit in his room and listen to the radio all day long. In fact, he had been doing nothing for almost six months, which worried his father a lot. One day Mr Smith decided that he had to do something. “Tommy. When I was your age I was working and supporting my ten brothers and sisters. I want you to go out and get a job.” So that was what he did. In fact, in the next three months, Johnny started ten jobs and was fired from ten jobs. He explained to his father.

        “They wanted me to be at work at 8:00 a. m. and told me to do all sorts of unpleasant things.”

        “I don’t care how you do it,” Mr Smith said. “Either you earn some money or move out of the house. I gave you one week’s time.”

        In the next few days Tommy began to change. He still stayed in his room all day, but spent his time writing letters and reading through the newspapers. More and more posts began to arrive for him. He bought a new suit for himself and invited his parents to the theatre and for dinner afterwards at the most expensive restaurant in town. When his proud parents arrived home after their evening hour, a policeman was waiting at the front door.

        “Tom Smith,” he said as he handed him a piece of paper, “I’ll see you in the court tomorrow.”

        When he got outside, Tom told his parents everything.

        “When you told me to earn some money, I decided to put an advertisement in the newspaper saying, ‘New way to money fast! Send me $ 5 and I’ll tell you my secret.’ When I received the money I wrote back telling people to do as I do.”

        Tom was fined $ 250 by the court and was ordered to pay all the people back. As he left the court house feeling very ashamed, a newspaper man came up to him, “Young man, would you like to tell your story to my newspaper for $ 2500?”

Why was Tom fined $ 250? _______.

ABecause he was lazy

BBecause he was out of work

CBecause he cheated people

DBecause he didn’t pay for his new suit

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                                A

        Tom Smith was lazy. He had finished his education and was happy to sit in his room and listen to the radio all day long. In fact, he had been doing nothing for almost six months, which worried his father a lot. One day Mr Smith decided that he had to do something. “Tommy. When I was your age I was working and supporting my ten brothers and sisters. I want you to go out and get a job.” So that was what he did. In fact, in the next three months, Johnny started ten jobs and was fired from ten jobs. He explained to his father.

        “They wanted me to be at work at 8:00 a. m. and told me to do all sorts of unpleasant things.”

        “I don’t care how you do it,” Mr Smith said. “Either you earn some money or move out of the house. I gave you one week’s time.”

        In the next few days Tommy began to change. He still stayed in his room all day, but spent his time writing letters and reading through the newspapers. More and more posts began to arrive for him. He bought a new suit for himself and invited his parents to the theatre and for dinner afterwards at the most expensive restaurant in town. When his proud parents arrived home after their evening hour, a policeman was waiting at the front door.

        “Tom Smith,” he said as he handed him a piece of paper, “I’ll see you in the court tomorrow.”

        When he got outside, Tom told his parents everything.

        “When you told me to earn some money, I decided to put an advertisement in the newspaper saying, ‘New way to money fast! Send me $ 5 and I’ll tell you my secret.’ When I received the money I wrote back telling people to do as I do.”

        Tom was fined $ 250 by the court and was ordered to pay all the people back. As he left the court house feeling very ashamed, a newspaper man came up to him, “Young man, would you like to tell your story to my newspaper for $ 2500?”

What would probably happen at last? _______.

ATom would get $ 2500 from the newspaper

BThe court would give $ 250 back to Tom

CTom would continue to advertise in the newspaper

DTom would become a newspaper reporter

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                                A

        Tom Smith was lazy. He had finished his education and was happy to sit in his room and listen to the radio all day long. In fact, he had been doing nothing for almost six months, which worried his father a lot. One day Mr Smith decided that he had to do something. “Tommy. When I was your age I was working and supporting my ten brothers and sisters. I want you to go out and get a job.” So that was what he did. In fact, in the next three months, Johnny started ten jobs and was fired from ten jobs. He explained to his father.

        “They wanted me to be at work at 8:00 a. m. and told me to do all sorts of unpleasant things.”

        “I don’t care how you do it,” Mr Smith said. “Either you earn some money or move out of the house. I gave you one week’s time.”

        In the next few days Tommy began to change. He still stayed in his room all day, but spent his time writing letters and reading through the newspapers. More and more posts began to arrive for him. He bought a new suit for himself and invited his parents to the theatre and for dinner afterwards at the most expensive restaurant in town. When his proud parents arrived home after their evening hour, a policeman was waiting at the front door.

        “Tom Smith,” he said as he handed him a piece of paper, “I’ll see you in the court tomorrow.”

        When he got outside, Tom told his parents everything.

        “When you told me to earn some money, I decided to put an advertisement in the newspaper saying, ‘New way to money fast! Send me $ 5 and I’ll tell you my secret.’ When I received the money I wrote back telling people to do as I do.”

        Tom was fined $ 250 by the court and was ordered to pay all the people back. As he left the court house feeling very ashamed, a newspaper man came up to him, “Young man, would you like to tell your story to my newspaper for $ 2500?”

Which of the following questions is NOT answered by the information from the passage? _______?

AHow did the parents feel when Tom invited them to the theatre and dinner

BWhat’s Tom’s secret

CWhat did the policeman want Tom to do

DHow much did Tom have to pay all the people back

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                                B

        Our particular parenting style reflects our own way of “looking”. Here’s a great piece of writing reflectingparent’s particular ways on the parenting style thathave become known humorously as helicopter parenting and submarine (潜水艇) parenting.

        Helicopter parents hover over their children, managingevery aspect of their child’s life. On the contrary, submarine parents remain“hidden” coming to the surfacewhen guidance is needed.

        While helicopter parents may have the best intentions, in reality,they are raising children with few problem solving skills. Children withhovering parents never get the chance to face disappointment and build up theirability to recover from misfortune.

        Think about your typical submarine. Submarines usually remainunderwater. In case of a need for emergency surfacing, submarines can rise soquickly they are driven partially out of the water. Submarine parents alsoremain out of sight, yet able to pop up in the case of an emergency.

        I admit I’m a submarine mom. My job as a parent is to havefun with my daughters while letting them explore and learn naturalconsequences.

        My older daughter found herself acting in commercials and makingmore than minimum wage as a teen. To give her a sense of the real world, Iinsisted she spend three weeks every summer, picking strawberries and earning$3.50 on a good day.

        When my youngest daughter Sondra was six, she wanted a veryexpensive American Girl Doll. I cut the full color 18-inch picture out of theAmerican Girl catalogue and had it laminated (压膜). “Here’s your AmericanGirl Doll.” I said “When youturn nine, I’ll buy you the 3D doll on your birthday.” Sondra played with her flat doll for months, making clothes andfurniture for her. She learned creativity. I saved $88.00.

What is the text mainly about?

AVarious means of transportation.

BFunny experiences of a mom.

CHumorous stories about parents.

DDifferent styles of parenting.

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                                B

        Our particular parenting style reflects our own way of “looking”. Here’s a great piece of writing reflectingparent’s particular ways on the parenting style thathave become known humorously as helicopter parenting and submarine (潜水艇) parenting.

        Helicopter parents hover over their children, managingevery aspect of their child’s life. On the contrary, submarine parents remain“hidden” coming to the surfacewhen guidance is needed.

        While helicopter parents may have the best intentions, in reality,they are raising children with few problem solving skills. Children withhovering parents never get the chance to face disappointment and build up theirability to recover from misfortune.

        Think about your typical submarine. Submarines usually remainunderwater. In case of a need for emergency surfacing, submarines can rise soquickly they are driven partially out of the water. Submarine parents alsoremain out of sight, yet able to pop up in the case of an emergency.

        I admit I’m a submarine mom. My job as a parent is to havefun with my daughters while letting them explore and learn naturalconsequences.

        My older daughter found herself acting in commercials and makingmore than minimum wage as a teen. To give her a sense of the real world, Iinsisted she spend three weeks every summer, picking strawberries and earning$3.50 on a good day.

        When my youngest daughter Sondra was six, she wanted a veryexpensive American Girl Doll. I cut the full color 18-inch picture out of theAmerican Girl catalogue and had it laminated (压膜). “Here’s your AmericanGirl Doll.” I said “When youturn nine, I’ll buy you the 3D doll on your birthday.” Sondra played with her flat doll for months, making clothes andfurniture for her. She learned creativity. I saved $88.00.

The underlined phrase “hover over” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to “____”.

Aleave behind

Bfly around

Cwatch over

Dset aside

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                                B

        Our particular parenting style reflects our own way of “looking”. Here’s a great piece of writing reflectingparent’s particular ways on the parenting style thathave become known humorously as helicopter parenting and submarine (潜水艇) parenting.

        Helicopter parents hover over their children, managingevery aspect of their child’s life. On the contrary, submarine parents remain“hidden” coming to the surfacewhen guidance is needed.

        While helicopter parents may have the best intentions, in reality,they are raising children with few problem solving skills. Children withhovering parents never get the chance to face disappointment and build up theirability to recover from misfortune.

        Think about your typical submarine. Submarines usually remainunderwater. In case of a need for emergency surfacing, submarines can rise soquickly they are driven partially out of the water. Submarine parents alsoremain out of sight, yet able to pop up in the case of an emergency.

        I admit I’m a submarine mom. My job as a parent is to havefun with my daughters while letting them explore and learn naturalconsequences.

        My older daughter found herself acting in commercials and makingmore than minimum wage as a teen. To give her a sense of the real world, Iinsisted she spend three weeks every summer, picking strawberries and earning$3.50 on a good day.

        When my youngest daughter Sondra was six, she wanted a veryexpensive American Girl Doll. I cut the full color 18-inch picture out of theAmerican Girl catalogue and had it laminated (压膜). “Here’s your AmericanGirl Doll.” I said “When youturn nine, I’ll buy you the 3D doll on your birthday.” Sondra played with her flat doll for months, making clothes andfurniture for her. She learned creativity. I saved $88.00.

Which of the following is true of helicopter parents?

AThey give their children proper guidance.

BThey try to do everything for their children.

CThey teach their children how to face failures.

DThey help their children explore by themselves.

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                                B

        Our particular parenting style reflects our own way of “looking”. Here’s a great piece of writing reflectingparent’s particular ways on the parenting style thathave become known humorously as helicopter parenting and submarine (潜水艇) parenting.

        Helicopter parents hover over their children, managingevery aspect of their child’s life. On the contrary, submarine parents remain“hidden” coming to the surfacewhen guidance is needed.

        While helicopter parents may have the best intentions, in reality,they are raising children with few problem solving skills. Children withhovering parents never get the chance to face disappointment and build up theirability to recover from misfortune.

        Think about your typical submarine. Submarines usually remainunderwater. In case of a need for emergency surfacing, submarines can rise soquickly they are driven partially out of the water. Submarine parents alsoremain out of sight, yet able to pop up in the case of an emergency.

        I admit I’m a submarine mom. My job as a parent is to havefun with my daughters while letting them explore and learn naturalconsequences.

        My older daughter found herself acting in commercials and makingmore than minimum wage as a teen. To give her a sense of the real world, Iinsisted she spend three weeks every summer, picking strawberries and earning$3.50 on a good day.

        When my youngest daughter Sondra was six, she wanted a veryexpensive American Girl Doll. I cut the full color 18-inch picture out of theAmerican Girl catalogue and had it laminated (压膜). “Here’s your AmericanGirl Doll.” I said “When youturn nine, I’ll buy you the 3D doll on your birthday.” Sondra played with her flat doll for months, making clothes andfurniture for her. She learned creativity. I saved $88.00.

It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that Mom ____.

Ahas good parenting skills

Bis always making promises

Cis strict with her daughter

Dtries her best to save money

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                                B

        Our particular parenting style reflects our own way of “looking”. Here’s a great piece of writing reflectingparent’s particular ways on the parenting style thathave become known humorously as helicopter parenting and submarine (潜水艇) parenting.

        Helicopter parents hover over their children, managingevery aspect of their child’s life. On the contrary, submarine parents remain“hidden” coming to the surfacewhen guidance is needed.

        While helicopter parents may have the best intentions, in reality,they are raising children with few problem solving skills. Children withhovering parents never get the chance to face disappointment and build up theirability to recover from misfortune.

        Think about your typical submarine. Submarines usually remainunderwater. In case of a need for emergency surfacing, submarines can rise soquickly they are driven partially out of the water. Submarine parents alsoremain out of sight, yet able to pop up in the case of an emergency.

        I admit I’m a submarine mom. My job as a parent is to havefun with my daughters while letting them explore and learn naturalconsequences.

        My older daughter found herself acting in commercials and makingmore than minimum wage as a teen. To give her a sense of the real world, Iinsisted she spend three weeks every summer, picking strawberries and earning$3.50 on a good day.

        When my youngest daughter Sondra was six, she wanted a veryexpensive American Girl Doll. I cut the full color 18-inch picture out of theAmerican Girl catalogue and had it laminated (压膜). “Here’s your AmericanGirl Doll.” I said “When youturn nine, I’ll buy you the 3D doll on your birthday.” Sondra played with her flat doll for months, making clothes andfurniture for her. She learned creativity. I saved $88.00.

The author supports her point of view mainly by ____.

Astating facts and offering advice

Busing figures and giving evidence

Canalyzing data and drawing conclusions

Dmaking comparisons and giving examples

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                                C

         You know eating fruit andvegetables is virtuous. But did you know it can also make you look good?

        People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed ahealthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found.

        Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them subtlyincreased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers’skin.

        They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures oftheir faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and afterthree and six weeks.

        Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was foundto make the person look healthier and an extra 3.3 portion could enhance theirattractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others.

        Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素), which are known to protect against cell damagefrom pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases includingheart disease and cancer.

        But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certainvegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange, it was not known a smallincrease was perceptible to others and was seen as appealing.

        A camera measured changes to the skin’sredness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in peoplewho naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident at threeweeks.

        Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellowhues(色调,色相) werelinked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin.

        There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have themost dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red color - andbeta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach.

        Skin color is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多酚), found in apples, blueberries and cherries,which cause blood rush to the skin surface.

From Paragraph 4, we learn that pictures were taken ______.

Athree times using a special camera every three weeks

Btwice using a sensitive camera every six weeks

Cby 35 people when they ate fruit and vegetables

Dby 35 people while being monitored to compare the changes

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                                C

         You know eating fruit andvegetables is virtuous. But did you know it can also make you look good?

        People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed ahealthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found.

        Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them subtlyincreased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers’skin.

        They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures oftheir faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and afterthree and six weeks.

        Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was foundto make the person look healthier and an extra 3.3 portion could enhance theirattractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others.

        Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素), which are known to protect against cell damagefrom pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases includingheart disease and cancer.

        But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certainvegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange, it was not known a smallincrease was perceptible to others and was seen as appealing.

        A camera measured changes to the skin’sredness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in peoplewho naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident at threeweeks.

        Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellowhues(色调,色相) werelinked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin.

        There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have themost dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red color - andbeta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach.

        Skin color is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多酚), found in apples, blueberries and cherries,which cause blood rush to the skin surface.

The word “appealing” (Paragraph 7) can best be replaced by ______.

Afrightening

Bharmful

Cdangerous

Dattractive

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                                C

         You know eating fruit andvegetables is virtuous. But did you know it can also make you look good?

        People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed ahealthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found.

        Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them subtlyincreased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers’skin.

        They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures oftheir faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and afterthree and six weeks.

        Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was foundto make the person look healthier and an extra 3.3 portion could enhance theirattractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others.

        Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素), which are known to protect against cell damagefrom pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases includingheart disease and cancer.

        But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certainvegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange, it was not known a smallincrease was perceptible to others and was seen as appealing.

        A camera measured changes to the skin’sredness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in peoplewho naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident at threeweeks.

        Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellowhues(色调,色相) werelinked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin.

        There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have themost dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red color - andbeta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach.

        Skin color is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多酚), found in apples, blueberries and cherries,which cause blood rush to the skin surface.

The red and yellow colors were related to _______ in their skin.

Athe contents of intake

Bthe levels of carrots

Cthe time of eating fruit and vegetables

Dthe amount of carotenoids

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                                C

         You know eating fruit andvegetables is virtuous. But did you know it can also make you look good?

        People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed ahealthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found.

        Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them subtlyincreased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers’skin.

        They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures oftheir faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and afterthree and six weeks.

        Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was foundto make the person look healthier and an extra 3.3 portion could enhance theirattractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others.

        Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素), which are known to protect against cell damagefrom pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases includingheart disease and cancer.

        But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certainvegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange, it was not known a smallincrease was perceptible to others and was seen as appealing.

        A camera measured changes to the skin’sredness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in peoplewho naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident at threeweeks.

        Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellowhues(色调,色相) werelinked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin.

        There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have themost dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red color - andbeta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach.

        Skin color is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多酚), found in apples, blueberries and cherries,which cause blood rush to the skin surface.

Among hundreds of carotenoids, which are most effective? ________

Atomatoes and red peppers

Bsquash, and spinach

Clycopene and beta-carotene

Dheir red colour and beta-carotene

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                C

         You know eating fruit andvegetables is virtuous. But did you know it can also make you look good?

        People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed ahealthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found.

        Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them subtlyincreased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers’skin.

        They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures oftheir faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and afterthree and six weeks.

        Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was foundto make the person look healthier and an extra 3.3 portion could enhance theirattractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others.

        Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素), which are known to protect against cell damagefrom pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases includingheart disease and cancer.

        But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certainvegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange, it was not known a smallincrease was perceptible to others and was seen as appealing.

        A camera measured changes to the skin’sredness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in peoplewho naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident at threeweeks.

        Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellowhues(色调,色相) werelinked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin.

        There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have themost dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red color - andbeta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach.

        Skin color is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多酚), found in apples, blueberries and cherries,which cause blood rush to the skin surface.

The purpose of the article is to _______.

Atell people a new discovery

Badvise people to eat more fruit and vegetables

Cintroduce a way to protect skin

Dlist the functions of carotenoids to skin

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        Since we are social beings, the quality of ourlives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strengthof the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from oneanother under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support consists of theexchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those ofus with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major lifechanges and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and havebetter health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses,from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social supporthelps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such supportmakes poor health more likely.

        Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - money aid,material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

Interpersonal relationships are important because they can _______.

Adeal with life changes

Bsmooth away daily problems

Cmake people live more easily

Dcure types of illnesses

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        Since we are social beings, the quality of ourlives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strengthof the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from oneanother under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support consists of theexchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those ofus with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major lifechanges and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and havebetter health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses,from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social supporthelps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such supportmakes poor health more likely.

        Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - money aid,material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

The researches show that people's physical and mental health _______.

Ahas much to do with the amount of support they get from others

Blies in the social medical care systems which support them

Cdepends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

Dis related to their courage for dealing with major life changes

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        Since we are social beings, the quality of ourlives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strengthof the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from oneanother under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support consists of theexchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those ofus with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major lifechanges and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and havebetter health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses,from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social supporthelps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such supportmakes poor health more likely.

        Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - money aid,material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “cushions” ?

Atakes place of

Bmakes up of

Clessens the effect of

Dgets rid of

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        Since we are social beings, the quality of ourlives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strengthof the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from oneanother under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support consists of theexchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those ofus with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major lifechanges and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and havebetter health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses,from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social supporthelps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such supportmakes poor health more likely.

        Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - money aid,material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

74 Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work in spare time is an example of _______.

Ainstrumental support

Binformational support

Csocial companionship

Dthe strengthening of self-respect

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        Since we are social beings, the quality of ourlives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strengthof the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from oneanother under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support consists of theexchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those ofus with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major lifechanges and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and havebetter health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses,from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social supporthelps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such supportmakes poor health more likely.

        Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - money aid,material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

What is the subject discussed in the text?

AEffects of stressful conditions.

BKinds of social support.

CWays to deal with stress.

DInterpersonal relationships.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题30分,共90分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节   完形填空(共20题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

        When Edward Jones was 10,he used to go to the public library in Washington,but not for the books."We  36  go into the boys' room," he remembers."We would   37  our shoes and lay on the floor and put our feet   38   on the radiators to get warm." Jones is again sitting in the lobby of that building,   39   the library is now the City Museum of Wahsington, and Jones is 53 and the    40    of the Pulitzer Prize for his first novel, The know World. Time does have a way of changing   41  .

        Everything- and nothing. "I always thought   42   day I would write a story," says Jones. "The first line is,'You never   43   having been a child.'" He laughs, but there's still hurt there. Jones had a tough childhood: his   44   wasn't around, and is mother washed dishes and scrubbed (洗擦) floors to   45   him and his sister and brother, who is disabled.   46   , his poor mother with them moved 18 times years. Once a landlord threm all their possession out of the windows when his mother didn't   47   therent.

        Jones went to college -Holy Cross, a Jesuit school in Massachusetts - but   48   was always around him, and he was briefly   49   after he graduated. When he was offered a   50   job at a financial magazine called Tax Notes, he took it, and stayed there for 19 years. "  51   you grow up like that, having a job is important," he says. "It was always the job first.   52   would come second." But Jones concentrated upon his literary dreams,   53   hid co-workers laughed at him about writing the great American novel.

        It's strange and wonderful that a book of   54   deep human understanding could be written by a man who lives alone, who until last year had never even   55   the country.

36.

    A. would      B.should 

    C. could       D. might

37.

    A. put on     B.take off  

    C. have on   D. go off

38.

    A.off          B.away 

    C. up         D.back

39.

    A.or          B.then 

    C. and      D. but

40.

    A.loser         B.owner  

    C. winner     D. competitor

41.

    A.anything      B.something 

    C. nothing       D. everything

42.

    A.one              B.each 

    C. either          D. neither

43.

    A.get over       B.grow up 

    C. go down     D. gaze at

44.

    A.father           B.mother 

    C. teacher        D. classmate

45.

    A.supply          B.suggest 

    C. surround     D. support

46.

    A.Luckily          B.Unfortunately  

    C. Cheerfully    D. Strongly

47.

    A.cost               B.take 

    C. spend           D. pay

48.

    A.wealth           B.poverty 

    C. strength       D. power

49.

    A.homeless      B.hopeless  

    C. useless         D. careless

50.

    A.sufficient       B.sudden 

    C. steady          D. strange

51.

    A.Before           B.After  

    C. Although      D. When

52.

    A.Speaking        B.Writing 

    C. Reading         D. Retelling

53.

    A.even though    B.if 

    C. what's more    D. however

54.

    A.so                     B.that     

    C. as                    D.such

55.

    A.stayed              B. left 

    C.visited              D. wrote

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 阅读表达(共5题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读下面短文并回答问题(请注意问题后的词数要求)。

        [1]The speed you walk at is as good an indicator of how long you’ll live as your health history, smoking habits and blood pressure combined, U.S. researchers have found.

        [2]Analyzing data on over 34,000 adults aged 65 or over, University of Pittsburgh physiologists found  speeds of 2.6 feet per second were associated with average life expectancy; the highest survival rates were enjoyed by those who walked 3.3 feet per second or faster, with greatest gains seen in fast walkers aged over 75.

        [3]The authors emphasized going out and walking faster would not necessarily make you live you longer — your speed is an indicator rather than a cause of good health. However, John Brewer, professor of sport at the University of Bedfordshire says, upping your pace a little, whatever age you are, can have real benefits.

        [4]Load-bearing exercise such as walking will strengthen your bones and protect against osteoporosis(骨质疏松), but going faster will demand more power and in turn increase muscle mass which will increase your metabolism and help control your weight, while providing extra stability to prevent injury through falls, which are a real concern, especially for the elderly.

        [5]Interestingly, you’ll burn more calories per mile at snail speeds, Professor Brewer says. At slower speeds you’ll walk less efficiently which requires more energy to travel the same distance. But the health benefits of walking or running extend far beyond burning calories, to lowering cholesterol, blood pressure and much more.

76.What is the main idea of this passage?(no more than 8 words)

                                                          

77.What's the attitude of Professor Brewer towards walking a bitfaster?( one word)

                                                             

78. List at least 2 effects of walking faster according to Para.4.( no more than 20 words)

                                                         .            

79. Why does walking slowly help burncalories? ( no more than 10words)

                                                              

80. What is the purpose of Para.2? ( no more than 6 words)

                                                              

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节:作文25分

        假如你是李华,今天去参观长城时,发现长城到处是垃圾,城墙上还有游客到此一游等的刻字。你想就此事向英语报投一篇稿:1反映这种乱扔垃圾的不文明现象;2号召广大游客爱护景区卫生环境;3建议。

注意: 1词数:120左右;  

    2可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 

    3邮件的开头已为你写好。

Dear editor,

                                                        
                                                   Yours,

                                                 Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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