• 英语 西安市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A

Grant Wood’s American Gothic caused a stir(轰动)in 1930 when it was exhibited for the first time at the Art Institute of Chicago and awarded a prize of 300 dollars. Newspapers across the country carried the story, and the painting of a farmer and a younger woman posed before a white house brought the artist instant fame.

In 1930, Grant Wood, an American painter with European training, noticed a small white house built in the small southern Iowa town of Eldon. Wood was so fascinated by it that he decided to paint the house along with the kind of people he thought should live in that house. In the painting, the farmer is modeled on his dentist. Dr. Byron McKeeby. His younger sister Nan served as a model for the woman (imagined to be the farmer’s wife or daughter). Wood wanted to give a description of the traditional roles of men and women as the man is holding a pitchfork (干草叉) symbolizing hard labor. Each element was painted separately; the models sat separately and never stood in front of the house. The Gothic style of the house inspired the painting’s title.

American Gothic remains one of the most famous paintings in the history of American art. The painting has become part of American popular culture. Some believe that Wood used it to satirize(讽刺) the narrow-mindedness that has been said to characterize Midwestern culture. The painting may also be read as a praise of the moral virtue or rural America or even as a mixture of praise and satire. American Gothic is one of the few images to reach the status of cultural symbol, along with Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa.

1.What can we learn about American Gothic?

AIt won a prize of £300.

BThe two characters in it posed before the White House.

CIt was the first painting by Grant Wood.

DIt was on show at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1930.

2.From the passage we can infer Iowa is in __________.

Athe southern town of Eldon

Bthe Midwest of the United States

Ca European country

Dthe city of Chicago

3.Grant Wood chose the two models __________.

Ato describe traditional roles of men and women

Bto praise the moral virtue of rural America

Cto make his dentist and his sister famous

Dto carry the story across the country

4.The title of the painting is based on __________.

Athe name of a small town

Bthe man and the woman

Cthe Gothic style of the house

Dthe pitchfork symbolizing hard labor

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

When early colonial settlers went to America, they took many forms of dance to their new home. Square dancing, one of the oldest forms of American folk dancing, developed from several different Old World group dances, mainly English country dances, and the French quadrille(四对方舞).

In the American version of square dancing, four couples form a square and dance to music. An American addition to square dancing is the caller. What do you think a caller does?

The callers---someone who calls out the dance steps in time to the music--- was a completely American invention. At first dancers memorized all the steps for a particular dance, but eventually the dances became so complicated that it was necessary to have someone call out cues (提示) so that dancers didn’t have to remember so many steps. The caller didn’t just call out “do-se-do your partner”; a good caller also came up with colorful sayings or witty lines that he said in between the cues such as “Don’t be shy and don’t be afraid. Swing on the corner in a waltz promenade (步伐).” A caller might also come up with new dance steps and routines.

Although popular for years, square dancing seemed to be going out of style and fading away until the early 1930s, when Henry Ford helped revive(复苏)interest in it. Ford, the automobile manufacturer, used to vacation at the Wayside Inn in Massachusetts, where he enjoyed the dance programme run by a man named Benjamin Lovett. Ford asked Lovett to come to Detroit and teach dances, but Lovett said he couldn’t because he had a contract with the inn. Ford solved that problem by buying the inn and Lovett’s contract. He took Lovett back to Detroit, where together they established a programme for teaching squares and rounds. Square dancing was updated and groups began forming all over the country.

5. What is the best title for the passage?

AThe Different Steps of Square Dancing

BThe Origin and Development of Square Dancing

CWho Was the Inventor of Square Dancing?

DWhy Did Square Dancing Go Out of Style?

6. What does the underlined part “their new home” refer to?

AThe United Kingdom.

BFrance.

CAfrica.

DAmerica.

7. Why did the caller call out the steps for the dancers?

ABecause the dance was invented by the caller.

BBecause the dancers didn’t know the names of the steps.

CBecause the steps were very particular.

DBecause it was hard for the dancers to remember all the steps.

8. What can we learn about Henry Ford in the last paragraph?

AHe was the man who made the first car.

BHe was very fond of dancing.

CHe helped make square dancing popular again.

DHe taught people how to dance.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

Almost every day we come across situations in which we have to make decisions one way or another. Choice, we are given to believe, is a right. But for a good many people in the world. In rich and poor countries, choice is a luxury, something wonderful but hard to get, not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, a false idea created by companies and advertiser, hoping to sell their products.

The endless choice gives birth to anxiety in people’s lives. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy access to a wide range of everyday goods leads to a sense of powerlessness in many people, ending in the shopper giving up and walking away, or just buying an unsuitable item that is not really wanted. Recent studies in England have shown that many electrical goods bought in almost every family are not really needed. More difficult decision-making is then either avoided or trusted into the hands of the professionals, lifestyle instructors, or advisors.

It is not just the availability of the goods that is the problem, but the speed with which new types of products come on the market. Advances in design and production help quicken the process. Products also need to have a short lifespan so that the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The typical example is computers, which are almost out-of-date once they are bought. This indeed makes selection a problem. Gone are the days when one could just walk with case into a shop and buy one thing; no choice, no anxiety.

9. What does the author try to argue in Paragraph 1?

AThe exercise of rights is a luxury.

BThe practice of choice is difficult.

CThe right of choice is given but at a price.

DChoice and right exist at the same time.

10. Why do more choices of goods give rise to anxiety?

AProfessionals find it hard to decide on a suitable product.

BPeople are likely to find themselves overcome by business persuasion.

CShoppers may find themselves lost in the broad range of items.

DCompanies and advertisers are often misleading about the range of choice.

11. By using computers as an example, the author wants to prove that .

Aadvanced products meet the needs of people

Bproducts of the latest design flood the market

Ccompetitions are fierce in high-tech industry

Deveryday goods need to be replaced often

12. What is this passage mainly about?

AThe variety of choices in modern society.

BThe opinions on people’s right in different countries.

CThe problems about the availability of everyday goods.

DThe helplessness in purchasing decisions.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Mr William Shakespeare and the Internet

Explanation of Contents

This is the fourth edition of these pages. It is hard to believe, but once again they are new and improved. My motive in publishing these pages remains to help and stimulate others in Shakespeare studies, and especially those who might contribute their work to the Internet. The spirit of altruism (利他主义) that originally built the Internet is not quite gone, though, sadly, through the pressure of time and profit has lessened.

A major new addition to the pages is a Shakespeare Timeline, which is an online biography mounted at this site. The problems with searching for Shakespeare resources using the available Search Engines are:

---- It is difficult to focus most searches so that you get a manageable number of relevant hits;

---- It is impossible by simply reading an abstract(摘要) to make any distinction between the output of a Junior High School student and that of a professional researcher.

Another change in these pages over previous editions is the “What’s News” page. If you come away from these pages with the feeling that they are very useful but slightly pedantic (学究的), I will have realized my goal.

An Apology

I am continually apologizing to the many who have written me requesting revisions of the pages. We are all too busy. I simply have not had the time to dedicate to these pages that I wish. But I love the material and so have, at long last, made some time to update them.

A Reminder to Young Students

These pages contain the best links I can find to Shakespeare on the Internet. As a reminder, I would say I very much enjoy hearing from people who view and use these pages. If you want to do Shakespeare research using the web, this page is a great starting point, and I keep it as current as I can. The web is in its infancy(初期in bringing good, scholarly content to students. Don’t forget the best, if not quickest, resources are still in your library.

13. The passage is written to ________.

Aintroduce the fourth edition of these pages

Bmake an apology to readers

Cshow off these pages to readers

Dlet Shakespeare researchers buy these pages

14. When searching for Shakespeare resources using Search Engines, you ________.

Acan easily recognize what the abstract means

Bwill waste some time in finding what you want

Cwill often come into the “What’s News” pages

Dwill find something special on your computers

15. Which of the following can best conclude the last paragraph?

AThe writer will often read letters from those who use these pages.

BThe writer of the passage is very selfish.

CThe web was just created four years ago.

DShakespeare researchers should first of all refer to these pages.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

16.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Making Peace with Your Parents

As a teen, you’re going through big changes physicallyand mentally. Your interests are increasing 1  Here is the challenge:Kids need to explore the world in new ways, and parents need to protect themfrom the dangers that are all out in that world. These conflicts can easily setoff fireworks in otherwise calm houses. Sometimes conflicts can’t be avoided.But by paying attention to the building blocks of successful relationships, youcan work towards making home a happy and healthy place for you and yourparents.

For instance, try to find a time to talk when yourparents are not angry, tired, distracted or hungry. A good time to talk is whenyou’re all relaxed. Timing is everything. If the conversation begins to turninto an argument, you’d better calmly and coolly ask to stop the conversationfor now 2    Listen to what yourparents are saying, and repeat it back to them. This shows them that you’relistening  3  Respect is the building block of goodcommunication. People who respect each other and care about each others’feelings can disagree without getting things ugly   4  How do you build trust? Trust comes by actually doing what you say you’re goingto do. Some teens find that doing fun activities with their parents can improvetheir relationships. Sometimes we forget that parents are more thanrule-maker—they’re interestingpeople who like to watch movies and go shopping—just like theirteenagers!

What do you do if you are trying your best, but yourrelationship with your parents continues to be rocky?  5  Youcan find supportive adults, such as a teacher or a coach, who can lend an ear.Remember you can only change your own behavior. Your parentsare the only ones who can change theirs.

A. It also gives them a chance toclear things up if you’re not on the same page. 

B. You can pick it up again when everyone’s more relaxed. 

C. And thenyou’ll be able to accept what your parents say. 

D. Faced with the challenge,children don’t know what to do.

E. You are more likely to get along with yourparents and have more independence if your parents believe in you. 

F. And yourdesire to take control of your own life is growing. 

G. You may consider seekingoutside help.



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

18.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

It is important to believe in yourself. Believe that you can do it underany circumstances, because  1  you believe you can, then you really will.  2  beliefkeeps you searching for answers, which means soon youwill get them.

Confidence is more than an attitude. It comes fromknowing  3  (exact) where you are going and how you aregoing to get there. It comes from a strong sense of purpose. It comes from astrong commitment to take  4  ( responsible), rather than just letting lifehappen. One way to develop self-confidence is to do the things that you fearand to get a record of  5  (succeed) experiences behind you.

Confidence is not just  6  (believe) you can do it. Confidence is knowingyou can do it. Know that you are capable  7  completing anything you want, and live yourlife with confidence.

 Anything can be achieved through  8  (determine) effort and self-confidence. Ifyour life is not what you want it to be, you have the power to change  9  ,and you must make the changes step by step. Live with your goals and takeaction. Act with your own purpose, and you  10  ( have) the life you want.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

19.短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下面划一横线(____),并在该词下面写出修改的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last Sunday, I sat at my favorite table in a restaurant and wait for the food I had ordered to arrive. Suddenly I found that Lin Ling, one of my classmate, worked like a waitress there. Honest speaking, it was great surprise for me to find her working there. As far as I know, she’s from a richer family. What was it that made her to work there? I walked up to her and asked her the reason. When asking, she said, I just want to earn some pocket money so that we can help some children in poor areas go back to school. “How a good girl!” I should learn from her.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

It was the first morning of the New Year and the weather was very cold.I have always been an early bird and my morning walks have been the for the last 7 years, so I put on my shoes to for my first walk of the New Year.

There was complete outside.Litter could be seen everywhere.It seemed that everyone had an all-night .It was too cold to anyone to be awake to clear all the walkways at 5 in the morning.I was to walk on the dirty walkways and decided to go back home.

I was about to leave I saw Sam cleaning the garden.He is an employee of our society association and is to take care of the walkways and the garden.I walked up to Sam as it was a(an) to see him there cleaning at this time.He saw me and politely me, "Happy New Year!"

“How come you are here and doing all this on the very first day of a new year?” I asked. Sam answered ,“It is the first day of the year so they should feel good and special. For me, today is like any other day and my job starts with the .”

It was good to see someone so at heart. Like other staff members, Sam could have taken a day , but he woke up early and came for all of us. I suddenly realized life does not when the clock strikes twelve at midnight and a New Year begins. We all night, the surround is dirty.Life goes on and others need to up early and clear the garbage.Isn't the very next morning a new day of a New Year for all those who clear our garbage? Why can't we also keep our clean so that everyone can have a New Year the very next day? It is true that small things can make a big in our lives.

41.

Amanner

Btrend

Croutine

Dprocedure

42.

Alook

Bsend

Clong

Dhead

43.

Awaste

Bfreedom

Csilence

Dabsence

44.

Acelebration

Btradition

Cdecoration

Dpollution

45.

Aorder

Bexpect

Ctrust

Dcatch

46.

Atired

Bscared

Cpuzzled

Dannoyed

47.

Abecause

Bthough

Cunless

Dwhen

48.

Aadvised

Bpromoted

Csupposed

Ddetermined

49.

Apleasure

Bsuccess

Csurprise

Dhonour

50.

Asuggested

Bwished

Casked.

Dcongratulated

51.

Acoldly

Bhopefully

Ccasually

Dcalmly

52.

Adirty

Bnarrow

Cbusy

Dcold

53.

Abeginning

Bsame

Cspecial

Dnew

54.

Adevoted

Bcautious

Chonest

Dpolite

55.

Aover

Bout

Cup

Doff

56.

Achange

Bimprove

Creturn

Dhappen

57.

Asleep

Bparty

Cwork

Dclean

58.

Aput

Bstay

Cwake

Dpick

59.

Asurroundings

Bconditions

Cbackground

Dlocation

60.

Adecision

Bdifference

Cpromise

Dsuggestion

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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20.书面表达

最近你校就“狼来了”这则寓言故事及其寓意展开讨论,大家踊跃发表各自的看法。请你根据下面所给的要点,给《21世纪高中生版》的 “Your Words” 栏目写一篇英文稿件。要点如下:

1、该故事的寓意  

2、怎样做一个诚信的学生(举例说明)3、你的看法 (诚信的重要性)

注意:

1、词数 100 左右;

2、可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;

3、开头以为你写好。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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