• 英语 延边朝鲜族自治州2017年高三第一次质检考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共47分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A. B.C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡

上将该项涂黑。

A

As a little child,1 was always plump(胖的).In college I started blowing up. It got out of controlwhen l went to law school.

I'd made a decision a thousand times: I'm going to lose weight now. But what motivated(激发)me to get serious about it was turning 30.1 weighed 414 pounds.1 was always tired. Some of my family members have suffered from heart disease, and l was frightened. I also wanted to look better.So after my birthday,1 walked into the office of a weight loss doctor.

She was very understanding. Her focus was on balanced meals and she wanted me to exercise. Walking was all I could do at first. I started by walking a few blocks and gradually increased thedistance, until one weekend, I heard myself saying, "Wow, this seems pretty easy." So I started to run. 1 was losing nine or ten pounds a month, and I had more energy. I started to think about the New

York City Marathon. For years,1 watched the runners and thought, "This looks like fun, but I couldnever do that." But now I realized that maybe I could.I joined the New York Road Runners.I ran al0km, then a half marathon.I still wasn't confident I could run a full 26 miles. But I told myself I was

going to do it, no matter what.

By my 33rd birthday,1 was down to 180 pounds. I started formally training for the marathon.And on the morning of November l, I stood on the Verrazano Bridge in Staten Island with more than 40,000 0ther runners, waiting for the event to start.

It was unbelievable to have the audience cheering me on, handing me cups of water. And I crossed the finish line. My friends sprayed(向……喷射)me with beer, as if I'd won the Super Bowl.And at that moment,I knew: If I set my mind to something, nothing is impossible.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,属于人生感悟类话题,作者能过减肥的故事,说明“有志者,事意成”的道理。

21. The underlined phrase "blowing up" in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to____.

Agoing weaker

Bbecoming fatter

Cbecoming healthier

Dgrowing high

22. From the passage we can know that the author____.

Acontrolled his weight at college

Bbegan to consider losing weight at 30

Cwas satisfied with his figure as a kid

Dmay have a family history of heart attack

23. Which of the following sayings can best summarize the passage?

AA good beginning is half done.

BPride comes before a fall.

CPractice makes perfect.

DWhere there is a will, there is a way.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

Imagine having an idea, drawing it on paper, bringing it to a store and seeing it turned into a physical object. This is now possible with the help of 3D printers. Such machines were once used just by universities and big companies, but now, stores with 3D printing services are appearing around the United States.

Bryan Jaycox and his wife opened The Build Shop LLC in Los Angeles two years ago. The store is filled with tools like a laser cutter, an industrial sewing machine and 3D printers. The Jaycoxs offer 3D printing classes and services for anyone who is interested.

"I think 3D printing is going to be huge. It's going to have a huge effect on society as a whole." One of the students in a recent class was KiChong Tran. He plans to open a 3D printing business in Cambodia.

3D printing services are becoming available for American consumers.

The UPS Store is a nationwide retailer (零售商 ) that provides shipping, copying and other services. The UPS Store recently put 3D printers in three of its independently-owned stores. Burke Jones owns one of the stores in San Diego.

"The demand has been amazing. It's been much more than I would have imagined." The UPS Store plans to add 3D printers in three more stores.

At The UPS Store, the cost of the object depends on the amount of materials used. The store charges up to $95 an hour to design the object with computer software that creates a digital file to guide the printer.

Mr. Jaycox predicts that within five years, 3D printing technology could become more popular. But KiChong Tran says even current technology can make a difference in a developing country like Cambodia.

"With 3D printing, you can give them tools; you put it in their hands so they are responsible more for their own development and they learn skills beyond just learning English and becoming a tour guide or something like that or working at a bank; you can actually create things that give value to the world."

He says it's not just in Cambodia but anywhere where there is a 3D printer that it can turn a good idea into reality.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于科普类话题,文章主要介绍了3D打印技术,以及3D打印业务的发展情况。

28. The purpose of the passage is to _

Aattract consumers to buy 3D printers

Bexplain the importance of 3D printing

Cintroduce a new technique-3D printing

Ddescribe the rapid development of technology

29.The Build Shop LLC is a store .

Apromoting 3D printers

Boffering 3D printing classes and services

Cselling sewing machines

Dknown for tools like laser cutters

30. At the UPS Store, the price of a 3D object depends on

Athe person who makes it

Bthe materials to make it and time to design it

Cthe size of the object

Dthe labor service it needs

31. The attitude of KiChong Tran towards the development of 3D printing technology is

Apositive

Bobjective

Cuncertain

Dcritical

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

The Horn of Plenty is one of the largest natural health food stores within the Greater Hamilton area. We are big supporters of buying locally and we are here to tell you why it is so important for your family, the community and the environment.

The concept of buying locally is simple: buy food produced, grown, or raised as close to your home as possible. Not only will your food be fresher and tastier, but you are helping protect the environment and are supporting businesses within your community and reducing pollution.

Better for the Environment

Sustainability(持续性) and global warming are such hot topics at the moment, and many people want to do their bit to help support a healthier environment. Small action carried out by many people can make a big difference. Most materials in an average North American meal have traveled about 1,500 miles to get from farm to plate. To cut out a big part of this travel would greatly reduce not only pollution from transportation and refrigeration but also customers' expenses as well.

Taste and Nutritional Content

Locally-grown fruits and vegetables are usually sold within 24 hours of being harvested. Because they are picked at the height of ripeness and travel only a short distance to the market, their freshness, nutrition, and flavor are kept. Produce trucked in from far away may lose both taste and nutritional content.

Community and Home Values

When you buy direct from a farmer or buy locally-grown foods, you are engaged in a time-honored tradition between a grower and an eater. You also help keep dollars within your community.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙性说明文,属于农业生态类话题,文章讲述了购买当地生产的农产品不仅能最大限度地保证农产品的新鲜度和品质,而且还能为保护环境做出贡献。

32. According to the author, when you buy locally-grown foods

Ayou are making money from your community

Byou will contribute to protecting the environment

Cyou will become much healthier and prettier

Dyou can see how fruits and vegetables grow

33. It can be inferred from the third paragraph that_

Athe cost of transporting food is passed on to the customers

Bglobal warming is the most serious problem now

CNorth American food is rich in various kinds of materials

Dmost people support buying legally

34. Locally-grown fruits and vegetables taste good mostly because

Athey are sent to the market at a high speed

Bthey aren't polluted by chemical fertilizers

Cthey can be harvested at any time

Dthey are picked when they are fully grown

35. What does the passage mainly talk about?

AThe popularity of the Horn of Plenty.

BThe way to keep your food tasty and healthy.

CThe benefits of buying locally.

DThe importance of protecting the environment.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The internet has become part of young people ‘life 61 bd blank reports shows that 38% students often use the internet , moet of them get bd blank 62 (use ) information on the internet to help in their studies students. But many student don’t use it 63 bd blank a good way .some play games too much, some visit websites they should’t look at ,so bad things may happen 64 bd blank students spent too much time on the internet. 65 bd blank is important to use the internet 66 bd blank (proper).Now we have a textbook, 67 bd blank uses many examples 68 bd blank (teach)student some good way to use the internet ,It gives useful advices.

Some student’s also make 69 bd blank (friend) on the internet .But if you want to have a face-to-face 70 bd blank (meet) with your online friends, let your parents ,let your parents knows and meet in a proper place.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙性说明文,是属于社会生活类话题,文章介绍了网络在年轻人生活中的重要性,以及年轻人使用网络的方式。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.第一节: 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共有

10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My father and I stayed at Bai Shan Hotel for a week when we visit Yanji last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport.

We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day.I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Yanji. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish.

It is such great hotel that l will recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Yanji.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙说明文,属于日常生活类话题,作者记叙了自己住的Bai Shan Hotel的情况。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选

项。

Reasons to exercise regularly

You've been told a hundred times that exercise is good for your health. 36 bd blank Here are four benefits that you can get from just a little daily exercise. 3 7 bd blank DO you feel a bit clearer after good daily exercise? Not only is your brain getting more energy and oxygen, but many studies have shown that exercise can help you remember and learn things better. Of course, an intense exercise right before a big exam could leave you more tired than smart - but the two are still undoubtedly linked. You'll become more confident. 38 bd blank Through exercising, you will feel more accomplished and social (if you work out at a gym). Even if you don't see immediate results in your body, the effort will make you feel better - and a bit of confidence can go a long way. You'll live longer. It's no secret that healthy living will keep you alive longer. One study found that exercise improves life expectancy as much as quitting smoking. 3 9 bd blank And just a bit of regular exercise can slow the process for a while. You'll sleep better. If you ever have trouble falling asleep at night, it is a good way to solve this problem with regular exercise. The National Sleep Foundation says that regular exercise can help you sleep better. 40 bd blank If you exercise too closely to bedtime, it can actually have the opposite effect! Luckily, you can choose other good ways to fill up that pre-bed relaxation time.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,是属于社会生活类话题,谈论了规律锻炼的重要性。

AYou'll be happier.

BIt is really true that sitting all day is killing you.

CYou'll improve your memory.

DBoth of these are important parts of losing weight.

EObviously, exercise can improve your appearance which can improve confidence.

FIt's true, and it's good for a lot more than just losing weight or building muscle.

GThe best time to exercise is in the morning or in the afternoon, rather than before bed.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

第一节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was a beautiful summer day when I saw a lot of little boys playing on the "green island" in the middle of our neighborhood. There were several bd blank 41 on that spot of green and the kids were having fun running around them, climbing them, and 42 bd blank them. I watched for a while from the window _ 43 bd blank _ where their mothers or fathers were. "Those trees are living things," I thought, "Don't those boys 44 bd blank ?" I stepped outside to them just to make it known that I was 45 bd blank . I had not said a word when one of the boys shouted to me, "We're making a pile of leaves to jump in!"

"Oh!" I replied 46 bd blank , "You should jump in the dead leaves, but those leaves are still 47 bd blank 1"

I was sad, surprised and disappointed. I think the 48 bd blank is that many little boys today do not know that trees are alive and that they should bd blank 49 things that breathe. The extent of their education about nature is usually limited to living things, bd blank 50 animals. And often the kids' behavior is simply 51 bd blank by parents. I've watched kids chase cats, throw rocks at squirrels, kick small dogs, and 52 bd blank flowers and trees. If their parents were there, wouldn't this bd blank 53 ? I don't consider myself a tree protector, but I think 54 bd blank should teach their children how to protect our environment, because our world bd blank 55 more and more tree protectors. Indeed I do believe if there should be 56 protectors of the nature, our 5 7 bd blank would look more beautiful.

Respect and 58 bd blank go together. A young child, who doesn't learn how to respect and care nature, will 59 bd blank be able to truly enjoy it. I will be one of the parents who 60 bd blank kids to explore nature, respect it, and learn to love it.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇加叙加议的议论文,属于教育类话题。文章讲述了作者看到一些孩子破坏树木而引发的一系列的思考,认为父母应该教育孩子从小养成保护树木,保护环境的意识。

41.

Achildren

Btrees

Cpets

Dthings

42.

Aharming

Bobserving

Cpraising

Drepairing

43.

Awondering

Bchoosing

Cmoving

Dfinding

44.

Aknow

Bstudy

Cplay

Dimprove

45.

Ahurting

Bmanaging

Cinsisting

Dwatching

46.

Apositively

Bdoubtfully

Ccasually

Ddepressingly

47.

Asick

Bdead

Calive

Dwet

48.

Atruth

Bplan

Cidea

Dtopic

49.

Ainform

Brespect

Craise

Dimpress

50.

Aespecially

Brarely

Cunwillingly

Dpossibly

51.

Asupported

Bignored

Cvalued

Dmissed

52.

Ashow

Bexhibit

Cdestroy

Duse

53.

Agrow

Brise

Creturn

Dhappen

54.

Ateachers

Bpartners

Cparents

Dworkers

55.

Adevelops

Bneeds

Cwins

Dearns

56.

Aless

Bmore

Cfew

Dmuch

57.

Amaterial

Bappearance

Cschool

Dworld

58.

Abelief

Bresponsibility

Cenjoyment

Dpoliteness

59.

Asometimes

Boften

Calways

Dnever

60.

Awarn

Bencourage

Cbeg

Dforbid

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

最近,你们班召开了以“我的中国梦”为主题的班会活动。请你用英语写一篇日记,叙述班会情况。内容要点: 1.每位同学都畅谈了自己对中国梦的理解;你谈到了自己的梦想; 3.如何实现自己的梦想。

注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Monday, Feburary 10 Sunny

Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream.____

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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