• 英语 2018年高三安徽省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

                                A

        Experiencethe Colorado River the Hualapai Way!

        RiverRunners Offers the ONLY One Day White-water Trip ANYWHERE at the

                  GRANDCANYON!

       Since 1973, HualapaiRiver Runners has been conducting white-water rafting journeys on the ColoradoRiver. Our experienced guides expertly sail along the river and share thehistory of the Canyon and the Hualapai people with you.                  .

       Visitors experience theexcitement of white-water rapids and then stop to enjoy the impressive beautyof Travertine Falls and a tasty lunch. No charge for children 2 years andunder.

One-Day Trip

       Retail(单价)$249.00 + $79.00(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation  )           

       White-water rafting toursbegin in Peach Springs. Hualapai River Runners transports you to Diamond Creek,which is the starting point for the 37-mile rafting tour. Lunch is included andupon arrival at the rafting tour termination(终点) point, fly out of the GrandCanyon by helicopter to Grand Canyon West.

Two-Day Trip       

       Retails$549.OO+$79.OO(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation)

       Two-day rafting tripswith one night on the Colorado River. All supplies and meals are included. Twodays in the Grand Canyon, on the Colorado River, allows more time to exploreone of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Tours Include    

      Round-trip transportationfrom Peach Springs to the starting point and from the termination point back toPeach Springs. Snack, drinks and lunch(vegetarian meals available upon request.)

    Waterproof dry bags for storing your cameras, sunscreen,dry clothes, etc.        

    The helicopter part of transportation is weatherpermitting. If the helicopter transportation is cancelled because of badweather, the raft will continue an additional two hours to South Cove and amaximum$20.00 per customer will be given back.     

    Special website booking rate 15% off raftingin June. So book now.

    Call us Toll Free Today!Tel: 1-888-868-9378

Where do white-water rafting tours start?

ATravertine Falls.

BThe Grand Canyon.

CDiamond Creek.

DGrand Canyon West.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        Experiencethe Colorado River the Hualapai Way!

        RiverRunners Offers the ONLY One Day White-water Trip ANYWHERE at the

                  GRANDCANYON!

       Since 1973, HualapaiRiver Runners has been conducting white-water rafting journeys on the ColoradoRiver. Our experienced guides expertly sail along the river and share thehistory of the Canyon and the Hualapai people with you.                  .

       Visitors experience theexcitement of white-water rapids and then stop to enjoy the impressive beautyof Travertine Falls and a tasty lunch. No charge for children 2 years andunder.

One-Day Trip

     Retail(单价)$249.00 + $79.00(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation  ) 

     White-water rafting toursbegin in Peach Springs. Hualapai River Runners transports you to Diamond Creek,which is the starting point for the 37-mile rafting tour. Lunch is included andupon arrival at the rafting tour termination(终点) point, fly out of the GrandCanyon by helicopter to Grand Canyon West.

Two-Day Trip       

       Retails$549.OO+$79.OO(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation)

       Two-day rafting tripswith one night on the Colorado River. All supplies and meals are included. Twodays in the Grand Canyon, on the Colorado River, allows more time to exploreone of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Tours Include    

      Round-trip transportationfrom Peach Springs to the starting point and from the termination point back toPeach Springs. Snack, drinks and lunch(vegetarian meals available upon request.)

    Waterproof dry bags for storing your cameras, sunscreen,dry clothes, etc.        

    The helicopter part of transportation is weatherpermitting. If the helicopter transportation is cancelled because of badweather, the raft will continue an additional two hours to South Cove and amaximum$20.00 per customer will be given back.     

    Special website booking rate 15% off raftingin June. So book now.

    Call us Toll Free Today!Tel: 1-888-868-9378

It can be learned from the text that ____________.

Athe guides can help you learn sailing

Bthe Grand Canyon is well-known for its history

Cthe helicopter transportation can save you three hours' time

Dthe cost includes snack, drinks and lunch

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        Experiencethe Colorado River the Hualapai Way!

        RiverRunners Offers the ONLY One Day White-water Trip ANYWHERE at the

                  GRANDCANYON!

       Since 1973, HualapaiRiver Runners has been conducting white-water rafting journeys on the ColoradoRiver. Our experienced guides expertly sail along the river and share thehistory of the Canyon and the Hualapai people with you.                  .

       Visitors experience theexcitement of white-water rapids and then stop to enjoy the impressive beautyof Travertine Falls and a tasty lunch. No charge for children 2 years andunder.

One-Day Trip

     Retail(单价)$249.00 + $79.00(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation  ) 

     White-water rafting toursbegin in Peach Springs. Hualapai River Runners transports you to Diamond Creek,which is the starting point for the 37-mile rafting tour. Lunch is included andupon arrival at the rafting tour termination(终点) point, fly out of the GrandCanyon by helicopter to Grand Canyon West.

Two-Day Trip       

       Retails$549.OO+$79.OO(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation)

       Two-day rafting tripswith one night on the Colorado River. All supplies and meals are included. Twodays in the Grand Canyon, on the Colorado River, allows more time to exploreone of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Tours Include    

      Round-trip transportationfrom Peach Springs to the starting point and from the termination point back toPeach Springs. Snack, drinks and lunch(vegetarian meals available upon request.)

    Waterproof dry bags for storing your cameras, sunscreen,dry clothes, etc.        

    The helicopter part of transportation is weatherpermitting. If the helicopter transportation is cancelled because of badweather, the raft will continue an additional two hours to South Cove and amaximum$20.00 per customer will be given back.     

    Special website booking rate 15% off raftingin June. So book now.

    Call us Toll Free Today!Tel: 1-888-868-9378

What is the purpose of the text?

ATo attract people to the rafting trip.

BTo explore the Hualapai culture.

CTo explain how to make a rafting trip.

DTo introduce the history of the Colorado River.

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                                B

       A lot of advice isavailable for college leavers heading for their first job. In this article weconsider the move to a second job. We are not concerned with those looking fora second temporary position while hunting for a permanent job. Nor are weconcerned with those leaving an unsatisfactory job within the first few weeks.Instead, we will be dealing with those of you taking a real step on the careerladder, choosing a job to fit in with your ambitions. 

        What sort of job should you look for? Much depends onyour long-term aim. You need to ask yourself whether you want to specialize ina particular field, work up your way to higher levels of responsibility or outof your present employment into a broader field.

       Whatever you decide, youshould choose your second job very carefully. You should be aiming to stay init for two or three years.

       This job will be studiedvery carefully when you send your letter of application for your next job. Mostimportant, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasingresponsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug(虫子)is biting, now it's time to packup and go. You can do temporary work for a while when you return, pick up whereyou left off and get the second step then. Future potential employers will beglad to see that you have got it out of your system, and are not likely to gooff again.

       Juliette Davidson spenther first year after leaving St. Aldate's College working for three lawyers. Itwas the perfect first job in that. "OK ... they were very supportivepeople. I was gently introduced to the work, learnt my way around an office andimprove my word processing skills. However, there was no opportunity foradvancement. One day I gave in my notice, bought an airticket and traveled fora year."

       Juliette now works as aPersonal Assistant to Brenda Cleverdon, the Chief Executive(主管) of business in theCommunity. "In two and a half years I have become more able and my job hasreally grown," she says. “My job title is the same as it was when Istarted but the duties have changed. From mainly typing and telephone work, Ihave progressed to doing most of the correspondence(通信) and budgets. I alsohave to deal with a variety of enquiry coming from chairmen of large companiesto people wanting to know how to start their own business."

Who is intended to benefit from the advice given in the text?

APeople who change jobs regularly.

BStudents who have just finished their studies.

CPeople who are unhappy with their present jobs.

DThose who are interested in establishing a career.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

       A lot of advice isavailable for college leavers heading for their first job. In this article weconsider the move to a second job. We are not concerned with those looking fora second temporary position while hunting for a permanent job. Nor are weconcerned with those leaving an unsatisfactory job within the first few weeks.Instead, we will be dealing with those of you taking a real step on the careerladder, choosing a job to fit in with your ambitions. 

        What sort of job should you look for? Much depends onyour long-term aim. You need to ask yourself whether you want to specialize ina particular field, work up your way to higher levels of responsibility or outof your present employment into a broader field.

       Whatever you decide, youshould choose your second job very carefully. You should be aiming to stay init for two or three years.

       This job will be studiedvery carefully when you send your letter of application for your next job. Mostimportant, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasingresponsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug(虫子)is biting, now it's time to packup and go. You can do temporary work for a while when you return, pick up whereyou left off and get the second step then. Future potential employers will beglad to see that you have got it out of your system, and are not likely to gooff again.

       Juliette Davidson spenther first year after leaving St. Aldate's College working for three lawyers. Itwas the perfect first job in that. "OK ... they were very supportivepeople. I was gently introduced to the work, learnt my way around an office andimprove my word processing skills. However, there was no opportunity foradvancement. One day I gave in my notice, bought an airticket and traveled fora year."

       Juliette now works as aPersonal Assistant to Brenda Cleverdon, the Chief Executive(主管) of business in theCommunity. "In two and a half years I have become more able and my job hasreally grown," she says. “My job title is the same as it was when Istarted but the duties have changed. From mainly typing and telephone work, Ihave progressed to doing most of the correspondence(通信) and budgets. I alsohave to deal with a variety of enquiry coming from chairmen of large companiesto people wanting to know how to start their own business."

According to the author, why is the choice of your second job important?

AIt will last longer than your first job.

BIt will give you the opportunity to know more successful people.

CIt will affect your chances of success in your career.

DIt will be difficult to change if you don't like it.

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                                B

       A lot of advice isavailable for college leavers heading for their first job. In this article weconsider the move to a second job. We are not concerned with those looking fora second temporary position while hunting for a permanent job. Nor are weconcerned with those leaving an unsatisfactory job within the first few weeks.Instead, we will be dealing with those of you taking a real step on the careerladder, choosing a job to fit in with your ambitions. 

        What sort of job should you look for? Much depends onyour long-term aim. You need to ask yourself whether you want to specialize ina particular field, work up your way to higher levels of responsibility or outof your present employment into a broader field.

       Whatever you decide, youshould choose your second job very carefully. You should be aiming to stay init for two or three years.

       This job will be studiedvery carefully when you send your letter of application for your next job. Mostimportant, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasingresponsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug(虫子)is biting, now it's time to packup and go. You can do temporary work for a while when you return, pick up whereyou left off and get the second step then. Future potential employers will beglad to see that you have got it out of your system, and are not likely to gooff again.

       Juliette Davidson spenther first year after leaving St. Aldate's College working for three lawyers. Itwas the perfect first job in that. "OK ... they were very supportivepeople. I was gently introduced to the work, learnt my way around an office andimprove my word processing skills. However, there was no opportunity foradvancement. One day I gave in my notice, bought an airticket and traveled fora year."

       Juliette now works as aPersonal Assistant to Brenda Cleverdon, the Chief Executive(主管) of business in theCommunity. "In two and a half years I have become more able and my job hasreally grown," she says. “My job title is the same as it was when Istarted but the duties have changed. From mainly typing and telephone work, Ihave progressed to doing most of the correspondence(通信) and budgets. I alsohave to deal with a variety of enquiry coming from chairmen of large companiesto people wanting to know how to start their own business."

How did Juliette Davidson benefit from the experience of her first job?

AShe met a variety of interesting people.

BShe learnt how to use a word processor.

CIt helped her to earn enough money to travel.

DIt was a good introduction to office work.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

       A lot of advice isavailable for college leavers heading for their first job. In this article weconsider the move to a second job. We are not concerned with those looking fora second temporary position while hunting for a permanent job. Nor are weconcerned with those leaving an unsatisfactory job within the first few weeks.Instead, we will be dealing with those of you taking a real step on the careerladder, choosing a job to fit in with your ambitions. 

        What sort of job should you look for? Much depends onyour long-term aim. You need to ask yourself whether you want to specialize ina particular field, work up your way to higher levels of responsibility or outof your present employment into a broader field.

       Whatever you decide, youshould choose your second job very carefully. You should be aiming to stay init for two or three years.

       This job will be studiedvery carefully when you send your letter of application for your next job. Mostimportant, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasingresponsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug(虫子)is biting, now it's time to packup and go. You can do temporary work for a while when you return, pick up whereyou left off and get the second step then. Future potential employers will beglad to see that you have got it out of your system, and are not likely to gooff again.

       Juliette Davidson spenther first year after leaving St. Aldate's College working for three lawyers. Itwas the perfect first job in that. "OK ... they were very supportivepeople. I was gently introduced to the work, learnt my way around an office andimprove my word processing skills. However, there was no opportunity foradvancement. One day I gave in my notice, bought an airticket and traveled fora year."

       Juliette now works as aPersonal Assistant to Brenda Cleverdon, the Chief Executive(主管) of business in theCommunity. "In two and a half years I have become more able and my job hasreally grown," she says. “My job title is the same as it was when Istarted but the duties have changed. From mainly typing and telephone work, Ihave progressed to doing most of the correspondence(通信) and budgets. I alsohave to deal with a variety of enquiry coming from chairmen of large companiesto people wanting to know how to start their own business."

ln what way is Juliette's present job better than her first job?

AShe has a more impressive job title.

BShe has been able to broaden her skills.

CShe is more involved in the administration.

DShe knows how to start her own business.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    Scientists recently discovered that pictures on cavewalls at Creswell Crags are the oldest known in Great Britain. But they didn'tfind out in the usual way.

    Archaeologists often date cave art with a process calledradiocarbon dating. The technique can measure the age of carbon found incharcoal(木炭)drawingsor painted pictures. Carbon is an component found in many things, includingcharcoal and even people. But in this case, there was no paint or charcoal totest. People carved the pictures of animals and figures into the rock usingstone tools. The scientists had an "aha!" moment when they noticedsmall rocks stuck to the top of the drawings. The small rocks must have formedafter the drawings were made.

     "It is rare to be ableto scientifically date rock art," said Alistair Pike, an archaeologicalscientist at Britain's University of Bristol. “We were very fortunate that someof the sculptures were covered by stalagmites(石笋).”

      When a test proved thatthe stalagmites formed 12,800 years ago, the scientists knew the art underneaththem had to be at least that old. And some of the animals shown, like theEuropean bison, are now extinct - another sign that the art is quite old.

      The artists came toCreswell Crags. This place is one of the farthest points north reached by ourancient ancestors during the Ice Age. At that time, much of the North Sea wasdry, so people could move about more easily.

      Some tools and bones foundthere are 13,000 to 15,000 years old. They show that the travelers huntedhorses, reindeer, and arctic hares. Their artwork is similar to art in Franceand Germany. It tells scientists that the Creswell Crags artists must have hada close connection to peoples several thousand kilometers away - anotherimportant evidence of understanding how humans spread out across the world.

When the scientists found rocks stuck to the top of the drawing, they_____________.

Afelt pleased and surprised

Bdated the pictures with radiocarbon dating

Cfound carbon in the cave pictures

Dcarved some pictures of animals into the rock

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                                C

    Scientists recently discovered that pictures on cavewalls at Creswell Crags are the oldest known in Great Britain. But they didn'tfind out in the usual way.

    Archaeologists often date cave art with a process calledradiocarbon dating. The technique can measure the age of carbon found incharcoal(木炭)drawingsor painted pictures. Carbon is an component found in many things, includingcharcoal and even people. But in this case, there was no paint or charcoal totest. People carved the pictures of animals and figures into the rock usingstone tools. The scientists had an "aha!" moment when they noticedsmall rocks stuck to the top of the drawings. The small rocks must have formedafter the drawings were made.

     "It is rare to be ableto scientifically date rock art," said Alistair Pike, an archaeologicalscientist at Britain's University of Bristol. “We were very fortunate that someof the sculptures were covered by stalagmites(石笋).”

      When a test proved thatthe stalagmites formed 12,800 years ago, the scientists knew the art underneaththem had to be at least that old. And some of the animals shown, like theEuropean bison, are now extinct - another sign that the art is quite old.

      The artists came toCreswell Crags. This place is one of the farthest points north reached by ourancient ancestors during the Ice Age. At that time, much of the North Sea wasdry, so people could move about more easily.

      Some tools and bones foundthere are 13,000 to 15,000 years old. They show that the travelers huntedhorses, reindeer, and arctic hares. Their artwork is similar to art in Franceand Germany. It tells scientists that the Creswell Crags artists must have hada close connection to peoples several thousand kilometers away - anotherimportant evidence of understanding how humans spread out across the world.

Why do scientists say the art is quite old?

AThe art was carved into stone with stone tools.

BMost animals carved in the stone are extinct.

CThe cave is one of the farthest points in the world.

DSome pictures were covered by stalagmites more than 10,000 years old.

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                                C

    Scientists recently discovered that pictures on cavewalls at Creswell Crags are the oldest known in Great Britain. But they didn'tfind out in the usual way.

    Archaeologists often date cave art with a process calledradiocarbon dating. The technique can measure the age of carbon found incharcoal(木炭)drawingsor painted pictures. Carbon is an component found in many things, includingcharcoal and even people. But in this case, there was no paint or charcoal totest. People carved the pictures of animals and figures into the rock usingstone tools. The scientists had an "aha!" moment when they noticedsmall rocks stuck to the top of the drawings. The small rocks must have formedafter the drawings were made.

     "It is rare to be ableto scientifically date rock art," said Alistair Pike, an archaeologicalscientist at Britain's University of Bristol. “We were very fortunate that someof the sculptures were covered by stalagmites(石笋).”

      When a test proved thatthe stalagmites formed 12,800 years ago, the scientists knew the art underneaththem had to be at least that old. And some of the animals shown, like theEuropean bison, are now extinct - another sign that the art is quite old.

      The artists came toCreswell Crags. This place is one of the farthest points north reached by ourancient ancestors during the Ice Age. At that time, much of the North Sea wasdry, so people could move about more easily.

      Some tools and bones foundthere are 13,000 to 15,000 years old. They show that the travelers huntedhorses, reindeer, and arctic hares. Their artwork is similar to art in Franceand Germany. It tells scientists that the Creswell Crags artists must have hada close connection to peoples several thousand kilometers away - anotherimportant evidence of understanding how humans spread out across the world.

By studying the cave art, scientists could learn about___________.

Ahow ancient people crossed the North Sea

Bwhy some of the animals have died out

Chow humans spread out across the world

Dwhat ancient people had for food at that time

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1

                                C

    Scientists recently discovered that pictures on cavewalls at Creswell Crags are the oldest known in Great Britain. But they didn'tfind out in the usual way.

    Archaeologists often date cave art with a process calledradiocarbon dating. The technique can measure the age of carbon found incharcoal(木炭)drawingsor painted pictures. Carbon is an component found in many things, includingcharcoal and even people. But in this case, there was no paint or charcoal totest. People carved the pictures of animals and figures into the rock usingstone tools. The scientists had an "aha!" moment when they noticedsmall rocks stuck to the top of the drawings. The small rocks must have formedafter the drawings were made.

     "It is rare to be ableto scientifically date rock art," said Alistair Pike, an archaeologicalscientist at Britain's University of Bristol. “We were very fortunate that someof the sculptures were covered by stalagmites(石笋).”

      When a test proved thatthe stalagmites formed 12,800 years ago, the scientists knew the art underneaththem had to be at least that old. And some of the animals shown, like theEuropean bison, are now extinct - another sign that the art is quite old.

      The artists came toCreswell Crags. This place is one of the farthest points north reached by ourancient ancestors during the Ice Age. At that time, much of the North Sea wasdry, so people could move about more easily.

      Some tools and bones foundthere are 13,000 to 15,000 years old. They show that the travelers huntedhorses, reindeer, and arctic hares. Their artwork is similar to art in Franceand Germany. It tells scientists that the Creswell Crags artists must have hada close connection to peoples several thousand kilometers away - anotherimportant evidence of understanding how humans spread out across the world.

Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

ACave Art About Animals Is Most Beautiful

BCave Art Is Found in an Unusual Way

CCave Art Turns Out to Be Britain's Oldest

DCave Art Has a Great Influence on Britain

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                                D

    Planetary changes which will have an influence on manyare drawing near because of the poor ecological state of the planet. Actuallychange has already begun through climate changes, but most humans haven'tnoticed this yet. Climate change has begun to influence the world already andwill begin to worsen within the next few years. Around 2020 most people will beginto see that the results of climate change will be far more serious than nowunderstood.

      As the planet is under biggeological (地质的) stresses,which are continuously increasing, it will in the future no longerbe able to support its population. Short of resources, over-farming, lack ofclean air, not enough clean drinking water and drought are some of the issuesthat will all play a much greater role in the near future.    

      Humans have caused largeecological destruction. The lifestyles of many people are changing at a fastspeed; however, this will finally result in a shortage of some valuableresources. When this scarcity begins to happen, people will no longer be ableto have sustainable (可持续的)  lifestyles.

      lt's important tounderstand that everyone plays a role in the whole process of life. Eachperson's decision can finally affect the future. These decisions, all combined,can have a very good effect on what the future will be like for humans. So thefuture depends on the choices we make at the present moment.

      While more and more peopleare becoming aware of climate change and other environmental problems relatedto global warming, not all are fully understanding how far-reaching its effectswill be. Unfortunately, most of the humans realize that the planet isn'tfunctioning well, but they don't understand that this is creating a majorproblem for the future survival of humans.

      So, every person shouldmake the necessary changes to reduce their influence on the environment andhelp create a more sustainable future.

What can be the best title for the text?

AThe Causes of Planetary Changes

BThe Influence of Ecological Devastation

CReasons and Ways to Build a Sustainable Future

DEnvironmental Damage and the Human Future

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Planetary changes which will have an influence on manyare drawing near because of the poor ecological state of the planet. Actuallychange has already begun through climate changes, but most humans haven'tnoticed this yet. Climate change has begun to influence the world already andwill begin to worsen within the next few years. Around 2020 most people will beginto see that the results of climate change will be far more serious than nowunderstood.

      As the planet is under biggeological (地质的) stresses,which are continuously increasing, it will in the future no longerbe able to support its population. Short of resources, over-farming, lack ofclean air, not enough clean drinking water and drought are some of the issuesthat will all play a much greater role in the near future.    

      Humans have caused largeecological destruction. The lifestyles of many people are changing at a fastspeed; however, this will finally result in a shortage of some valuableresources. When this scarcity begins to happen, people will no longer be ableto have sustainable (可持续的)  lifestyles.

      lt's important tounderstand that everyone plays a role in the whole process of life. Eachperson's decision can finally affect the future. These decisions, all combined,can have a very good effect on what the future will be like for humans. So thefuture depends on the choices we make at the present moment.

      While more and more peopleare becoming aware of climate change and other environmental problems relatedto global warming, not all are fully understanding how far-reaching its effectswill be. Unfortunately, most of the humans realize that the planet isn'tfunctioning well, but they don't understand that this is creating a majorproblem for the future survival of humans.

      So, every person shouldmake the necessary changes to reduce their influence on the environment andhelp create a more sustainable future.

We can learn from the first paragraph that_______________.

Aplanetary changes are caused by global warming

Bclimate changes will affect the life of humans soon

Cthe ecological state of the earth has been destroyed

Dmost people have realized the danger of climate changes

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Planetary changes which will have an influence on manyare drawing near because of the poor ecological state of the planet. Actuallychange has already begun through climate changes, but most humans haven'tnoticed this yet. Climate change has begun to influence the world already andwill begin to worsen within the next few years. Around 2020 most people will beginto see that the results of climate change will be far more serious than nowunderstood.

      As the planet is under biggeological (地质的) stresses,which are continuously increasing, it will in the future no longerbe able to support its population. Short of resources, over-farming, lack ofclean air, not enough clean drinking water and drought are some of the issuesthat will all play a much greater role in the near future.    

      Humans have caused largeecological destruction. The lifestyles of many people are changing at a fastspeed; however, this will finally result in a shortage of some valuableresources. When this scarcity begins to happen, people will no longer be ableto have sustainable (可持续的)  lifestyles.

      lt's important tounderstand that everyone plays a role in the whole process of life. Eachperson's decision can finally affect the future. These decisions, all combined,can have a very good effect on what the future will be like for humans. So thefuture depends on the choices we make at the present moment.

      While more and more peopleare becoming aware of climate change and other environmental problems relatedto global warming, not all are fully understanding how far-reaching its effectswill be. Unfortunately, most of the humans realize that the planet isn'tfunctioning well, but they don't understand that this is creating a majorproblem for the future survival of humans.

      So, every person shouldmake the necessary changes to reduce their influence on the environment andhelp create a more sustainable future.

What opinion does the author most probably hold?

AHumans shouldn't try to change their lifestyles.

BThe ecological devastation is coming to a stop soon.

CThe future we’ll have depends on every one of us.

DThe future of humans can be determined ahead of time.

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                                D

    Planetary changes which will have an influence on manyare drawing near because of the poor ecological state of the planet. Actuallychange has already begun through climate changes, but most humans haven'tnoticed this yet. Climate change has begun to influence the world already andwill begin to worsen within the next few years. Around 2020 most people will beginto see that the results of climate change will be far more serious than nowunderstood.

      As the planet is under biggeological (地质的) stresses,which are continuously increasing, it will in the future no longerbe able to support its population. Short of resources, over-farming, lack ofclean air, not enough clean drinking water and drought are some of the issuesthat will all play a much greater role in the near future.    

      Humans have caused largeecological destruction. The lifestyles of many people are changing at a fastspeed; however, this will finally result in a shortage of some valuableresources. When this scarcity begins to happen, people will no longer be ableto have sustainable (可持续的)  lifestyles.

      lt's important tounderstand that everyone plays a role in the whole process of life. Eachperson's decision can finally affect the future. These decisions, all combined,can have a very good effect on what the future will be like for humans. So thefuture depends on the choices we make at the present moment.

      While more and more peopleare becoming aware of climate change and other environmental problems relatedto global warming, not all are fully understanding how far-reaching its effectswill be. Unfortunately, most of the humans realize that the planet isn'tfunctioning well, but they don't understand that this is creating a majorproblem for the future survival of humans.

      So, every person shouldmake the necessary changes to reduce their influence on the environment andhelp create a more sustainable future.

ln the last paragraph the author is trying to__________.

Aencourage people to make efforts to protect the environment

Binform people the planet isn't functioning well

Cwarn people of the dangers of ecological destruction

Dtell people the right way to protect the environment

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节 七选五(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两处为多余选项。

                 Travelling with teens

    Vacationing with teens can be unpleasant since they can be a little moody sometimes. But with some careful consideration and planning you can make your family vacation fantastic and memorable.

      36     Teens have strong opinions. If they don’t get a vote on options ahead of time, they are likely to punish you with a bad attitude. If you respect kids’ ideas, they’ll feel more included and be more cooperative.

    Handle “Can I bring…?” requests carefully. Taking another child on your family’s vacation is a huge responsibility. Only agree if you know that child well and approve of their relationship with your child. If you don’t want to bring the friend, be honest, stand firm, and don’t negotiate(谈判).     37

    Grad their attention.   38   Boring! Telling them you are going to the place where Tom Hanks first investigated the murder in The Da Vinci Code? Interesting! The big surprise is that once they’re there, they’ll probably find more than a few things to amuse them.

    Avoid too much time with digital products. Teens can be addicted to their digital connections. (So can adults.) Family vacations are opportunities for us to get to know and appreciate new places and each other! Discuss digital use before the trip. Set realistic expectations for unplugged time.   39

    Make good memories. Sharing digital photos is awesome but writing family travel journal can record different kinds of impressions.  40    These conversations are extremely interesting because everyone’s views are unique. Write them down! Rereading sections of your travel journals will provide wonderful family memories over the years.

    A. Let them help plan.

    B. It is the destination and the journey

    C. As a teen, I came to hate this form of travel.

    D. But be sympathetic as your child deals with disappointment.

    E. Telling them you’re going to the most famous museum in Paris?

    F. At the end of every day, talk about what each of you findsmemorable.

    G.Hopefully, everyone will enjoy themselves so much they won’t think about screentime. 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节:完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    I heard a story about a scientist who made several important medical breakthroughs. He was once asked why he was so much more 41   than others.

    He responded it all came from a(n)   42   with his mother that occurred when he was about 2. He had been trying to 43   a bottle of milk from the refrigerator   44   he lost his hold on the bottle, spilling its contents all over the floor.

    Instead of  45  him, his mother said, "Robert, what a great 46   you have made! I have  47   seen such a huge pool. Well, the 48  has already been done. Would you like to get 49   and play in the milk for a while before we clean it up?"

    Indeed, he 50 . After a few minutes, his mother said, "Robert, is it time you cleaned it up and restore everything to its proper  51 ? "

    After they cleaned up the spilled milk, his mother said, "You know, what you did just now is a 52  experiment. Now, let's 53   the bottle with water and see if you can discover a way to carry it without  54   it." The little boy tried more than once and 55 it at last. What a wonderful 56  !

    The scientist then 57 that it was at that moment that he knew he didn't need to be afraid to make mistakes. 58   he learned that they were just 59   for learning something new, which is what scientific experiments are all about. Even if the experiment "doesn't work," we usually learn something  60 from it.

41 

    A. learned                 

    B.creative            

    C. flexible                    

    D.energetic

42 

    A.compromise         

    B.discussion        

    C. disagreement            

    D. experience

43 

    A.remove                 

    B.exchange          

    C. reach                       

    D.pour

44 

    A. while                   

    B.before              

    C. when                       

    D.until

45 

    A. yelling at              

    B.catering  to     

    C.approving of             

    D.chatting with

46 

    A.mistake                

    B.mess                

    C. decision                   

    D.effort

47 

    A. regularly              

    B.frequently        

    C. eventually                

    D.rarely

48 

    A.deal                     

    B.damage            

    C. favor                       

    D.housework

49 

    A.in                        

    B.out                  

    C.down                       

    D.back

50 

    A.saw                      

    B.got                  

    C.did                          

    D.cleaned

51 

    A.order                    

    B.direction          

    C. function                   

    D.level

52 

    A. meaningful           

    B.scientific          

    C. tiring                       

    D.failed

53 

    A. fill                       

    B.empty              

    C. combine                   

    D.replace

54 

    A. fastening              

    B.missing            

    C. dropping                  

    D.hooking

55 

    A. hung                    

    B.caught             

    C. took                         

    D.made

56 

    A. sight                    

    B.lesson              

    C. bottle                       

    D.moment

57 

    A.admitted               

    B.repeated           

    C. remarked                  

    D.responded

58 

    A. However              

    B.Otherwise        

    C.Anyway                   

    D. Instead

59 

    A. opportunities         

    B.preparations     

    C. barriers                    

    D.strengths

60 

    A. typical 

    B.valuable   

    C. conventional   

    D.reasonable

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    In the field near my house there  61 (be)two horses. From a distance, they look the same. But if you get a closer look, you will notice something quite  62 (interest). Actually, one of the horses is blind. But his owner has chosen not to abandon him .Instead he has made him a safe and comfortable barn  63  (live) in.

    If you stand nearby and listen carefully, you will hear the sound of a bell coming from the other horse. It makes the blind horse know  64  his friend is, so he can follow.

    As you stand closer and watch the two horses, you’ll see that the horse with the bell is always checking on the blind horse and the blind horse will listen for the bell, and then slowly walk to where the other horse is so that he will not go 65   the wrong direction.

    When  66 horse with the bell returns to the barn each evening, he will stop occasionally to look back,  67  (make) sure that the blind friend isn’t too far behind to hear the bell.

    Life does not throw us away just because we are 68  (able), or because we have problems or 69 (challenge). Sometimes we are the blind horse, being guided by the ringing bell of our companions. At other times we are just the guide horse, helping  70  (other) to find their way.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    Challenges of life are of great importance in our grow. They remind me my days in senior high school which I joined in the military training. It was the first time I have lived far away from my home, so I found difficult to fit in. And the training officer was strict with me. I once thought I could not stick to the end. But anyway, I was succeeded. The trials made it much easy for me to adapt to life, but the difficulties I came across have now become a precious memory in my life. In short, learning to regard the challenges of life as the stepping stone to future success and make the best of them.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假定你是李华。你的美国笔友Tom对中国文化有浓厚的兴趣。今年暑假你校将为外国学生举办一场汉语夏令营(Summer Camp of Chinese)活动,请你给他发一封电子邮件,邀请他来参加这次活动,内容包括:

    1夏令营的时间和地点;

    2夏令营的内容,如学习日常汉语、了解中国历史和传统文化、参观博物馆等;

    3报名方式和截止日期。

注意:

    1词数120左右;

    2可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear Tom,

    Here comes a piece of good news.                              

                                                                                          

                                                   Yours,

                                                   Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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