As we all know, sunshine is important to vegetables, but not all vegetables need lots of sunshine. Mark Hoffman and his wife, Guia, own a bed-and-breakfast guesthouse in rural Kempton, Illinois. They often serve their guests produce fresh from the garden.
The Hoffmans have been growing food and flowers for twenty-five years. For almost ten of those years, Mr. Hoffman has been experimenting and working with shade plantings. He says visitors to his website — greenhousebed.com — often ask how to plant in shade spaces. He said, “The bottom line here is that most plants will produce more in full sun. But if you do not have full sun, there are other options.”
For example, he grows tomatoes near oak trees. Oak trees can produce a lot of shade. But Mr. Hoffman says his tomato plants grow as long as they get five hours a day of direct sunshine, especially morning sun. Not only does this go against the traditional advice that tomatoes need six, eight, even twelve hours a day of full sun, it also shows how plants and trees roots can share nutrients and water. Mr. Hoffman also planted asparagus (芦笋) around a tree at its drip line (滴水线), the area below the outer limit of the branches. So when it rains, all the rain drips down right on the asparagus.
The Hoffmans’ website includes a list of vegetables, flowers and herbs that have produced acceptably for them in partial shade. Mr. Hoffman says plants with wider leaves seem to do better in shady environments. He also found that his potatoes did better in partial shade than in full sun.
Moving them out of the sun helped control an insect problem with leaf hoppers. Mr. Hoffman does not use pesticides (农药). Instead, he planted the potatoes at the drip line, especially on the east side of the tree. The potatoes get morning sun, but they are shaded during the hottest part of the day. Leaf hoppers dislike shade, and the hottest part of the day is when they do the worst of their damage.
Time of day, brightness of the sun, shadows from trees, walls and buildings, these all influence how much sunlight falls or does not fall on plants.
32.What can we infer from the second paragraph?
33.By using asparagus as an example, the author wants to explain that ______．
34.The underlined words “leaf hoppers” in Para. 5 may be a kind of ______．
35.What’s the author’s purpose of writing the passage?
It began to snow when my husband fell to his death, just like any November day. His body, when I found it, was lightly covered with snow. It snowed almost every day for the next four months, while I sat on the couch and watched it pile up. One morning, I walked downstairs slowly and was surprised to see a snow remover clearing my driveway and the bent back of a woman shoveling (铲) my walk. I dropped to my knees, crawled through the living room. And back up stairs so those good people would not see me. I was embarrassed. My first thought was, how would I ever repay them? I didn’t have the strength to brush my hair let alone shovel someone’s walk．
Before John’s death, I took pride in the fact that I rarely asked for help or favors, I defined myself by my competence and independence. So who was I if I was no longer capable and busy? How could I respect myself if all I did was sit on the couch every day and watch the snowfall?
Learning how to receive the love and support that came my way wasn't easy. Friends cooked for me and l cried because I couldn't even help them set the table. “I’m not usually this lazy,” I wept. Finally, my friend Kathy sat down with me and said, “Mary, cooking for you is not a burden. I love you and I want to do it. It makes me feel good to be able to do something for you.”
Over and over, I heard similar emotions from the people who supported me during those dark days. One very wise man told me, “You are not doing nothing. Being fully open to your sorrow may be the hardest work you will ever do.”
I am not the person I once was，but in many ways I have changed for the better. My heart is now filled with thanks for people around me. I have been surprised to learn that there is incredible freedom that comes from facing one’s worst fear and walking away whole. I believe there is strength, for sure, in accepting a dark period of our life.
21.Why did the author crawl through the living room?
22.We can describe the writer before her husband died as the following except ______．
23.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
24.The writer wrote the passage to ______．
A man who owns a villa has decided to drop the asking price from $ 5,000 to a new iPhone 7 as the owner is desperate to sell before the tax auction (拍卖) season where “thousands” of homes near foreclosure (房屋止赎权) will flood into the market, a real estate broker (房地产经纪人) called Larry Else told ABC News.
“This house is really not worth much at all,” Else said. The windows are broken and there is no front door. The broker himself has not been inside the home because his company has a policy of not going in unsecured houses alone. Detroit’s declining fortunes have left its population about a third of what it used to be in its peak, according to the U.S. Census Bureau（人口普查办公室）.
Now, the property has accrued (拖欠) more than $6,000 in back taxes (退税款) and will enter foreclosure next year if that debt is not settled. So while the owner is asking for an iPhone 7, the true cost of the sale comes from the buyer including the cost of the back taxes.
That attracted great interest in the property, as Else said that he received four offers today alone. One woman said she was interested in the house for the wood. Another said that they would be willing to hand over an iPhone 6, and another offered $ 850. But Else hinted that the most likely buyer is someone who already lives on the block and put in a $ 700 bid (出价), and their familiarity with the area appeared to put them at the head of the pack. He said he expects one of the four offers to work out, and may even confirm the sale tonight.
This is not the end of his bartering (物物交换) business, however, as Else said that he’s already gotten another call from a homeowner who has had trouble selling their property.
25.Why did the owner drop his price for the house?
26.Larry Else hasn’t come into the house because ______．
27.The house will most possibly be sold at the price of ______．
28.The passage is most probably taken from ______．
Prepare: Plan ahead and think about what you are going to say. In the words of Mark Twain, it usually takes you more than three weeks to prepare for it.
Know your subject: Always make sure that you know the subject and have background information at hand for question time.
Know your audience: Find out who you will be addressing so that you can tailor (适合) your comments accordingly.
Make a point: Keep your speech short and brief and have a few clear points that you need to convey.
Practice: Never learn your speech by heart as your delivery will become unnatural, but do practice it a few times in front of the mirror, your parents or your dog.
Eye contact: If the thought of looking into a sea of faces scares you, adjust your gaze regularly at different points in the room to create the same effect.
First impressions: Your first impression is important when making a public presentation. Find out about dress codes at the place so that you look your best and, if possible, check the microphone beforehand to ensure you know how to use it.
Get help: If public presentations are a major part of your life, read up on the art of speech writing and delivery to improve your skills.
29.Knowing your subject helps you ______．
30.If asked for more advice besides what has been mentioned in the text, you may suggest ______．
31.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
Even as I write this story, I am still smiling. The past few weeks have been rather _ , but when a large number of Smile Cards arrived in my _ the other day, having traveled all the way from the United States to my home in the Northerlands, I knew things were about to _ .
I _ where to leave the cards as I went to bed that night: the train, benches at the station, at work, libraries, mailboxes, the gym — the possibilities _ endless.
I woke up, went to work, and afterwards, I went _ to the shop to buy some candy bars, planning to leave them as anonymous (匿名的) _ for people on the train. However, _ my early morning train, my train home was extremely crowded. An elderly man must have seen me searching for a place to _ a Smile Card, because he asked me if I was looking for something.
Right then I _ that my first Smile Card would not be anonymous. With a big smile and cheeks _ with excitement, I told him that I _ what I was looking for, _ him the candy bar and Smile Card I had in my hands. He had only just finished reading the card _ I arrived at my stop, but he was still smiling and _ his candy as I waved at him from the _ .
_ having worked a full day, I almost bounced (跳) home. Before I entered my apartment, I delivered a few more Smile Cards and candy bars to people’s mailboxes. I added an _ candy bar for a neighbor who I knew was in a difficult financial _ , but who I saw working hard every day to get the very best for her young son. I figured that they both _ a tasty little treat.
71.Job-hopping, or frequent change of jobs, is becoming increasing common in China today. As the economy grow, more opportunities are appearing than before. The result is that people, especially young people, are willing change jobs frequently, seek higher salaries or more interesting positions.
Nevertheless, many people prefer to stay in their old job. This is partly why they feel loyal to their work units, and partly because they dislike the idea of having to be spend much time training for a new job.
I think it is the good thing for the workforce to be flexible. Besides, frequent job-hopping prevents a person of gaining valuable job experience and developing good work habits.
Most of us may have the same feeling: we have a lot of work to do but a momentary feeling of laziness. _ This is either because we lack the inspiration or are not encouraged enough to start working.
_ It often leads to the worsening of one’s relationship at work and affects work performance, which can result into job loss and extra stress. How to overcome laziness? Here are some tips for overcoming it.
Simple things first. An effective trick that helps you fight laziness effectively is to start with the simple things first. _
Make a to-do list. _ A to-do list can help us to realize that it often looks like more work than it actually is. When you create your to-do list, make sure to arrange the tasks from the easiest one to the more difficult one.
Remove distractions. Distractions are often the source for our laziness. We are often attracted by the distractions (TV, internet, etc.) as we perform our tasks. _ Make sure that once you have started with one of your tasks, you will not get distracted from it by any means.
Remember, everything you manage to overcome laziness, reward yourself.
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must be able to understand the language when we hear _ spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves, correctly, with confidence and _ hesitation. _ , we must be able to read the language and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to compose（组成）sentences that are grammatically correct. We must know _ to arrange sentences in paragraphs so as to write a good letter or composition.
There is no easy way to succeed in language learning. _ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough _ (simple) to memorize rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and their _ (meaning). We learn words not by ourselves, _ in sentences. We must learn by using the language. If we are satisfied with only a few rules we _ (memorize) so far, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of advice for those who _ (be) studying a new language. Practice is very important. We must practice speaking and writing the language whenever we can.