• 2017年高考真题 英语 (全国III卷)
前去估分
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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1.第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,学—科网选出最佳选项。

A

San Francisco Fire Engine Tours

San Francisco Winery Tour

Running: February 1st through April 30th

This delicious tour goes through the city on its way to Treasure Islandwhere we will stop at the famous Winery SF. Here you can enjoy 4 pours of someof the best wine San Francisco has to offer.(Included in tickets price)

Departing from the Cannery: Tour times upon request.

Duration(时长): 2 hours

Price: $90

Back to the Fifties Tour

Running: August 16th through August 31st

This tour transports you back in time to one of San Francisco’s mostfantastic periods, the 1950s! Enjoy fun history as we take you through SanFrancisco for a free taste of ice cream.

Departing from the Cannery: 5:00 pm and 7:00 pm

Duration: 2 hours

Price: $90

SpookyHalloween Tour

Running: October 10th through October 31st

Join us for a ride through the historical Presidio district. Authenticfire gear(服装) is provided for your warmth as our entertainers take you tosome of the most thrilling parts of San Francisco.

Departing from the Cannery: 6:30 pm and 8:30 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Price: Available upon request

HolidayLights Tour

  Running:December 6th through December 23nd

  This attractivetour takes you to some of San Francis’s most cheerful holiday scenes. Authenticfire gear is provided for your warmth as you get into the holiday spirit.

Departing from the Cannery: 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Advance reservations required.

(21) Which of the tours is available in March?A. SanFrancisco Winery Tour.B. Back to the Fifties Tour.C. Spooky Hallowen Tour.D. HolidayLights Tour.

(22) What can tourists do on Back to the FiftiesTours?A. Go to Treasure Island.B. Enjoy the holiday scenes.C. Have free icecream.D. Visit the Presidio district.

(23) What are tourists required to do to go on HolidayLights Tour?A. Take some drinks.B. Set off early in the morning.C. Wear warm clothes.D.Make reservations in advance.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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2. 

B

Minutes after the last movie ended yesterday at the Plaza Theater,employees were busy sweeping up popcorns and gathering coke cups. It was ascene that had been repeated many times in the theater’s 75-year history. Thistime, however, the cleanup was a little different. As one group of workerscarried out the rubbish, another group began removing seats and other theaterequipment in preparation for the building’s end.

       The filmclassic The Last Picture Show was thelast movie shown in the old theater. Though the movie is 30 years old, most ofthe 250 seats were filled with teary-eyed audience wanting to say good-bye tothe old building. Theater owner Ed Bradford said he chose the movie because itseemed appropriate. The movie is set in a small town where the only movietheater is preparing to close down.

Bradford said that large modern theaters in the city made it impossiblefor the Plaza to compete. He added that the theater’s location(位置) was also areason. "This used to be the center of town," he said. "Now the area ismostly office buildings and warehouses."

Last week some city officials suggested the city might be interested inturning the old theater into a museum and public meeting place. However, theseplans were abandoned because of financial problems. Bradford sold the buildingand land to a local development firm, which plans to build a shopping complexon the land where the theater is located.

The theater audience said good-bye as Bradford locked the doors for thelast time. After 75 years the Plaza Theater had shown its last movie. Thetheater will be missed.

(24)In what way was yesterday’s cleanup at the Plaza special?A.It made room for new equipment. B. It signaled the closedown of the theater.C.It was done with the help of the audience.D. It marked the 75th anniversary ofthe theater.

(25)Why was The Last PictureShow put on? A. It was an all-time classic. B. It was about the history ofthe town. C. The audience requested it. D. The theater owner found it suitable.

(26)What will probably happen to the building?A. It will berepaired. B. It will be turned into a museum.C. It will be knocked down. D. Itwill be sold to the city government.

(27)What can we infer about the audience?A. They are disappointedwith Bradford. B. They are sad to part with the old theater. C. They are supportiveof the city officials. D. They are eager to have a shopping center. 

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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3.

C

After years of heated debate, gray wolves werereintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Fourteen wolves were caught inCanada and transported to the park. By last year, the Yellowstone wolfpopulation had grown to more than 170 wolves.

Gray wolves once were seen here and there in theYellowstone area and much of the continental United States, but they weregradually displaced by human development. By the 1920s, wolves hadpractically disappeared from the Yellowstone area. They went farther north intothe deep forests of Canada, where there were fewer humans around.

The disappearance of the wolves had many unexpectedresults. Deer and elk populations — major food sources (来源) for the wolf — grew rapidly. These animalsconsumed large amounts of vegetation (植被), which reduced plant diversity in the park. In the absence of wolves,coyote populations also grew quickly. The coyotes killed a large percentage ofthe park’s red foxes, and completely drove away the park’s beavers.

As early as 1966, biologists asked the government to considerreintroducing wolves to Yellowstone Park. They hoped that wolves would be ableto control the elk and coyote problems. Many farmers opposed the plan becausethey feared that wolves would kill their farm animals or pets.

    Thegovernment spent nearly 30 years coming up with a plan to reintroduce thewolvers. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service carefully monitors and manages thewolf packs in Yellowstone. Today, the debate continues over how well the graywolf is fitting in at Yellowstone. Elk, deer, and coyote populations are down, whilebeavers and red foxes have made a comeback. The Yellowstone wolf project hasbeen a valuable experiment to help biologists decide whether to reintroducewolves to other parts of the country as well.

(28)What is the textmainly about?A. Wildlife research in the United States.B. Plant diversity inthe Yellowstone area.C. The conflict between farmers and gray wolves.D. Thereintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone Park.

(29) What doesthe underlined word "displaced" in paragraph 2mean?A. Tested. B. Separated.C. Forcedout.   D. Tracked down.

(30)What did thedisappearance of gray wolves bring about?A. Damage to local ecology. B. Adecline in the park’s income.C. Preservation of vegetation. D. An increase in thevariety of animals.

(31) What is the author’s attitude towards theYellowstone wolf project? A. Doubtful. B. Positive. C. Disapproving.      D. Uncaring.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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4.

D

The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned anelectric car into a mobile laboratory named "DriveLAB" in order tounderstand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the keystress points are.

Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for afall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming moreisolated(隔绝) and inactive.

Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developingin-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them tocontinue driving into later life.

These include custom-made navigation(导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speedadaptations. Phil Blythe explains: "For many older people,particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important forpreserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and aboutwithout having to rely on others."

"But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactionsslow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challengingdriving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result isthat people stop driving before they really need to."

Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains: "The DriveLAB ishelping us to understand what the key points and difficulties are for olderdrivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.

  "For example, most of uswould expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else butsurprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constantspeed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk ofgetting fined. We’re looking at the benefits of systems which control theirspeed as a way of preventing that.

"We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案) to ensure that olderdrivers stay safer behind the wheel."

(32) What isthe purpose of the DriveLAB?A. To explore new means of transport.B. To designnew types of cars.C. To find out older driver’s problems.D. To teach peopletraffic rules.

(33) Why isdriving important for older people according to Phil Blythe?A. It keeps themindependent.B. It helps them save time.C. It builds up their strength.D. Itcures their mental illnesses.

(34)What doresearchers hope to do for older drivers?A. Improve their driving skills.B. Developdriver-assist technologies.C. Provide tips on repairing their cars.D. Organizeregular physical checkups.

(35) What isthe best title for the text?A. A new Model Electric CarB. A Solution to TrafficProblemsC. Driving Services for EldersD. Keeping Older Drivers on the Road

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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5.第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning, and put the blameon the alarm clock. In fact, the key to easy morning wake-up lies in restingyour body clock.    36     Here’s how to make one.

●    37     In order to make a change, you need to decidewhy it’s important. Do you want to get up in time to have breakfast with yourfamily, get in some exercise, or just be better prepared for your day? Once youare clear about your reasons, tell your family or roommates about the changeyou want to make.

● Rethink mornings. Now thatyou know why you want to wake up, consider re-arranging your morningactivities. If you want time to have breakfast with your family, save some timethe night before by setting out clothes, shoes, and bags.   38   That’sa quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with atimer.

● Keep yoursleep/wake schedule on weekends. If you’re tired out by Friday night, sleepingin on Saturday could sound wonderful. But compensating on the weekends actuallyfeeds into your sleepiness the following week, a recent study found.   39  

● Keep a recordand evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write down how you feel.After you’ve tried a new method for a week, take a look at your record.   40   Ifnot, take another look at other methods you could try.

A. Get a sleepspecialist.

B. Find the right motivation.

C. A better plan for sleep can help.

D.And consider setting a second alarm.

E. If the steps you take are working, keepit up.

F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.G.Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the cafe to get coffee.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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6.第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A Toronto man is offering a free round-the-world air ticketto the right woman. But   41   apply. You must be named Elizabeth Gallagher and have a Canadian   42  .

Jordan Axani, 28, said he and his then girlfriend, Elizabeth Gallagher,booked heavily discounted round-the-world air tickets in May, but their   43   ended and he did not want her ticket to   44  .The ticket had a strict no-transfer(不可转让)   45  , but since passport information was not required when   46  ,any Canadian Elizabeth Gallagher can   47   it.

"I just want to see the ticket go to good use and for someoneto   48   alot of joy," said Axani. He posted his   49   on a social networking website, and receivedthousands of e-mails, including thirty from actual Elizabeth Gallaghers with the   50   passports. "More   51  ,there are hundreds of Canadians who are interested in   52   their name to Elizabeth Gallagher," Axani said. "It was absolutelyout of   53  , thousands of e-mails, people around theworld   54   their stories of travel."

Axani wrote in his post that he is not   55   anything in return and that the woman who usesthe   56   ticket canchoose to either travel with him or   57   the ticket and travel on her own.

The   58   isscheduled to start on December 21 in New York City and continue on to Milan,Prague, Paris, Bangkok and New Delhi before   59   in Toronto on January 8. He said the   60   woman will be announced on the website and thetrip will be shared online.

(41)A. benefitsB. deposits C. restrictionsD. examinations

(42)A. originB. passportC.accentD. friend

(43)A. holidayB. marriage       C. dream D.relationship

(44)A. go to wasteB. cometo mind C. go on saleD. come into effect

(45)A. policyB. order       C. paymentD. schedule

(46)A. applying B. bookingC. checkingD. bargaining

(47)A. use  B. borrowC. choose       D. buy

(48)A. sacrificeB. express C. experience  D.provide

(49)A. answerB. adviceC.offer       D. comment

(50)A. sameB. right  C. newD. real

(51)A. interesting B.annoying C. satisfying D. convincing

(52)A. writing B.giving C. lendingD. changing

(53)A. touchB.question C. date D. control

(54)A. admiring B.advertising C. sharing D. doubting

(55) A. leaving B.looking for C. losing  D. dealingwith  

(56) A. singleB. strangeC. regular D. extra

(57)A. return B.takeC. reserve D. hide

(58) A. interviewB.programC. trip D. meeting

(59)A. ending B.calling C. repeating D. staying

(60)A. honored B.lovelyC. intelligent D. lucky



分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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7.第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

She looks like any other schoolgirl, fresh-faced and full of life. Sarah Thomas is looking forward to the challenge of her new A-level course. But unlike her school friends, 16-year-old Sarah is not spending half-term  61   (rest). Instead, she is earning £6500 a day as  62   model in New York.

Sarah    63   (tell) that she could be Britain’s new supermodel earning a million dollars in the next year. Her father Peter, 44, wants her to give up school to model full-time. But Sarah,  64   has taken part in shows along with top models, wants  65   (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. She is determined to carry on with her  66  (educate).

She has turned down several  67  (invitation) to star at shows in order to concentrate on her studies. After school she plans to take a year off to model full-time before going to university to get a degree  68   engineering or architecture.

Sarah says, "My dad thinks I should take the offer now. But at the moment, school  69  (come) first. I don’t want to get too absorbed in modeling. It is  70  (certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal. I don’t want to have nothing else to fall back on when I can’t model any more."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇人物介绍,介绍了16岁的Sarah所做的生活规划。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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8.第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I look at this picture of myself. I realize of how fast time flies. I had grown not only physically, and also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and become a new member of the school music club. Around me in picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments. I enjoyed studying difference kinds of cars and planes, playing pop music, and collecting the late music albums. This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of your high school days.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,叙述作者看到镜中的自己,想起来美好的过去。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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9.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华。你所在的校乒乓球队正在招收新队员。请给你的留学生朋友Eric写封邮件邀请他加入,内容包括:

(1)球队活动;

(2)报名方式及截止日期。

注意:

(1)词数100左右;

(2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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