Good books take readers on journeys in their minds. The announcement of this year’s US National Book Awards finalists has highlighted a number of modern literary gems.
If you want to know more about these books, click here for more information.
1. What is the topic of the book Between the World and Me?
2. If you want to read a book about animals, which one will you choose?
3. Whose book is a collection of stories?
He was the man who inspired the Beat Generation — and nearly half a century after his death Jack Kerouac is still receiving grateful letters from his fans.
Most letters are sent in the post to his last home in St Petersburg, Florida — and the mail box in the front yard is full to bursting. But others are delivered by hand, put into the front door or on the doorstep.
They usually thank the author of On The Road for inspiring them to travel and be independent. “You remind me to stay true to who you are and to nurture the wanderlust gene in all of us,” reads one letter, handwritten by ‘Cindy’ on butterfly and flower-decorated paper. She adds, “I hope you’re writing, unrestrained, with a shot and a beer.” Another, signed ‘Friend of Jack’, reads, “I prefer to think of myself as a free spirit and a person who follows a path of her own choosing. You have always been my inspiration.”
Kerouac, the creator of iconic characters such as Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty, died at a St Petersburg hospital in 1969, at the age of 47. His home, where he was living with his mother Gabrielle and his wife Stella, has become a pilgrimage (瞻仰) destination for hundreds of fans every year.
Kerouac rocketed to fame at the age of 35, with the publication of On the Road in 1957. But after becoming famous and the figurehead of a counter-culture, he struggled with that fame and claimed that he only wanted people to read his books.
Kerouac died just 12 years after On the Road was published. He was suffering from cirrhosis following years of excessive drinking (酗酒) — largely brought on by his love-hate relationship with fame.
8. The two letters mentioned in the passage suggest that __________.
9. Kerouac’s fans express their love for him by the following ways except __________.
10. According to the last two paragraphs, we know that __________.
11. What is the main purpose of the passage?
Graduates at a top UK university have been banned from throwing their mortarboards in the air over fears the falling hats could cause injuries.
Students at the University of Birmingham have been told they are not allowed to throw their black caps in the air in celebration because of health and safety concerns. Those set to graduate later this summer have been told they could be ejected from the ceremony if they are seen following the tradition. In an email, students were told, “Throwing of caps is not to be permitted, due to health and safety.”
Speaking to student newspaper, which immediately covered the ban, The Tab, Hannah Walker said: “It’s just surprising that the university is actively taking action against something that’s traditional. I personally don’t see the harm in it, and honestly don’t think anyone will take the ban seriously.”
Seeing the report, gown and cap graduation rental company Ede and Ravenscroft said the ban was because a number of injuries had occurred in the past. A spokesperson said that over a number of years students had been injured by falling mortarboards. He added, “On a few occasions customers experienced minor injuries from falling mortarboards. We have therefore identified the throwing of hats as a risk to health and safety. As a responsible company we don’t want to condone any activity which could lead to someone being injured.”
To those reactions, the university defended the decision, saying that the rule banning students from throwing their caps applied only to an event for graduating Classics students. A spokesperson of the university said: “The email in question does not refer to our formal graduation ceremonies but concerned a specific private event where space was restricted.”
Recently, he also concluded that the University of Birmingham does not have a policy or ban on cap throwing during degree congregations. “We recognise that this is a time of celebration for our students and their families after years of hard work and dedication and want to ensure everyone has an enjoyable time.”
12. What does “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to __________.
13. It can be inferred from the passage that __________.
14. How did the rental company Ede and Ravenscroft react to the injuries?
15. What is the correct order of the following statements about the development of the event?
a. The falling hats had caused some injuries.
b. The university made actions to defend its decision.
c. The rental company confirmed the potential risk of throwing hats.
d. Student newspaper reported the ban and someone put forward different opinions.
e. The University of Birmingham told their students not to throw their black caps in the air in celebration. [来
Isobel Bowdery is a 22-year-old woman from Cape Town, South Africa, currently in Paris. On Saturday, November 14th, 2015, Bowdery shared on Facebook her terrifying and heartbreaking account of being inside the Bataclan music venue on Friday night when more than 82 people were killed by gunmen.
In the post, Bowdery writes that when the gunfire first started, she thought it was just part of the show. “You never think it will happen to you. It was just a Friday night at a rock show. The atmosphere was so happy and everyone was dancing and smiling. And then when the men came through the front entrance and began the shooting, we naively believed it was all part of the show. It wasn’t just a terrorist attack, it was a massacre（屠杀）. Dozens of people were shot right in front of me. Pools of blood filled the floor.”
She says she lay down on the floor of the club for over an hour, pretending to be dead and trying not to breathe. “Shocked and alone, I pretended to be dead for over an hour, lying among people who could see their loved ones motionless. Holding my breath, trying not to move, not to cry — not to give those men the fear they longed to see. I was incredibly lucky to survive. But so many didn’t. The people who had been there for the exact same reasons as I — to have a fun Friday night were innocent. This world is cruel. And acts like this are supposed to highlight the depravity of humans and the images of those men hunting us will haunt me for the rest of my life. I expected any moment for someone to say it was just a nightmare.”
Bowdery also describes the heroes of the night: the strangers who helped her, the friend who bought her new clothes so she wouldn’t have to wear her blood stained top.
She concludes: “It is up to us to be better people. To live lives that the innocent victims of this tragedy dreamt about but sadly will now never be able to fulfill.”
The post has been shared almost half a million times in the last 24 hours.
4. Why did Bowdery lie down on the floor?
5. What is Bowdery’s attitude towards the attack?
6. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
7. It can be inferred from the passage that __________.
Each Day a Masterpiece
I never thought I would move back home with my parents after my . Actually, all through my senior year, I told myself that moving from the big city of Los Angeles back into my childhood bedroom in the sleepy, small beach town I grew up was out of the question.
Thus, I for scholarship to travel abroad. I hours into my applications — revising essays, collecting letters of recommendations, researching programs and practicing . I made to the final rounds for two famous companies but eventually was not chosen by either. Weeks after graduation, I my belongings into my parents’ small car and moved back home, feeling like a failure.
One day, I suddenly a popular quote: “Make each day your masterpiece.” I realized that I didn’t have to live on my own in an exciting new city to make each day a masterpiece. , I changed my mind and began to see my time at home as a because I was able to spend a lot of time with my parents. I began to write for two hours every day. Establishing a writing helped me more easily change into the “writing groove(最佳状态)”. Some days, the words flowed . But other days, I spent the better part of my two writing hours out of the window and taking down some of my ideas. Eventually my pages of writing began
to up. I wrote articles, essays and short stories. I even started a novel!
I was not a — I never had been. My “success” doesn’t on what other people think or what my peers (同辈) are doing or what I feel like I “should” be doing. My life is a success when I am making each day my own masterpiece.
Scientists say we clean our teeththe wrong way. Researchers from UniversityCollege, London found that most of the advice thatdentists give us 1 (be) very different. They add that we havebeen cleaning our teeth the wrong way. The researchers looked at tooth-brushingadvice in dental textbooks, toothpaste 2 (instruct) and dental clinics. They found fivedifferent 3 (base) ways of tooth-brushing and decided allof 4 were incorrect. Most of the methods involve 5 (move) the toothbrush along the teeth, withthe brush moving round and round in small circular movements. The researcherssaid we should stop doing this and use a back-and-forth movement instead.
Aubrey Sheilam, lead author of thestudy and professor of dental public health, said: “The public needs to havesound information on the 6 (good) method 7 (brush) their teeth.” The research suggestsnot brushing teeth too much. More than twice a day damages the enamel on theteeth. The recommended time 8 brushing is no longer than three minutes eachtime. The research also says using too much pressure and brushing your teethtoo hard will also damage teeth. Researchers also advised not cleaning yourteeth immediately after eating. This is when acid is strongest in your mouth 9 this acid will damage teeth. A finalrecommendation was to clean the tongue too 10 it also has a lot of bacteria.
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
In your life, whether intentionally or accidentally you may offend someone close to you. What you do about it will make the most difference. Learning how to say sorry in the right way will help you repair and keep the important relationships in your life.The best place to start is at the beginning. It is normal to be scared as you ask for forgiveness and say you are sorry. Make sure you get it right and practice in the mirror. 36 . 37 Don’t apologize if you don’t really feel sorry. More bad will come than good if you say you are sorry without any meaning. It may ruin any future attempts and apologies that are sincere.Make sure that you can admit wrong doing. Telling them that you are wrong helps them see that you know what you have done has offended them. 38 They may not want to know why, or if they do they will ask.Then find out how you can make it right with them. 39 Make sure that if you agree to make things right, do them completely without causing offence.Let them know that you will never do it again. Let your friend or whoever you offended know that you have no intention of repeating your mistake. This will help them know that they aren’t being taken advantage of.Ask them for forgiveness. 40 Being truly sorry means that you want to put the whole mess behind you and being forgiven means that it will never be mentioned again.Learning from past mistakes and offences can make the future of your relationship much brighter.
A. Apologize if you really mean it.
B. Practice will help you calm down.
C. Apology will make a big difference.
D. It may be physical, emotional or financial.
E. You may give them a reason for your action, but you don’t have to.
F. Forgive yourself since everyone makes mistakes.
G. But it is their choice whether they give it to you or not.
注意：1. 词数100词左右；2. 不要列出具体的数据，根据数据分析并得出结果；3. 开头语已为你写好。According to the result of our survey on how the students in our school spend their weekend, we can read the data as follows.