• 英语 合肥市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A

Good books take readers on journeys in their minds. The announcement of this year’s US National Book Awards finalists has highlighted a number of modern literary gems.

If you want to know more about these books, click here for more information.

1. What is the topic of the book Between the World and Me?

ALife in New York.

BRacism in the US.

CEmotions of the octopus.

DInfluence of technology.

2. If you want to read a book about animals, which one will you choose?

AA Little Life

B Between the World and Me

CThe Soul of an Octopus

DFortune Smiles

3. Whose book is a collection of stories?

AHanya Yanagihara.

BTa-Nehisi Coates.

CSy Montgomery.

DAdam Johnson.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

Isobel Bowdery is a 22-year-old woman from Cape Town, South Africa, currently in Paris. On Saturday, November 14th, 2015, Bowdery shared on Facebook her terrifying and heartbreaking account of being inside the Bataclan music venue on Friday night when more than 82 people were killed by gunmen.

In the post, Bowdery writes that when the gunfire first started, she thought it was just part of the show. “You never think it will happen to you. It was just a Friday night at a rock show. The atmosphere was so happy and everyone was dancing and smiling. And then when the men came through the front entrance and began the shooting, we naively believed it was all part of the show. It wasn’t just a terrorist attack, it was a massacre(屠杀). Dozens of people were shot right in front of me. Pools of blood filled the floor.”

She says she lay down on the floor of the club for over an hour, pretending to be dead and trying not to breathe. “Shocked and alone, I pretended to be dead for over an hour, lying among people who could see their loved ones motionless. Holding my breath, trying not to move, not to cry — not to give those men the fear they longed to see. I was incredibly lucky to survive. But so many didn’t. The people who had been there for the exact same reasons as I — to have a fun Friday night were innocent. This world is cruel. And acts like this are supposed to highlight the depravity of humans and the images of those men hunting us will haunt me for the rest of my life. I expected any moment for someone to say it was just a nightmare.”

Bowdery also describes the heroes of the night: the strangers who helped her, the friend who bought her new clothes so she wouldn’t have to wear her blood stained top.

She concludes: “It is up to us to be better people. To live lives that the innocent victims of this tragedy dreamt about but sadly will now never be able to fulfill.”

The post has been shared almost half a million times in the last 24 hours.

4. Why did Bowdery lie down on the floor?

ABecause the gunmen asked her to lie down,

BBecause she was sad and lonely.

CBecause she wanted to survive the attack.

DBecause she was tired after dancing.

5. What is Bowdery’s attitude towards the attack?

AIndifferent.

BTolerant.

CSympathetic.

DCritical.

6. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

ABowdery comes from Paris.

BThe gunfire was part of the show on Friday night.

CThe gunfire happened after the rock show was over.

DThe terrible experience will undoubtedly affect her life.

7. It can be inferred from the passage that __________.

Aher post has caused great concern

Bonly she survived the terrorist attack

Cthe gunmen will haunt her some day

Dthe victims lived a sad life before that night

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

He was the man who inspired the Beat Generation — and nearly half a century after his death Jack Kerouac is still receiving grateful letters from his fans.

Most letters are sent in the post to his last home in St Petersburg, Florida — and the mail box in the front yard is full to bursting. But others are delivered by hand, put into the front door or on the doorstep.

They usually thank the author of On The Road for inspiring them to travel and be independent. “You remind me to stay true to who you are and to nurture the wanderlust gene in all of us,” reads one letter, handwritten by ‘Cindy’ on butterfly and flower-decorated paper. She adds, “I hope you’re writing, unrestrained, with a shot and a beer.” Another, signed ‘Friend of Jack’, reads, “I prefer to think of myself as a free spirit and a person who follows a path of her own choosing. You have always been my inspiration.”

Kerouac, the creator of iconic characters such as Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty, died at a St Petersburg hospital in 1969, at the age of 47. His home, where he was living with his mother Gabrielle and his wife Stella, has become a pilgrimage (瞻仰) destination for hundreds of fans every year.

Kerouac rocketed to fame at the age of 35, with the publication of On the Road in 1957. But after becoming famous and the figurehead of a counter-culture, he struggled with that fame and claimed that he only wanted people to read his books.

Kerouac died just 12 years after On the Road was published. He was suffering from cirrhosis following years of excessive drinking (酗酒) — largely brought on by his love-hate relationship with fame.

8. The two letters mentioned in the passage suggest that __________.

AKerouac liked drinking beer

BKerouac often reminded his fans to travel

CKerouac saved the lives of the Beat Generation

DKerouac’s book encouraged and inspired his fans a lot

9. Kerouac’s fans express their love for him by the following ways except __________.

Amailing letters to his home

Bdelivering letters to his home in person

Cvisiting his house

Dcalling him to say thanks

10. According to the last two paragraphs, we know that __________.

Ahis fame brought him not only happiness but also troubles

Bhe died shortly after his book was published

Che didn’t want people to read other writers’ books

Dhe developed a serious disease and abandoned himself to drinking

11. What is the main purpose of the passage?

ATo explain what the Beat Generation is.

BTo introduce Jack Kerouac and his influence on people.

CTo share letters with readers.

DTo persuade people not to drink too much.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Graduates at a top UK university have been banned from throwing their mortarboards in the air over fears the falling hats could cause injuries.

Students at the University of Birmingham have been told they are not allowed to throw their black caps in the air in celebration because of health and safety concerns. Those set to graduate later this summer have been told they could be ejected from the ceremony if they are seen following the tradition. In an email, students were told, “Throwing of caps is not to be permitted, due to health and safety.”

Speaking to student newspaper, which immediately covered the ban, The Tab, Hannah Walker said: “It’s just surprising that the university is actively taking action against something that’s traditional. I personally don’t see the harm in it, and honestly don’t think anyone will take the ban seriously.”

Seeing the report, gown and cap graduation rental company Ede and Ravenscroft said the ban was because a number of injuries had occurred in the past. A spokesperson said that over a number of years students had been injured by falling mortarboards. He added, “On a few occasions customers experienced minor injuries from falling mortarboards. We have therefore identified the throwing of hats as a risk to health and safety. As a responsible company we don’t want to condone any activity which could lead to someone being injured.”

To those reactions, the university defended the decision, saying that the rule banning students from throwing their caps applied only to an event for graduating Classics students. A spokesperson of the university said: “The email in question does not refer to our formal graduation ceremonies but concerned a specific private event where space was restricted.”

Recently, he also concluded that the University of Birmingham does not have a policy or ban on cap throwing during degree congregations. “We recognise that this is a time of celebration for our students and their families after years of hard work and dedication and want to ensure everyone has an enjoyable time.”

12. What does “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to __________.

Agraduating from college

Battending the ceremony

Cthrowing black caps

Dtaking the ban seriously

13. It can be inferred from the passage that __________.

Aall the students at the university are allowed to throw caps in the air

Bno one is allowed to throw caps in the air

Cunder no circumstance can the Classics students be allowed to throw caps

Dgraduates are allowed to throw caps during degree congregations

14. How did the rental company Ede and Ravenscroft react to the injuries?

AThe company would stop producing mortarboards immediately.

BThough the injuries were not great, the company took them seriously.

CThe company has identified the victims and got ready to make up for them.

DConsidering those minor injuries, the company would make no response to them.

15. What is the correct order of the following statements about the development of the event?

a. The falling hats had caused some injuries.

b. The university made actions to defend its decision.

c. The rental company confirmed the potential risk of throwing hats.

d. Student newspaper reported the ban and someone put forward different opinions.

e. The University of Birmingham told their students not to throw their black caps in the air in celebration. [来

Aa, e, d, b, c

Ba, e, d, c, b

Ce, b, a, c, d

De, a, b, c, d

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

16.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项,并将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

In your life, whether intentionally or accidentally you may offend someone close to you. What you do about it will make the most difference. Learning how to say sorry in the right way will help you repair and keep the important relationships in your life.The best place to start is at the beginning. It is normal to be scared as you ask for forgiveness and say you are sorry. Make sure you get it right and practice in the mirror.  36  .  37   Don’t apologize if you don’t really feel sorry. More bad will come than good if you say you are sorry without any meaning. It may ruin any future attempts and apologies that are sincere.Make sure that you can admit wrong doing. Telling them that you are wrong helps them see that you know what you have done has offended them. 38   They may not want to know why, or if they do they will ask.Then find out how you can make it right with them.  39   Make sure that if you agree to make things right, do them completely without causing offence.Let them know that you will never do it again. Let your friend or whoever you offended know that you have no intention of repeating your mistake. This will help them know that they aren’t being taken advantage of.Ask them for forgiveness.  40   Being truly sorry means that you want to put the whole mess behind you and being forgiven means that it will never be mentioned again.Learning from past mistakes and offences can make the future of your relationship much brighter.

A. Apologize if you really mean it. 

B. Practice will help you calm down. 

C. Apology will make a big difference.

D. It may be physical, emotional or financial.

E. You may give them a reason for your action, but you don’t have to.

F. Forgive yourself since everyone makes mistakes.

G. But it is their choice whether they give it to you or not.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,并将试卷上的答案转写到答题卡上。

Scientists say we clean our teeththe wrong way. Researchers from UniversityCollege, London found that most of the advice thatdentists give us  1  (be) very different. They add that we havebeen cleaning our teeth the wrong way. The researchers looked at tooth-brushingadvice in dental textbooks, toothpaste   2   (instruct) and dental clinics. They found fivedifferent   (base) ways of tooth-brushing and decided allof   4   were incorrect. Most of the methods involve    (move) the toothbrush along the teeth, withthe brush moving round and round in small circular movements. The researcherssaid we should stop doing this and use a back-and-forth movement instead.

Aubrey Sheilam, lead author of thestudy and professor of dental public health, said: “The public needs to havesound information on the    (good) method   (brush) their teeth.” The research suggestsnot brushing teeth too much. More than twice a day damages the enamel on theteeth. The recommended time   8   brushing is no longer than three minutes eachtime. The research also says using too much pressure and brushing your teethtoo hard will also damage teeth. Researchers also advised not cleaning yourteeth immediately after eating. This is when acid is strongest in your mouth   9   this acid will damage teeth. A finalrecommendation was to clean the tongue too   10   it also has a lot of bacteria.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

Each Day a Masterpiece

I never thought I would move back home with my parents after my . Actually, all through my senior year, I told myself that moving from the big city of Los Angeles back into my childhood bedroom in the sleepy, small beach town I grew up was out of the question.

Thus, I for scholarship to travel abroad. I hours into my applications — revising essays, collecting letters of recommendations, researching programs and practicing . I made to the final rounds for two famous companies but eventually was not chosen by either. Weeks after graduation, I my belongings into my parents’ small car and moved back home, feeling like a failure.

One day, I suddenly a popular quote: “Make each day your masterpiece.” I realized that I didn’t have to live on my own in an exciting new city to make each day a masterpiece. , I changed my mind and began to see my time at home as a because I was able to spend a lot of time with my parents. I began to write for two hours every day. Establishing a writing helped me more easily change into the “writing groove(最佳状态)”. Some days, the words flowed . But other days, I spent the better part of my two writing hours out of the window and taking down some of my ideas. Eventually my pages of writing began

to up. I wrote articles, essays and short stories. I even started a novel!

I was not a — I never had been. My “success” doesn’t on what other people think or what my peers (同辈) are doing or what I feel like I “should” be doing. My life is a success when I am making each day my own masterpiece.

41.

Aadmission

Bapplication

Cgraduation

Dinterview

42.

Aamusing

Bexciting

Cpowerful

Dchallenging

43.

Athat

Bwhich

Cwhen

Dwhere

44.

Asearched

Bstood

Cfought

Dapplied

45.

Awasted

Bpoured

Ccost

Dspent

46.

Aassessments

Binstructions

Cinterviews

Dperformances

47.

Athis

Bthem

Cit

Dthat

48.

Apacked

Badjusted

Carranged

Dclassified

49.

Aconstant

Bcomplete

Ccomplex

Dcompetitive

50.

Acome around

Bcome into

Ccome down

Dcome across

51.

Ain

Bout

Cat

Daround

52.

AHowever

BTherefore

CInstead

DFurthermore

53.

Asurprise

Bcandy

Cburden

Dgift

54.

Aroutine

Bintention

Ccontent

Dtalent

55.

Ararely

Bmuch

Csmoothly

Dregularly

56.

Astaring

Bglaring

Cturning

Dcoming

57.

Apoems

Brhyme

Cstories

Dnotes

58.

Awake

Bbreak

Cadd

Dset

59.

Awriter

Bfailure

Csuccess

Dnovelist

60.

Atake

Bfix

Ccount

Dput

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

书面表达

你校英语报请你对本校中学生双休日活动情况做一份调查,请结合表格内容,用英语写一篇100词的左右调查分析报告,并就中学生应如何过双休日发表一下你的看法。

注意:1. 词数100词左右;2. 不要列出具体的数据,根据数据分析并得出结果;3. 开头语已为你写好。According to the result of our survey on how the students in our school spend their weekend, we can read the data as follows.

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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