2021年高考真题 英语 (全国甲卷)
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
分值: 6分


A Take a view, the Landscape(风景)Photographer of the Year Award, was the idea of Charlie Waite, one of today's most respected landscape photographers.Each year, the high standard of entries has shown that the Awards are the perfect platform to showcase the very best photography of the British landscape.Take a view is a desirable annual competition for photographers from all comers of the UK and beyond.

Mike Shepherd(2011)

Skiddaw in Winter

Cumbria England

It was an extremely cold winter's evening and freezing fog hung in the air. I climbed to the top of a small rise and realised that the mist was little more than a few feet deep, and though it was only a short climb, I found myself completely above it and looking at a wonderfully clear view of Skiddaw with the sum setting in the west. I used classical techniques, translated from my college days spent in the darkroom into Photoshop, to achieve the black—and—white image(图像).

Timothy Smith(2014)

Macclesfield Forest

Cheshire, England

I was back in my home town of Macclesfield to take some winter images. Walking up a path through the forest towards Shutlingsloe. a local high point, I came across a small clearing and immediately noticed the dead yellow grasses set against the fresh snow. The small pine added to the interest and I placed it centrally to take the view from the foreground right through into the forest.

1. Who would most probably enter for Take a view?





2. What do the works by Shepherd and Smith have in common?

AThey are winter images.

BThey are in black and white.

CThey show mountainous scenes.

DThey focus on snow—covered forests.

3. Where can the text be found?

AIn a history book.

BIn a novel.

CIn an art magazine.

DIn a biography.







分值: 8分


Port Lympne Reserve, which runs a breeding (繁育) programme, has welcomed the arrival of a rare black rhino calf (犀牛幼崽). When the tiny creature arrived on January 31, she became the 40th black rhino to be born at the reserve. And officials at Port Lympne were delighted with the new arrival, especially as black rhinos are known for being difficult to breed in captivity (圈养).

Paul Beer, head of rhino section at Port Lympne, said: “Obviously we're all absolutely delighted to welcome another calf to our black rhino family. She's healthy, strong and already eager to play and explore. Her mother, Solio, is a first-time mum and she is doing a fantastic job. It's still a little too cold for them to go out into the open, but as soon as the weather warms up, I have no doubt that the little one will be out and about exploring and playing every day.”

The adorable female calf is the second black rhino born this year at the reserve, but it is too early to tell if the calves will make good candidates to be returned to protected areas of the wild. The first rhino to be born at Port Lympne arrived on January 5 to first-time mother Kisima and weighed about 32kg. His mother, grandmother and great grandmother were all born at the reserve and still live there.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the global black rhino population has dropped as low as 5500, giving the rhinos a “critically endangered” status.

4. Which of the following best describes the breeding programme?





5. What does Paul Beer say about the new-born rhino?

AShe loves staying with her mother.

BShe dislikes outdoor activities.

CShe is in good condition

DShe is sensitive to heat.

6. What similar experience do Solio and Kisima have?

AThey had their first born in January.

BThey enjoyed exploring new places

CThey lived with their grandmothers.

DThey were brought to the reserve young

7. What can be inferred about Porn Lympne Reserve?

AThe rhino section will be open to the public.

BIt aims to control the number of the animals.

CIt will continue to work with the World Wildlife Fund.

DSome of its rhinos may be sent to the protected wild areas.









分值: 8分


When I was 9, we packed up our home in Los Angeles and arrived at Heathrow, London on a gray January morning. Everyone in the family settled quickly into the city except me. Without my beloved beaches and endless blue—sky days, I felt at a loss and out of place. Until I made a discovery.

Southbank, at an eastern bend in the Thames, is the center of British skateboarding, where the continuous crashing of skateboards left your head ringing .I loved it. I soon made friends with the local skaters. We spoke our own language. And my favorite: Safe. Safe meant cool. It meant hello. It meant don't worry about it. Once, when trying a certain trick on the beam(横杆), I fell onto the stones, damaging a nerve in my hand, and Toby came over, helping me up: Safe, man. Safe. A few minutes later, when I landed the trick, my friends beat their boards loud, shouting: “ Safe! Safe! Safe!” And that's what mattered—landing tricks, being a good skater.

When I was 15, my family moved to Washington. I tried skateboarding there, but the locals were far less welcoming. Within a couple of years, I'd given it up.

When I returned to London in 2004, I found myself wandering down to Southbank, spending hours there. I've traveled back several times since, most recently this past spring. The day was cold but clear: tourists and Londoners stopped to watch the skaters. Weaving(穿梭)among the kids who rushed by on their boards, I found my way to the beam. Then a rail—thin teenager, in a baggy white T—shirt, skidded(滑)up to the beam. He sat next to me. He seemed not to notice the man next to him. But soon I caught a few of his glances. “I was a local here 20 years ago,” I told him. Then, slowly, he began to nod his head. “Safe, man. Safe.” “Yeah,” I said. “Safe.”

8. What can we learn about the author soon after he moved to London?

AHe felt disappointed.

BHe gave up his hobby.

CHe liked the weather there.

DHe had disagreements with his family.

9. What do the underlined words “Safe! Safe! Safe!” probably mean?

ABe careful!

BWell done!

CNo way!

DDon't worry!

10. Why did the author like to spend time in Southbank when he returned to London?

ATo join the skateboarding.

BTo make new friends.

CTo learn more tricks.

DTo relive his childhood days

11. What message does the author seem to convey in the text?

AChildren should learn a second language.

BSport is necessary for children's health.

CChildren need a sense of belonging

DSeeing the world is a must for children.









分值: 8分


Who is a genius? This question has greatly interested humankind for centuries.

Let's state clearly: Einstein was a genius. His face is almost the international symbol for genius. But we want to go beyond one man and explore the nature of genius itself. Why is it that some people are so much more intelligent or creative than the rest of us? And who are they?

In the sciences and arts, those praised as geniuses were most often white men, of European origin. Perhaps this is not a surprise. It's said that history is written by the victors, and those victors set the standards for admission to the genius club. When contributions were made by geniuses outside the club—women, or people of a different color or belief—they were unacknowledged and rejected by others.

A study recently published by Science found that as young as age six, girls are less likely than boys to say that members of their gender(性别)are “really, really smart.” Even worse, the study found that girls act on that belief: Around age six they start to avoid activities said to be for children who are “really, really smart.” Can our planet afford to have any great thinkers become discouraged and give up? It doesn't take a genius to know the answer: absolutely not.

Here's the good news. In a wired world with constant global communication, we're all positioned to see flashes of genius wherever they appear. And the more we look, the more we will see that social factors(因素)like gender, race, and class do not determine the appearance of genius. As a writer says, future geniuses come from those with “intelligence, creativity, perseverance(毅力), and simple good fortune, who are able to change the world.”

12. What does the author think of victors' standards for joining the genius club?

AThey're unfair.

BThey're conservative.

CThey're objective.

DThey're strict.

13. What can we infer about girls from the study in Science?

AThey think themselves smart.

BThey look up to great thinkers.

CThey see gender differences earlier than boys.

DThey are likely to be influenced by social beliefs

14. Why are more geniuses known to the public?

AImproved global communication.

BLess discrimination against women.

CAcceptance of victors' concepts.

DChanges in people's social positions.

15. What is the best title for the text?

AGeniuses Think Alike

BGenius Takes Many Forms

CGenius and Intelligence

DGenius and Luck









分值: 10分

根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项 选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Swap, Don’t shop!

You keep hearing about recycling, right? But it doesn't end with bottles, cans, and paper. Clothing takes a huge amount of natural resources(资源)to make, and buying loads of new clothing(or throwing out old clothing)is not healthy for the environment. So what to do with all those perfectly-good-but-you're-maybe-a-little-sick-of-them clothes piled on your bedroom floor? ____16____. It's the best way to get rid of your used clothes, score clothes from your friends, and have a party all at the same time.

A successful swap depends on the selection of clothes, the organization of the event, and, obviously, how much fun is had. It's really easy to do! Here are a few pointers.

●Invite 5—10 people so you have a nice selection. ____17____ , and there may not be enough things to choose from; more than that, and it becomes uncontrollable.

●____18____. They should also prepare plenty of reusable bags to carry their "new" clothes home.

●Put different types of clothing on different surfaces in the room.____19____. Place a few mirrors around your room so people can see how things look when they try them on. One of the ground rules of the swap should be that everyone must try on the clothes before they take them—things always look different when you put them on.

●Set a starting time. Maybe you say “go,” or turn on a certain song, or whatever. ____20____. And don't forget to put out some cookies and fruits. Remember, it's a party!

A. Less people than that

B. Hold a clothing swap

C. If two people are competing

D. Just keep music playing throughout

E. Donate whatever clothes are left over

F. Have everyone put their clothes in the right spots

G. Tell everyone to bring clean clothes in good condition


16. B    17. A    18. G    19. F    20. D




根据上文“So what to do with all those perfectly- good-but-you 're- maybe-little-sick-of-them clothes piled on your bedroom floor?(那么,该如何处理那些堆在卧室地板上的(看起来)完好但你可能有点厌倦的衣服呢?)”提出关于如何解决旧衣物的问题。下文“It's the best way to get rid of your used clothes, score clothes from your friends, and have a party all at the same time.(这是扔掉旧衣服、从朋友那里买衣服、同时开派对的最好方法。)”提到了具体处理旧衣物的方法。所以空白处应起承上启下的作用,承接上文讲到的问题,启下提出的方法。因而空白处是提出了一种处理旧衣物的好方法。B项“Hold a clothing swap.(进行衣物交换。)”给出了一种处理旧衣物的方法,承上启下,符合语境。故选B项。


根据上文“Invite 5-10 people so you have a nice selection.”(邀请5到10个人,这样你就有一个很好的选择。)说明了应该邀请的人数。下文“and there may not be enough things to choose from; more than that, and it becomes uncontrollable.”(可能没有足够的东西可供选择;多于这个数量,它就变得无法控制。)说明多于或少于一定数量的人数将会导致一些麻烦。所以空白处应是针对下文中的“more than that”提出的相反的假设,即少于一定数量的人。A项“Less people than that”(少于这些人)提出一种假设,和下文中“more than that”相对,说明人数不宜太多,也不能太少,符合语境。故选A项。


根据下文“They should also prepare plenty of reusable bags to carry their “new” clothes home.”(他们还应该准备大量的可重复使用的袋子,把他们的“新”衣服带回家。)说明去的时候应该为交换所得的“新衣服”准备袋子。G项“Tell everyone to bring clean clothes in good condition.”(告诉每个人带来品相完好的衣服。)说明去参加衣物交换的时候应该带完好的衣服,其中的bring和下文中carry相对,都是为交换衣物所做的准备。下文中的also也是提示词,并且其中They指代G项的everyone。所以G项符合语境。故选G项。


根据上文“Put different types of clothing on different surfaces in the room.”(把不同类型的衣服放在房间的不同地方。)指出衣服应该归类放置。下文“Place a few mirrors around your room so people can see how things look when they try them on.”(在房间周围放几面镜子,这样人们试穿时就能看到衣服的样子。)提到了放置镜子的意义。由此可见,本段讲述的是房间里的一些具体的做法,所以空白处一样要提出人们在房间里要做什么。F项“Have everyone put their clothes in the right spots.(让每个人的衣服都放在相应的位置上。)”说明每个人应该按照不同类型把衣服摆放在相应的位置,符合语境。故选F项。


上文“Set a starting time. Maybe you say “go,” or turn on a certain song, or whatever.”(设置开始时间。也许你说“开始”,或者打开一首歌,或者无论什么。)打开音乐或者无论什么,意味聚会开始。下文“And don't forget to put out some cookies and fruits. Remember, it's a party!”(别忘了拿出一些饼干和水果。记住,这是个派对!)讲到了聚会上应该提供一些派对该有的服务。因而,空白处应是承接上文,讲述聚会期间要保持应有的内容。D项“Just keep music playing throughout.”(要始终播放音乐。)承上启下,说明在派对上要有音乐,与前文形成意义上的一致,符合题意,故选D项。

分值: 30分


It's the seaside birds that deserve at least part of the blame for getting Nick Burchill blacklisted at the Fairmont Empress Hotel in Victoria, Canada.

Burchill was ___21___ at the hotel on business and planning to ___22___ some friends in the area. They had asked him to ___23___ some pepperoni (辣香肠) from back east. So he ___24___ a suitcase full of pepperoni. As he was ___25___ that it would be too warm, he ___26___ it out on the table near an open window. He thought his pepperoni was ___27___ and well chilled (冷却) and he ___28___ .

That's when things went ____29____ “I remember walking down the long ____30____ and opening the door to my room to find an entire flock of seagulls,” Burchill said in a recent letter of ____31____ to the 4-star hotel. "The seagulls immediately went ____32____ . They rushed to the window, 30 or 40 birds all trying to ____33____ at the same time, and pepperoni—everywhere. The curtains were falling down, the lamps were falling down, It was a real ____34____ .

Older and wiser now, Burchill chalked up the incident to youthful indiscretion (莽撞).

“I have ____35____ and I admit responsibility of my ____36____,” he said in the letter. “I come to you, ____37____ , to apologize for the-damage I had ____38____ caused and to ask you to ____39____ my lifetime ban from the hotel.”

His letter ____40____ . Banned from the hotel since 2001.Burchill is now welcome to come back, the Fairmont said.

21. A. studyingB. stayingC. lookingD. packing

22. A. visitB. helpC. followD. make

23. A. sellB. haveC. bringD. taste

24. A. filledB. lockedC. abandonedD. lost

25. A. surprisedB. pleasedC. excitedD. worried

26. A. dugB. clearedC. cuD. laid

27. A. deliciousB. safeC. softD. ready

28. A. leftB. noddedC. waitedD. regretted

29. A. farB. funnyC. wrongD. blind

30. A. beachB. drivewayC. hallD. table

31. A. applicationB. apologyC. requestD. invitation

32. A. hungryB. deadC. missingD. wild

33. A. wake upB. get outC. take offD. break in

34. A. messB. puzzleC. fightD. challenge

35. A. recoveredB. retiredC. escapedD. matured

36. A. sufferingB. plansC. madnessD. actions

37. A. hands in pocketB. nose in the airC. hat in handD. feet on the ground

38. A. indirectlyB. deliberatelyC. cautiouslyD. secretly

39. A. replaceB. rememberC. reconsiderD. renew

40. A. arrivedB. workedC. endedD. disappeared


21. D    22. A    23. C    24. A    25. D    26. D    27. B    28. A    29. C    30. C    31. B    32. D    33. B    34. A    35. D    36. D    37. C    38. A    39. C    40. B

分值: 15分


The Xi'an City Wall is the most complete city wall that has survived China's long history. It ___41___ (build) originally to protect the city ___42___ the Tang dynasty and has now been completely restored (修复). It is possible  ___43___ (walk) or bike the entire 14 kilometers.

We accessed the wall through the South Gate. The wall is 12 meters high and from here you can see streams of people moving inside and outside the City Wall.

After ___44___ (spend) some time looking at all the defensive equipment at the wall, we decided it was time for some action and what ___45___ (good) than to ride on a piece of history!

We ___46___ (hire) our bikes from the rental place at the South Gate. My bike was old and shaky ___47___ did the job. It took us about 3 hours to go all ___48___ way around the Xi'an City Wall. Supposedly you can do it in two hours, but we stopped at the different gates and ___49___ (watchtower) to fake pictures or just to watch the local people going about their ____50____ (day) routines.


41. was built   42. in    43. to walk    44. spending    45. better    46. hired    

47. but    48. the    49. watchtowers   50. daily

分值: 10分

第一节  短文改错







Last week our teacher asked us to fill in a questionnaire. One of the questions are:Who will you go in times of trouble? Here are the results. Many students say they will talk to their friend or classmates because they're of the same age and can understand each other. Some will turn out to their parents or teachers for help. Only a little choose to deal with the problems on our own. Their answers also show that they dislike talk to others. They kept very much to themselves. In my opinion, where in trouble, we should seek help from those we trust mostly.












书面表达 本大题共25分。
分值: 25分

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)






1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。



Dear Chris,

Word came that our school is going to hold a class meeting whose topic is related to Chinese traditional customs. Because this activity will be presented on the English website, I sincerely want you to offer me some advice.

As far as we know, there is a huge cultural difference between China and the western countries. In order to get more clicks, you’d better tell me which Chinese culture you westerners prefer. What’s more, if I want to decorate my website with some Chinese elements, what should I do? Knowing you are interested in China, I do believe you can help me solve these puzzles.

If possible, you can reply to me as soon as possible. I will take your advice into consideration. I really appreciate your help.


Li Hua

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