• 2015年高考真题 英语 (北京卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

21. _____the early flight,we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early.

ACatching

BCaught

CTo catch

DCatch

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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22. —Did you enjoy the party?

—Yes.We _____well by our hosts.

Awere treated

Bwould be treated

Ctreated

Dhad treated

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23. The park was full of people____themselves in the sunshine

Ahaving enjoyed

Benjoyed

Cenjoying

Dto enjoy

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24. Opposite is St.Paul’s Church, _____you can hear some lovely music.

Awhich

Bthat

Cwhen

Dwhere

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25. He is a shy man, _____he is not afraid of anything or anyone.

Aso

Bbut

Cor

Das

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28. You won’t find paper cutting difficult _____you keep practicing it.

Aeven though

Bas long as

C.as if

Dever since

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27. —Did you have difficulty finding Ann’s house?

—Not really.She_____us clear directions and we were able to find it easily.

Awas to give

Bhad given

Cwas giving

Dwould give

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26. In the last few years,China_____great achievements in environmental protection.

Ahas made

Bhad made

Cwas making

Dis making

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29. —Can’t you stay a little longer?

—It’s getting late. I really _____go now, My daughter is home alone.

Amay

BB .can

CC . must

DD .dare

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30. —Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment.

—All right. I____ him later.

Awill call

Bhave called

Ccall

Dwill be calling

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33. I truly believe ______beauty comes from within.

Athat

Bwhere

Cwhat

Dwhy

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32. _____the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover.

AUntil

BUnless

COnce

DAlthough

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31. If ___for the job, you’ll be informed soon.

Ato accept

Baccept

Caccepting

Daccepted

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34. If I _____it with my own eyes ,I wouldn’t have believed it.

Adidn’t see

Bweren’t seeing

CWouldn’t see

Dhadn’t seen

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35. _____we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.

AWhere

BHow

CWhy

DWhen

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
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阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项涂黑。

A Welcome Gift

Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them 36 side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud 37 filled the room and made them feel very happy.

The next morning, 38 , their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a 39 under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 40 people and he couldn’t imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their 41 and apologize for their playing.

“Maybe we could go and 42 everyone in person.” his mother said.

“What if we invited them to come here for a 43 instead? Dario asked.

They both loved the 44 . Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared desserts 45 their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party lights.

Finally, the day of the party 46 . Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to 47 . One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, 48 Dario’s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

“I heard you playing the other night,” she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed. I 49 that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.”

Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. “I think maybe we 50 you an apology.” she said. “I didn’t 51 how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night.

“You play, you play!” Mrs. Gilbert said. “I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such 52 music.”

“These songs are beautiful music.” Dario’s mother said. “We will be 53 to play them in the evening.”

“And we won’t play so loud or late!” Dario said. He was already looking forward to 54 the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face. It gave him a feeling of 55 and made him feel that they were home at last.

36.

Asat

Bstood

Clay

Dwalked

37.

Avoice

Bring

Cmusic

Dcry

38.

Atherefore

Bhowever

Cotherwise

Dinstead

39.

Anote

Bposter

Cbill

Dreport

40.

Aproud

Brich

Clucky

Dnice

41.

Aneighbors

Bfriends

Crelatives

Daudience

42.

Ablame

Binstruct

Cquestion

Dvisit

43.

Aparty

Bconcert

Cshow

Dplay

44.

Aexperience

Bidea

Cperformance

Daction

45.

Ato

Bwith

Cfor

Dfrom

46.

Acontinued

Barrived

Cpassed

Dfinished

47.

Aorder

Bsell

Cshare

Dadvertise

48.

Atreated

Bpresented

Chelped

Dserved

49.

Apromised

Badmitted

Cagreed

Dworried

50.

Agive

Bsend

Coffer

Dowe

51.

Arealize

Bremember

Cunderstand

Daccept

52.

Asweet

Bstrange

Cfunny

Dloud

53.

Abrave

Bsorry

Chappy

Dafraid

54.

Achanging

Bpracticing

Crecording

Dwriting

55.

Aequality

Bfreedom

Cwarmth

Dsympathy

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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C

Life in the Clear

Transparent animals let light pass through their bodies the same way light passes through a window. These animals typically live between the surface of the ocean and a depth of about 3,300 feet—as far as most light can reach. Most of them are extremely delicate and can be damaged by a simple touch. Sonke Johnsen, a scientist in biology, says, “These animals live through their life alone. They never touch anything unless they’re eating it, or unless something is eating them.”

And they are as clear as glass. How does an animal become see-through? It’s trickier than you might think.

The objects around you are visible because they interact with light. Light typically travels in a straight line. But some materials slow and scatter(散射) light, bouncing it away from its original path. Others absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks. Both scattering and absorption make an object look different from other objects around it, so you can see it easily.

But a transparent object doesn’t absorb or scatter light, at least not very much, Light can pass through it without bending or stopping. That means a transparent object doesn’t look very different from the surrounding air or water. You don’t see it ----you see the things behind it.

To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light. Living materials can stop light because they contain pigments(色素) that absorb specific colors of light. But a transparent animal doesn’t have pigments, so its tissues won’t absorb light. According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy. The real challenge is preventing light from scattering.

Animals are built of many different materials----skin, fat, and more----and light moves through each at a different speed. Every time light moves into a material with a new speed, it bends and scatters. Transparent animals use different tricks to fight scattering. Some animals are simply very small or extremely flat. Without much tissue to scatter light, it is easier to be see—through. Others build a large, clear mass of non-living jelly-lie(果冻状的)material and spread themselves over it .

Larger transparent animals have the biggest challenge, because they have to make all the different tissues in their bodies slow down light exactly as much as water does. They need to look uniform. But how they’re doing it is still unknown. One thing is clear for these larger animals, staying transparent is an active process. When they die, they turn a non-transparent milky white.

63. According to Paragraph 1, transparent animals_______.

Astay in groups

Bcan be easily damaged

Cappear only in deep ocean

Dare beautiful creatures

64. The underlined word “dead” in Paragraph 3 means__________.

Asilently

Bgradually

Cregularly

Dcompletely

65. One way for an animal to become transparent is to ________.

Achange the direction of light travel

Bgather materials to scatter light.

Cavoid the absorption of light

Dgrow bigger to stop light.

66. The last paragraph tells us that larger transparent animals________.

Amove more slowly in deep water

Bstay see-through even after death

Cproduce more tissues for their survival

Dtake effective action to reduce light spreading

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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B

Revolutionary TV Ears

TV Ears has helped thousands of people with various degrees of hearing loss hear the television clearly without turning up the volume(音量) and now it’s better and more affordable than ever! With TV Ears wireless technology, you set your own headset volume, while other TV listeners hear the television at a volume level that’s comfortable for them. You can even listen through the headset only and put the TV on mute(静音) if the situation calls for a quiet environment —maybe the baby is sleeping. Or perhaps you are the only one who is interested in listening to the ballgame.

TV Ears patented technology includes

a revolutionary noise reduction car tip, not used in any other commercially available headset. This tip reduces outside noise so that television dialogue is clear and understandable. Get the technology that has proven to help the most demanding customers. That’s why TV Ears has earned the trust and confidence of audiologists(听觉学家) nationwide as well as world-famous doctors.

Doctor Recommended TV Ears!

“My wife and I have used TV Ears almost daily for the past two years and find them a great help in our enjoyment of television . As a retired ear doctor, I heartily recommend TV Ears to people with normal hearing as well as those with hearing loss.”

— Robert Forbes, M. D, CA

Customer Recommended TV Ears!

“ Now my husband can have the volume as loud as he needs and I can have the TV at my hearing level. TV Ears is so comfortable that Jack forgets he has them on ! He can once again hear and understand the dialogue.”

— Darlene & Jack B, CA

Risk Free Trial! TV Ears comes with a 30-day risk free trial.

Special Offer — Now $59.95.

If you’re not satisfied, return it.

Money-back guarantee!

Call now ! 800-123-7832

60. TV Ears helps you ______.

Aimprove your sleeping quality.

Blisten to TV without disturbing others.

Cchange TV channels without difficulty.

Dbecome interested in ballgame programs.

61. What makes TV Ears different from other headsets?

AIt can easily set TV on mute.

BIts headset volume is adjustable.

CIt has a new noise reduction ear tip.

DIt applies special wireless technology.

62.This advertisement is made more believable by ______.

Ausing recommendations

Boffering reasons for this invention

Cproviding statistics

Dshowing the results of experiments

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

阅读下列短文:从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,将正确的选项涂在答题卡上。

A

The Boy Made It!

One Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area. Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn’t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute.

Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic. He thought about all the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use.

He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter form the freezing wind and snow. If he didn’t, his body temperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him.Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piled branches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he

could.

By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn’t lose too much water. Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholas did the only thing he could — he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept.

The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn’t find anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave,because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday,Nicholas went out again to find help. He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in the snow, Nicholas was saved.

Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV. He had often watched Grylls’ survival show Man vs. Wild.That’s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode(一期节目) of Man vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and

has to find his way out.

When Grylls heard about Nicholas’ amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.

56. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon?

AHe got lost.

BHe broke his skis.

CHe hurt his eyes.

DHe caught a cold.

57. How did Nicholas keep himself warm?

AHe found a shelter.

BHe lighted some branches.

CHe kept on skiing.

DHe built a snow cave.

58. On Tuesday, Nicholas ______.

Areturned to his shelter safely.

Bwas saved by a searcher.

Cgot stuck in the snow.

Dstayed where he was.

59. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he ______.

Adid the right things in the dangerous situation.

Bwatched Grylls’ TV program regularly.

Ccreated some tips for survival.

Dwas very hard-working.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better. However, social changes are brought about by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes.

An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives of their children who are attending college. Surveys (调查) on this topic suggests that parents today continue to be “very” or “somewhat”overly-protective even after their children move into college

dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a generation ago. This is usually interpreted as a sign that today’s parents are trying to manage their children’s lives past the point where this behavior is

appropriate.

However, greater parental involvement does not necessarily indicate that parents are failing to let go of their “adult” children.

In the context (背景) of this discussion, it seems valuable to first find out the cause of change in the case of parents’ involvement with their grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children frequently, would this

have been possible? Probably not. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the urge to do so wasn’t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents—today’s grandparents—would have called their

children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not been a barrier.

Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequent subject of communication between parents and their college children. The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to be sent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is a fact of college life, today and in the past.

Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age of bettered communication. This has many implications well beyond the role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children who have left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all such changes come from the technology and not some imagined desire by parents to keep their children under their wings.

67. The surveys inform us of______.

Athe development of technology

Bthe changes of adult children’s behavior

Cthe parents’ over-protection of their college children

Dthe means and expenses of students’ communication

68. The writer believes that__________.

Aparents today are more protective than those in the past

Bthe disadvantages of new technology outweigh its advantages

Ctechnology explains greater involvement with their children

Dparents’ changed attitudes lead to college children’s delayed independence

69. What is the best title for the passage?

ATechnology or Attitude

BDependence or Independence

CFamily Influences or Social Changes

DCollege Management or Communication Advancement

70. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?

A

B

C

D

I:Introduction O:Point Sp:Sub-point(次要点) C:Conclusion

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。

This Way to Dreamland

Daydreaming means people think about something pleasant, especially when this makes them forget what they should be doing. Daydreamers have a bad reputation for being unaware of what’s happening around them. They can seem forgetful and clumsy._71__They annoy us because they seem to be ignoring us and missing the important things.

But daydreamers are also responsible for some of the greatest ideas and achievements in human history. __72__ Can you imagine what kind of world we would have without such ideas and inventions?

So how can you come up with brilliant daydreams and avoid falling over tree roots or otherwise looking like a fool?

First, understand that some opportunities(机会) for daydreaming are better than others. Feeling safe and relaxed will help you to slip into daydreams.__73_ And if you want to improve your chances of having a creative idea while you’re daydreaming, try to do it while you are involved in another task—preferably something simple, like taking a shower or walking, or even making meaningless drawings.

It’s also important to know how to avoid daydreams for those times when you really need to concentrate. “Mindfulness”, being focused, is a tool that some people use to avoid falling asleep.__74__

Finally, you never know what wonderful idea might strike while your mind has moved slowly away.____75_

Always remember that your best ideas might come when your head is actually in the clouds.

A. Having interesting things to think about also helps.

B. They stare off into space and wander by themselves.

C. Without wandering minds, we wouldn’t have relatively, Coke or Post-it notes.

D. At one time, daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses.

E. It involves slow, steady breathing for self-control that helps people stay calm and attentive.

F. Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand.

G. Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep a notebook or voice recorder nearby when you’re in the daydream zone.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共15分。
1

76.假如你是红星中学高三李华,请给你的美国朋友Jim写一封信,告诉他你打算参加龙舟训练营,希望他一起参加,邮件的内容包括:1. 介绍训练营的相关内容(例如;时间,地点,参加者等);2. 说明你打算参加的原因;3. 询问对方的意向。

注意: 1. 词数不少于50; 2. 开头和结尾已给出, 不计入总词数。

提示词:龙舟训练营 Dragon Boat Training Camp

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共20分。
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77.假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍在“传统文化进校园”活动中,向面人艺术家学习捏面人的过程,并以“A Day with a Craftsman”为题,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件。

注意: 词数不少于 60。

提示词: 一个面团 a piece of dough 面人 dough figurine

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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