• 英语 郑州市2017年高三上学期期末考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共55分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

How to save money to visit Shanghai Disneyland?

The “happiest place on earth” is a top destination on many families’ bucket lists. But taking a vacation to Disney World can be difficult to do on a budget. There are some considerations that you can make to reduce the cost of your Disney World vacation.

1. Buy Souvenirs in Advance  

Disneyhas influenced practically every industry, which makes it easy to find Disneyitems anywhere, from Walmart, Target, and your local grocery store todepartment stores and Amazon. You can save a lot of money by purchasing itemsbefore your trip at these less-expensive places than at Disneyland.

2.Make an Autograph Book

An autograph book is seen as a must-have bymany Disneyland enthusiasts and is a memory you can take home with you. Thesebooks can cost anywhere from $7.95 to $19.95 at the Disney Store and up to $30for the latest-and-greatest autograph book at Disneyland, such as the park’s60th anniversary edition. Other choices can get the job done for under $5. Forexample, you can buy a small photo album, cute pads or notebooks.

3.Eat Breakfast Before You Arrive

Breakfastis almost as pricey as lunch or dinner if you eat inside the Disneyland parks.If you have a hotel with a free breakfast, take advantage of it. If you want toeat out, eat at a local restaurant that is inexpensive or has a kids’menu, such as McDonald’s which is close to the park.

4.Take Advantage of Discounts Offered to Special Groups

Disney offers a wide variety of discounts,including for military service members, college students, teachers, and youthgroups. If you think you might qualify for a special discount or group rate,call the Disneyland Resort to book tickets. 

21. It may take you more money to buy souvenirs at_____.

ADisneyland

BDepartment stores

CWalmart

DAmazon

22. How much do you pay for the park’s 60th anniversary edition?

A$7.95

B$19.95

C$5

D$30

23. What is one piece of the author'’s advice on breakfast?

AYou had better eat at Disneyland.

BYou can eat at a local restaurant.

CYou should prepare it well at home .

DYou can ask the hotel to supply it for free.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

While astronauts in space get to do many exciting things, they miss out on ordinary things that we all take for granted—being able to walk on firm ground, hanging out with family and digging into a slice of hot steaming pizza. Though not much can be done about the first two things, there may soon be a solution to the third one, thanks to this cool 3-D pizza printer!

About a year ago, NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor, a 3-D technology expert, to build a device that would allow astronauts to make pizza on demand. The mechanical engineer promised that his invention would produce pies in large quantities that looked, tasted and even smelled like pizza made in common ovens.

Late last year, the engineer presented a video of his first prototype(原型)that begins by creating a single slice of dough(面团)that is cooked and printed at the same time. Then comes the tomato “sauce”—a mix of tomato powder, oil and water and finally, a protein slice that looks like cheese. While the video doesn’t show the baking process, the inventor says that once the pizza is printed, it can be ready to be consumed in 7 seconds.

While the pie in the video looks delicious enough to attract any pizza lover, Anjan Contractor is far from ready for astronauts. That’s because he still has to find a solution to make the food container in the printer last for 30 years. Though that may sound unrealistic, actually it is not. Anjan Contractor believes that the only way that is possible is that the water is removed from all the ingredients and then they are reduced to the powder form. This, as you can imagine, will not be so easy. But, while the printer may not be ready for space, it certainly looks ready enough for people on earth. Hopefully, NASA and Contractor will consider selling it to those not fortunate enough to go to Mars!

24. Why does the author mention the things that astronauts in space cannot do?

ATo ask us not to take common things for granted.

BTo show they live a difficult life there.

CTo show their life is boring in space.

DTo introduce the topic of the text.

25. NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor mainly to ________.

Acreate some new type of 3-D printer

Battract more companies to work for NASA

Chelp astronauts in space enjoy fresh pizza one day

Dproduce pizza in large quantities to earn great profits

26. The biggest challenge that Anjan Contractor is faced with now is probably that ________.

Ahe has no money left to go on with his research

Bthe pizza doesn’'t seem appetizing to pizza lovers

Che has no way to make pizza that can last for thirty years

Dhe cannot make the food container last for decades

27. What's the best title of the passage?

ANASA is trying its best to help astronauts eat better

BAstronauts may soon be able to enjoy steaming hot pizza

CNASA is working on making pizza for common people

DA 3-D pizza printer has been used to make pizza

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

For thousands of years, people thought of glass as something beautiful to look at. Only recently have they come to think of it as something to look through. Stores display their goods in large glass windows. Glass bottles and jars that hold food and drink allow us to see the contents. Glass is used to make eyeglasses, microscopes, telescopes, and many other extremely useful and necessary objects.

Until the Second World War, most of the glass used for optical(光学的)instruments was imported from Europe. However, during the war Americans could not get European glass, and they were forced to make their own. Therefore, new kinds of glasses were developed that had been previously unknown. These new effects were achieved by mixing other chemical elements with the sand. Some of these new glasses are very strong and can resist many kinds of shocks. Legend has it that a very hard glass was invented by a Roman who showed his discovery to the Emperor. When the Emperor saw the glass he feared that it would become more valuable than gold and sliver, making his treasure worthless. Therefore, he had the glassmaker killed, and the secret was not discovered again for hundreds of years.

In the present century, safety glass was invented for use in modern cars and planes. Safety glass is made by placing a layer of plastic between two layers of plate glass. When the outside layer of glass is broken, the pieces do not scatter(散开)and injure people. Some glass of the type is strong enough to resist bullets(子弹).

Although nowadays plastics have replaced glass under conditions where glass might be easily broken, there are new uses being developed, for the greatest advantage of glass is that its component(组成的)parts are inexpensive and can be found all over the world.

28. As time goes by, glass ________.

Ais regarded as transparent

Bis used to make things look pleasant

Cis seen as more than decoration

Dis widely used to replace steel in making containers

29. Why did Americans make their own glass during the Second World War?

AThe war blocked the way of glass import.

BThe glass made in Europe was out of date.

CThey refused to use the European glass.

DThey were able to make a new kind of glass.

30. Why does the author tell us the legend?

ATo prove the Roman was the first inventor of hard glass.

BTo support the Americans were as clever as the Romans.

CTo give some information about hard glass.

DTo provide a historical event concerned with hard glass.

31. Why are new uses of glass being developed?

ABecause glass is not as safe as plastics.

BBecause glass is cheap and easily obtainable.

CBecause glass is not as strong and durable as plastics.

DBecause glass is more and more widely used.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

The Hawaiian people did not celebrate Christmas before the arrival of Captain Cook in 1778. It was, however, the protestant missionaries(传教士)from New England who first arrived in 1820 that first introduced Christmas to the Hawaiian people.

The missionaries reduced the Hawaiian language to written form, enabling the Hawaiian people to read and write in their own language. Many words for which there were no clear Hawaiian language equivalents(对应词)were translated phonetically.

Let’s look at some key phrases that you may hear in Hawaii during the Christmas and New Year’s Day holiday season.

•Mele Kalikimaka — Merry Christmas. The words “Mele Kalikimaka” are a phonetic translation. When the missionaries and other Westerners first brought the custom of Christmas to the islands, the Hawaiians had difficulty pronouncing “Merry Christmas” and turned it into words that rolled more easily off their tongues.

•Hau’oli Makahiki Hou — Happy New Year. The western Christmas and New Year fell during this same time of the year when the Hawaiians traditionally honored the earth for giving them plenty to eat. This period of resting and feasting was called Makahiki (mahkahHEEkee). It lasted for 4 months, and no wars or conflicts were allowed during this time. Because makahiki also means “year”, the Hawaiian phrase for “Happy New Year” became “Hau’oli (happy) Makahiki (year) Hou (new)”.

•Mele Kalikimaka me ka Hau’oli Makahiki Hou — Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

•Mahalo Nui Loa — Thank you very much. When you receive a nice gift or are treated to a special meal or beautiful song, you'll want to express your appreciation for the kindness.

32. What can we infer from the first two paragraphs?

AThe Hawaiian people had no written language before 1820.

BChristmas celebration became popular in Hawaii in 1778.

CCaptain Cook had the greatest influence on the Hawaiian people.

DThe missionaries forced the Hawaiian people to change their language.

33. The underlined word “phonetically” in Paragraph 2 probably means “________”.

Aby meaning

Bby sound

Cby appearance

Dby form

34. Makahiki is a traditional time for the Hawaiian people to ________.

Acelebrate the New Year

Bshow thanks to God

Cshow thanks to the earth

Dgo for holidays

35. What is the text mainly about?

AHow the Hawaiian people celebrate their holidays.

BThe development of the Hawaiian language.

CHow Christmas was brought to the Hawaiian people.

DSome phrases used in Hawaii during festivals.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

M: Hello! Today we have the actress Jennifer Lawrence on our show!

W: Hi, Matt!

M: So, tell us about some of 61 _ (you) acting experiences.

W: Well, I tried out for the lead role in the Twilight movies in 2007, but I 62 _ (lose) out to Kristen Stewart. Its funny, but were 63 _ (actual) friends now! The first movie I was in 64 _ (call) Garden Party but I only had a small part. But afterwards I had a bigger role in a movie named The Burning Plain. It was 65 _ (excite), because I got to act 66 _ the famous actor Charlie Theron, 67 _ is someone I admire. And I was lucky 68 _ (win) an acting award for that movie at the 2008 Venice Film Festival. But it was in the film Winter’s Bone 69 _ I had the chance to have a lead role. I felt a lot of 70 _ (press), but the director Debra Granik helped me to relax. After that, I got offer to do The Hunger Games films.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

71.While taking a walk with my pet dog this morning, I found the middle-aged man nearby was shouting on his phone. Obvious, he had a bad day.Before he left, I noticed his keys on the ground. So I immediately picked up and ran away to find the man. Several minutes later, I found him, whom was still shouting on his phone beside his car. I walked to him and asked if he could hold on a little seconds. At first, he was angry about my interrupt. Then I showed to his keys and explained the whole thing. On heard my words, he immediately hang up his phone and apologized for his rudeness.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

How can we create the positive change in the world? With many competing needs, it can seem overwhelming(势不可挡的)to decide where to put our energies.   36 _

Spread Peace in Small Ways

Sometimes just a smile can bring peace to someone.   37 _   Staying out of the gossip at work, not reacting to the mean driver behind me on the way home, listening to someone who needs to talk, doing what I can to help those around me. I also think that teaching my son by example to be tolerant of others’ beliefs and practices is very important, I may not be able to bring peace to the whole world but I can work on bringing peace to my little corner of it.

38 

TodayI was able to help educate a group of caregivers for the elderly and thank themfor their service to seniors. I think that they may feel unappreciated becausethey are overworked and underpaid. I thanked them for their passion and hopedthat getting this positive message would help them with their dailyresponsibilities. They have lost so much, yet experienced so much, and deserveto have some compassion(同情)in their lives as they deal with what theyhave to deal with now, on a daily basis.

Prevent Accidents

39 

Youmay prevent someone from falling over it and prevent injury!

Make Friends around the World

Peace and love are both connected. I have a friend inanother country, and she is really a blessing to me. Every time I’m in trouble, she always lends me a hand. 40 Somaybe we need to love all nationalities, countries. 

ARemoveany obstacle(障碍物)you find on the path or in the road.

B A friend in need is a friend indeed.

CI feel like we are closefriends.

D Help seniors and their caregivers. 

EYourexperience creates all kinds of different energies. 

FHere are some suggestions. 

GI believe the little things matter.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共19小题,每小题 1.58分,共30分。
1

Have you ever really had a   41 _   ? One who saw you as a raw but   42 _   thing, a jewel that could be   43 _   to a proud shine? If you are lucky enough to find such teachers, you will always find your way.

My old professor’s death   44 _   came in 1994. Doctors guessed he had two years left. Morris knew it was   45 _   . Do I droop and disappear, or do I make the best of my time left? He had asked himself.   46 _   everyone was going to die, he could be   47 _   great value, right? He could be a human   48 _   for students to learn.

The last class of my old professor’s life had only   49 _   student. I was the student. The last class   50 _   once a week in his house, by a window in the study   51 _   he could watch a small plant shed(落叶)its pink leaves. The subject was The Meaning of Life. You were   52 _   to respond to questions, and you were expected to raise questions of your own. You were also required to perform physical tasks now and then, such as lifting the professor’s head to a comfortable spot on the pillow or placing his glasses on the   53 _   of his nose. Kissing him goodbye earned you extra   54 _   . Many topics were   55 _   , including love, work, community, family, aging, forgiveness, and, finally, death.

I   56 _   sometimes at the person I was before I rediscovered my old professor. I want to talk to that person. I want to tell him to pay attention when your loved ones are speaking, as if it   57 _   the last time you might hear them. I know I cannot do this. None of us can undo(消除...的影响)what we’ve done, or   58 _   a life already recorded. But if Professor Morris Schwartz taught me anything, it was this: there is no   59 _   thing as “too late” in life. He was   60_   until the day he said goodbye.

41.

Aprofessor

Bparent

Cteacher

Dtutor

42.

Aprecious

Bripe

Cuseful

Dworthless

43.

Achanged

Bpolished

Cmade

Dturned

45.

Alonger

Bless

Cmany

Dmuch

46.

ASince

BAlthough

CBefore

DWith

47.

Ain

Bof

Cwith

Dat

48.

Anovel

Bfiction

Cclassic

Dtextbook

49.

Afew

Ba few

Cone

Dlittle

50.

Abroke out

Btook place

Coccurred

Dhappened

51.

Awhere

Bwhen

Cwhich

Dwhat

52.

Arequested

Bdemanded

Casked

Dexpected

53.

Aface

Bbridge

Ceyebrow

Dcheekbone

54.

Areputation

Bmoney

Ccredit

Dtime

55.

Acovered

Bcontained

Cpreserved

Dexcluding

56.

Alook up

Blook down

Clook ahead

Dlook back

57.

Ais

Bwas

Cwere

Dwill be

58.

Alive

Bmake

Crelive

Dlead

59.

Aso

Bso a

Csuch a

Dsuch

60.

Achanging

Bliving

Clasting

Dleaving

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

假设你是李华,Jane 有了学习困难,他想和你谈谈学习习惯。请你根据以下要点用英语给他写一封信。

内容包括:1.学习习惯的重要性。2.就学习习惯给他提一些建议。

注意: 1.字数在100词左右。2.可适当增加细节,以使行文流畅。

Dear Jane,

I’m sorry to hear that you have difficulty in your study.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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