Playing organized sports is such a common experience in the United States that many children and teenagers took them for granted. This is especially true among children from wealthy families and communities. They have the resources needed to organize and sports programs to make sure that there is easy to participation opportunities. Children from families and communities, however, are less likely to take organized youth sports for granted. They often the resources needed to pay for participation fees, , and transportation to practices and games. , their communities do not have enough resources to build and sports fields and facilities (设施).
Organized youth sports appeared during the early 20th century in the United States and other
developed nations. They were originally developed some educators and developmental experts 30 that the behavior and character of children were influenced by their social and everyday experiences. This many people to believe that if you could organize the experiences of children in ways, you could influence the kinds of adults that those children would become.
This that the social surroundings greatly influenced a person‘s overall development was very to people interested in progress and reform in the United States the beginning of the 20th century. It caused them to think about they might control the experiences of children to produce and productive adults. They believed strongly that a great democracy (民主国家) depended on responsibility and that a economy depended on the productivity of workers.
In this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet, despite the competition, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition she won last year.
As a writer I know about winning contests, and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story only to receive a rejection slip from the publisher. I also know the pressures of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn't win the contest again? That's the strange thing about
being a parent. So many of our own past scars and dashed hopes can surface.
A revelation (启示) came last week when I asked her, ―Don‘t you want to win again?‖ ―No,‖ she replied, ―I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.‖
I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously (自发地) told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall, I offered suggestions for characters, conflicts and endings for her tales. The story about a fearful angel starting first grade was quickly ―guided‖ by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her first music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it.
Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know very little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade, I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting (借用) my daughter‘s experience.
While stepping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough away to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment, grow and find their own voices.
41. What do we learn from the first paragraph?
42. What did the writer say about her own writing experience?
43. Why did Rebecca want to enter this year‘s writing contest?
44. From the underlined part in Paragraph 4 we can infer that the writer ________________.
45. What‘s the writer‘s advice for parents?
The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsburyarea of London. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury, on the site of the current museum building.
Admission and opening times • Free, open daily 10:00–17:30.
• The Museum is open every day except for 24, 25 and 26 December and 1 January.
• Museum galleries are open daily 10:00–17:30, and most are open until 20:30 on Fridays. Closing starts from 17:20 (20:20 on Fridays).
Tips for your school visit
It‘s a good idea to come and see the Museum before your visit. Whatever your plans, please book in advance via the Ticket Desk to make sure you get the most out of your trip.
• Booking your visit
Contact the Ticket Desk at+44 (0)20 7323 8181 or tickets @ britishmuseum.org
If you are not able to attend a session you must inform the Ticket Desk at least three weeks before the session date. Failure to do so may incur a charge.
• Gallery availability
Please book at least one term in advance and wait for confirmation before making travel plans. Greek and Egyptian galleries book up quickly. Opening times of some galleries may be limited at short notice –- you will be contacted if necessary.
• Access and special educational needs
The majority of galleries and all special exhibitions are fully accessible. There is a range of facilities for visual, hearing and mobility impaired students.
There is little on-street parking available. The nearest car park to the Museum is located at Bloomsbury Square, WC1A 2RJ. There is limited parking in the Museum‘s forecourt for disabled visitors only. To make arrangements please telephone +44 (0)20 7323 8299 at least 24 hours in advance. You will be asked to provide the registration number, make and model of your vehicle and the date of your visit.
Your support is vital in enabling the Museum to fulfill its mission to share its collection with the world. The British Museum relies on funding from a wide range of sources and there are many ways that you can donate to help ensure the display, care and preservation of the collection for future generations.
Please consider supporting the British Museum today.
46. Who can be admitted to the British Museum?
47. The underlined word ―incur‖ in the passage can best be replaced by ______________.
48. What do we know about the British Museum?
49. What does the museum mainly depend on to operate?
When University of California-Berkeley released a study this month showing alarmingly high teacher turnover (人员流动) rates at Los Angeles charter (特许) schools, I wasn‘t surprised.
That‘s not shocking news at local charter schools. It‘s just that the study reminded me of something I‘d observed many times, starting with my niece.
Bright and cheerful, my niece longed to teach high-needs children. She started out in the San Francisco public schools, where she was assigned to the district‘s toughest elementary school. Fifth-graders threw chairs across the room — and at her. Parents refused to show up for conferences.
She wasn‘t willing to deal with this level of indifference and teacher abuse, so she switched to a highly regarded charter elementary school in the Bay Area where she poured her energy into her job and it showed. Her students‘ test scores were as high as those in a nearby wealthy school district, despite the obstacles these children faced.
By her fourth year, however, my niece was worn out, running out of the energy it took to work with a classroom of sweet but deeply needy children who begged to stay in her classroom when it was time to leave. The principal‘s offer of a $10,000 raise couldn‘t stop her from giving notice. She went to work at that wealthy school district next door — for less money.
Over the years, I‘ve met many teachers who have a passion for their work at charter schools, only to call them the next year and find they‘ve left. The authors of the Berkeley study hold the belief that the teachers leave because of the extraordinary demands: long hours, intense involvement in students‘ complicated lives, continual searches for new ways to raise scores. Even the strongest supporters of the reform movement acknowledge that raising achievement among disadvantaged students is the most challenging task.
It‘s unlikely that we can build large-scale school reform on a platform of continual new demands on teachers — more time, more energy, more devotion, more responsibility — even if schools find ways to pay them better.
This is the bigger challenge facing schools. We need a more useful answer to the Berkeley study than ―Yeah, its really hard work.‖
50. Why wasn‘t the author surprised at the problem?
51. What can we learn about the students in the public school the author‘s niece taught?
52. The author‘s niece left the charter elementary school in the Bay Area because ______________.
53. Which of the following is probably the most difficult for teachers?
54. What is the author‘s comment on the current school reform movement?
Mine was, at times, a lonely childhood. Born in Chungking, China, of missionary (传教士) parents, I lost my mother at birth. I was two months old when my father sent me to Mother's favorite sister in Morgantown, West Virginia. There I grew up in the house where Mother had spent her girlhood.
In the evening, before Aunt Ruth came home, I often sat on the floor beneath a picture of my mother — a sweet-faced young woman of 20, with dark eyes and black curly hair. There was one question always in my mind: What was my mother like? If only I could have known her!
Twenty years passed. I had grown up, married and had a baby, named Lucy for her grandmother — the mother I'd so longed to know.
One spring morning, 18-month-old Lucy and I boarded a train for Morgantown to visit Aunt Ruth. A woman offered me half her seat in the crowded car. I thanked her and busied myself with Lucy, while the woman turned her attention to the landscape speeding by.
After settling my baby in my arms for a nap, I started to talk with the woman. She said she was going to Morgantown to see her daughter and brand-new grandson. ―Surely you know my aunt, Ruth Wood,‖ I said. ―She‘s had a real-estate office in Morgantown for years.‖
―No,‖ she answered. ―I‘ve been away a long time, and that name is not familiar to me.‖
For several minutes, the woman looked out of the window. Then, without turning her head, she began to speak.
―There was a Miss Lucy Wood, a teacher, in Morgantown years ago. She probably left there before you were
born. You said the name Wood, and, suddenly, I can't stop thinking about her. I haven‘t thought of her for years, but once I loved her very much. She was my teacher. My parents owned a bakery on Watts Street. They were on the verge of divorce. They fought and quarreled all the time. I had to work very hard at home and in the bakery, too.
―I loved school, though I didn‘t make good grades. Miss Wood‘s room was a happy place; it seemed like heaven to me. One day, after my folks had a big fight at breakfast, I came to school late, holding back the tears. Miss Wood kept me after school. I thought she would scold me but, instead, she let me tell her my troubles. She made me feel how much my brothers and sisters, and even my parents, needed me and from that day on, my life was worth living.‖
―A few months later, I heard a little girl say: ‗Miss Wood‘s going to marry a missionary and live in China!‘ I went home crying. My parents stopped in the middle of a fight to ask me what was wrong, but they could not know how great a light was going out in my life. I couldn‘t sleep that night.
―The next day, Miss Wood again kept me after school to see what was wrong. When I told her, she looked surprised and tender. ‗Please don‘t go way off to China!‘ I begged.
―‗Viola‘, she answered, ‗I can‘t give up China. I‘m going where my heart calls me, with the man I love. But I swear I‘ll think of you often, and I‘ll send you a postcard.‘
―I‘d never had any mail of my own, so that made me feel better. When I told my mother, she shook her head, saying. ‗Don‘t feel too bad, Viola, if she forgets; she‘ll have so many folks to write to.‘
―Two months later, I got a postcard with a picture of the Yangtze River, postmarked Chungking, China. ‗Are you still making me proud of you, my little brave one?‘ it asked. If anyone had given me a million dollars, it couldn‘t have made me more proud. Right after that, my parents broke up and we moved away from Morgantown.
―Goodness, we are almost there! I‘ve talked too much. I do hope I haven‘t bored you.‖
Then, for the first time, she turned to me and saw the tears in my eyes.
―Would you like to see Lucy Wood‘s granddaughter?‖ I asked. My baby was waking from her nap. My heart was singing. The burning question of my childhood had been richly answered.
55. Morgantown was the place where _______________.
56. What can we learn about Viola‘s childhood?
57. In what way did Miss Wood influence Viola?
58. Viola‘s mother was ___________ when Viola told her about Miss Wood‘s promise.
59. What might be the ―burning question‖ that had been richly answered?
60. What would be the best title for the passage?
Tips to fight summer weight gain
When we think of summer, most of us think of outdoor fun. So it seems like we should naturally lose weight over the summer --- not gain it. In reality, though, summer isn‘t all beach volleyball and water sports. Lots of summer activities can work against our efforts to stay at a healthy weight. The good news is that it‘s easy to avoid problems if we know what to look out for. Here are 5 ways to beat summer weight gain:
61_____________________ When we don‘t have a plan, it‘s easy to spend summer moving from couch to computer, with regular stops at the fridge. Avoid this by setting a specific aim, like volunteering, mastering a new skill, or working at a job. Just be sure to plan for some downtime so you can relax a little! 62_____________________ With school out, we lose our daily routines. If you don‘t have a specific job or activity to get up for, it‘s easy to sleep late, watch too much TV, and snack more than usual. Make sure your summer days have some structure — like getting up at the same time each day and eating meals at set times. Plan activities for specific times, like exercising before breakfast, for example. If you have time on your hands, offer to make dinner a couple of nights a week so your family can enjoy a sit-down meal together. 63_____________________ When we‘re bored, it‘s easy to fall into a trap of doing nothing and then feeling low on energy. In addition to helping you avoid the cookie jar, filling your days with stuff to do can give you a sense of accomplishment. That‘s especially true if a dream summer job or planned activity fell through. Limit your screen time — including TV, computer, and video games — to no more than 2 hours a day. 64_____________________ Don‘t let hot summer days prevent you from carrying out exercise plans. Move your workout indoors. If a gym isn‘t your scene, try bowling or an indoor climbing wall. If you love being outdoors, try joining a local pool or move a regular run or soccer game to early morning or evening. 65_____________________ Summer means picnics and barbecues — activities that revolve around an unlimited spread of food. Pace yourself. Don‘t overload your plate. Avoid going back for seconds and thirds. Choose seasonal, healthy foods like fresh fruit instead of high-sugar, high-fat desserts. Make catching up with family and friends your focus, not the food. Another good tip for summer eating is to limit frozen treats like ice cream to no more than once a week. A. Stay busy. B. Beat the heat. C. Get going with goals. D. Seek help from a dietitian. E. Think about what and how you eat. F. Stick to a schedule.
66.下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
Last Saturday I went to the Great Wall with some of my friends. In our way up, we saw many volunteers working in the sun. They helped the elders with their bags, took photos for some tourist and answered people‘s questions. Because they were very tired, they didn‘t stop to have a rest. Just at the moment, we saw a little boy standing alone, cried. We went over and asked what is the matter. From his answer we knew he couldn‘t find his mother. We told him not to worry and then we tried to get in the touch with his mother with the phone number he gave us. Twenty minutes late, his mother turned up. When she saw her son, she got relieved but thanked us again and again.
That day we not only enjoyed the beauty of the Great Wall, but felt the warm of the society. If everyone can reach a helping hand to others, the world will be more harmonious.