• 英语 2018年高三天津市第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共35小题,每小题1分,共35分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

从四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Nokia, _______ world’s largest mobile phone producer, is going to found _______ new research center in China.

Aa; a

Ba; the

Cthe; the

Dthe; a

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— Today Mary is in low spirits.

— Yes, but she won’t say _______ bothers her.

Awhy is it that

Bthat is why

Cit is what

Dwhat it is that

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Recently a terrible fire broke out in the America, _______ the people are still suffering.

Awhose effects

Bwhich affects

Cof its effects

Dfrom whose effects

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— We’ d better invite Tom to the Friday meeting.

— Yes, ______? I’ll call him at once.

Awhy not

Bwhat for

Cwhy

Dwhat

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This sort of clothing material, which feels soft, ______.

Acatches fire easily

Bis caught fire easily

Cis easy caught fire

Dis easily to catch fire

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Tom is greatly interested in this poet now , but he thought it boring ______ he read it.

Ain the first time

Bthe first time

Cfor the first time

Dat first

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We ______ have watered these flowers yesterday. Today’s rain will be too much for them.

Acan’t

Bshouldn’t

Cmay not

Dmustn’t

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— Have you ever seen that movie?

— Yes. When I was in Tokyo. I _______ it three times.

Asaw

Bhad been

Chave seen

Dwould see

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The price of vegetables is now much ______ than ten years ago.

Amore higher

Bmore expensive

Cdearer

Dhigher

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I would like to buy a flat in the suburb and sold ______ in downtown , because I want to live near my Mom’s.

Athe one

Bthe other

Cit

Danother

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Fresh air is available everywhere in the countryside, which is ______ he cannot enjoy living in big cities.

Awhy

Bwhere

Cthat

Dwhat

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Oh, it’s so hot in here . Somebody ______ the window, please.

Aopens

Bopen

Cshall open

Dwill open

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— Shall we set out at five sharp in the morning?

— No, don’t ring me up that early. I ______ .

Asleep

Bwill be sleeping

Cam sleeping

Dwill sleep

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My mother’s health ______ under the pressure of a big project and she had to see the doctor.

Abroke up

Bbroke away

Cbroke out

Dbroke down

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His food ______, the man had to come out of his hiding place.

Arun out

Bwas run out

Crunning out

Dusing up

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第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2.5分, 满分50分)

                                A

    Participants in an online forum were asked whether space exploration was worthwhile. Here are some of the comments they posted:

    Planet Girl 7.17 pm

    Our world is damaged by war, hunger and poverty. Billions of people struggle just to survive from day to day. Meanwhile the US space agency has US $16 billion to play with every year. We must deal with the world’s urgent problems. Space exploration is a luxury we cannot afford.

    Dragon 7.18 pm

    That $16 billion spent on space is nothing compared to the $370 billion spent on the military.

    JJ 7.20 pm

    Exploring space is investing in the future. Everyone knows we’re running out of resources. There’s massive over-population too. The solar system has heaps of resources we can use for mining, and maybe we can explore other planets. If we don’t do it now, it might be too late.

    Planet Girl 7.22 pm

    We have to settle problems of over-population and resource consuming here on Earth, instead of chasing science fiction dreams. Otherwise we will just export our unsustainable lifestyle to another planet. We might consume the whole universe!!

    JJ 7.23 pm

    Space explorers rock! They know what they are in for, and they still do it anyway. That’s what I call courage! We humans have always struggled to expand our horizons. We want to know what else is out there. Who knows, maybe we’ll discover the solution to all our problems out there!

    Switched-on 7.25 pm

    Space exploration has had a huge effect on our lives. Want to talk to someone halfway around the world? Sure. Get the weather forecast? Coming right up. Check exactly where you are? Absolutely. It’s all possible, thanks to satellite technology, global positioning systems, and the rest. If there was no space exploration, we’d be sitting around in the dark, not talking online!

    Penny 7.50 pm

    Satellites are launched by private companies — for profit. Planet Earth doesn’t always benefit. Exploring remote planets certainly does not contribute to life on Earth.

The underlined sentence(Par.2) means that space exploration is_________.

Aexpensive but necessary

Bexpensive and unnecessary

Cvery important but too expensive

Dnot very important but affordable

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                                A

    Participants in an online forum were asked whether space exploration was worthwhile. Here are some of the comments they posted:

    Planet Girl 7.17 pm

    Our world is damaged by war, hunger and poverty. Billions of people struggle just to survive from day to day. Meanwhile the US space agency has US $16 billion to play with every year. We must deal with the world’s urgent problems. Space exploration is a luxury we cannot afford.

    Dragon 7.18 pm

    That $16 billion spent on space is nothing compared to the $370 billion spent on the military.

    JJ 7.20 pm

    Exploring space is investing in the future. Everyone knows we’re running out of resources. There’s massive over-population too. The solar system has heaps of resources we can use for mining, and maybe we can explore other planets. If we don’t do it now, it might be too late.

    Planet Girl 7.22 pm

    We have to settle problems of over-population and resource consuming here on Earth, instead of chasing science fiction dreams. Otherwise we will just export our unsustainable lifestyle to another planet. We might consume the whole universe!!

    JJ 7.23 pm

    Space explorers rock! They know what they are in for, and they still do it anyway. That’s what I call courage! We humans have always struggled to expand our horizons. We want to know what else is out there. Who knows, maybe we’ll discover the solution to all our problems out there!

    Switched-on 7.25 pm

    Space exploration has had a huge effect on our lives. Want to talk to someone halfway around the world? Sure. Get the weather forecast? Coming right up. Check exactly where you are? Absolutely. It’s all possible, thanks to satellite technology, global positioning systems, and the rest. If there was no space exploration, we’d be sitting around in the dark, not talking online!

    Penny 7.50 pm

    Satellites are launched by private companies — for profit. Planet Earth doesn’t always benefit. Exploring remote planets certainly does not contribute to life on Earth.

What is Dragon’s opinion?

AThe cost of space exploration is too much.

BPlanet Girl’s idea is acceptable.

CSpace exploration is worthwhile.

DThe military is more useful than space exploration.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

    Participants in an online forum were asked whether space exploration was worthwhile. Here are some of the comments they posted:

    Planet Girl 7.17 pm

    Our world is damaged by war, hunger and poverty. Billions of people struggle just to survive from day to day. Meanwhile the US space agency has US $16 billion to play with every year. We must deal with the world’s urgent problems. Space exploration is a luxury we cannot afford.

    Dragon 7.18 pm

    That $16 billion spent on space is nothing compared to the $370 billion spent on the military.

    JJ 7.20 pm

    Exploring space is investing in the future. Everyone knows we’re running out of resources. There’s massive over-population too. The solar system has heaps of resources we can use for mining, and maybe we can explore other planets. If we don’t do it now, it might be too late.

    Planet Girl 7.22 pm

    We have to settle problems of over-population and resource consuming here on Earth, instead of chasing science fiction dreams. Otherwise we will just export our unsustainable lifestyle to another planet. We might consume the whole universe!!

    JJ 7.23 pm

    Space explorers rock! They know what they are in for, and they still do it anyway. That’s what I call courage! We humans have always struggled to expand our horizons. We want to know what else is out there. Who knows, maybe we’ll discover the solution to all our problems out there!

    Switched-on 7.25 pm

    Space exploration has had a huge effect on our lives. Want to talk to someone halfway around the world? Sure. Get the weather forecast? Coming right up. Check exactly where you are? Absolutely. It’s all possible, thanks to satellite technology, global positioning systems, and the rest. If there was no space exploration, we’d be sitting around in the dark, not talking online!

    Penny 7.50 pm

    Satellites are launched by private companies — for profit. Planet Earth doesn’t always benefit. Exploring remote planets certainly does not contribute to life on Earth.

What is the most likely reason that JJ does not discuss the cost of space exploration?

AHe agrees that space exploration costs too much.

BHe does not know how much space exploration costs.

CHe thinks space exploration is worthwhile, whatever the cost.

DHe knows Planet Girl is wrong about the cost of space exploration.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

    Participants in an online forum were asked whether space exploration was worthwhile. Here are some of the comments they posted:

    Planet Girl 7.17 pm

    Our world is damaged by war, hunger and poverty. Billions of people struggle just to survive from day to day. Meanwhile the US space agency has US $16 billion to play with every year. We must deal with the world’s urgent problems. Space exploration is a luxury we cannot afford.

    Dragon 7.18 pm

    That $16 billion spent on space is nothing compared to the $370 billion spent on the military.

    JJ 7.20 pm

    Exploring space is investing in the future. Everyone knows we’re running out of resources. There’s massive over-population too. The solar system has heaps of resources we can use for mining, and maybe we can explore other planets. If we don’t do it now, it might be too late.

    Planet Girl 7.22 pm

    We have to settle problems of over-population and resource consuming here on Earth, instead of chasing science fiction dreams. Otherwise we will just export our unsustainable lifestyle to another planet. We might consume the whole universe!!

    JJ 7.23 pm

    Space explorers rock! They know what they are in for, and they still do it anyway. That’s what I call courage! We humans have always struggled to expand our horizons. We want to know what else is out there. Who knows, maybe we’ll discover the solution to all our problems out there!

    Switched-on 7.25 pm

    Space exploration has had a huge effect on our lives. Want to talk to someone halfway around the world? Sure. Get the weather forecast? Coming right up. Check exactly where you are? Absolutely. It’s all possible, thanks to satellite technology, global positioning systems, and the rest. If there was no space exploration, we’d be sitting around in the dark, not talking online!

    Penny 7.50 pm

    Satellites are launched by private companies — for profit. Planet Earth doesn’t always benefit. Exploring remote planets certainly does not contribute to life on Earth.

Which aspect of space exploration does Switched-on mainly write about?

AIts cost to the community.

BIts effect on environment.

CIts contribution to technology in everyday life.

DIts capacity to serve people in their everyday life.

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                                A

    Participants in an online forum were asked whether space exploration was worthwhile. Here are some of the comments they posted:

    Planet Girl 7.17 pm

    Our world is damaged by war, hunger and poverty. Billions of people struggle just to survive from day to day. Meanwhile the US space agency has US $16 billion to play with every year. We must deal with the world’s urgent problems. Space exploration is a luxury we cannot afford.

    Dragon 7.18 pm

    That $16 billion spent on space is nothing compared to the $370 billion spent on the military.

    JJ 7.20 pm

    Exploring space is investing in the future. Everyone knows we’re running out of resources. There’s massive over-population too. The solar system has heaps of resources we can use for mining, and maybe we can explore other planets. If we don’t do it now, it might be too late.

    Planet Girl 7.22 pm

    We have to settle problems of over-population and resource consuming here on Earth, instead of chasing science fiction dreams. Otherwise we will just export our unsustainable lifestyle to another planet. We might consume the whole universe!!

    JJ 7.23 pm

    Space explorers rock! They know what they are in for, and they still do it anyway. That’s what I call courage! We humans have always struggled to expand our horizons. We want to know what else is out there. Who knows, maybe we’ll discover the solution to all our problems out there!

    Switched-on 7.25 pm

    Space exploration has had a huge effect on our lives. Want to talk to someone halfway around the world? Sure. Get the weather forecast? Coming right up. Check exactly where you are? Absolutely. It’s all possible, thanks to satellite technology, global positioning systems, and the rest. If there was no space exploration, we’d be sitting around in the dark, not talking online!

    Penny 7.50 pm

    Satellites are launched by private companies — for profit. Planet Earth doesn’t always benefit. Exploring remote planets certainly does not contribute to life on Earth.

What is one point that Planet Girl and JJ are most likely to agree about?

ALiving on other planets is a real possibility.

BSpending money on war is unnecessary.

CSpace exploration encourages creativity.

DEarth’s resources are fast disappearing.

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                                B

    We are admitted into the full-time school called “life”. Every day in this school, we have opportunities to learn new lessons. No matter whether we like these lessons or not, we have to take them, because they are our lessons.

    Why are we here in this world? What is the purpose of life? Humans have tried to discover the meaning of life for thousands of years, but failed to get the answer, because the meaning of life is different from person to person.

    Each one of us has his or her special purpose and path, unique and different. As we travel on our life path, we will learn many great lessons in order to fulfill that purpose. Learning our lessons well is the key to discovering the real meaning of our own life.

    As we travel through our lifetime, we may be taught hard lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with problems we don’t need to deal with. We may never know why we love English, not physics, which indicates that our path is different. While traveling on our own path, sometimes alone, we should, first of all, take a basic lesson in openness.

    Openness means being receptive. Life will present us with so many lessons, none of which are useful to us unless we can recognize them and are open to their values. These lessons are not easy to learn, but we should regard them as gifts. But how can we recognize these lessons? It is a matter of what “glasses” we are wearing at the time. It is not difficult to spot them if we take them as opportunities. So when we are not open to learning our lessons, failing a weekly English test might be like a disaster rather than an opportunity to us. Of course, the hard lessons may not be fun, but they can actually be the biggest gifts we receive from life.

The author may be in favor of the viewpoint that all men are born _______.

Aequal

Bchallenging

Copportunistic

Ddifferent

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                                B

    We are admitted into the full-time school called “life”. Every day in this school, we have opportunities to learn new lessons. No matter whether we like these lessons or not, we have to take them, because they are our lessons.

    Why are we here in this world? What is the purpose of life? Humans have tried to discover the meaning of life for thousands of years, but failed to get the answer, because the meaning of life is different from person to person.

    Each one of us has his or her special purpose and path, unique and different. As we travel on our life path, we will learn many great lessons in order to fulfill that purpose. Learning our lessons well is the key to discovering the real meaning of our own life.

    As we travel through our lifetime, we may be taught hard lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with problems we don’t need to deal with. We may never know why we love English, not physics, which indicates that our path is different. While traveling on our own path, sometimes alone, we should, first of all, take a basic lesson in openness.

    Openness means being receptive. Life will present us with so many lessons, none of which are useful to us unless we can recognize them and are open to their values. These lessons are not easy to learn, but we should regard them as gifts. But how can we recognize these lessons? It is a matter of what “glasses” we are wearing at the time. It is not difficult to spot them if we take them as opportunities. So when we are not open to learning our lessons, failing a weekly English test might be like a disaster rather than an opportunity to us. Of course, the hard lessons may not be fun, but they can actually be the biggest gifts we receive from life.

The example of “we love English, not physics” is mentioned to show that _______.

Awe choose our own path in life

Bpeople have to face the same lessons

Cwe should travel on the same path

Dwe should enjoy the meaning of life

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                                B

    We are admitted into the full-time school called “life”. Every day in this school, we have opportunities to learn new lessons. No matter whether we like these lessons or not, we have to take them, because they are our lessons.

    Why are we here in this world? What is the purpose of life? Humans have tried to discover the meaning of life for thousands of years, but failed to get the answer, because the meaning of life is different from person to person.

    Each one of us has his or her special purpose and path, unique and different. As we travel on our life path, we will learn many great lessons in order to fulfill that purpose. Learning our lessons well is the key to discovering the real meaning of our own life.

    As we travel through our lifetime, we may be taught hard lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with problems we don’t need to deal with. We may never know why we love English, not physics, which indicates that our path is different. While traveling on our own path, sometimes alone, we should, first of all, take a basic lesson in openness.

    Openness means being receptive. Life will present us with so many lessons, none of which are useful to us unless we can recognize them and are open to their values. These lessons are not easy to learn, but we should regard them as gifts. But how can we recognize these lessons? It is a matter of what “glasses” we are wearing at the time. It is not difficult to spot them if we take them as opportunities. So when we are not open to learning our lessons, failing a weekly English test might be like a disaster rather than an opportunity to us. Of course, the hard lessons may not be fun, but they can actually be the biggest gifts we receive from life.

Whether we can see life lessons as gifts depends upon our________.

Aangles of view

Bexperiences from life

Ccommon value system

Dwillingness to face challenge

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                                B

    We are admitted into the full-time school called “life”. Every day in this school, we have opportunities to learn new lessons. No matter whether we like these lessons or not, we have to take them, because they are our lessons.

    Why are we here in this world? What is the purpose of life? Humans have tried to discover the meaning of life for thousands of years, but failed to get the answer, because the meaning of life is different from person to person.

    Each one of us has his or her special purpose and path, unique and different. As we travel on our life path, we will learn many great lessons in order to fulfill that purpose. Learning our lessons well is the key to discovering the real meaning of our own life.

    As we travel through our lifetime, we may be taught hard lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with problems we don’t need to deal with. We may never know why we love English, not physics, which indicates that our path is different. While traveling on our own path, sometimes alone, we should, first of all, take a basic lesson in openness.

    Openness means being receptive. Life will present us with so many lessons, none of which are useful to us unless we can recognize them and are open to their values. These lessons are not easy to learn, but we should regard them as gifts. But how can we recognize these lessons? It is a matter of what “glasses” we are wearing at the time. It is not difficult to spot them if we take them as opportunities. So when we are not open to learning our lessons, failing a weekly English test might be like a disaster rather than an opportunity to us. Of course, the hard lessons may not be fun, but they can actually be the biggest gifts we receive from life.

What would be the best title for the passage?

ALife in School

BGifts from Life

CLife School and Students

DLife as School

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                                B

    We are admitted into the full-time school called “life”. Every day in this school, we have opportunities to learn new lessons. No matter whether we like these lessons or not, we have to take them, because they are our lessons.

    Why are we here in this world? What is the purpose of life? Humans have tried to discover the meaning of life for thousands of years, but failed to get the answer, because the meaning of life is different from person to person.

    Each one of us has his or her special purpose and path, unique and different. As we travel on our life path, we will learn many great lessons in order to fulfill that purpose. Learning our lessons well is the key to discovering the real meaning of our own life.

    As we travel through our lifetime, we may be taught hard lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with problems we don’t need to deal with. We may never know why we love English, not physics, which indicates that our path is different. While traveling on our own path, sometimes alone, we should, first of all, take a basic lesson in openness.

    Openness means being receptive. Life will present us with so many lessons, none of which are useful to us unless we can recognize them and are open to their values. These lessons are not easy to learn, but we should regard them as gifts. But how can we recognize these lessons? It is a matter of what “glasses” we are wearing at the time. It is not difficult to spot them if we take them as opportunities. So when we are not open to learning our lessons, failing a weekly English test might be like a disaster rather than an opportunity to us. Of course, the hard lessons may not be fun, but they can actually be the biggest gifts we receive from life.

What does the author imply at the end of the passage?

APeople always learn the same lessons.

BLife is a lesson as one in the classroom.

CHard lessons are fun.

DPeople should be open to the life.

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                                C

    The chicken-loving dog spent last month guarding the island’s penguin colony, with great success.

    A SOUTH-WEST Victorian chicken farmer known as Swampy and his dog Oddball may have found a way to save some of Australia’s endangered wildlife from enemies. After Warrnambool’s once flourishing penguin population was killed in large numbers by foxes and dogs until only 27 remained, Allan Swampy Marsh hatched an effective plan to save the birds. His four sheepdogs had been protecting his chickens against enemies for a decade. He figured they could do the same for the penguins. “The difficulty was trying to convince all the wildlife wallies to think outside the square,” Mr Marsh said. “It’s not an unselfish view of penguins or chicks but the sense of territory(领地) that makes the dogs work, and it is far stronger in these dogs than any other trained breed.”

    Oddball’s work as guardian of Middle Island’s colony last month was a success. At the end of the month, 70 pairs of happy feet were counted returning to the island. About 2,000 penguins occupied the island in the 1990s. “Oddy is really protective of the chicks, so to her the penguins were only chicks in dinner suits,” Mr Marsh said. Highly territorial dogs have been bred in Italy to guard livestock for 2,000 years. They manage to keep off trouble makers such as foxes and dogs. The trial’s success has generated interest from overseas. The use of guard animals such as dogs — and even alpacas, which also stop foxes — is now being considered to save other endangered species such as the eastern barred bandicoot.

What had happened to most of Middle Island’s penguins?

AThey had been killed by other animals.

BThey had been scared away by people.

CThey had stopped breeding for no obvious reason.

DThey had been taken to another island for protection.

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                                C

    The chicken-loving dog spent last month guarding the island’s penguin colony, with great success.

    A SOUTH-WEST Victorian chicken farmer known as Swampy and his dog Oddball may have found a way to save some of Australia’s endangered wildlife from enemies. After Warrnambool’s once flourishing penguin population was killed in large numbers by foxes and dogs until only 27 remained, Allan Swampy Marsh hatched an effective plan to save the birds. His four sheepdogs had been protecting his chickens against enemies for a decade. He figured they could do the same for the penguins. “The difficulty was trying to convince all the wildlife wallies to think outside the square,” Mr Marsh said. “It’s not an unselfish view of penguins or chicks but the sense of territory(领地) that makes the dogs work, and it is far stronger in these dogs than any other trained breed.”

    Oddball’s work as guardian of Middle Island’s colony last month was a success. At the end of the month, 70 pairs of happy feet were counted returning to the island. About 2,000 penguins occupied the island in the 1990s. “Oddy is really protective of the chicks, so to her the penguins were only chicks in dinner suits,” Mr Marsh said. Highly territorial dogs have been bred in Italy to guard livestock for 2,000 years. They manage to keep off trouble makers such as foxes and dogs. The trial’s success has generated interest from overseas. The use of guard animals such as dogs — and even alpacas, which also stop foxes — is now being considered to save other endangered species such as the eastern barred bandicoot.

About how many penguins were on the island when it had the largest number?

A27.

B70.

C1990.

D2000.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    The chicken-loving dog spent last month guarding the island’s penguin colony, with great success.

    A SOUTH-WEST Victorian chicken farmer known as Swampy and his dog Oddball may have found a way to save some of Australia’s endangered wildlife from enemies. After Warrnambool’s once flourishing penguin population was killed in large numbers by foxes and dogs until only 27 remained, Allan Swampy Marsh hatched an effective plan to save the birds. His four sheepdogs had been protecting his chickens against enemies for a decade. He figured they could do the same for the penguins. “The difficulty was trying to convince all the wildlife wallies to think outside the square,” Mr Marsh said. “It’s not an unselfish view of penguins or chicks but the sense of territory(领地) that makes the dogs work, and it is far stronger in these dogs than any other trained breed.”

    Oddball’s work as guardian of Middle Island’s colony last month was a success. At the end of the month, 70 pairs of happy feet were counted returning to the island. About 2,000 penguins occupied the island in the 1990s. “Oddy is really protective of the chicks, so to her the penguins were only chicks in dinner suits,” Mr Marsh said. Highly territorial dogs have been bred in Italy to guard livestock for 2,000 years. They manage to keep off trouble makers such as foxes and dogs. The trial’s success has generated interest from overseas. The use of guard animals such as dogs — and even alpacas, which also stop foxes — is now being considered to save other endangered species such as the eastern barred bandicoot.

What reminded Allan Marsh of using dogs to guard penguin?

ADogs’ interest.

BDogs guarding chicks.

CDogs’ believable strength.

DDogs’ training in protecting animals.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    The chicken-loving dog spent last month guarding the island’s penguin colony, with great success.

    A SOUTH-WEST Victorian chicken farmer known as Swampy and his dog Oddball may have found a way to save some of Australia’s endangered wildlife from enemies. After Warrnambool’s once flourishing penguin population was killed in large numbers by foxes and dogs until only 27 remained, Allan Swampy Marsh hatched an effective plan to save the birds. His four sheepdogs had been protecting his chickens against enemies for a decade. He figured they could do the same for the penguins. “The difficulty was trying to convince all the wildlife wallies to think outside the square,” Mr Marsh said. “It’s not an unselfish view of penguins or chicks but the sense of territory(领地) that makes the dogs work, and it is far stronger in these dogs than any other trained breed.”

    Oddball’s work as guardian of Middle Island’s colony last month was a success. At the end of the month, 70 pairs of happy feet were counted returning to the island. About 2,000 penguins occupied the island in the 1990s. “Oddy is really protective of the chicks, so to her the penguins were only chicks in dinner suits,” Mr Marsh said. Highly territorial dogs have been bred in Italy to guard livestock for 2,000 years. They manage to keep off trouble makers such as foxes and dogs. The trial’s success has generated interest from overseas. The use of guard animals such as dogs — and even alpacas, which also stop foxes — is now being considered to save other endangered species such as the eastern barred bandicoot.

What feature of the dogs is most important in this story?

AThey come from Italy.

BThey are very territorial.

CThey are an ancient breed.

DThey are large with messy fur.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                C

    The chicken-loving dog spent last month guarding the island’s penguin colony, with great success.

    A SOUTH-WEST Victorian chicken farmer known as Swampy and his dog Oddball may have found a way to save some of Australia’s endangered wildlife from enemies. After Warrnambool’s once flourishing penguin population was killed in large numbers by foxes and dogs until only 27 remained, Allan Swampy Marsh hatched an effective plan to save the birds. His four sheepdogs had been protecting his chickens against enemies for a decade. He figured they could do the same for the penguins. “The difficulty was trying to convince all the wildlife wallies to think outside the square,” Mr Marsh said. “It’s not an unselfish view of penguins or chicks but the sense of territory(领地) that makes the dogs work, and it is far stronger in these dogs than any other trained breed.”

    Oddball’s work as guardian of Middle Island’s colony last month was a success. At the end of the month, 70 pairs of happy feet were counted returning to the island. About 2,000 penguins occupied the island in the 1990s. “Oddy is really protective of the chicks, so to her the penguins were only chicks in dinner suits,” Mr Marsh said. Highly territorial dogs have been bred in Italy to guard livestock for 2,000 years. They manage to keep off trouble makers such as foxes and dogs. The trial’s success has generated interest from overseas. The use of guard animals such as dogs — and even alpacas, which also stop foxes — is now being considered to save other endangered species such as the eastern barred bandicoot.

The purpose of the last paragraph is to suggest that________.

Apeople should think globally but act locally

BAllan ‘Swampy’ Marsh is a typical Australian

Cit may be possible to use this local idea more widely

Devery environmental problem needs a unique solution

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.

    Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

    By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

    The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

    When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

    The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

    “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

    “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

Why did Harmer do the experiment on sunflowers?

ATo see how sunflowers grow up.

BTo show what sunflowers’ genes are.

CTo study why sunflowers track the sun.

DTo check if sunflowers swing in cloudy days.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.

    Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

    By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

    The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

    When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

    The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

    “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

    “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

What does the underlined word “staking”(Par 3) probably mean in ?

ATracking.

BFastening.

CPreserving.

DPresenting.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.

    Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

    By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

    The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

    When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

    The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

    “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

    “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

What is the result of sunflowers being stopped from moving?

AThey won’t grow well.

BThey will grow faster than usual.

CThey won’t swing back though set free.

DThey will produce a number of new genes.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.

    Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

    By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

    The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

    When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

    The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

    “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

    “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

What would happen to the sunflowers if they became fully grown?

AThey would swing as usual.

BThey would move back and forth.

CThey would stop turning.

DThey would track the sun.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like.

    Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

    By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

    The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

    When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

    The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

    “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

    “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

Bees are fond of dancing ______________.

Aon cold sunflowers

Bin the circle of flowers

Con warm sunflowers

Don the mature sunflowers

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题30分,共90分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节:完型填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    One student took a box of chicken to class. Another carried on a cell-phone  31  , and still another whistled loudly every time the  32   turned his back. Reform school? No. College.

=More and more, professors say, they are  33   across rude students in their classrooms. Many of today’s young scholars arrive late, leave  34  , talk loud or take care of personal  35   such as paying bills during class.

    Why are the students behaving badly?

    “Because they can,” said a student of University of North Texas. “A lot of the time, the professors  36   them get away with it.”

    Some educators say it is time to bring politeness back to their classrooms—and even  37   taking some of the blame for bad behavior. They say that  38   students are by no means the majority but that one of them can ruin an entire  39  .

    People are  40   when they learn that impolite behavior is becoming more and more common in  41   education, says Dr. Gerald Amanda, a counselor at City College of San Francisco. They  42   some high school students to misbehave but think those who get to  43   will behave more politely.

    Dr. Amanda believes that society in  44   has become more tolerant of rude behavior  45   that people in power, including professors, no longer  46   standards for politeness. That leads to a growing imprudence(轻率行为) among some college  47  . “There’s a great  48   of bad behavior in the world around them, and young people see it and  49   disrespect,” said Dr. Amanda,  50   that sometimes students have no idea that they are being rude.

31. 

    A. look                

    B. conversation        

    C. news                

    D. picture

32. 

    A. professor            

    B. chick                

    C. monitor            

    D. classmate

33. 

    A. getting                

    B. cheating            

    C. coming            

    D. moving

34. 

    A. alone                

    B. early                

    C. happily            

    D. quietly

35. 

    A. appearance            

    B. interest            

    C. computer            

    D. affairs

36. 

    A. let                 

    B. ask                

    C. persuade            

    D. lead

37. 

    A. risk                

    B. mind                

    C. start                

    D. avoid

38. 

    A. rude                

    B. poor                 

    C. beautiful             

    D. good

39. 

    A. lesson                

    B. classmate            

    C. subject            

    D. class

40. 

    A. moved                

    B. surprised            

    C. inspired            

    D. encouraged

41. 

    A. lower                

    B. junior                

    C. higher            

    D. younger

42. 

    A. expect                

    B. want                

    C. forbid                

    D. warn

43. 

    A. profession            

    B. college            

    C. school                

    D. knowledge

44. 

    A. motion                

    B. time                

    C. charge            

    D. general

45. 

    A. but                

    B. so                

    C. or                

    D. and

46. 

    A. change                

    B. break                

    C. set                

    D. reach

47. 

    A. teachers            

    B. professors            

    C. leaders            

    D. students

48. 

    A. deal                

    B. number            

    C. kind                

    D. sum

49. 

    A. prepare            

    B. respect            

    C. develop            

    D. escape

50. 

    A. speaking            

    B. adding            

    C. warning            

    D. wishing

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读下面短文,按照要求完成阅读任务。

    What will people die of 100 years from now? If you think that is a simple question, you have not been paying attention to the revolution that is taking place in bio-technology. With the help of new medicine, the human body will last a very long time. Death will come mainly from accidents, murder and war. Today’s leading killers, such as heart disease, cancer, and aging itself, will become distant memories.

    In discussion of technological changes, the Internet gets most of the attention these days. But the change in medicine can be the real technological event of our times. How long can humans live? Human brains were known to decide the final death. Cells are the basic units of all living things, and until recently, scientists were sure that the life of cells could not go much beyond 120 years because the basic materials of cell, such as those of brain cells, would not last forever. But the upper limits will be broken by new medicine. Sometimes between 2050 and 2100, medicine will have advanced to the point at which every 10 years or so, people will be able to take medicine to repair their organs (The medicine, made up of the basic building materials of life, will build new brain cells, heart cells, and so on—in much the same way our bodies make new skin cells to take the place of old ones).

    It is exciting to imagine that the advance in technology may be changing the most basic condition of human existence, but many technical problems still must be cleared up on the way to this wonderful future.

71. What are the present major killers according to the writer? (No more than 10 words)

72. What does the underlined word in the 1st paragraph “revolution” mean? (No more than 5 words) 

73. How can human live longer in the future? (No more than 10 words)

74. Why are scientists sure that the life of cells can not go much beyond 120 years?(No more than 20 words)

75. If human can live longer in the future, do you think it is bad or good for the society?(No more than 20 words)

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假如你是李华,你的美国朋友Tina发来邮件,说她下周要来中国学习汉语,与中国家庭同住两个月,想了解中国人的礼仪习惯。请你就餐桌礼仪给她简单回复。内容包括:

    1礼仪要求;

    2行为举止;

    3注意事项。

注意:1词数100左右;

          2开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

提示词:里侧interior

Dear Tina,

    I’m very happy to hear that you’re coming to China next week. I hope to see you soon.

_____________________________________________________________________________

    I hope you’ll have a wonderful time in our country.

                                                    Yours

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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