• 英语 2018年高三江苏省第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

________ many of us today take the television for granted, it's actually one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century.

AIf

BUnless

CWhile

DSince

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It was Jack who cheated in the exam. Why are you talking to me as if I ________ it?

Ahad done

Bhave done

Cdid

Dam doing

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Even though she pretends to be fine, her ________ smile cannot hide her sorrow.

Aauthentic

Bartificial

Cconfidential

Dcontroversial

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This young man likes travelling—he is always ________.

Ain a rush

Bat a crossroads

Cin a dilemma

Don the move

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Once winter became less of a threat to human beings in literature, literary works ________ it became more positive.

Afeaturing

Bbeing featured

Chaving featured

Dfeatured

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The climate in Kunming is quite pleasant, the temperature rarely, ________, reaching 35℃ in summer.

Aif not

Bif any

Cif ever

Dif so

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The last part of the government report, ________ the importance of bridging the gap between science and development policy.

Aupdates

Bclaims

Cstrengthens

Dunderlines

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Many elderly people consider school days as their golden days ________ they cannot return again.

Aon which

Bby which

Cto which

Dfrom which

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—How about travelling abroad this winter holiday, just for a change?

—OK, ________ you want.

Awhichever

Bhowever

Cwhatever

Dwhoever

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Nowadays, it's common for a child to ________ some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it.

Abring up

Bpick up

Clook up

Dset up

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With WeChat becoming more and more popular in China, we seem ________ the art of chatting face­to­face.

Alosing

Bto be lost

Cto be losing

Dhaving lost

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It's said that a clean ________ is a soft pillow, with which we can have sweet dreams.

Aconscience

Bcriterion

Cconsciousness

Dcommitment

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During my first year at university, I was so busy studying and meeting new people that I did not write to my family as often as I ________.

Acould have

Bwould have

Cmight have

Dshould have

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An effective brainstorm makes it easier to ________ your project quickly when you're ready to pursue it further.

Asubmit to

Bdive into

Cstick to

Dcater to

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—Who told you about it?

—________. You only need to know it is true.

AIt's your call

BNever you mind

CIt's anyone's guess

DYou have my word

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第三部分 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                    A

    As you enter university, you are likely to be confused by new demands and challenges.  You need to decide for yourselves what you want to achieve when you graduate.  It is important that you have appropriate and realistic expectations of a university education and know how far you can go towards achieving your personal and academic goals, so that you will have a sense of achievement at the end of your first year as well as when you graduate. 

    This website aims to be a quick one stop information hub to help you understand more about learning at HKU and make better use of HKU's support services. 

    University Life is an adventure that—literally everyone here is a key player. 

    Your strategic moves at each stage have a direct impact on the outcomes of this adventure.  The key to winning is mainly about how you manage your resources, especially your time.  Most successful players engage themselves in activities that meet their needs and goals. 

    First Year Experience

    As a new player, you may find yourself standing at the crossroads and wondering which directions you should go.  An open mind for handling new challenges and a roadmap or planning and setting priorities during your stay at HKU are what you need to start your journey. 

    And don't forget to check out the following to familiarise yourself with the “game rules”, “support and resources” and “opportunity cards” on hand: 

    * HKU Education aims to know what you are expected to achieve. 

    * The key cards that contribute to your academic, professional and social excellence, e.g. Horizons Office, Common Core, Centre for Sports and Exercise (CSE), Centre for Applied English Studies (CAES). 

According to the passage, which is the most important for students' academic success?

ASeeking support from their teachers.

BSetting personal and academic goals.

CBeing familiar with school facilities.

DMaking good use of their time.

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                                    A

    As you enter university, you are likely to be confused by new demands and challenges.  You need to decide for yourselves what you want to achieve when you graduate.  It is important that you have appropriate and realistic expectations of a university education and know how far you can go towards achieving your personal and academic goals, so that you will have a sense of achievement at the end of your first year as well as when you graduate. 

    This website aims to be a quick one stop information hub to help you understand more about learning at HKU and make better use of HKU's support services. 

    University Life is an adventure that—literally everyone here is a key player. 

    Your strategic moves at each stage have a direct impact on the outcomes of this adventure.  The key to winning is mainly about how you manage your resources, especially your time.  Most successful players engage themselves in activities that meet their needs and goals. 

    First Year Experience

    As a new player, you may find yourself standing at the crossroads and wondering which directions you should go.  An open mind for handling new challenges and a roadmap or planning and setting priorities during your stay at HKU are what you need to start your journey. 

    And don't forget to check out the following to familiarise yourself with the “game rules”, “support and resources” and “opportunity cards” on hand: 

    * HKU Education aims to know what you are expected to achieve. 

    * The key cards that contribute to your academic, professional and social excellence, e.g. Horizons Office, Common Core, Centre for Sports and Exercise (CSE), Centre for Applied English Studies (CAES). 

The purpose of this website is to ________.

Aattract more excellent students to attend HKU

Bhelp new students adapt to their university life

Cencourage students to seek adventure at university

Dadvertise roadmaps and key cards among students

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                                    B

    As Apple's long awaited iPhone X hit shelves around the world, Samsung's newest ad uses the opportunity to make a mockery of the last 10 years of iPhone products.  ____

    Samsung's latest advertisement, released through the company's YouTube channel, highlights how apparently late to the game Apple has been with each version of the iPhone over the last decade as compared to other smartphones, from waterproofing to the headphone jack.  ____

    The video follows a character upgrading his Apple iPhone each year, and each year continuing to miss out on features like water­proofing, the headphone jack and more, as he compares to Samsung models that do have these features ahead of the iPhone. 

    Apple's iPhone X notch(V型切口) has been widely criticized by tech experts, who have called the design “odd” and “ridiculous.” The reason for the peculiar design is to accommodate a front­facing camera and facial­recognition technology in a device that Apple advertises as “all screen.”

    ____ In 2016, the South Korean firm made fun of its rival's phones as it launched the Galaxy Note 7, zeroing in on the lack of a headphone jack (which many Apple customers complained about).  To go back even further, Samsung released videos on YouTube in 2014 and in a 2013 Superbowl teaser also, mocking Apple smartphones and watches. 

    The new Galaxy Note 8 by Samsung launched well before the Apple iPhone X, and comes with two rear cameras with two OIS, a much bigger 6.3­inch OLED full display with 18:9 aspect ratio, It also has a much bigger battery than Apple's iPhone X—although Samsung doesn't like to talk too much about batteries, given the fiasco with the Galaxy Note 7. 

    ____ Apple may not be too troubled by the mockery conveyed by the Samsung's advertisement: the new iPhone is already sold out, and reports of strong demand around the world have driven the company's stock to new all­time highs in recent days.  And, as they say, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery(恭维): a new trial has been ordered to determine how much Samsung should pay Apple for copying the look of the iPhone.

     There's another irony to this battle: Samsung has a vested(既定的) interest in the iPhone X's success, given that Samsung supplies the OLED display, NAND flash and the DRAM chips in the iPhone.

Where should the sentence “The ad is not Samsung's first offence against Apple.” be placed in the passage?

A

B

C

D

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                                    B

    As Apple's long awaited iPhone X hit shelves around the world, Samsung's newest ad uses the opportunity to make a mockery of the last 10 years of iPhone products.  ____

    Samsung's latest advertisement, released through the company's YouTube channel, highlights how apparently late to the game Apple has been with each version of the iPhone over the last decade as compared to other smartphones, from waterproofing to the headphone jack.  ____

    The video follows a character upgrading his Apple iPhone each year, and each year continuing to miss out on features like water­proofing, the headphone jack and more, as he compares to Samsung models that do have these features ahead of the iPhone. 

    Apple's iPhone X notch(V型切口) has been widely criticized by tech experts, who have called the design “odd” and “ridiculous.” The reason for the peculiar design is to accommodate a front­facing camera and facial­recognition technology in a device that Apple advertises as “all screen.”

    ____ In 2016, the South Korean firm made fun of its rival's phones as it launched the Galaxy Note 7, zeroing in on the lack of a headphone jack (which many Apple customers complained about).  To go back even further, Samsung released videos on YouTube in 2014 and in a 2013 Superbowl teaser also, mocking Apple smartphones and watches. 

    The new Galaxy Note 8 by Samsung launched well before the Apple iPhone X, and comes with two rear cameras with two OIS, a much bigger 6.3­inch OLED full display with 18:9 aspect ratio, It also has a much bigger battery than Apple's iPhone X—although Samsung doesn't like to talk too much about batteries, given the fiasco with the Galaxy Note 7. 

    ____ Apple may not be too troubled by the mockery conveyed by the Samsung's advertisement: the new iPhone is already sold out, and reports of strong demand around the world have driven the company's stock to new all­time highs in recent days.  And, as they say, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery(恭维): a new trial has been ordered to determine how much Samsung should pay Apple for copying the look of the iPhone.

     There's another irony to this battle: Samsung has a vested(既定的) interest in the iPhone X's success, given that Samsung supplies the OLED display, NAND flash and the DRAM chips in the iPhone.

The underlined word “fiasco” in paragraph 6 means ________.

Aprivilege

Bcreativity

Cdisaster

Dsuspension

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                                    B

    As Apple's long awaited iPhone X hit shelves around the world, Samsung's newest ad uses the opportunity to make a mockery of the last 10 years of iPhone products.  ____

    Samsung's latest advertisement, released through the company's YouTube channel, highlights how apparently late to the game Apple has been with each version of the iPhone over the last decade as compared to other smartphones, from waterproofing to the headphone jack.  ____

    The video follows a character upgrading his Apple iPhone each year, and each year continuing to miss out on features like water­proofing, the headphone jack and more, as he compares to Samsung models that do have these features ahead of the iPhone. 

    Apple's iPhone X notch(V型切口) has been widely criticized by tech experts, who have called the design “odd” and “ridiculous.” The reason for the peculiar design is to accommodate a front­facing camera and facial­recognition technology in a device that Apple advertises as “all screen.”

    ____ In 2016, the South Korean firm made fun of its rival's phones as it launched the Galaxy Note 7, zeroing in on the lack of a headphone jack (which many Apple customers complained about).  To go back even further, Samsung released videos on YouTube in 2014 and in a 2013 Superbowl teaser also, mocking Apple smartphones and watches. 

    The new Galaxy Note 8 by Samsung launched well before the Apple iPhone X, and comes with two rear cameras with two OIS, a much bigger 6.3­inch OLED full display with 18:9 aspect ratio, It also has a much bigger battery than Apple's iPhone X—although Samsung doesn't like to talk too much about batteries, given the fiasco with the Galaxy Note 7. 

    ____ Apple may not be too troubled by the mockery conveyed by the Samsung's advertisement: the new iPhone is already sold out, and reports of strong demand around the world have driven the company's stock to new all­time highs in recent days.  And, as they say, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery(恭维): a new trial has been ordered to determine how much Samsung should pay Apple for copying the look of the iPhone.

     There's another irony to this battle: Samsung has a vested(既定的) interest in the iPhone X's success, given that Samsung supplies the OLED display, NAND flash and the DRAM chips in the iPhone.

According to the passage, which of the following statements may the writer be in favor of?

ASamsung's latest advertisement is nothing more than a made­up story.

BDifferent versions of the iPhone have always taken the lead in waterproofing.

CSamsung's new Galaxy Note 8 copied the look of the Apple iPhone X.

DSamsung is likely to develop better through cooperation with Apple.

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                                    C

    Competition is an ideology(意识形态) that spreads all over our society and misleads our thinking.  But it means no profits for anybody, no meaningful differentiation, and a struggle for survival.  We advocate competition, see it as necessary, and set its laws; and as a result, we trap ourselves within it—the more we compete, the less we gain. 

    Our educational system both drives and reflects our craze for competition.  Grades alone are precise measurement of each student's competitiveness; pupils with the highest marks receive status and credits.  And it gets worse as students rise to higher levels of the tournament.  Higher education is the place where people who had big plans in high school get stuck in fierce competition with equally smart peers over conventional careers like management consulting and investment banking.  For the privilege of being turning into conformists (顺从者), students (or their families) pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in rapidly rising tuition.  Why are we doing this to ourselves?

    I wish I had asked myself when I was younger.  My path was so tracked that in my 8th­grade yearbook, one of my friends predicted—accurately—that four years later I would enter Stanford. And I enrolled at Stanford Law School, where I competed even harder for the standard badges(徽章) of success.  The highest prize in a law student's world is unambiguous: the Supreme Court clerkship.  I was so close to winning this last competition.  If only I got the clerkship, I thought, I would be set for life.  But I didn't.  At the time, I was frustrated. 

    In 2004, after I had built and sold PayPal, I ran into an old friend who had helped me prepare my failed clerkship applications.  We hadn't spoken in nearly a decade.  His first words to me were not “Hi Peter” or “How are you doing?” But rather, “So, aren't you glad you didn't get that clerkship?” Because if I hadn't lost that last competition, we both knew that I never would have left the track laid down since middle school.  Had I actually clerked on the Supreme Court, I probably would have spent my entire career taking depositions or drafting other people's business deals instead of creating anything new.  It's hard to say how much would be different, but the_opportunity_costs_were_enormous

    Looking back at my ambition to become a lawyer, it looks less like a plan for the future and more like an excuse for the present.  It was a way to explain to anyone who would ask—to my parents, to my peers, and most of all to myself—that there was no need to worry.  I was perfectly on track.  But it turned out that my biggest problem was taking the track without thinking really hard about where it was going.

Students compete at school because ________.

Athey are assessed by grades

Bthey are under peer pressure

Cthey want to find a secure job

Dthe tuition increases quickly

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                                    C

    Competition is an ideology(意识形态) that spreads all over our society and misleads our thinking.  But it means no profits for anybody, no meaningful differentiation, and a struggle for survival.  We advocate competition, see it as necessary, and set its laws; and as a result, we trap ourselves within it—the more we compete, the less we gain. 

    Our educational system both drives and reflects our craze for competition.  Grades alone are precise measurement of each student's competitiveness; pupils with the highest marks receive status and credits.  And it gets worse as students rise to higher levels of the tournament.  Higher education is the place where people who had big plans in high school get stuck in fierce competition with equally smart peers over conventional careers like management consulting and investment banking.  For the privilege of being turning into conformists (顺从者), students (or their families) pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in rapidly rising tuition.  Why are we doing this to ourselves?

    I wish I had asked myself when I was younger.  My path was so tracked that in my 8th­grade yearbook, one of my friends predicted—accurately—that four years later I would enter Stanford. And I enrolled at Stanford Law School, where I competed even harder for the standard badges(徽章) of success.  The highest prize in a law student's world is unambiguous: the Supreme Court clerkship.  I was so close to winning this last competition.  If only I got the clerkship, I thought, I would be set for life.  But I didn't.  At the time, I was frustrated. 

    In 2004, after I had built and sold PayPal, I ran into an old friend who had helped me prepare my failed clerkship applications.  We hadn't spoken in nearly a decade.  His first words to me were not “Hi Peter” or “How are you doing?” But rather, “So, aren't you glad you didn't get that clerkship?” Because if I hadn't lost that last competition, we both knew that I never would have left the track laid down since middle school.  Had I actually clerked on the Supreme Court, I probably would have spent my entire career taking depositions or drafting other people's business deals instead of creating anything new.  It's hard to say how much would be different, but the_opportunity_costs_were_enormous

    Looking back at my ambition to become a lawyer, it looks less like a plan for the future and more like an excuse for the present.  It was a way to explain to anyone who would ask—to my parents, to my peers, and most of all to myself—that there was no need to worry.  I was perfectly on track.  But it turned out that my biggest problem was taking the track without thinking really hard about where it was going.

We can learn from paragraph 3 that the writer ________.

Adidn't have a clear plan for future

Bdid badly in study in the 8th grade

Cwasn't a capable student in college

Ddidn't want to obtain the clerkship

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                                    C

    Competition is an ideology(意识形态) that spreads all over our society and misleads our thinking.  But it means no profits for anybody, no meaningful differentiation, and a struggle for survival.  We advocate competition, see it as necessary, and set its laws; and as a result, we trap ourselves within it—the more we compete, the less we gain. 

    Our educational system both drives and reflects our craze for competition.  Grades alone are precise measurement of each student's competitiveness; pupils with the highest marks receive status and credits.  And it gets worse as students rise to higher levels of the tournament.  Higher education is the place where people who had big plans in high school get stuck in fierce competition with equally smart peers over conventional careers like management consulting and investment banking.  For the privilege of being turning into conformists (顺从者), students (or their families) pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in rapidly rising tuition.  Why are we doing this to ourselves?

    I wish I had asked myself when I was younger.  My path was so tracked that in my 8th­grade yearbook, one of my friends predicted—accurately—that four years later I would enter Stanford. And I enrolled at Stanford Law School, where I competed even harder for the standard badges(徽章) of success.  The highest prize in a law student's world is unambiguous: the Supreme Court clerkship.  I was so close to winning this last competition.  If only I got the clerkship, I thought, I would be set for life.  But I didn't.  At the time, I was frustrated. 

    In 2004, after I had built and sold PayPal, I ran into an old friend who had helped me prepare my failed clerkship applications.  We hadn't spoken in nearly a decade.  His first words to me were not “Hi Peter” or “How are you doing?” But rather, “So, aren't you glad you didn't get that clerkship?” Because if I hadn't lost that last competition, we both knew that I never would have left the track laid down since middle school.  Had I actually clerked on the Supreme Court, I probably would have spent my entire career taking depositions or drafting other people's business deals instead of creating anything new.  It's hard to say how much would be different, but the_opportunity_costs_were_enormous

    Looking back at my ambition to become a lawyer, it looks less like a plan for the future and more like an excuse for the present.  It was a way to explain to anyone who would ask—to my parents, to my peers, and most of all to myself—that there was no need to worry.  I was perfectly on track.  But it turned out that my biggest problem was taking the track without thinking really hard about where it was going.

The underlined sentence “the opportunity costs were enormous”(in paragraph 4) shows the writer ________.

Ais unsure whether his choice is correct

Bregrets failing clerkship applications

Cis happy about not getting the clerkship

Dthinks he could have had a better career

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                                    C

    Competition is an ideology(意识形态) that spreads all over our society and misleads our thinking.  But it means no profits for anybody, no meaningful differentiation, and a struggle for survival.  We advocate competition, see it as necessary, and set its laws; and as a result, we trap ourselves within it—the more we compete, the less we gain. 

    Our educational system both drives and reflects our craze for competition.  Grades alone are precise measurement of each student's competitiveness; pupils with the highest marks receive status and credits.  And it gets worse as students rise to higher levels of the tournament.  Higher education is the place where people who had big plans in high school get stuck in fierce competition with equally smart peers over conventional careers like management consulting and investment banking.  For the privilege of being turning into conformists (顺从者), students (or their families) pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in rapidly rising tuition.  Why are we doing this to ourselves?

    I wish I had asked myself when I was younger.  My path was so tracked that in my 8th­grade yearbook, one of my friends predicted—accurately—that four years later I would enter Stanford. And I enrolled at Stanford Law School, where I competed even harder for the standard badges(徽章) of success.  The highest prize in a law student's world is unambiguous: the Supreme Court clerkship.  I was so close to winning this last competition.  If only I got the clerkship, I thought, I would be set for life.  But I didn't.  At the time, I was frustrated. 

    In 2004, after I had built and sold PayPal, I ran into an old friend who had helped me prepare my failed clerkship applications.  We hadn't spoken in nearly a decade.  His first words to me were not “Hi Peter” or “How are you doing?” But rather, “So, aren't you glad you didn't get that clerkship?” Because if I hadn't lost that last competition, we both knew that I never would have left the track laid down since middle school.  Had I actually clerked on the Supreme Court, I probably would have spent my entire career taking depositions or drafting other people's business deals instead of creating anything new.  It's hard to say how much would be different, but the_opportunity_costs_were_enormous

    Looking back at my ambition to become a lawyer, it looks less like a plan for the future and more like an excuse for the present.  It was a way to explain to anyone who would ask—to my parents, to my peers, and most of all to myself—that there was no need to worry.  I was perfectly on track.  But it turned out that my biggest problem was taking the track without thinking really hard about where it was going.

The writer shares his life story mainly to argue that ________.

Apeople shouldn't support competition

Bgrades cannot reflect students' ability

Cfailure can be a good thing sometimes

Dwe shouldn't follow other people blindly

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                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

The passage makes it clear that Miss Eyre and Mr.  Rochester ________.

Awill get married because they feel affection for each other

Bdo not really know each other well enough to become engaged

Cwill not live happily because they will be rejected by society

Dhave a relationship that is not typical in their society

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                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

Miss Eyre' feelings about her relationship with Mr.  Rochester can be best described as ________.

Aconfident

Bunbelievable

Csensitive

Dunreliable

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1

                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

Mrs.  Fairfax compares Miss Eyre and Mr.  Rochester's relationship as possibly being similar to ________.

Aa mystery that cannot be solved by her

Ban object that appears to be something but really is another

Ca game used to entertain the innocent and naive

Da shiny jewel that holds more value than it appears to

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

We may infer from the passage that Miss Eyre and Mrs.  Fairfax are alike because they both ________.

Abelieve that Mr. Rochester should not marry his governess

Bbelieve that Mr. Rochester will break Miss Eyre's heart

Care of the same age and social class

Dbelieve that Mr. Rochester is fond of Miss Eyre

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

The phrase “you were so discreet, and so thoroughly modest and sensible” is used by Mrs. Fairfax to ________.

Aexplain why Miss Eyre should not marry Mr. Rochester

Bexplain why it is likely that Mr. Rochester really doesn't plan to marry Miss Eyre

Cexplain why she hadn't discussed Mr. Rochester's feelings toward Miss Eyre before

Dinsult Miss Eyre and let her know that Mrs. Fairfax was disappointed in her

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                    D

    This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronté

    Seeing me, she recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words of congratulations; but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished.  She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table. 

    “I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre.  I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened.  It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze(打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do.  Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr.  Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don't laugh at me.  But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”

    “He has said the same thing to me,” I replied. 

    “He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”

    “Yes.”

    She looked at me confused.  “I could never have thought it.  He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money.  He, too, has always been called careful.  He means to marry you?”

    “He tells me so.”

    She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery. 

    “It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so.  How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don't know.  Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages.  He might almost be your father.”

    “No, indeed, Mrs.  Fairfax!” I protested(抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant.  Mr.  Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty­five.”

    “Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked. 

    I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes. 

    “I am sorry to make you unhappy,” continued the widow(寡妇), “but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard.  It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”

    “Why?—am I a monster?” I said.  “Is it impossible that Mr.  Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”

“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr.  Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you.  I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his.  There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong.  I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you_were_so_discreet(审慎的),_and_so_thoroughly_modest_and_sensible,_I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself.  Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o'clock, saw you come in with him.”

    “Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.” 

    “I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful.  Try and keep Mr.  Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. 

Gentlemen_in_his_station_are_not_accustomed_to_marry_their_governesses._”

By saying “Gentlemen in his station are not accustomed to marry their governesses,” Mrs. Fairfax means that ________.

AMr. Rochester is incapable of loving Miss Eyre for the whole life

BMr. Rochester may not be sincere about his feeling towards Miss Eyre

CMr. Rochester will treat Miss Eyre like a governess after marriage

DMr. Rochester may not really have asked Miss Eyre to marry him

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题20分,共60分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,共20分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    Last summer, I had just enough money saved to buy a golden ticket—a 3­month train pass that would take me to the furthest reaches of Europe.  Excited for my journey, I __36__ all the necessary stuff—__37__ the guidebook. 

    While the __38__ of the Internet was definitely a __39__ factor to my decision, this was not the only reason I decided to fly __40__. 

    To be honest, I find the guidebook __41__ a journey—like a bossy aunt who is always telling you what to do, __42__ she doesn't always know what's best. __43__ has taught me that there is a clear __44__ between a tourist and a traveler. \While waiting in a queue to see Michelangelo's Statue of David in Florence, I met a man who showed me his __45__ of “Top 20 Things to do in Italy” and told us __46__ that he'd “seen” everything Italy has to __47__ in just four days. 

    The problem I had with this man's way of __48__ was that he was too focused on __49__ the boxes provided by his guidebook.  He was __50__ in the so­called “must­sees” and blind to all that was happening somewhere else. 

    So, guidebook­less as we were, my companion and I traveled to Estonia.  Arriving for no good reason, we had no option but to __51__ some friendly faces for advice.  We __52__ ourselves and asked them what was happening around town.  When this resulted in an __53__ to a beautiful Estonian home by a river where we enjoyed a 110­degree wood­stove sauna(桑拿), __54__ picked forest­mushrooms and the good __55__ of our five new­found Estonian friends, we sure were glad we had left our bossy aunt at home. 

36.  

    A.  loaded  

    B.  collected  

    C.  packed  

    D.  selected

37.  

    A.  except  

    B.  with   

    C.  including  

    D.  besides

38.  

    A.  competence  

    B.  convenience  

    C.  instance  

    D.  performance

39.  

    A.  demanding  

    B.  contributing  

    C.  striking  

    D.  thrilling

40.  

    A.  around  

    B.  away   

    C.  abroad  

    D.  alone

41.  

    A.  limits  

    B.  influences  

    C.  confuses  

    D.  encourages

42.  

    A.  in case  

    B.  as though  

    C.  even though  

    D.  if only

43. 

    A.  Regulation  

    B.  Communication  

    C.  Intelligence  

    D.  Experience

44.  

    A.  relationship  

    B.  connection  

    C.  similarity  

    D.  distinction

45.  

    A.  list  

    B.  book   

    C.  file  

    D.  summary

46.  

    A.  loudly  

    B.  positively  

    C.  proudly  

    D.  happily

47.  

    A.  recommend  

    B.  offer  

    C.  discover  

    D.  order

48.  

    A.  traveling  

    B.  planning  

    C.  preparing  

    D.  drafting

49.  

    A.  counting  

    B.  following  

    C.  drawing  

    D.  ticking

50.  

    A.  involved  

    B.  interested  

    C.  lost  

    D.  engaged

51.  

    A.  approach  

    B.  grab   

    C.  spot   

    D.  seize

52.  

    A.  presented  

    B.  helped  

    C.  introduced  

    D.  forced

53.  

    A.  application  

    B.  access  

    C.  entrance  

    D.  invitation

54.  

    A.  skillfully  

    B.  randomly  

    C.  joyfully  

    D.  locally

55.  

    A.  quality  

    B.  company  

    C.  possession  

    D.  advice

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
1

第四部分 任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。

    The bystander effect, where people witness an emergency indifferently rather than step in to help a stranger, has been documented for decades.  Now with the boom in social media, this phenomenon exhibits itself on a different level. 

    Suppose you're witnessing a fight or a burning building, what would be your first instinct? To help, to call the authorities, or to pull out your phone and record the event? For many, the answer is to record it on their phone and not get involved, because of the fear of being hurt themselves, a notion that relates with the long­studied bystander effect. 

    Similarly, the bystander effect may be well at work on sites like Facebook.  For example, the United Nations launched a project in 2010 to urge people to donate $10 for malaria(疟疾) in Africa.  However, most people just shared rather than donated.  The follow­up research found that people believed that their act of sharing was worth much more than a $10 contribution.  They found that people truly thought that their digital influence equated to tens or even hundreds of individual donations from their connections. 

    Another example is how people on Facebook were suggesting helping veterans(退伍军人). While most people would agree to help them, several aspects make for the bystander effect and prevent anyone from doing so effectively.  First, it's often ambiguous how one can even help, like, people may simply not know how or where to help.  Second, social media groups share weak bonds, so if an old acquaintance from high school asks his network to help out with something, people aren't likely to help if they don't feel a strong bond with the person.  Third, the classic idea of distributed responsibility plays in.  The bystander effect occurs when people hold back in an emergency situation because there are other people around.  In a network of hundreds, everyone assumes someone else will help and in the end no one does. 

    Also, it is not rare to see embarrassing videos on line, of people who are drunk or fall off his bike.  People who posted the videos want retweets(转发), try to get more followers, or desperately want people to appreciate that they're really, really funny.  But they ignore whatever struggle the person in the video is going through in that moment, and bring embarrassment to the person.  

    These photos and videos show the bystander indifference in the social media era, in which case many people don't step in when emergencies happen.  But according to Alfred Hermida, a journalism professor at the University of British Columbia, recording events by phone may also be a step toward being less passive.  “They're saying, ‘If I document this, this might help police.  If I document this, it might help bring the right people to justice.’”

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第五部分 书面表达(满分25分)

    阅读下面有关机器人的图片及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

    You don't have to look far to find concerns about how technology will steal our jobs.  It's been widely noticed that automation(自动化) is making machines more powerful and shortening the list of current jobs that only a human can do.  Martin Ford's new book, Rise of the Robots, looks at how far machines have come. 

    At the same time, some people are getting more optimistic about the outlook(前景) of having a robot at home to help share the burden.  When it comes to doing housework, most of Americans would like it better if someone else just did it for them.

                                                            SOURCE Finn Partners survey of                                             1,000 adults MICHAELB. SMITH AND JANET LOEHRKE. USA TODAY

    【写作内容】

    1.用约30个单词概述以上图文信息的主要内容:

    2.用约120个单词阐述你对机器人进入人类生活的看法,并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。

    【写作要求】

    1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

    2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

    3.不必写标题。

    【评分标准】

    内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

                                    

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