• 英语 湛江市2018年高三广东省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共35小题,每小题1分,共35分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

---You’ve finished off two pizzas!

---Yes. But the second is ___________ little bit small, so may I have __________ third one?

Aa; the

B不填; a

C不填; the

Da; a

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You can get the best result ________ you carry out the experiment under the desired conditions.

Awhat if

Beven if

Conly if

Das if

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1

His success in his career was due to his determination __________ what seemed impossible.

Aof doing

Bwith doing

Cdoing

Dto do

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However much ___________, it will be worth it.

Adoes the project costs

Bcosts the project

Cthe project will cost

Dthe project costs

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We have got everything ready at once, with our guests _________ to come in ten minutes.

Aexpected

Bexpecting

Care expecting

Dto expect

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1

According to the research, the higher the standard of living, the ___________.

Agreater is the amount of goods is consumed

Bgreater amount of goods consumed

Camount of goods is used greater

Dgreater the amount of goods consumed

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___________ the little boy John they would all have died from the gas leakage.

AExcept for

BExcept

CBut for

DFor all

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The task wasn’t easy, but we managed it __________.

Aanyhow

Banyway

Csomehow

Dsome way

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1

Although he is considered to be one of the most outstanding scientists in his field, Professor White cannot seem to get his ideas ___________ in class.

Adown

Bon

Cup

Dacross

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Do you know by the time you leaves school your parents ________ $ 6 000 on your education.

Awill have spent

Bwill spend

Cwill be spending

Dhave spent

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Teaching and learning are parts of the same educational experience, but unfortunately they are often thought of ___________ separate.

Aas if

Bbeing

Cas

Dlike

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I ___________ that work last week, but I changed my mind.

Awere to accept

Bwas to accept

Cwas to have accept

Dhad accepted

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---We could invite John and Barbara to the Friday night party.

---Yes, _________? I’ll give them a call now.

Awhy not

Bwhat for

Cwhy

Dwhat

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This is an adventurous spot, _________ courage matters more than strength.

Awhich

B/ whose

C/ that

D/ where

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After hours of repair, the driver tried to start the machine but it _________ work.

Awon’t

Bshouldn’t

Cwouldn’t

Dcouldn’t

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第三部分   阅读理解(共20小题; 每小题2分, 满分40分)

                                A

    There is a popular belief amongparents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I havetaught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basicskill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or howmuch priority(优先)it must be given over generallanguage development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage achild to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding himback with the complexities(复杂)of spelling.

   If spelling becomes the only focal point ofhis teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoidadventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

   I was once shocked to read on the bottom ofa sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: “ This work isterrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible(难以辨认的).” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technicalabilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who hadomitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of thechild’s deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to theerrors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expressionof his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil moremotivation(动力)to seek improvement.

Teachers are different in their opinions about ___________.

Athe difficulties in teaching spelling

Bthe role of spelling in general language development

Cthe complexities of the basic writing skills

Dthe necessity of teaching spelling

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                                A

    There is a popular belief amongparents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I havetaught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basicskill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or howmuch priority(优先)it must be given over generallanguage development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage achild to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding himback with the complexities(复杂)of spelling.

   If spelling becomes the only focal point ofhis teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoidadventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

   I was once shocked to read on the bottom ofa sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: “ This work isterrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible(难以辨认的).” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technicalabilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who hadomitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of thechild’s deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to theerrors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expressionof his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil moremotivation(动力)to seek improvement.

The expression “play safe” probably means ____________.

Ato write carefully

Bto do as the teachers say

Cto use dictionaries frequently

Dto avoid using words one is not sure of

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                                A

    There is a popular belief amongparents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I havetaught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basicskill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or howmuch priority(优先)it must be given over generallanguage development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage achild to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding himback with the complexities(复杂)of spelling.

   If spelling becomes the only focal point ofhis teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoidadventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

   I was once shocked to read on the bottom ofa sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: “ This work isterrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible(难以辨认的).” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technicalabilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who hadomitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of thechild’s deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to theerrors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expressionof his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil moremotivation(动力)to seek improvement.

Teachers encourage the use of dictionaries so that___________.

Astudents will be able to express their ideas more freely

Bstudents will have more confidence in writing

Cteachers will have less trouble in correcting mistakes

Dstudents will learn to be independent of teachers

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                                A

    There is a popular belief amongparents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I havetaught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basicskill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or howmuch priority(优先)it must be given over generallanguage development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage achild to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding himback with the complexities(复杂)of spelling.

   If spelling becomes the only focal point ofhis teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoidadventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

   I was once shocked to read on the bottom ofa sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: “ This work isterrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible(难以辨认的).” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technicalabilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who hadomitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of thechild’s deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to theerrors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expressionof his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil moremotivation(动力)to seek improvement.

The writer seems to think that the teacher’s judgment on that sensitive piece of writing is____________.

Aunfair

Breasonable

Cfoolish

Dcareless

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                                A

    There is a popular belief amongparents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I havetaught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basicskill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or howmuch priority(优先)it must be given over generallanguage development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage achild to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding himback with the complexities(复杂)of spelling.

   If spelling becomes the only focal point ofhis teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoidadventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use ofdictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

   I was once shocked to read on the bottom ofa sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: “ This work isterrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible(难以辨认的).” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technicalabilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who hadomitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of thechild’s deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to theerrors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expressionof his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil moremotivation(动力)to seek improvement.

The major point discussed in the passage is_____________.

Athe importance of developing writing skills

Bthe complexities of spelling

Cthe correct way of marking compositions

Dthe relationship between spelling and the content of a composition

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                                B

    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the developmentof attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affectthe behavior of most people.

   “Theburnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of figureslike Hitler. Both these examples point up the fact that attitudes come fromexperience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in theother it was indirect and gradual.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in strategic positionto influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudesfrom those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often search somewhat deeplyinto a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or haspossibly never occurred to them before. To a child who has previously acquirelittle knowledge of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit wouldgreatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.

  The teacher can develop proper attitudes through social studies, sciencematters, the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc. However, when children cometo school with undesirable attitudes, it is unwise to attempt to change theirfeelings by criticizing them. The teacher can achieve the proper effect byhelping them obtain constructive experience.

   Toillustrate, first-grade pupils, afraid of policemen will probably change theirattitudes after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer in which heexplains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children candevelop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-daytrips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, becauseher influence can be harmful she has personal prejudices. This is especiallytrue in respect to controversial issues and questions of which children shouldbe encouraged to reach their own decisions as result of objective analysis ofall the facts.

The author uses the phrase “the burnt child fears the fire” in order to __________.

Astress the importance of keeping child from the fire

Bexemplify(例证) the opinion that attitudes come from experience

Cillustrate the important role of attitudes towards study in the early childhood

Dnone of the above

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                                B

    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the developmentof attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affectthe behavior of most people.

   “Theburnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of figureslike Hitler. Both these examples point up the fact that attitudes come fromexperience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in theother it was indirect and gradual.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in strategic positionto influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudesfrom those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often search somewhat deeplyinto a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or haspossibly never occurred to them before. To a child who has previously acquirelittle knowledge of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit wouldgreatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.

  The teacher can develop proper attitudes through social studies, sciencematters, the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc. However, when children cometo school with undesirable attitudes, it is unwise to attempt to change theirfeelings by criticizing them. The teacher can achieve the proper effect byhelping them obtain constructive experience.

   Toillustrate, first-grade pupils, afraid of policemen will probably change theirattitudes after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer in which heexplains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children candevelop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-daytrips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, becauseher influence can be harmful she has personal prejudices. This is especiallytrue in respect to controversial issues and questions of which children shouldbe encouraged to reach their own decisions as result of objective analysis ofall the facts.

According to the author, teachers may have great influence on children’s attitudes because___________.

Athey can use marks to judge students

Bthey can control students’ behavior

Cthey may judge a student from their own likes and dislikes

Dtheir words are usually respected by the children

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                                B

    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the developmentof attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affectthe behavior of most people.

   “Theburnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of figureslike Hitler. Both these examples point up the fact that attitudes come fromexperience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in theother it was indirect and gradual.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in strategic positionto influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudesfrom those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often search somewhat deeplyinto a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or haspossibly never occurred to them before. To a child who has previously acquirelittle knowledge of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit wouldgreatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.

  The teacher can develop proper attitudes through social studies, sciencematters, the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc. However, when children cometo school with undesirable attitudes, it is unwise to attempt to change theirfeelings by criticizing them. The teacher can achieve the proper effect byhelping them obtain constructive experience.

   Toillustrate, first-grade pupils, afraid of policemen will probably change theirattitudes after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer in which heexplains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children candevelop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-daytrips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, becauseher influence can be harmful she has personal prejudices. This is especiallytrue in respect to controversial issues and questions of which children shouldbe encouraged to reach their own decisions as result of objective analysis ofall the facts.

Through which of the following factor a teacher CANNOT develop proper attitudes of students?

ASocial studies

BScience matters

CThe very atmosphere of the classroom

DCriticism of children’s behavior

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                                B

    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the developmentof attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affectthe behavior of most people.

   “Theburnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of figureslike Hitler. Both these examples point up the fact that attitudes come fromexperience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in theother it was indirect and gradual.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in strategic positionto influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudesfrom those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often search somewhat deeplyinto a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or haspossibly never occurred to them before. To a child who has previously acquirelittle knowledge of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit wouldgreatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.

  The teacher can develop proper attitudes through social studies, sciencematters, the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc. However, when children cometo school with undesirable attitudes, it is unwise to attempt to change theirfeelings by criticizing them. The teacher can achieve the proper effect byhelping them obtain constructive experience.

   Toillustrate, first-grade pupils, afraid of policemen will probably change theirattitudes after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer in which heexplains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children candevelop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-daytrips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, becauseher influence can be harmful she has personal prejudices. This is especiallytrue in respect to controversial issues and questions of which children shouldbe encouraged to reach their own decisions as result of objective analysis ofall the facts.

In the author’s opinion, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes because_______.

Aher personal attitudes may affect her students if she is prejudiced

Bshe need to improve herself too

Cshe is also often influenced by her students

Dshe may not have a constant attitude towards some controversial sues(控诉)

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                                B

    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the developmentof attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affectthe behavior of most people.

   “Theburnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of figureslike Hitler. Both these examples point up the fact that attitudes come fromexperience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in theother it was indirect and gradual.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in strategic positionto influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudesfrom those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often search somewhat deeplyinto a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or haspossibly never occurred to them before. To a child who has previously acquirelittle knowledge of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit wouldgreatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.

  The teacher can develop proper attitudes through social studies, sciencematters, the very atmosphere of the classroom, etc. However, when children cometo school with undesirable attitudes, it is unwise to attempt to change theirfeelings by criticizing them. The teacher can achieve the proper effect byhelping them obtain constructive experience.

   Toillustrate, first-grade pupils, afraid of policemen will probably change theirattitudes after a classroom talk with the neighborhood officer in which heexplains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children candevelop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-daytrips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, becauseher influence can be harmful she has personal prejudices. This is especiallytrue in respect to controversial issues and questions of which children shouldbe encouraged to reach their own decisions as result of objective analysis ofall the facts.

The main readers of this passage may be ___________.

Apsychologists conducting complicated experiments

Bparents who have children in school

Cschool teachers

Dstudents in primary school

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                                C

   A year after graduation, I was offered aposition teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had neverseriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. Iaccepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and goby the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked toimagine people getting the two of us confused. “Wait a minute,” someone mightsay, “are talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectablescholar?”

   The position was offered at the last minute,and I was given two week to prepare, a period I spent searching for a briefcaseand standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class, I’mMr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes Iwould sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked inand the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor,but rather a 12-year-old boy.

   I arrived in the classroom with paper cardsdesigned in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orangeconstruction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out thecards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to theirbreast pockets as I required.

   “All right then,” I said. “Okay, here we go.”Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond thismoment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk,offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imaginedthat I would sit on the edge of the desk, overlooking a forest of raised hands.Every student would shout to be heard, and I would knock on something in orderto silence them. I would yell, “Calm down, you’ll all get your turn. One at atime, one at a time!”

   A terrible silence ruled the room, andseeing no other opinions, I instructed the students to pull out their notebooksand write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment.

The author took the job to teach writing because______________.

Ahe wanted to be respected

Bhe had written some stories

Che wanted to please his father

Dhe had dreamed of being a teacher

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                                C

   A year after graduation, I was offered aposition teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had neverseriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. Iaccepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and goby the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked toimagine people getting the two of us confused. “Wait a minute,” someone mightsay, “are talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectablescholar?”

   The position was offered at the last minute,and I was given two week to prepare, a period I spent searching for a briefcaseand standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class, I’mMr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes Iwould sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked inand the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor,but rather a 12-year-old boy.

   I arrived in the classroom with paper cardsdesigned in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orangeconstruction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out thecards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to theirbreast pockets as I required.

   “All right then,” I said. “Okay, here we go.”Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond thismoment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk,offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imaginedthat I would sit on the edge of the desk, overlooking a forest of raised hands.Every student would shout to be heard, and I would knock on something in orderto silence them. I would yell, “Calm down, you’ll all get your turn. One at atime, one at a time!”

   A terrible silence ruled the room, andseeing no other opinions, I instructed the students to pull out their notebooksand write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment.

What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 2?

AHe would be aggressive in his first class.

BHe was well-prepared for his first class.

CHe got nervous upon the arrival of his first class.

DHe waited long for the arrival of his first class.

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                                C

   A year after graduation, I was offered aposition teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had neverseriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. Iaccepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and goby the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked toimagine people getting the two of us confused. “Wait a minute,” someone mightsay, “are talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectablescholar?”

   The position was offered at the last minute,and I was given two week to prepare, a period I spent searching for a briefcaseand standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class, I’mMr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes Iwould sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked inand the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor,but rather a 12-year-old boy.

   I arrived in the classroom with paper cardsdesigned in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orangeconstruction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out thecards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to theirbreast pockets as I required.

   “All right then,” I said. “Okay, here we go.”Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond thismoment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk,offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imaginedthat I would sit on the edge of the desk, overlooking a forest of raised hands.Every student would shout to be heard, and I would knock on something in orderto silence them. I would yell, “Calm down, you’ll all get your turn. One at atime, one at a time!”

   A terrible silence ruled the room, andseeing no other opinions, I instructed the students to pull out their notebooksand write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment.

Before he started his class, the author asked the students to_______.

Awrite down their suggestions on the paper cards

Bcut maple leaves out of the construction paper

Ccut some cards out the construction paper

Dwrite down their names on the paper cards

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                                C

   A year after graduation, I was offered aposition teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had neverseriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. Iaccepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and goby the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked toimagine people getting the two of us confused. “Wait a minute,” someone mightsay, “are talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectablescholar?”

   The position was offered at the last minute,and I was given two week to prepare, a period I spent searching for a briefcaseand standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class, I’mMr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes Iwould sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked inand the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor,but rather a 12-year-old boy.

   I arrived in the classroom with paper cardsdesigned in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orangeconstruction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out thecards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to theirbreast pockets as I required.

   “All right then,” I said. “Okay, here we go.”Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond thismoment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk,offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imaginedthat I would sit on the edge of the desk, overlooking a forest of raised hands.Every student would shout to be heard, and I would knock on something in orderto silence them. I would yell, “Calm down, you’ll all get your turn. One at atime, one at a time!”

   A terrible silence ruled the room, andseeing no other opinions, I instructed the students to pull out their notebooksand write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment.

What did the students do when the author started his class?

AThey began to talk.

BThey stayed silent.

CThey raised their hands.

DThey shouted to be heard.

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                                C

   A year after graduation, I was offered aposition teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had neverseriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. Iaccepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and goby the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked toimagine people getting the two of us confused. “Wait a minute,” someone mightsay, “are talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectablescholar?”

   The position was offered at the last minute,and I was given two week to prepare, a period I spent searching for a briefcaseand standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class, I’mMr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes Iwould sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked inand the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor,but rather a 12-year-old boy.

   I arrived in the classroom with paper cardsdesigned in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orangeconstruction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out thecards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to theirbreast pockets as I required.

   “All right then,” I said. “Okay, here we go.”Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond thismoment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk,offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imaginedthat I would sit on the edge of the desk, overlooking a forest of raised hands.Every student would shout to be heard, and I would knock on something in orderto silence them. I would yell, “Calm down, you’ll all get your turn. One at atime, one at a time!”

   A terrible silence ruled the room, andseeing no other opinions, I instructed the students to pull out their notebooksand write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment.

The author chose the composition topic probably because________.

Ahe got disappointed with his first class

Bhe had prepared the topic before class.

Che wanted to calm down the students

Dhe thought it was an easy topic

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

   It has been found that less than one shopperin five makes a complete shopping list before going to the store. The reasonfor this is that seven out of ten of today’s purchases(购买)are decided in the store, where the shoppers tend toward impulse(冲动)buying. Buying groceries on impulse had risen for the past forty years, andthis rise has coincided(巧合) with the growth of self-serviceshopping. However, in grocery stores where clerks wait on customers there ismuch less impulse buying. It is hard for people to buy on impulse if they haveto address a clerk.

   Psychologists have joined forces withmerchandising(商品) experts. It is their job topersuade people to buy products which they may not need or even want until theysee them attractively presented. It was discovered by the psychologists thatshoppers want help in their purchases. Having so many choices confuses them,and they prefer the package that attracts them. Therefore, it is now more usualfor food packers to pay attention to their package design. Attraction dependsheavily on the position of the product on the shelf, however. Thus, persuadingthe shopper to buy is easier if the product is located at eye-level.

According to the information in the first paragraph, ______ make a complete list.

Aonly five shoppers

Bless than twenty percent of the shoppers

Conly ten percent of the shoppers

Dnot even five percent of the shoppers

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

   It has been found that less than one shopperin five makes a complete shopping list before going to the store. The reasonfor this is that seven out of ten of today’s purchases(购买)are decided in the store, where the shoppers tend toward impulse(冲动)buying. Buying groceries on impulse had risen for the past forty years, andthis rise has coincided(巧合) with the growth of self-serviceshopping. However, in grocery stores where clerks wait on customers there ismuch less impulse buying. It is hard for people to buy on impulse if they haveto address a clerk.

   Psychologists have joined forces withmerchandising(商品) experts. It is their job topersuade people to buy products which they may not need or even want until theysee them attractively presented. It was discovered by the psychologists thatshoppers want help in their purchases. Having so many choices confuses them,and they prefer the package that attracts them. Therefore, it is now more usualfor food packers to pay attention to their package design. Attraction dependsheavily on the position of the product on the shelf, however. Thus, persuadingthe shopper to buy is easier if the product is located at eye-level.

The reason for the above mentioned phenomenon is that _______.

Apeople have difficulty making up their mind before going shopping

Bpeople don’t know what is available in the store

Cpeople tend to decide on buying products when they see them

Dpeople are easily deceived(欺骗) by the attractive products

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

   It has been found that less than one shopperin five makes a complete shopping list before going to the store. The reasonfor this is that seven out of ten of today’s purchases(购买)are decided in the store, where the shoppers tend toward impulse(冲动)buying. Buying groceries on impulse had risen for the past forty years, andthis rise has coincided(巧合) with the growth of self-serviceshopping. However, in grocery stores where clerks wait on customers there ismuch less impulse buying. It is hard for people to buy on impulse if they haveto address a clerk.

   Psychologists have joined forces withmerchandising(商品) experts. It is their job topersuade people to buy products which they may not need or even want until theysee them attractively presented. It was discovered by the psychologists thatshoppers want help in their purchases. Having so many choices confuses them,and they prefer the package that attracts them. Therefore, it is now more usualfor food packers to pay attention to their package design. Attraction dependsheavily on the position of the product on the shelf, however. Thus, persuadingthe shopper to buy is easier if the product is located at eye-level.

In grocery stores where customers are served there is less impulse shopping. This may be because ________.

Athe clerks ignore the customers

Bthe clerks are too eager to serve the customers

Cthe stores have to send the shopper’s purchases to his house

Dcustomers hesitate to ask for help if they haven’t decided what to buy

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

   It has been found that less than one shopperin five makes a complete shopping list before going to the store. The reasonfor this is that seven out of ten of today’s purchases(购买)are decided in the store, where the shoppers tend toward impulse(冲动)buying. Buying groceries on impulse had risen for the past forty years, andthis rise has coincided(巧合) with the growth of self-serviceshopping. However, in grocery stores where clerks wait on customers there ismuch less impulse buying. It is hard for people to buy on impulse if they haveto address a clerk.

   Psychologists have joined forces withmerchandising(商品) experts. It is their job topersuade people to buy products which they may not need or even want until theysee them attractively presented. It was discovered by the psychologists thatshoppers want help in their purchases. Having so many choices confuses them,and they prefer the package that attracts them. Therefore, it is now more usualfor food packers to pay attention to their package design. Attraction dependsheavily on the position of the product on the shelf, however. Thus, persuadingthe shopper to buy is easier if the product is located at eye-level.

Shoppers tend to buy the products put on _______.

Athe top shelf

Bthe bottom shelf

Cthe shelf which people can see easily

Dthe shelf where there is less confusion

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

   It has been found that less than one shopperin five makes a complete shopping list before going to the store. The reasonfor this is that seven out of ten of today’s purchases(购买)are decided in the store, where the shoppers tend toward impulse(冲动)buying. Buying groceries on impulse had risen for the past forty years, andthis rise has coincided(巧合) with the growth of self-serviceshopping. However, in grocery stores where clerks wait on customers there ismuch less impulse buying. It is hard for people to buy on impulse if they haveto address a clerk.

   Psychologists have joined forces withmerchandising(商品) experts. It is their job topersuade people to buy products which they may not need or even want until theysee them attractively presented. It was discovered by the psychologists thatshoppers want help in their purchases. Having so many choices confuses them,and they prefer the package that attracts them. Therefore, it is now more usualfor food packers to pay attention to their package design. Attraction dependsheavily on the position of the product on the shelf, however. Thus, persuadingthe shopper to buy is easier if the product is located at eye-level.

Which of the following might be the best title for this passage?

APsychologists and Merchandising Experts.

BImpulse Buying.

CThe more Products the More Confusion.

DSelf-service Shopping.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题30分,共90分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 完型填空(共20小题;每小题1。5分,满分30分)

    Every human being,  36  what he is doing, gives off body heat. The usual problem is 37  dispose of it. But the designers of the Johnstown campus of the University of Pittsburgh set themselves the  38  problem — how to collect body heat. They have designed a collection system which utilizes  39  body heat, but the heat given off by such objects  40  light bulbs and refrigerators as well. The system works so well  41  no conventional fuel is needed  42  the campus’ six buildings comfortable.

    Some parts of most modern buildings — theatres and offices  43  classrooms — are more than amply heated by people and lights and sometimes must be air-conditioned  44  in winter. The technique of  45  heat and redistributing it is 46  “heat recover”. A few modern buildings recover  47  , but the university’s system is the first to recover heat  48  some buildings and re-use it in  49  . Along the way, Pitt has learned a great deal about some of its heat producers. The  50  a student studies, the more heat his body  51  . Male students emit more heat than  52  students, and the larger a student, the more heat he  53  . It is tempting to  54  that the hottest prospect for the Johnstown campus would be a  55  , over-weight male genius.

36. 

    A.though                

    B. no matter           

    C. however              

    D.in spite of

37. 

    A.how to                

    B. how                

    C. what                

    D.what to

38. 

    A.similar                 

    B. wrong               

    C. opposing              

    D.opposite

39. 

    A.both                  

    B. not only             

    C.as well as             

    D. neither

40. 

    A.for example            

    B. like                  

    C. of                   

    D.as

41. 

    A.which                

    B. then                

    C. that                 

    D.therefore

42. 

    A.make           

    B. to be made             

    C. to make               

    D.making

43. 

    A.including               

    B. as well as             

    C. with                 

    D.as well

44. 

    A.even                   

    B. so                   

    C. ever                  

    D.much

45. 

    A.saving                 

    B. being saved          

    C. disposing              

    D.being disposed

46. 

    A.talked                 

    B. thought              

    C. suggested             

    D.called

47. 

    A.loss                   

    B. cold              

    C.temperature              

    D. heat

48. 

    A.to                    

    B. from                 

    C. with                 

    D.for

49. 

    A.the other               

    B.other                

    C. others                

    D. the others

50. 

    A.hard                  

    B. hardest               

    C. harder               

    D.more hard

51. 

    A.takes in                

    B. gives off             

    C. gives in              

    D.takes out

52. 

    A.other                  

    B. female               

    C. girl                  

    D.boy

53. 

    A.produces               

    B. manufactures          

    C. designs              

    D.assembles

54. 

    A.start                  

    B. conclude             

    C. end                 

    D.begin

55. 

    A.easy-going              

    B. fun-making           

    C. hard-working          

    D.good-for-nothing

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读表达

    [1] A healthy weight is a weight that lowers your risk for health problems. For most people, body mass index (BMI) and waist size are good ways to tell if they are at a healthy weight.

    [2] If you want to get to a healthy weight and stay there, a healthy lifestyle will work better than dieting. Reaching a certain number on the scale is not as important as having a healthy lifestyle.

    [3] Staying at a healthy weight is one of the best things you can do for your health. It can help prevent serious problems, including: heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes and sleep apnea.

    [4] But weight is only _________. Even if you carry some extra weight, eating healthy foods and being more active can help you feel better, have more energy, and lower your risk for disease

    [5] If you decide that you do need to make some changes, here are three steps to reach a healthy weight:

    [6] Improve your eating habits. Do it slowly. You may be tempted to do a diet overhaul and change everything about the way you eat. But you will be more successful at staying with the changes you make if you pick just one eating habit at a time to work on.

    [7] Get moving: Try to make physical activity a regular part of your day, just like brushing your teeth.

    [8] Changing your thinking. Our thoughts have a lot to do with how we feel and what we do. If you can stop your brain from telling you discouraging things and have it start encouraging you instead, you may be surprised at how much healthier you’ll be in mind and body.

76. What does the author say about getting toa healthy weight according to Paragraph 2?(no more than 8 words)

_______________________________________

77. Complete the following statement withproper words. (no more than 4 words)

   If you have some _________ don’t worry, youcan still keep healthier by eating healthier food and being more active.

78. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 withproper words. (no more than 6 words)

_______________________________________

79. List three steps to reach a healthyweight according to the text. (no more than 15 words)

   (1)____________________________________

   (2)_____________________________________

   (3)____________________________________

80. What does the word “it” (line2, Paragraph8) probably refer to? (no more than 3 words)

_______________________________________

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

书面表达(25分)

    请以 Marks or Abilities 为题, 写一篇120 字左右的作文。你的作文必须包括以下内容.

    1) 一些学生认为学习成绩是最重要的

    2) 一些学生认为培养个人能力是重要的

    3) 你的看法

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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