• 英语 2017年高三第二次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Master painter Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) was well known for having a large number of friends and students. Among them, painter Li Qiujun was special.

They got to know each other through Li's elder brother, who was one of Zhang's best friends.

They admired each other's artistic talent and became confidants, which resulted in a romantic relationship.

In 1948, Zhang produced Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape, a mountain-and-water ink painting featuring gongbi (meticulous brushwork), as a gift for Li's 50th birthday.

A year later, Zhang permanently departed from the mainland, and traveled and exhibited around the world before settling down in Taipei in 1976.

After leaving the mainland, he often said that he missed Li, who died in Shanghai in 1973.

Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape will be auctioned in Hong Kong on Oct 4.

The painting not only marks a friendship between the two painters, but it deserves special attention because it shows Zhang at the top of his game as he sought to master the mountain-and-water style, according to C.K. Cheung, head of Sotheby's Chinese painting department.

Sotheby's will auction the work at its major autumn sale, which runs from Oct 1 to 5.

Cheung says the painting's composition and Zhang's attention to details reflect his incorporation of traditional touches, especially from Song Dynasty (960-1279) paintings, while also developing his own style.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,属于友谊类话题,文章讲叙了画家张大千和李秋君之间的友谊。

21. The underlined word “confidants” in paragraph 3 probably means ____.

Aenemies

Bcolleges

Cfriends

Dpainters

22. How old was Li Qiujun when she died?()

A50

B75

C78

D84

23. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?()

ASpring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape was originally a gift for Li's 50th birthday.

BZhang Daqian permanently departed from the mainland in 1949.

CSotheby's will auction Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape in Hong Kong.

DLi Qiujun's elder brother was also one of ZhangDaqian's students.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

A new international study shows that some people's biological clock plays a powerful role for their life expectancy, regardless of lifestyle choices.

Published in the latest issue of Aging on Wednesday, the study has found the most definitive evidence to explain why some people keep healthy lifestyle but die younger than others.

Geneticist Steve Horvath from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), led a team of 65 scientists around the world to record age-related changes to human DNA, analyse blood samples collected from 13,000 people and estimate their lifespan.

A higher biological age, regardless of actual age, consistently predicts an earlier death, the study says.

"You get people who are vegan, sleep 10 hours a day, have a low-stress job, and still end up dying young," Horvath said in a statement. "We have shown some people have a faster innate aging rate."

The findings discovered that 5 percent of the population ages at a faster biological rate, which translated to a roughly 50 percent higher than average risk of death at any age.

"The great hope is that we find anti-aging interventions that would slow your innate aging rate," Horvath said, adding that "this is an important milestone to realizing this dream."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于科普类话题,文章主要讲了生物钟能预测寿命。

24. Some people keep healthy lifestyle but die younger than others because ______.

Atheir biological clock is not powerful enough

Bthe most definitive evidence has been found

Cthey have a higher actual age than others

Dthey ages at a relatively faster biological rate

25. How was the study conducted?()

ABy collecting and analyzing data

BBy interviewing lots of people

CBy researching previous studies

DBy studying different lifestyles

26. According to the study, it can be inferred that ______.

Apeople who keep healthy lifestyle tend to live longer

Bpeople’s lifespan can be predicted by their age

C5 percent of people are believed to have a faster innate aging rate

Danti-aging interventions have proved to slow the innate aging rate

27. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?()

AWe all should keep healthy lifestyle

BGeneticist finds anti-aging interventions

CBiological clock predicts life expectancy

DHorvath builds an important milestone

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

As a Chinese saying goes, “Taste is actually a memory of childhood”. Local specialty food may not be popular among all people, but it offers outsiders a glimpse of local culture and history.

Gongcheng “oil tea” is such a kind of food that would be considered “weird” by many first-time visitors to the remote county in the north of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Many people dislike its bitter and astringent(涩的) flavor when they take a sip.

“It felt like drinking Chinese herbal medicine. I never expected that I would gradually accept it afterwards, and even become addicted to it,” said a traveler surnamed Zhang who comes from Shijiazhuang in northern China’s Hebei province.

Langshan village is said to be the birthplace of Gongcheng “oil tea” whose ideal ingredients are green tea and fermented tea. The village has preserved well its buildings and roads dating back to late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), as well as its traditional way of making the special tea.

Lin Fengyou, 60, introduced the cooking process. She looks younger than her age, and attributes this to the benefits of drinking “oil tea” throughout the year.

The first procedure is to use a wooden hammer to pound the tea while heating it in an iron pot, and then add edible oil and boiled water afterwards. She filters off the solid residues(余渣), and pours the glue-like green tea soup into bowls. Then, she adds salt, caraway seed, green onion, dried rice, fried groundnuts, sliced taro and fried beans.

The taste of the “oil tea” is a mixture of the distinctive flavors of all its ingredients. Local people usually eat it together with glutinous rice(糯米) balls, rice dumplings and glutinous rice cake.

The villagers consume “oil tea” three times a day. The tea soup is a healthy and refreshing food. “The tea soup to us is coffee to Westerners”, said Lin. “But it is tastier.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于饮食类话题,文章主要讲了恭城油茶的口味,制作工序等。

28. Many first-time visitors may find “oil tea” ______ when taking a sip.

Apopular

Bstrange

Caddicted

Dbeneficial

29. What can we learn about Lin Fengyou according to the passage?()

AShe never expected that she would gradually accept “oil tea”.

BShe is one of the reasons why the special tea has been preserved.

CShe thinks drinking “oil tea” throughout the year makes her look younger.

DShe drinks “oil tea” three times every day and considers coffee tastier.

30. Which is the correct order of cooking “oil tea” according to Lin Fengyou?()

a. pour the glue-like green tea soup into bowls

b. heat the tea in an iron pot and pound the tea

c. add salt, caraway seed, green onion, dried rice, etc

d. add edible oil and boiled water

e. filter off the solid residues

Abdeac

Bdbace

Cacebd

Dbeadc

31. Which column is this passage probably taken from?()

ACulture & Education

BEntertainment

CHealth

DTravel

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

China's largest search engine Baidu has said it will make its latest artificial intelligence (AI) technology accessible to developers and businesses as part of the company's latest move into AI, big data and cloud computing.

AI solution "Tianzhi" was launched at a cloud-computing summit held in Beijing Wednesday. It includes services in three fields: sensing technology, such as image and voice processing, machine learning, and deep learning, an advanced form of machine learning, said Zhang Yaqin, CEO of the Nasdaq-listed company, at the summit.

Developers can access facial or voice recognition, algorithms(演算法) for data analysis and projections, and deep learning applications, Zhang said, adding that the technology could help users innovate in their sectors.

"With more devices connected to the cloud, enterprises will use cloud computing and AI more frequently," said Wu Hequan, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Engineering, "Open AI technology can play a bigger role."

The company also revealed a plan to invest 10 billion yuan (1.45 billion U.S. dollars) in cloud computing in the next five years and establish an innovation center, which will serve 10 million enterprises.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于科普类话题,文章主要讲了百度宣布开发人员和企业将有权使用最新的人工智能技术。

32. What is the main idea of paragraph one?()

ABaidu will further develop its latest AI technology.

BBaidu has attracted developers’ and businesses’ attention.

CUsers will be able to access Baidu’s latest AI technology.

DA company will move to AI, big data and cloud computing.

33. “Tianzhi” includes services in the following fields EXCEPT _____.

Asensing technology

Bvoice processing

Cmachine learning

Ddeep learning

34. What does the underlined sentence in paragraph four probably mean?()

AIt’s important for AI technology to be open.

BAI technology is more important than the cloud.

CPeople aren’t aware of the importance of AI technology.

DEnterprises will hardly benefit from open AI technology.

35. What is Baidu’s next move according to the last paragraph?()

AReveal a plan to invest in cloud computing.

BInvest 10 billion yuan to serve enterprises.

CGet invested from enterprises in the next five years.

DInvest in computing and build an innovation center.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

It is very common for you to find yourself in an unfamiliar situation. bd blank Yes, everyone tells you to stand on your own two feet and take responsibility for your action, but if you haven’t experienced a situation before, how can you know what to do?[:.]

We usually try our best to do everything on our own and not to rely on others, but at certain times calling for help is the best way forward. You can picture the scene of the man--it is usually a man--driving blindly around an unfamiliar town looking for an address he doesn’t know. bd blank And he could get to his appointment on time. It is obvious to everybody in such a case that asking for help is not a sign of weakness, but rather the sensible thing to do.

bd blank For example, you are looking for a new job and need to write your resume(简历). If your pride prevents you from getting help and you just do the writing yourself, it may well cost the opportunity you are seeking. Similarly, when you just started a new job, you often don’t want to admit that you haven’t got the knowledge to finish a particular task, so you keep going and eventually make things worse than they were. This may lead to a diminishing(贬低)of you in the eyes of the boss. bd blank

Now you can see that asking for help is not a sign of weakness but is the sensible and mature thing to do. bd blank Making your life easier by asking for and using knowledgeable help is not a sign of weakness, but is actually quite a clever thing to do.

A. What’s worse, you are most likely to lose the new job.

B. Actually speaking, asking for help is not a sign of weakness.

C. There are times when you know you don’t have the relevant experience.

D. If only he would stop and ask for directions, he could save lots of time.

E. However, many people tend to make mistakes over and over when help is available.

F. You will also recognize expert help would save your time, energy and money.

G. You can accustom yourself to asking for help sooner or later.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,是属于社会生活类话题,谈论了向别人请教在很大程度上会提高自己的成功。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I remember quite well a day 17 years ago. That day, our twin sons, Chad and Brad, __bd blank__ their car and left home to attend college. I realized that our __bd blank _ would soon become a “table for two”. ___bd blank __, the boys would come home on the weekends, but __bd blank _, I knew our family life would never be exactly the same again.

The boys walked around each room to __bd blank _ they hadn’t forgotten anything they needed. I packed a cooler with __bd blank __ and their favorite cold snacks. I found a box and filled it with essential __bd blank _ items. I thought they might go to bed hungry that night. I ___bd blank _ my wallet and placed the little bit of ___bd blank __ I had in their hands.

We all walked ___bd blank _. Chad and Brad gave me big __bd blank __ and quickly got into their car. I ___bd blank _ as they drove away. When their car was __bd blank _, I sat down on the driveway and cried ___bd blank __ than I had cried in a long time. My husband Roy tried to ___bd blank _ me, but I could see grief in his eyes, as well.

There are many parents who would ___bd blank __ this period. Bittersweet feelings will be ___bd blank _ while I cannot explain them adequately. I can still remember ___bd blank __ I felt when we began that new chapter in our lives.

___bd blank _ time going by, however, Roy and I are now accustomed to our table for two and we enjoy our lives together. I have to admit I still miss our children and the old ___bd blank __ we had together.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,属于个人生活类话题。作者回忆了与双胞台儿子离别的情形且很怀念与他们在一起的日子。

41.

Arepaired

Bwashed

Cloaded

Ddecorated

42.

AroomgkstkCom

Bgarden

Cchair

Dtable

43.

ASo

BYet

CSure

DThereforegkstkCom

44.

Aeven then

Beven so

Cever since

Dever after

45.

Amake sure

Blook around

Cthink about

Dsort out

46.

Awater

Bdrinks

Cwine

Dmedicine

47.

Afood

Bclothes

Cbook

Dsupply

48.

Atidied

Bcleaned

Cclosed

Demptied

49.

Apaper

Bgoods

Ccash

Dcheck

50.

Aoutside

Bindoors

Cforward

Dbackward

51.

Asmiles

Bstares

Ckisses

Dhugs

52.

Atalked

Bwaved

Cran

Dcried

53.

Atraveling

Brushing

Cout of order

Dout of sight

54.

Aharder

Blighter

Cmore heavily

Dmore firmly

55.

Adelight

Bpersuade

Ccomfort

Dhelp

56.

Aadventure

Bexperience

Clook for

Ddepend on

57.

Aabsent

Bpresent

Creturning

Dconcealing

58.

Awhat

Bwhen

Cwhy

Dhow

59.

AWith

BAs

CFor

DAbout

60.

Atables

Bhouses

Ctimes

Dlives

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
I’ve dreamed of becoming a writer since I was a teenager. But bd blank___ isn’t easy to get a book of mine published. bd blank_____ I’ve tried hard, none of my books have been published. This is really bd blank_____ (upset).

This morning, I received a call from a publisher and bd blank_____ (tell) once again that there was no way my book would be published. bd blank___ (feel) sad, I left home and went to the park near my apartment. At the park, I sat down on the bench near the grass.

While I was sitting there, I saw a little boy about one and a half years old. He was running on the grass, bd blank_____ his mother not far behind him. He looked so happy when he enjoyed the bd blank_____ (free) of running on the grass. He then fell on the grass, but he quickly got up and continued bd blank____ (run) as fast as he could again even without looking back at his mother. He was still running with a smile on his face, as if nothing bd blank____ (happen).

Seeing that, I was truly inspired. I 70_____ (sudden) realized that I shouldn’t get discouraged after experiencing failure. Instead, I should cheer up and keep on trying.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇加叙加议的议论文,是属于社会生活类话题,文章通过所见的一件事,论述了失败后不能气馁的道理。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有l0处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:(1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

(2)只允许修改10处,多者(从笫11处起)不计分。

I’m Wang Hong, a international student of Beijing University. I have something to talk with you. During last year’s winter holiday, I go shopping with my classmates. While we were walking on the street, we saw several beggar standing on the road and asking for money. Many of them were disabling, which made me feel very much sad. Among them were old people, young people and even children. I noticed some passers-by ignore them instead of given them money. When I wanted to help them, my classmates stopped us. They told me whether these beggars were not worth showing mercy to because most them cheated people. Should I helped them?

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假定你是李华,你校外教露西女士近期准备回英国度假,你班同学准备举行晚会为她送行。请你根据以下提示,用英语写一封e-mail,通知她相关情况。

1、对她的辛勤教学工作表示感谢; 

2、晚会本周六晚上6:30开始,预计持续一个小时;

3、地点:高三12班教室;

4、活动:一起唱英文歌,班长代表全班赠送鲜花和亲手制作的礼物。

注意:

(1)字数100词左右。

(2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文更连贯。

(3)开头和结尾已给出。(不计入总词数)

Dear Lucy,

   We hear thatyou’ll return to the United Kingdom on a holiday soon. All the class will missyou very much during your absence!_________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                            Yours truly,

                                                           Li Hua



分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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