• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国III卷)
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简答题(综合题) 本大题共30分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

OPENINGS AND PREVIEWS

Animals Out of Paper

Yolo!Productions and the Great Griffon present the play by Rajiv Joseph, in which an origami(折纸术)artist invites a teenage talent and his teacher into her studio. Merri Milwe directs. In previews. Opens Feb.12.(West Park Presbyterian Church,165 W.86th St.212-868-4444.)

The Audience

Helen Mirren stars in the play by Peter Morgan,about Queen Elizabeth II of the UK and her private meetings with twelve Prime Ministers in the course of sixty years. Stephen Daldry directs. Also starring Dylan Baker and Judith Ivey. Previews begin Feb.14.(Schoenfeld,236 W.45th St.212-239-6200.)

Hamilton

Lin-Manuel Miranda wrote this musical about Alexander Hamilton,in which the birth of America is presented as an immigrant story. Thomas Kail directs. In previews. Opens Feb.17.(Public,425 Lafayette St.212-967-7555.)

On the Twentieth Century

Kristin Chenoweth and Peter Gallagher star in the musical comedy by Betty Comden and Adolph Green,about a Broadway producer who tries to win a movie star’s love during a cross-country train journey. Scott Ellis directs, for Roundabout Theatre Company. Previews begin Feb.12.(American Airlines Theatre, 227 W.42nd St.212-719-1300.)

21. What is the play by Rajiv Joseph probably about?.

AA type of art.

BA teenager's studio.

CA great teacher.

DA group of animals.

22. Who is the director of The Audience?

AHelen Mirren.

BPeter Morgan.

CDylan Baker.

DStephen Daldry.

23. Which play will you go to if you are interested in American history?

AAnimals Out of Paper.

BThe Audience.

CHamilton.

DOn the Twentieth Century.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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B

For Western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for Western creative.

"It's no secret that China has always been a source(来源)of inspiration for designers," says Amanda Hill, chief creative officer at A+E Networks, a global media company and home to some of the biggest fashion(时尚)shows.

Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics(美学)on Western fashion and how China has fueled the fashionable imagination for centuries. The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences.

"China is impossible to overlook," says Hill. "Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion — they are central to its movement. "Of course, only are today's top Western designers being influenced by China — some of the best designers of contemporary fashion are themselves Chinese." Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galiano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs-and beating them hands down in design and sales," adds Hill.

For Hill, it is impossible not to talk about China as the leading player when discussing fashion. "The most famous designers are Chinese, so are the models, and so are the consumers," she says. "China is no longer just another market; in many senses it has become the market. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China —its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways."

24.What can we learn about the exhibition in New York?

AIt promoted the sales of artworks.

BIt attracted a large number of visitors.

CIt showed ancient Chinese clothes.

DIt aimed to introduce Chinese models.

25.What does Hill say about Chinese women?

AThey are setting the fashion.

BThey start many fashion campaigns.

CThey admire super models.

DThey do business all over the world.

26.What do the underlined words  "taking on" in paragraph 4 mean?

Alearning from

Blooking down on

Cworking with

Dcompeting against

27.What can be a suitable title for the text?

AYoung Models Selling Dreams to the World

BA Chinese Art Exhibition Held in New York

CDifferences Between Eastern and Western Aesthetics

DChinese Culture Fueling International Fashion Trends

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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C

Before the 1830s,most newspapers were sold through annual subscriptions in America, usually $8 to $10 a year. Today $8 or $10 seems a small amount of money, but at that time these amounts were forbidding to most citizens. Accordingly, newspapers were read almost only by rich people in politics or the trades. In addition, most newspapers had little in them that would appeal to a mass audience. They were dull and visually forbidding. But the revolution that was taking place in the 1830s would change all that.

The trend, then, was toward the "penny paper"— a term referring to papers made widely available to the public. It meant any inexpensive newspaper; perhaps more importantly it meant newspapers that could be bought in single copies on the street.

This development did not take place overnight. It had been possible(but not easy)to buy single copies of newspapers before 1830,but this usually meant the reader had to go down to the printer's office to purchase a copy. Street sales were almost unknown. However, within a few years, street sales of newspapers would be commonplace in eastern cities. At first the price of single copies was seldom a penny—usually two or three cents was charged —and some of the older well-known papers charged five or six cents. But the phrase "penny paper " caught the public's fancy, and soon there would be papers that did indeed sell for only a penny.

This new trend of newspapers for "the man on the street" did not begin well. Some of the early ventures(企业)were immediate failures. Publishers already in business, people who were owners of successful papers, had little desire to change the tradition. It took a few youthful and daring businessmen to get the ball rolling.

28.Which of the following best describes newspapers in America before the 1830s?

AAcademic.

BUnattractive.

CInexpensive.

DConfidential.

29.What did street sales mean to newspapers?

AThey would be priced higher.

BThey would disappear from cities.

CThey could have more readers.

DThey could regain public trust.

30.Who were the newspapers of the new trend targeted at?

ALocal politicians.

BCommon people.

CYoung publishers.

DRich businessmen.

31.What can we say about the birth of the penny paper?

AIt was a difficult process.

BIt was a temporary success.

CIt was a robbery of the poor.

DIt was a disaster for printers.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Monkeys seem to have a way with numbers.

A team of researchers trained three Rhesus monkeys to associate 26 clearly different symbols consisting of numbers and selective letters with 0-25 drops of water or juice as a reward. The researchers then tested how the monkeys combined—or added—the symbols to get the reward.

Here's how Harvard Medical School scientist Margaret Livingstone, who led the team, described the experiment: In their cages the monkeys were provided with touch screens. On one part of the screen, a symbol would appear, and on the other side two symbols inside a circle were shown. For example, the number 7 would flash on one side of the screen and the other end would have 9 and 8. If the monkeys touched the left side of the screen they would be rewarded with seven drops of water or juice; if they went for the circle, they would be rewarded with the sum of the numbers—17 in this example.

After running hundreds of tests, the researchers noted that the monkeys would go for the higher values more than half the time, indicating that they were performing a calculation, not just memorizing the value of each combination.

When the team examined the results of the experiment more closely, they noticed that the monkeys tended to underestimate(低估)a sum compared with a single symbol when the two were close in value—sometimes choosing, for example, a 13 over the sum of 8 and 6. The underestimation was systematic: When adding two numbers, the monkeys always paid attention to the larger of the two, and then added only a fraction(小部分)of the smaller number to it.

"This indicates that there is a certain way quantity is represented in their brains, "Dr. Livingstone says. “But in this experiment what they're doing is paying more attention to the big number than the little one.”

32. What did the researchers do to the monkeys before testing them?

AThey fed them.

BThey named them.

CThey trained them.

DThey measured them.

33. How did the monkeys get their reward in the experiment?

ABy drawing a circle.

BBy touching a screen.

CBy watching videos.

DBy mixing two drinks.

34. What did Livingstone's team find about the monkeys?

AThey could perform basic addition.

BThey could understand simple words.

CThey could memorize numbers easily.

DThey could hold their attention for long.

35. In which section of a newspaper may this text appear?

AEntertainment.

BHealth.

CEducation.

DScience.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共4小题,每小题10分,共40分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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36.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

In an online class, developing healthypatterns of communication with professors is very important.     36    While I have only listed twoof each, these are obviously many other situations that can arise. Studentsshould be able to extend the logic(逻辑)of each to their particular circumstance.

Do's

•     37    Questions about subjectcontent are generally welcomed. Before asking questions about the coursedesign, read the syllabus(教学大纲)and learning management system information to be sure the answerisn't hiding in plain sight.

• Participate in discussion forums(论坛), blogs and other open-endedforums for dialogue.     38     Be sure to stay on topic and not offerirrelevant information. Make a point, and make it safe for others to do thesame.

Don'ts

• Don't share personal information orstories. Professors are not trained nurses, financial aid experts or your bestfriends. If you are in need of a deadline extension, simply explain the situationto the professor.     39      

• Don't openly express annoyance at aprofessor or class.     40     Whena student attacks a professor on the social media, the language used actuallysays more about the student. If there is truly a concern about a professor'sprofessionalism or ability, be sure to use online course evaluations to calmlyoffer your comments.

A. That's what they are for.

B. Turn to an online instructor for help.

C. If more information is needed, they willask.

D. Remember that online professors get a lotof emails.

E. Below are some common do’s and don’ tsfor online learners.

F. Everyone has taken a not-so-great classat one time or another.

G. Ask questions, but make sure they aregood, thoughtful questions.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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41.第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

The small town of Rjukan in Norway is situated between several mountainsand does not get direct sunlight from late September to mid-March—   41   six months out of the year.

Of course, we   42   it when the sun is shining," says KarinRo, who works for the town’s tourism office. “We see the sky is   43  ,but down in the valley it’s darker — it’s like on a   44   day.”

But that   45   whena system of high-tech   46   wasintroduced to reflect sunlight from neighboring peaks(山峰)into the valley below. Wednesday, residents(居民)of Rjukan   47   their very first ray of winter sunshine: A rowof reflective boards on a nearby mountainside were put to   48  .The mirrors are controlled by a computer that    49   themto turn along with the sun throughout the   50   and to close during windy weather. They reflecta concentrated beam(束)oflight onto the town’s central    51  ,creating an area of sunlight roughly 600 square meters. When the light   52  ,Rjukan residents gathered together.

“People have been   53   thereand standing there and taking   54   of each other," Ro says. "The townsquare was totally   55  . I think almost all the people in thetown were there. "The 3,500 residents cannot all   56   the sunshine at the same time.   57  ,the new light feels like more than enough for the town’s   58   residents.

"It's not very   59  ,” she says, "but it is enough whenwe are   60  .”

41. A. only                   B. obviously                 C.nearly                      D. precisely

42. A. fear                   B. believe                     C.hear                         D. notice

43. A. empty                B. blue                         C. high                         D. wide

44. A. cloudy               B. normal                            C. different                   D.warm

45. A. helped               B. changed                    C. happened                  D. mattered

46. A. computers          B. telescopes                 C.mirrors                     D. cameras

47. A. remembered       B. forecasted                 C. received                   D. imagined

48. A. repair                 B. risk                          C. rest                          D. use

49. A. forbids               B. directs                      C. predicts                    D. follows

50. A. day                    B. night                        C.month                      D. year

51. A. library               B. hall                          C. square                      D.street

52. A. appeared            B. returned                   C.faded                       D. stopped

53. A. driving               B. hiding                      C.camping                   D. siting

54. A. pictures               B. notes                        C. care                         D. hold

55. A. new                   B. full                          C.flat                          D. silent

56. A. block                  B. avoid                       C.enjoy                       D. store

57. A. Instead                B. However                  C. Gradually                 D. Similarly

58. A. nature-loving      B. energy-saving           C. weather-beaten        D. sun-starved

59. A. big                    B. clear                        C.cold                         D. easy

60. A. trying                 B. waiting                     C.watching                  D. sharing

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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61.第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

On our way to the house,it was raining   61   hard that we couldn't help wondering how longit would take   62   (get)there. It was in the middle of Pearl City.

We were first greeted with the barkingby a pack   63   dogs,seven to be exact. They were well trained by their masters   64   had great experience with caring for theseanimals. Our hosts shared many of their experiences and   65  (recommend)wonderful places to eat,shop,andvisit. For breakfast,we wereable to eat papaya(木瓜)andother fruits from their trees in the backyard.

When they were free from work,they invited us to local events and let us know ofan interesting   66   (compete)towatch,together with the story behind it. Theyalso shared with us many   67 (tradition)stories about Hawaii that were   68   (huge)popularwith tourists. On the last day of our week-long stay,we   69  (invite)to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore underthe stars,  70   (listen)tomusicians and meeting interesting locals.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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71.第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I've had many dreams since I was achild. Now my dream is to opens a cafe. Though it may appear simple, it requireda lot of ideas and efforts. What I want is not just an ordinarily cafe but avery special one. I want my cafe have a special theme such as like "TangDynasty". In the cafe, customers will enjoy yourselves in the historicalenvironment what is created for them. If I succeed in manage one, I will openmore. I wish to have a chain of cafes in many different city. Each of my cafeswill have a different theme and an unique style.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你校将举办音乐节。请写封邮件邀请你的英国朋友Allen参加,内容包括:

1.时间;

2.活动安排;

3.欢迎他表演节目。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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