• 2019年高考真题 英语 (江苏卷)
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简答题(综合题) 本大题共65分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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21.第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:Itis generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants.

A.however             B. whatever                  C. whichever                D. whenever

答案是B。

 21. We have entered into an age _______ dreams have the best chanceof coming true.

   D. which                     A. what                      C.when                     D.that

22. The musicianalong with his band members ___________ ten performances in the last three months.

   A. gives                     B has given                C.have given              D. give

23. The doctorshares his phone number with the patients __________ they need medicalassistance.

   A. if only                    B. as if                      C.even though           D. in case

24. More windpower stations will ____________ to meet the demand for clean energy.

   A. take up                   B. clear up                 C.hold up                 D. spring up 

25. Scientistshave obtained more evidence ___________ plastic is finding its way into thehuman body.

   A. what                      B. that                       C.which                   D.where

26. Nowadays the___________ for travelling is shifted from shopping to food and scenery.

   A. priority                   B.potential                 C proportion               D. pension

27. Favorablepolicies are ___________ to encourage employees' professional development.

   A. in effect                   B.in command           C. in turn                    D. in shape

28. Unliketraditional gyms, app-backed gyms offer people ___________ options to exercise.

   A. casual                     B. regular                   C.flexible                   D. tight 

29. A few monthsafter he had arrived in China, Mr. Smith ___________ in love with the peopleand culture there.

   A. would fall               B.had fallen              C. has fallen              D. fell

30. ___________ theconvenience of digital payment, many senior citizens started to use smartphones.

   A. To enjoy                 B.Enjoying              C. To have enjoyed    D. Enjoy

31. What a pity! You missed the sightseeing, orwe _________a good time together.

 A. had                              B. will have                 C. would have had                      D. had had

32. China's image is improving steadily, withmore countries__________ its role in international affairs.

 A.recognizing                   B. beingrecognized      C. to be recognized              D. recognized

33. They are trying to make sure that 5Gterminals_________ by 2022 for the Beijing Winer Olympics.

A.will install                     B. will havebeen installed    C. are installed              D. have been installed

34.A city is the product of the human hand andmind, __________ man's intelligence and creativity.

 A.resembling                    B.reflecting                 C. reviewing                       D. restoring

35.—Let's take acoffee break.

— __________ We' ve been working for hours.

A.Why bother?                  B. What for?                 C. You got me there.             D. You said it.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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36.第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Wildlife has been greatly threatened in the modem age. There are species(物种)that are   36   everyday. The white-naped crane is a typical example. So scientists are trying theirbest to   37   thespecies from going out of existence.

Chris and Tim work at a zoo, helpingendangered cranes with their   38  . Emma, a female crane, has been in their  39  since she arrived in 2004.

Born at an international cranefoundation, Emma was   40   byhuman caretakers. This led to an unexpected   41  ,though she had a wonderful time there. Emma had   42   taken herself as a crane and become deeplyattached to humans. She   43   tolive with male cranes, and even had a   44   for killing some of them, which made it   45   for her to become a mother.

   46  ,the two zookeepers didn’t want to see the extinction(灭绝)of this precious species. With their patience and efforts,they successfully developed a   47   of artificial breeding(人工繁殖)and natural reproduction. This   48   Emma to give birth to five baby cranes.

The two keepers are proud of their productivework. But before they can be   49  , more efforts must be made, because thepopulation of the crane in the wild is on the   50  ,and many other species appear headed toward extinction.   51  ,not everyone has realized that wildlife has thoughts, feelings, and most importantly,equal rights to survive.

How can we   52   the ever-widening gap that separates us fromother animals? Chris and Tim offered us the   53  :human beings took it for granted that their   54    heldall the solutions, but maybe their hearts can be a better   55  .

36. A. growing             B. migrating                 C. competing                       D. disappearing

37. A. ban                     B. save                        C.split                                D. remove

38. A. abortion             B. recreation                C. reproduction                   D. administration

40. A. found                 B. chosen                      C.raised                             D.seized

41. A. bonus                 B. consequence            C.victory                           D.sacrifice

42. A. never                  B. always                      C. unluckily                        D.cheerfully

43. A. liked                   B. refused                     C.decided                           D.hesitated

44. A. gift                    B. skill                         C.concern                           D.reputation

45. A. illegal                 B. inspiring                   C.important                        D.impossible

46. A. Therefore           B. Moreover                 C. However                         D. Instead

47. A. combination       B. collection                 C. strategy                           D. system

48. A. forced                B. forbade                    C. taught                             D. enabled

49. A. defeated             B. grateful                    C.assured                           D. tolerant

50. A. it                        B. rise                          C.agenda                                   D. decline

51. A. In contrast          B.After all                   C. By the way                     D.On the contrary

52. A. leave                 B. bridge                     C. open                               D. identify

53. A. course                B. excuse                      C.answer                                   D. reward

54. A. brains                 B. behaviors                 C. services                           D. projects

55. A. guide                 B. treat                         C. example                          D. companion



分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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第三部分: 阅读理解(共15 小题; 每小题2 分, 满分30 分)

请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

56. If you want to take an undergounld journey, which place is the best choice?

APole's Caven.

BPavilion Gardens.

CBuxton Museum.

DGreen Man Gallery.

57. Buxton Open House & Pavilion Arts Centre is special because it offers ________.

Arides in small trains

Bcourses in modcm arts

Cartistic and cultural activities

Dbasic courses in horse riding

分值: 4分 查看题目解析 >
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B

In the 1960s,while studying the volcanic history of Yellowstone National Park,Bob Christiansen became puzzled about something that,oddly,had not troubled anyone before:he couldn't find the park's volcano. It had been known for a long time that Yellowstone was volcanic in nature — that's what accounted for all its hot springs and other steamy features. But Christiansen couldn't find the Yellowstone volcano anywhere.

Most of us,when we talk about volcanoes,think of the classic cone(圆锥体)shapes of a Fuji or Kilimanjaro,which are created when erupting magma(岩浆)piles up. These can form remarkably quickly. In 1943,a Mexican farmer was surprised to see smoke rising from a small part of his land. In one week he was the confused owner of a cone five hundred feet high. Within two years it had topped out at almost fourteen hundred feet and was more than half a mile across. Altogether there are some ten thousand of these volcanoes on Earth,all but a few hundred of them extinct. There is,however,a second les known type of volcano that doesn't involve mountain building. These are volcanoes so explosive that they burst open in a single big crack,leaving behind a vast hole,the caldera. Yellowstone obviously was of this second type,but Christiansen couldn't find the caldera anywhere.

Just at this time NASA decided to test some new high-altitude cameras by taking photographs of Yellowstone. A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers. As soon as Christiansen saw the photos,he realized why he had failed to spot the caldera; almost the whole park-2.2 million acres—was caldera. The explosion had left a hole more than forty miles across—much too huge to be seen from anywhere at ground level. At some time in the past Yellowstone must have blown up with a violence far beyond the scale of anything known to humans.

58. What puzzled Christiansen when he was studying Yellowstone?

AIts complicated geographical features.

BIts ever-lasting influence on tourism.

CThe mysterious history of the park.

DThe exact location of the volcano.

59. What does the second-paragraph mainly talk about?

AThe shapes of volcanoes.

BThe impacts of volcanoes.

CThe activities of volcanoes.

DThe heights of volcanoes.

60. What does the underlined word "blow-up" in the last paragraph most probably mean?

AHot-air balloon.

BDigital camera.

CBig photograph.

DBird's view.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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C

Who cares if people think wrongly that the Internet has had more important influences than the washing machine? Why does it matter that people are more impressed by the most recent changes?

It would not matter if these misjudgments were just a matter of people's opinions. However, they have real impacts, as they result in misguided use of scarce resources.

The fascination with the ICT(Information and Communication Technology) revolution, represented by the Internet, has made some rich countries wrongly conclude that making things is so "yesterday" that they should try to live on ideas. This belief in "post-industrial society" has led those countries to neglect their manufacturing sector(制造业) with negative consequences for their economies.

Even more worryingly, the fascination with the Internet by people in rich countries has moved the international community to worry about the "digital divide" between the rich countries and the poor countries. This has led companies and individuals to donate money to developing countries to buy computer equipment and Internet facilities. The question, however, is whether this is what the developing countries need the most. Perhaps giving money for those less fashionable things such as digging wells, extending electricity networks and making more affordable washing machines would have improved people's lives more than giving every child a laptop computer or setting up Internet centres in rural villages, I am not saying that those things are necessarily more important, but many donators have rushed into fancy programmes without carefully assessing the relative long-term costs and benefits of alternative uses of their money.

In yet another example, a fascination with the new has led people to believe that the recent changes in the technologies of communications and transportation are so revolutionary that now we live in a "borderless world". As a result, in the last twenty years or so, many people have come to believe that whatever change is happening today is the result of great technological progress, going against which will be like trying to turn the clock back. Believing in such a world, many governments have put an end to some of the very necessary regulations on cross-border flows of capital, labour and goods, with poor results.

Understanding technological trends is very important for correctly designing economic policies, both at the national and the international levels, and for making the right career choices at the individual level. However, our fascination with the latest, and our under valuation of what has already become common, can, and has, led us in all sorts of wrong directions.

61. Misjudgments on the influences of new technology can lead to __________.

Aa lack of confidence in technology

Ba slow progress in technology

Ca conflict of public opinions

Da waste of limited resources

62. The example in Paragraph 4 suggests that donators should __________.

Atake people's essential needs into account

Bmake their programmes attractive to people

Censure that each child gets financial support

Dprovide more affordable internet facilities

63. What has led many governments to remove necessary regulations?

ANeglecting the impacts of technological advances.

BBelieving that the world has become borderless.

CIgnoring the power of economic development.

DOver-emphasizing the role of international communication.

64. What can we learn from the passage?

APeople should be encouraged to make more donations.

BTraditional technology still has a place nowadays.

CMaking right career choices is crucial to personal success.

DEconomic policies should follow technological trends.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

The 65-year-old Steve Goodwin was found suffering from early Alzheimer’s(阿尔楚海默症). He was losing his memory.

A software engineer by profession, Steve was a keen lover of the piano, and the only musician in his family. Music was his true passion, though he had never performed outside the family.

Melissa, his daughter, felt it more than worthwhile to save his music, to which she fell asleep catch night when she was young. She thought about hiring a professional pianist to work with her father.

Naomi, Melissa’s best friend and a talented pianist, got to know about this and showed willingness to help.

“Why do this?” Steve wondered.

“Because she cares.” Melissa said.

Steve nodded, tears in eye.

Naomi drove to the Goodwin home. She told Steve she’d love to hear him play. Steve moved to the piano and sat at the bench, hands trembling as he gently placed his fingers on the keys.

Naomi put a small recorder near the piano, Starts and stops and mistakes. Long pauses, heart sinking. But Steve pressed on, playing for the first time in his life for a stranger.

“It was beautiful." Naomi said after listening to the recording. “The music was worth saving.”

Her responsibility, her privilege, would be to rescue it. The music was sill in Steve Goodwin. It was bidden in rooms with doors about to be locked.

Naomi and Steve met every other week and spent hours together. He’d move his fingers clumsily on the piano, and then she’d take his place. He struggled to explain what he heard in his head. He stood by the piano, eyes closed, listening for the first time to his own work being played by someone else.

Steve and Naomi spoke in musical code lines, beats, intervals, moving from the root to end a song in a new key. Steve heard it. All of it. He just couldn’t play it.

Working with Naomi did wonders for Steve. It had excited within him the belief he could write one last song. One day, Naomi received an email. Attached was a recording, a recording of loss and love, of the fight. Steve called it “Melancholy Flower”.

Naomi heard multiple stops and starts, Steve struggling, searching while his wife Joni called him “honey” and encouraged him. The task was so hard, and Steve, angry and upset, said he was quitting. Joni praised him, telling her husband this could be his signature piece.

Naomi managed to figure out 16 of Steve’s favorite, and most personal songs. With Naomi’s help, the Goodwin family found a sound engineer to record Naomi playing Steve’s songs. Joni thought that would be the end. But it wasn’t.

In the months leading up to the 2016 Oregon Repertory Singers Christmas concert, Naomi told the director she had a special one in mind: “Melancholy Flower”

She told the director about her project with Steve. The director agreed to add it to the playing list. But Naomi would have to ask Steve’s permission. He considered it an honor.

After the concert, Naomi told the family that Steve’s music was beautiful and professional. It needed to be shared in public.

The family rented a former church in downtown Portland and scheduled a concert. By the day of the show, more than 300 people had said they would attend.

By then, Steve was having a hard time remembering the names of some of his friends. He knew the path his life was now taking. He told his family he was at peace.

Steve arrived and sat in the front row, surrounded by his family. The house lights faded. Naomi took the stage. Her fingers. His heart.

65. Why did Melissa want to save her father’s music?

AHis music could stop his disease from worsening.

BShe wanted to please her dying old father.

CHis music deserved to be preserved in the family.

DShe wanted to make her father a professional.

66. After hearing Steve’s playing, Naomi ________.

Arefused to make a comment on it

Bwas deeply impressed by his music

Cdecided to free Steve from suffering

Dregretted offering help to her friend

67. How can the process of Steve’s recording be described?

AIt was slow but productive.

BIt was beneficial to his health.

CIt was tiresome for Naomi.

DIt was vital for Naomi’s career.

68. Before Steve finished “Melancholy Flower," his wife Joni _______.

Athought the music talent of Steve was exhausted

Bdidn’t expect the damage the disease brought about

Cdidn’t fully realize the value of her husband’s music

Dbrought her husband’s music career to perfection

69. How did Steve feel at the concert held in downtown Portland?

AHe felt concerned about his illness.

BHe sensed a responsibility for music.

CHe regained his faith in music.

DHe got into a state of quiet.

70. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

AThe Kindness of Friends

BThe Power of Music

CThe Making of a Musician

DThe Value of Determination

分值: 12分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共2小题,每小题10分,共20分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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71.第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。

The Cost of Thinking

Despite their many differences, all human beingsshare several defining characteristics. such as large brains and the ability towalk upright on two legs.

The first unique human characteristic isthat humans have extraordinarily large brains compared with other animals. Itseems obvious that evolution should select for larger brains. Mammals(哺乳动物)weighing sixty kilograms havean average brain size of 200 cm2. Modern man has a brain averaging1200-1400 cm2. We are so fond of our high intelligence that weassume that when it comes to brain power, more must be better. Unfortunately,that is not the case.

The fact is that a huge brain is a hugedrain—consumptionof energy—on the body.I's not easy to carry around, especially when boxed inside a massive skull(倾骨). It's even harder to providesenergy. In modern man, the brain accounts for about 2-3%of total body weightbut it consumes 25% of the body's energy when the body is at rest. Bycomparison, the brains of apes(类人猿)require only 8%of rest-time energy. Early humans pad for their largebrains in two ways. Firstly, they spent more time in search food. Secondly,their muscles grew smaller and weaker. It's hardly an obvious conclusion thatthis is a good way to survive. A chimpanzee(黑猩猩) can't win an argument with a modern man, but it can tear the manapart like a rag doll.

Another unique human characteristic is thatwe walk upright. Standing up, it's easier to find food or enemies. In addition,their arms that are unnecessary for moving around are freed for other purposes,like throwing stones or signaling. As a result, humans can perform very complextasks with their hands.

Yet walking upright has its disadvantage.The bone structure of our ancestors developed for millions of years to supporta creature that walked on all fours and has a relatively small head. Adjustingto an upright position was quite a challenge, especially when the bones had tosupport an extra-large skull. Humankind paid for its broad vision and skillfulhands backaches and painful necks.

We assume that a large brain makes hugeadvantages. It seems obvious that these have made humankind the most powerfulanimal on earth. But humans enjoyed all of these advantages for a full 2million years during which they remained weak and marginal creature. Thushumans who lived a million years ago, despite their big brains and sharp stonetools, lived in constant fear of meat-eating animals.

 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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81.请阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

Li Jiang:Have youheard this?A groupof exchange students from the UK are visiting our school next month.

Su Hua:Yes,I have. Some are already recommending the traditionalChinese dress for the welcome ceremony.

Li Jiang:But it seems people have different opinions.

Su Hua:What do you think?

Li Jiang:I thinkit's a good idea. It's an opportunity to make the Chinese culture better knownto international students.

Su Hua:Iagree. But we don't have to dress that way. That's not our daily style. Besides,it's not very convenient.

Li Jiang:You see. It's the Chinese culture that the British friends are coming for.Just the right occasion.

Su Hua:I prefer the school uniform. It's nice. It's also a better display of ourschool culture.

 

【写作内容】

1.用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容;

2.在上述场合,你是否倾向于穿中国传统服装?请说明理由(不少于两点)。

【写作要求】

1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3.不必写标题。

【评分标准】

内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

 

 

 

 

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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