• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国II卷)
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阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

My Favourite Books

Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series(系列)of lifestyle books. Here she picks her top reads.

Matilda

Roald Dahl

I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl's writing and it gave me a new appreciation for his strange and delightful words. Matilda's battles with her cruel parents and the bossy headmistress, Miss Trunchbull,are equally fumy and frightening, but they're also aspirational.

After Dark

Haruki Murakami

It’s about two sisters — Eri, a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping, and Mari, a young student. In trying to connect to her sister, Mari starts changing her life and discovers a world of diverse "night people" who are hiding secrets.

Gone Girl

Gillian Flynn

There was a bit of me that didn't want to love this when everyone else on the planet did, but the horror story is brilliant. There's tension and anxiety from the beginning as Nick and Amy battle for your trust. It's a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what's going on is horribly enjoyable.

The Stand

Stephen King

This is an excellent fantasy novel from one of the best storytellers around. After a serious flu outbreak wipes out 99.4% of the world's population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those left. Randall Flagg is one of the scariest characters ever.

21. Who does "I" refer to in the text?

AStephen King.

BGillian Flynn.

CJo Usmar.

DRoald Dahl.

22. Which of the following tells about Mari and Eri?

A Cosmopolitan.

BMatilda.

CAfter Dark.

DThe Stand.

23. What kind of book is Gone Girl?

AA folk tale.

BA biography.

CA love story.

DA horror story.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

"You can use me as a last resort(选择), and if nobody else volunteers, then I will do it." This was an actual reply from a parent after I put out a request for volunteers for my kids' lacrosse(长曲棍球)club.

I guess that there's probably some demanding work schedule, or social anxiety around stepping up to help for an unknown sport. She may just need a little persuading. So I try again and tug at the heartstrings. I mention the single parent with four kids running the show and I talk about the dad coaching a team that his kids aren’t even on… At this point the unwilling parent speaks up, "Alright. Yes, I’ll do it."

I’m secretly relieved because I know there’s real power in sharing volunteer responsibilities among many. The unwilling parent organizes the meal schedule, sends out emails, and collects money for end-of-season gifts. Somewhere along the way, the same parent ends up becoming an invaluable member of the team. The coach is able to focus on the kids while the other parents are relieved to be off the hook for another season. Handing out sliced oranges to bloodthirsty kids can be as exciting as watching your own kid score a goal.

Still, most of us volunteers breathe a sigh of relief when the season comes to a close. That relief is coupled with a deep understanding of why the same people keep coming back for more: Connecting to the community(社区)as you freely give your time, money, skills, or services provides a real joy. Volunteering just feels so good.

In that sense, I’m pretty sure volunteering is more of a selfish act than I’d freely like to admit. However, if others benefit in the process, and I get some reward too, does it really matter where my motivation lies?

24. What can we infer about the parent from her reply in paragraph l?

AShe knows little about the club.

BShe isn't good at sports.

CShe just doesn't want to volunteer.

DShe's unable to meet her schedule.

25. What does the underlined phrase "tug at the heartstrings" in paragraph 2 mean?

AEncourage team work.

BAppeal to feelings.

CPromote good deeds.

DProvide advice.

26. What can we learn about the parent from paragraph 3?

AShe gets interested in lacrosse.

BShe is proud of her kids.

CShe’ll work for another season.

DShe becomes a good helper.

27. Why does the author like doing volunteer work?

AIt gives her a sense of duty.

BIt makes her very happy.

CIt enables her to work hard.

DIt brings her material rewards.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

Marian Bechtel sits at West Palm Beach’s Bar Louie counter by herself, quietly reading her e-book as she waits for her salad. What is she reading? None of your business! Lunch is Bechtel’s "me" time. And like more Americans, she’s not alone.

A new report found 46 percent of meals are eaten alone in America. More than half(53 percent)have breakfast alone and nearly half(46 percent)have lunch by themselves. Only at dinnertime are we eating together anymore, 74 percent, according to statistics from the report.

"I prefer to go out and be out. Alone, but together, you know?" Bechtel said, looking up from her book. Bechtel, who works in downtown West Palm Beach, has lunch with coworkers sometimes, but like many of us, too often works through lunch at her desk. A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder. She returns to work feeling energized. "Today, I just wanted some time to myself," she said.

Just two seats over, Andrew Mazoleny, a local videographer, is finishing his lunch at the bar. He likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper with whom he's on a first-name basis if he wants to have a little interaction(交流). "I reflect on how my day's gone and think about the rest of the week," he said. "It's a chance for self-reflection, You return to work recharged and with a plan."

That freedom to choose is one reason more people like to eat alone. There was a time when people may have felt awkward about asking for a table for one, but those days are over. Now, we have our smartphones to keep us company at the table. "It doesn't feel as alone as it may have before all the advances in technology," said Laurie Demeritt, whose company provided the statistics for the report.

28. What are the statistics in paragraph 2 about?

AFood variety.

BEating habits.

CTable manners.

DRestaurant service.

29. Why does Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch?

ATo meet with her coworkers.

BTo catch up with her work.

CTo have some time on her own.

DTo collect data for her report.

30. What do we know about Mazoleny?

AHe makes videos for the bar.

BHe’s fond of the food at the bar.

CHe interviews customers at the bar.

DHe’s familiar with the barkeeper.

31. What is the text mainly about?

AThe trend of having meals alone.

BThe importance of self-reflection.

CThe stress from working overtime.

DThe advantage of wireless technology.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts. The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week. How is NASA overcoming this very tiny big problem? It’s turning to a bunch of high school kids. But not just any kids. It depending on NASA HUNCH high school classrooms, like the one science teachers Gene Gordon and Donna Himmelberg lead at Fairport High School in Fairport, New York.

HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers. For the past two years, Gordon’s students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity, and they think they’re close to a solution(解决方案). “We don’t give the students any breaks. They have to do it just like NASA engineers,” says Florence Gold, a project manager.

"There are no tests," Gordon says. "There is no graded homework. There almost are no grades, other than 'Are you working towards your goal?' Basically, it’s 'I’ve got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA.' Engineers come and really do an in-person review, and... it’s not a very nice thing at times. It’s a hard business review of your product."

Gordon says the HUNCH program has an impact(影响) on college admissions and practical life skills. "These kids are so absorbed in their studies that I just sit back. I don’t teach." And that annoying bacteria? Gordon says his students are emailing daily with NASA engineers about the problem, readying a workable solution to test in space.

32. What do we know about the bacteria in the International Space Station?

AThey are hard to get rid of.

BThey lead to air pollution.

CThey appear in different forms.

DThey damage the instruments.

33. What is the purpose of the HUNCH program?

ATo strengthen teacher-student relationships.

BTo sharpen students’ communication skills.

CTo allow students to experience zero gravity.

DTo link space technology with school education.

34. What do the NASA engineers do for the students in the program?

ACheck their product.

BGuide project designs.

CAdjust work schedules.

DGrade their homework.

35. What is the best title for the text?

ANASA: The Home of Astronauts

BSpace: The Final Homework Frontier

CNature: An Outdoor Classroom

DHUNCH: A College Admission Reform

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共70分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

36.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Imagine a child standing on a diving board fourfeet high and asking himself the question: "Should I jump? " This is what motivation or the lack of it can do.Motivation and goal setting are the two sides of the same coin.     36     Like the child on the diving board, you will stayundecided.

    37     More than that, how should you stay motivatedto achieve the goal? First, you need to evaluate yourself, your values your strengths,your weaknesses, your achievements, your desires, etc. Only then should you setyour goals.

You also need to judge the quality and depthof your motivation. This is quite important, because it is directly related to yourcommitment. There are times when your heart is not in your work.     38     So, slow down and think what you really want todo at that moment. Clarity(清晰)of thoughts can help you move forward.

Anotherway of setting realistic goals is to analyze your short and long term objectives,keeping in mind your beliefs, values and strengths. Remember that goals are flexible.     39     They also need to be measurable. You must keep these points in mind while settingyour goals.

Your personalcircumstances are equally important. For example, you may want to be a Pilot butcan’t become one because your eyesight is not good enough.     40     You should reassess your goals, and motivate yourself to set a fresh goal.

You willsurely need to overcome some difficulties, some planned, but most unplanned. Youcannot overcome them without ample motivation. Make sure that you plan for thesedifficulties at the time of setting your goals.

A. This can affect your work.

B. So how should you motivate yourself?

C. However, this should not discourage you.

D. So why should we try to set specific goals?

E. They can change according to circumstances.

F. Motivation is what you need most to do a good job.

G. Without motivation, you can neither set a goal nor reach it.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

41.第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It’s about 250 miles from the hills of west-central Iowa to Ehlers’ homein Minnesota. During the long trip home, following a weekend of hunting, Ehlers  41   about the small dog he had seen   42   alongsidethe road. He had   43   to coax(哄)the dog to him but, frightened, it had   44  .

Back home, Ehlers was troubled by that   45   dog.So, four days later, he called his friend Greg, and the two drove   46  . After a long and careful   47  , Greg saw, across a field, the dogmoving   48   away. Ehlers eventually succeeded in coaxingthe animal to him. Nervousness and fear were replaced with   49  . It just started licking(舔)Ehlers’ face.

A local farmer told them the dog sounded like one   50   aslost in the local paper. The ad had a   51   numberfor a town in southern Michigan. Ehlers   52   thenumber of Jeff and Lisa to tell them he had   53   theirdog.

Jeff had   54   in Iowa before Thanksgiving with his dog, Rosie,but the gun shots had scared the dog off. Jeff searched   55   forRosie in the next four days.

Ehlers returned to Minnesota, and then drove 100 miles to Minneapolis toput Rosie on a flight to Michigan. "It’s good to know there’s stillsomeone out there who    56   enough to go to that kind of   57  ," says Lisa of Ehlers’ rescue   58  .

"I figured whoever lost the dog was probably just as   59   toit as I am to my dogs," says Ehlers. "If it had been my dog, I’d hopethat somebody would be   60   to go that extra mile."

41. A. read                         B. forgot                    C.thought                 D. heard

42. A. fighting                     B. trembling               C. eating                    D.sleeping

43. A. tried                        B. agreed                    C. promised                 D. regretted

44. A. calmed down            B. stood up                  C. rolled over               D.run off

45. A. injured                      B. stolen                      C.lost                         D. rescued

46. A. home                        B. past                         C. back                        D.on

47. A. preparation                B.explanation              C. test                         D. search

48. A. cautiously                 B.casually                 C. skillfully                D. angrily

49. A. surprise                     B. joy                           C.hesitation                 D. anxiety

50. A. predicted                   B. advertised                C. believed                  D. recorded

51. A. house                        B. phone                      C. street                       D.car

52. A. called                       B. copied                     C. counted                   D. remembered

53. A. fed                           B. adopted                   C.found                      D. cured

54. A. hunted                      B. skied                       C.lived                       D. worked

55. A. on purpose                B.on time                    C. in turn                     D. in vain

56. A. cares                         B. sees                        C. suffers                     D. learns

57. A. place                        B.trouble                            C. waste                      D. extreme

58. A. service                      B. plan                        C. effort                       D.team

59. A. equal                        B. allergic                   C. grateful                   D. close

60. A. suitable                     B. proud                      C.wise                        D. willing

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

61.第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A 90-year-old hasbeen awarded "Woman Of The Year" for   61  (be)Britain's oldestfull-time employee — still working 40 hours a week. NowIrene Astbury works from 9am to 5pm daily at the pet shop in Macclesfield,    62   she opened with her late husband Les. Heryears of hard work have   63  (final)beenacknowledged after a customer nominated(提名)her to be Cheshire's Woman Of The Year.

Picking up her“Lifetime Achievement”award, proud Irene   64  (declare) she had no plans  65  (retire) from her 36-year-old business. Irene said, "I don't see anyreason to give up work. I love coming here and seeing my family and all thefriends I   66  (make) over the years.I work not because I have to,   67   becauseI want to."

Granddaughter Gayle Parks, 31 — whoworks alongside her in the family business — said it remained unknown as to whonominated Irene for the award. She said, "We don't have any idea who putgrandma forward. When we got a call   68   (say) she was short-listed, we thought it was   69   joke. But then we got an official letter andwe were blown away. We are so proud of her. It's   70   (wonder).”

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Since I was a kid, I’ve considered different job I would like to do.First, I wanted to be a fireman, whose uniform looked so coolly. Then, when Iwas in the five grade, I wanted to be a teacher because I liked my Englishteacher too much. When I studied chemistry high school, I reconsidered my goalor decided to be a doctor. They were two reasons for the decision. One was thatI was amazing at the fact that a sick person could feel much more better afterseeing a doctor. And the other is that I wanted to help people in need.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是校排球队队长李华。请写封邮件告知你的队友Chris球队近期将参加比赛,内容包括:

1. 比赛信息;

2. 赛前准备;

3. 表达期待。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。



分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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