• 英语 南京市2018年高三江苏省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

    请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Courage, according to some successful persons, is as     to pioneering work as the intelligence, even more so.

Aaccessible

Balternative

Cessential

Dcommercial

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The police have     anyone with information to come forward and talk to them.

Aappealed to

Battended to

Cresponded to

Dattached to

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1

Parents should be aware of the fact that children, who are raised on a diet of soap operas and online games, seldom,     participate in a variety of activities.

Aif never

Bif not

Cif ever

Dif so

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1

Nowadays when travelling, travelers usually use the We-chat to share their feelings about their trips with descriptions of their experiences, offering viewers a(n)     for the imagination of reality.

Afeast

Baccount

Clandscape

Dprinciple

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—Why didn􀆳t you call me then?

—Oh, my cell-phone was power off.I     you otherwise.

Awould call

Bhad called

Chave called

Dwould have called

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—You look pretty tired today!

—I     an environmental report over the last few days, which should be submitted to the boss tomorrow.

Awrote

Bwas writing

Chad written

Dhave been writing

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Evidence begins to     that the earth and the rest of the universe are in fact changing with time.

Aaccumulate

Baccelerate

Caccompany

Dapprove

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—How do you like the advertisement of the way to losing weight?

—Don􀆳t fall for it.In the beginning, that may do, but after a while you will end up back     you started.

Aas if

Bwhere

Ceven if

Dwhen

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It is broadcast on TV that the 88th Academy Award Ceremony was held in Dolby Theatre     seats an audience of approximately 4000.

Awhere

Bwhose

Cwhich

Dwhen

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1

More and more people tend to go to E-libraries in that they have access to books when they are unable to     get to a library.

Aaccidentally

Bphysically

Cvoluntarily

Dappropriately

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1

A new bridge has been built in recent years, only     it much easier for cars to reach the hotel on the mountain top.

Ahaving made

Bmaking

Cto make

Dto have made

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The best student of the year shared his experience of     he had managed to achieve excellence in his preparation for the college entrance examination.

Aif

Bhow

Cwhat

Dthat

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—Congratulations on your girlfriend􀆳s being offered the job.

—Thank you, but she􀆳s got it     her greater perseverance.

Ain terms of

Bin response to

Cby virtue of

Dwith respect to

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—Dora, do you think Jack􀆳s proposal reasonable?

—I􀆳m sorry I have missed that, but actually I     about another one.

Athought

Bhave thought

Chad thought

Dwas thinking

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—Will Mr.Black pull us through the crisis of money?

—He is     and I don􀆳t think he􀆳ll help us with anything.

Aa tough nut

BJekyll and Hyde

Cthe salt of the earth

Da Scrooge

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第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

Sagrada Familia

    Opening hours: 09:00—18:00(October—March); 09:00—20:00(April—September)

    Admission: $11, or $10 with the Barcelona Card.

    The temple has been under construction since 1882 and they􀆳ve still got another 30 to 80 years to go before it is finished.The project􀆳s vast scale and its special design have made it one of Barcelona􀆳s top tourist attractions for many years.

La Pedrera

    Opening hours: November—February: 09:00—18:30; March—October: 09:00—20:00

    Admission: $9.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This building used to be called Casa Mila but nowadays it􀆳s more commonly known as La Pedrera.It is a unique modernist building in Barcelona and was made of bricks.It was built between 1906 and 1912 and in 1984 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site with other Gaudi buildings in Barcelona.

Barcelona FC Museum

    Opening hours: April 6th—October 4th:(Monday to Saturday) 10:00—20:00; the rest of the year: 10:00—18:30

    Admission: $8.50 for entry to the museum and $17 for a guided tour.

    When you buy your ticket you have two options.You can buy a ticket for the museum to see the football stadium or you can buy a dual (双的) ticket for $15 where you get to see the museum and the scenes at the club.

Miro Museum

    Opening hours: Check the website for details as they vary depending on the time of the year.

    Admission: $8.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This museum has a wide range of Miro􀆳s works dating back as far as 1914.This artwork collection not only includes his paintings but also a good selection of sculptures.

How much should you pay if you visit La Pedrera with the Barcelona Card?

A$6.4.

B$7.2.

C$8.

D$10.

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                                A

Sagrada Familia

    Opening hours: 09:00—18:00(October—March); 09:00—20:00(April—September)

    Admission: $11, or $10 with the Barcelona Card.

    The temple has been under construction since 1882 and they􀆳ve still got another 30 to 80 years to go before it is finished.The project􀆳s vast scale and its special design have made it one of Barcelona􀆳s top tourist attractions for many years.

La Pedrera

    Opening hours: November—February: 09:00—18:30; March—October: 09:00—20:00

    Admission: $9.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This building used to be called Casa Mila but nowadays it􀆳s more commonly known as La Pedrera.It is a unique modernist building in Barcelona and was made of bricks.It was built between 1906 and 1912 and in 1984 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site with other Gaudi buildings in Barcelona.

Barcelona FC Museum

    Opening hours: April 6th—October 4th:(Monday to Saturday) 10:00—20:00; the rest of the year: 10:00—18:30

    Admission: $8.50 for entry to the museum and $17 for a guided tour.

    When you buy your ticket you have two options.You can buy a ticket for the museum to see the football stadium or you can buy a dual (双的) ticket for $15 where you get to see the museum and the scenes at the club.

Miro Museum

    Opening hours: Check the website for details as they vary depending on the time of the year.

    Admission: $8.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This museum has a wide range of Miro􀆳s works dating back as far as 1914.This artwork collection not only includes his paintings but also a good selection of sculptures.

Where can you visit a football stadium?

AMiro Museum.

BSagrada Familia.

CLa Pedrera.

DBarcelona FC Museum.

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                                A

Sagrada Familia

    Opening hours: 09:00—18:00(October—March); 09:00—20:00(April—September)

    Admission: $11, or $10 with the Barcelona Card.

    The temple has been under construction since 1882 and they􀆳ve still got another 30 to 80 years to go before it is finished.The project􀆳s vast scale and its special design have made it one of Barcelona􀆳s top tourist attractions for many years.

La Pedrera

    Opening hours: November—February: 09:00—18:30; March—October: 09:00—20:00

    Admission: $9.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This building used to be called Casa Mila but nowadays it􀆳s more commonly known as La Pedrera.It is a unique modernist building in Barcelona and was made of bricks.It was built between 1906 and 1912 and in 1984 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site with other Gaudi buildings in Barcelona.

Barcelona FC Museum

    Opening hours: April 6th—October 4th:(Monday to Saturday) 10:00—20:00; the rest of the year: 10:00—18:30

    Admission: $8.50 for entry to the museum and $17 for a guided tour.

    When you buy your ticket you have two options.You can buy a ticket for the museum to see the football stadium or you can buy a dual (双的) ticket for $15 where you get to see the museum and the scenes at the club.

Miro Museum

    Opening hours: Check the website for details as they vary depending on the time of the year.

    Admission: $8.Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

    This museum has a wide range of Miro􀆳s works dating back as far as 1914.This artwork collection not only includes his paintings but also a good selection of sculptures.

Who will show special interest in Miro Museum?

AAthletes.

BArtists.

CArchitects.

DSingers.

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                                B

    Getting more followers is something we usually associate with social media or micro messaging apps.But soon we could all have a new type of follower—a robotic one.

    Dozens of robots and technology fans gathered in Boston, US, earlier this month for the Robot Business conference.The latest developments in the world of robotics were shown to the public, and this time the trend was robots following people.

    Perhaps the most exciting development on show was the ability of drones (无人机) to follow you from the air, acting as your own personal cameraman or photographer.One example is 3-D Robotics􀆳 Iris+ drone, developed by a US-based company.

    The drone is fitted with cameras and has a “follow me” function.It connects with your GPS-enabled Android device, like a mobile phone.Then it flies and follows you around, shooting action film of you from above.The software in the drone makes sure that you􀆳re always in the center of the frame.

    It can keep working for 15 minutes, as long as there aren􀆳t too many trees for it to crash into.This could be exciting for anyone who loves action sports or wants to be the star of their own short film.

    But what if you want to be one of those celebrities (名人) who have helpers carrying all their bags and doing all their chores? A robot called Budgee can help.

    Budgee, made by 5 Elements Robotics, is literally a basket on wheels.It is designed to help elderly and disabled people, or simply anyone who doesn􀆳t have enough arms for grocery bags, Wired magazine reported.It can carry up to 22.7 kg of items.

    To make Budgee follow them, its owner will have to wear a small device and use an app to set the distance between themselves and the robot.Budgee even sends a text message when it can􀆳t keep up with its owner.

    “I want you to look at the robot like he􀆳s your buddy, he􀆳s your friend.There􀆳s a relationship you develop with the robot,” Wendy Roberts, CEO of 5 Elements Robotics, told gigaom.com.

    It might not be quite the same as robotic assistants we􀆳ve seen in movies such as Disney􀆳s Wall-E, where robots cater for our every need, but that idea doesn􀆳t seem quite so far-fetched now.

The drone developed by a US-based company can     .

Afly around you and take videos from above

Bdecide who to put in the center of the frame

Cbe used to take pictures and make phone calls

Dkeep working for 15 minutes in any conditions

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    Getting more followers is something we usually associate with social media or micro messaging apps.But soon we could all have a new type of follower—a robotic one.

    Dozens of robots and technology fans gathered in Boston, US, earlier this month for the Robot Business conference.The latest developments in the world of robotics were shown to the public, and this time the trend was robots following people.

    Perhaps the most exciting development on show was the ability of drones (无人机) to follow you from the air, acting as your own personal cameraman or photographer.One example is 3-D Robotics􀆳 Iris+ drone, developed by a US-based company.

    The drone is fitted with cameras and has a “follow me” function.It connects with your GPS-enabled Android device, like a mobile phone.Then it flies and follows you around, shooting action film of you from above.The software in the drone makes sure that you􀆳re always in the center of the frame.

    It can keep working for 15 minutes, as long as there aren􀆳t too many trees for it to crash into.This could be exciting for anyone who loves action sports or wants to be the star of their own short film.

    But what if you want to be one of those celebrities (名人) who have helpers carrying all their bags and doing all their chores? A robot called Budgee can help.

    Budgee, made by 5 Elements Robotics, is literally a basket on wheels.It is designed to help elderly and disabled people, or simply anyone who doesn􀆳t have enough arms for grocery bags, Wired magazine reported.It can carry up to 22.7 kg of items.

    To make Budgee follow them, its owner will have to wear a small device and use an app to set the distance between themselves and the robot.Budgee even sends a text message when it can􀆳t keep up with its owner.

    “I want you to look at the robot like he􀆳s your buddy, he􀆳s your friend.There􀆳s a relationship you develop with the robot,” Wendy Roberts, CEO of 5 Elements Robotics, told gigaom.com.

    It might not be quite the same as robotic assistants we􀆳ve seen in movies such as Disney􀆳s Wall-E, where robots cater for our every need, but that idea doesn􀆳t seem quite so far-fetched now.

According to the article, Budgee is most likely to be targeted at     .

Astaff in supermarkets

Belderly and disabled people

Cthose who love action sports

Dcelebrities who need a close buddy

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    Getting more followers is something we usually associate with social media or micro messaging apps.But soon we could all have a new type of follower—a robotic one.

    Dozens of robots and technology fans gathered in Boston, US, earlier this month for the Robot Business conference.The latest developments in the world of robotics were shown to the public, and this time the trend was robots following people.

    Perhaps the most exciting development on show was the ability of drones (无人机) to follow you from the air, acting as your own personal cameraman or photographer.One example is 3-D Robotics􀆳 Iris+ drone, developed by a US-based company.

    The drone is fitted with cameras and has a “follow me” function.It connects with your GPS-enabled Android device, like a mobile phone.Then it flies and follows you around, shooting action film of you from above.The software in the drone makes sure that you􀆳re always in the center of the frame.

    It can keep working for 15 minutes, as long as there aren􀆳t too many trees for it to crash into.This could be exciting for anyone who loves action sports or wants to be the star of their own short film.

    But what if you want to be one of those celebrities (名人) who have helpers carrying all their bags and doing all their chores? A robot called Budgee can help.

    Budgee, made by 5 Elements Robotics, is literally a basket on wheels.It is designed to help elderly and disabled people, or simply anyone who doesn􀆳t have enough arms for grocery bags, Wired magazine reported.It can carry up to 22.7 kg of items.

    To make Budgee follow them, its owner will have to wear a small device and use an app to set the distance between themselves and the robot.Budgee even sends a text message when it can􀆳t keep up with its owner.

    “I want you to look at the robot like he􀆳s your buddy, he􀆳s your friend.There􀆳s a relationship you develop with the robot,” Wendy Roberts, CEO of 5 Elements Robotics, told gigaom.com.

    It might not be quite the same as robotic assistants we􀆳ve seen in movies such as Disney􀆳s Wall-E, where robots cater for our every need, but that idea doesn􀆳t seem quite so far-fetched now.

The main purpose of the article is to     .

Atell the reader about two new types of robots

Burge people to buy the drone and Budgee

Ccall on people to develop relationships with robots

Danalyze why the two types of robots can lead a trend

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                                C

    ARNOLD Schwarzenegger is back, once again taking on his iconic killer robot role, the T-800, in August􀆳s new movie Terminator Genisys.While the T-800 model—even if it can be evil—has a fond place in moviegoers􀆳 hearts, the reality of autonomous machines is no joke, according to scientists.

    Autonomous weapons use artificial intelligence (AI) to choose targets without human help.They were described as “the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms” in an open letter signed by over 1,000 important technology figures in July.The list included British scientist Stephen Hawking and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.They asked governments around the world to ban autonomous weapons, warning that killer robots could start ethnic cleansings and an arms race.

    “They will look like tanks.They will look like battleships.They will look like jet fighters,” UK robotics professor Noel Sharkey told CNET, a leading technology website.

    But unlike these machines, which require a human hand in their action, so-called “killer robots” would have some decision-making abilities and the ability to act on their own.

    “If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is almost inevitable,” said the letter released at the 2015 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    The idea of an automated killing machine was made famous by Schwarzenegger􀆳s first Terminator movie in 1984.While no red-eyed robots have been sent after human beings, the idea of AI being used as a weapon has gotten much more likely in the years ever since.The US military is already developing autonomous flying vehicles that can carry out all the steps of a strike mission without a human controlling them, according to a May report in Nature magazine.

     Scientists have even painted a destructive picture of autonomous weapons falling into the hands of terrorists or warlords hoping to carry out ethnic cleansings.

    “The development of full artificial intelligence could lead to the end of the human race,” Hawking said to the BBC in 2016.

    Authorities are gradually waking up to the risk of robot wars.Last May, for the first time, the United Nations brought governments together to begin talks on autonomous weapons systems.

    Still, a ban on autonomous weapons is “easier said than done”, commented The Guardian.The dual (双重的) uses of the AI technology—for harm and for good—is difficult to manage.This is because the exact same technology can be used in a wide range of ways, the paper said.

What is the author􀆳s main purpose in writing the text?

ATo analyze why the T-800 model appeals to moviegoers.

BTo promote Schwarzenegger􀆳s new movie Terminator Genisys.

CTo explore the development and impact of autonomous machines.

DTo show that the technology shown in science fiction can become a reality.

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                                C

    ARNOLD Schwarzenegger is back, once again taking on his iconic killer robot role, the T-800, in August􀆳s new movie Terminator Genisys.While the T-800 model—even if it can be evil—has a fond place in moviegoers􀆳 hearts, the reality of autonomous machines is no joke, according to scientists.

    Autonomous weapons use artificial intelligence (AI) to choose targets without human help.They were described as “the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms” in an open letter signed by over 1,000 important technology figures in July.The list included British scientist Stephen Hawking and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.They asked governments around the world to ban autonomous weapons, warning that killer robots could start ethnic cleansings and an arms race.

    “They will look like tanks.They will look like battleships.They will look like jet fighters,” UK robotics professor Noel Sharkey told CNET, a leading technology website.

    But unlike these machines, which require a human hand in their action, so-called “killer robots” would have some decision-making abilities and the ability to act on their own.

    “If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is almost inevitable,” said the letter released at the 2015 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    The idea of an automated killing machine was made famous by Schwarzenegger􀆳s first Terminator movie in 1984.While no red-eyed robots have been sent after human beings, the idea of AI being used as a weapon has gotten much more likely in the years ever since.The US military is already developing autonomous flying vehicles that can carry out all the steps of a strike mission without a human controlling them, according to a May report in Nature magazine.

     Scientists have even painted a destructive picture of autonomous weapons falling into the hands of terrorists or warlords hoping to carry out ethnic cleansings.

    “The development of full artificial intelligence could lead to the end of the human race,” Hawking said to the BBC in 2016.

    Authorities are gradually waking up to the risk of robot wars.Last May, for the first time, the United Nations brought governments together to begin talks on autonomous weapons systems.

    Still, a ban on autonomous weapons is “easier said than done”, commented The Guardian.The dual (双重的) uses of the AI technology—for harm and for good—is difficult to manage.This is because the exact same technology can be used in a wide range of ways, the paper said.

What is the unique characteristic of autonomous weapons?

AThey are able to select targets very quickly and accurately.

BThey are driven by artificial intelligence instead of humans.

CThey are killing machines more powerful than tanks and battleships.

DThey are red-eyed robots able to carry out all kinds of strike missions.

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The underlined word “inevitable” in Paragraph 5 probably means     .

Ato be expected

Bto be improved

Cto be prevented

Dto be controlled

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                                C

    ARNOLD Schwarzenegger is back, once again taking on his iconic killer robot role, the T-800, in August􀆳s new movie Terminator Genisys.While the T-800 model—even if it can be evil—has a fond place in moviegoers􀆳 hearts, the reality of autonomous machines is no joke, according to scientists.

    Autonomous weapons use artificial intelligence (AI) to choose targets without human help.They were described as “the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms” in an open letter signed by over 1,000 important technology figures in July.The list included British scientist Stephen Hawking and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.They asked governments around the world to ban autonomous weapons, warning that killer robots could start ethnic cleansings and an arms race.

    “They will look like tanks.They will look like battleships.They will look like jet fighters,” UK robotics professor Noel Sharkey told CNET, a leading technology website.

    But unlike these machines, which require a human hand in their action, so-called “killer robots” would have some decision-making abilities and the ability to act on their own.

    “If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is almost inevitable,” said the letter released at the 2015 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    The idea of an automated killing machine was made famous by Schwarzenegger􀆳s first Terminator movie in 1984.While no red-eyed robots have been sent after human beings, the idea of AI being used as a weapon has gotten much more likely in the years ever since.The US military is already developing autonomous flying vehicles that can carry out all the steps of a strike mission without a human controlling them, according to a May report in Nature magazine.

     Scientists have even painted a destructive picture of autonomous weapons falling into the hands of terrorists or warlords hoping to carry out ethnic cleansings.

    “The development of full artificial intelligence could lead to the end of the human race,” Hawking said to the BBC in 2016.

    Authorities are gradually waking up to the risk of robot wars.Last May, for the first time, the United Nations brought governments together to begin talks on autonomous weapons systems.

    Still, a ban on autonomous weapons is “easier said than done”, commented The Guardian.The dual (双重的) uses of the AI technology—for harm and for good—is difficult to manage.This is because the exact same technology can be used in a wide range of ways, the paper said.

What is scientists􀆳attitude toward autonomous weapons?

AThey could be used to fight against terrorists in the future.

BTheir decision-making abilities should be further developed.

CThey could bring a huge disaster to the human race if they are not banned.

DThey should replace gunpowder and nuclear arms in future wars.

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                                D

    It was very late and everyone had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light.In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.

    “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said. “Why?” “He was in despair.” “What about?” “Nothing.” “How do you know it was nothing?” “He has plenty of money.”

    They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind.A girl and a soldier went by in the street.The street light shone on the brass number on his collar.The girl wore no head covering and hurried beside him.

    “The guard will pick him up,” one waiter said.“What does it matter if he gets what he􀆳s after?” “He had better get off the street now.The guard will get him.They went by five minutes ago.”

    The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass.The younger waiter went over to him.

    “What do you want?” The old man looked at him.“Another brandy,” he said.

    “You􀆳ll be drunk,” the waiter said.The old man looked at him.The waiter went away.

    “He􀆳ll stay all night,” he said to his colleague.“I􀆳m sleepy now.I never get into bed before three o􀆳clock.He should have killed himself last week.”

    The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter inside the cafe and marched out to the old man􀆳s table.He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.

    “You should have killed yourself last week,” he said to the deaf man.The old man motioned with his finger.“A little more,” he said.The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile.“Thank you,” the old man said.The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe.He sat down at the table with his colleague again.

    “He􀆳s drunk now,” he said.“He􀆳s drunk every night.” “What did he want to kill himself for?” “How should I know.” “How did he do it?” “He hung himself with a rope.” “Who cut him down?” “His niece.” “Why did they do it?” “Fear for his soul.” “How much money has he got?” “He􀆳s got plenty.” “He must be eighty years old.” “Anyway I should say he was eighty.” “I wish he would go home.I never get to bed before three o􀆳clock.What kind of hour is that to go to bed?” “He stays up because he likes it.” “He􀆳s lonely.I􀆳m not lonely.I have a wife waiting in bed for me.” “He had a wife once too.” “A wife would be no good to him now.” “You can􀆳t tell.He might be better with a wife.” “His niece looks after him.You said she cut him down.” “I know.” “I wouldn􀆳t want to be that old.An old man is a nasty thing.” “Not always.This old man is clean.He drinks without spilling.Even now, drunk.Look at him.” “I don􀆳t want to look at him.I wish he would go home.He has no regard for those who must work.”

    The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters.

    “Another brandy,” he said, pointing to his glass.The waiter who was in a hurry came over.

    “Finished,” he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people employ when talking to drunken people or foreigners.“No more tonight.Close now.”

    “Another,” said the old man.

    “No.Finished.” The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.

    The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.

    “Why didn􀆳t you let him stay and drink?” the unhurried waiter asked.They were putting up the shutters.“It is not half past two.” “I want to go home to bed.” “What is an hour?” “More to me than to him.” “An hour is the same.” “You talk like an old man yourself.He can buy a bottle and drink at home.” “It􀆳s not the same.” “No, it is not,” agreed the waiter with a wife.He did not wish to be unjust.He was only in a hurry.“And you? You have no fear of going home before your usual hour?” “Are you trying to insult me?” “No, hombre, only to make a joke.”

    “No,” the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters.“I have confidence.I am all confidence.” “You have youth, confidence, and a job,” the older waiter said.“You have everything.” “And what do you lack?” “Everything but work.” “You have everything I have.” “No.I have never had confidence and I am not young.” “Come on.Stop talking nonsense and lock up.” “I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe,” the older waiter said.“With all those who do not want to go to bed.With all those who need a light for the night.” “I want to go home and into bed.” “We are of two different kinds,” the older waiter said.He was now dressed to go home.“It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful.Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be someone who needs the cafe.” “Hombre, there are bodegas open all night long.” “You do not understand.This is a clean and pleasant cafe.It is well lighted.The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.”

    “Good night,” said the younger waiter.

    “Good night,” the other said.Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It was the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant.You do not want music.Certainly you do not want music.Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours.What did he fear? It was not a fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well.It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too.It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order.Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada.

=He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.

    “What􀆳s yours?” asked the barman.

    “Nada.” “Otro loco mas,” said the barman and turned away.

    “A little cup,” said the waiter.

    The barman poured it for him.

    “The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished,” the waiter said.

    The barman looked at him but did not answer.It was too late at night for conversation.

    “You want another copita?” the barman asked.

    “No, thank you,” said the waiter and went out.He disliked bars and bodegas.A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing.Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room.He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep.After all, he said to himself, it􀆳s probably only insomnia.Many must have it.

The young waiter wants to go home to bed mainly because of     .

Ahis full confidence

Bleaving of the old man

Chis being needed by his family

Dhis worry about the night-walk.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    It was very late and everyone had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light.In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.

    “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said. “Why?” “He was in despair.” “What about?” “Nothing.” “How do you know it was nothing?” “He has plenty of money.”

    They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind.A girl and a soldier went by in the street.The street light shone on the brass number on his collar.The girl wore no head covering and hurried beside him.

    “The guard will pick him up,” one waiter said.“What does it matter if he gets what he􀆳s after?” “He had better get off the street now.The guard will get him.They went by five minutes ago.”

    The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass.The younger waiter went over to him.

    “What do you want?” The old man looked at him.“Another brandy,” he said.

    “You􀆳ll be drunk,” the waiter said.The old man looked at him.The waiter went away.

    “He􀆳ll stay all night,” he said to his colleague.“I􀆳m sleepy now.I never get into bed before three o􀆳clock.He should have killed himself last week.”

    The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter inside the cafe and marched out to the old man􀆳s table.He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.

    “You should have killed yourself last week,” he said to the deaf man.The old man motioned with his finger.“A little more,” he said.The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile.“Thank you,” the old man said.The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe.He sat down at the table with his colleague again.

    “He􀆳s drunk now,” he said.“He􀆳s drunk every night.” “What did he want to kill himself for?” “How should I know.” “How did he do it?” “He hung himself with a rope.” “Who cut him down?” “His niece.” “Why did they do it?” “Fear for his soul.” “How much money has he got?” “He􀆳s got plenty.” “He must be eighty years old.” “Anyway I should say he was eighty.” “I wish he would go home.I never get to bed before three o􀆳clock.What kind of hour is that to go to bed?” “He stays up because he likes it.” “He􀆳s lonely.I􀆳m not lonely.I have a wife waiting in bed for me.” “He had a wife once too.” “A wife would be no good to him now.” “You can􀆳t tell.He might be better with a wife.” “His niece looks after him.You said she cut him down.” “I know.” “I wouldn􀆳t want to be that old.An old man is a nasty thing.” “Not always.This old man is clean.He drinks without spilling.Even now, drunk.Look at him.” “I don􀆳t want to look at him.I wish he would go home.He has no regard for those who must work.”

    The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters.

    “Another brandy,” he said, pointing to his glass.The waiter who was in a hurry came over.

    “Finished,” he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people employ when talking to drunken people or foreigners.“No more tonight.Close now.”

    “Another,” said the old man.

    “No.Finished.” The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.

    The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.

    “Why didn􀆳t you let him stay and drink?” the unhurried waiter asked.They were putting up the shutters.“It is not half past two.” “I want to go home to bed.” “What is an hour?” “More to me than to him.” “An hour is the same.” “You talk like an old man yourself.He can buy a bottle and drink at home.” “It􀆳s not the same.” “No, it is not,” agreed the waiter with a wife.He did not wish to be unjust.He was only in a hurry.“And you? You have no fear of going home before your usual hour?” “Are you trying to insult me?” “No, hombre, only to make a joke.”

    “No,” the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters.“I have confidence.I am all confidence.” “You have youth, confidence, and a job,” the older waiter said.“You have everything.” “And what do you lack?” “Everything but work.” “You have everything I have.” “No.I have never had confidence and I am not young.” “Come on.Stop talking nonsense and lock up.” “I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe,” the older waiter said.“With all those who do not want to go to bed.With all those who need a light for the night.” “I want to go home and into bed.” “We are of two different kinds,” the older waiter said.He was now dressed to go home.“It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful.Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be someone who needs the cafe.” “Hombre, there are bodegas open all night long.” “You do not understand.This is a clean and pleasant cafe.It is well lighted.The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.”

    “Good night,” said the younger waiter.

    “Good night,” the other said.Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It was the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant.You do not want music.Certainly you do not want music.Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours.What did he fear? It was not a fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well.It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too.It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order.Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada.

=He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.

    “What􀆳s yours?” asked the barman.

    “Nada.” “Otro loco mas,” said the barman and turned away.

    “A little cup,” said the waiter.

    The barman poured it for him.

    “The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished,” the waiter said.

    The barman looked at him but did not answer.It was too late at night for conversation.

    “You want another copita?” the barman asked.

    “No, thank you,” said the waiter and went out.He disliked bars and bodegas.A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing.Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room.He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep.After all, he said to himself, it􀆳s probably only insomnia.Many must have it.

What was the most probable cause for the old man􀆳s suicide?

AHe failed in his business.

BHe drank too much that night.

CHe feared for his soul.

DHe felt it was all a nothing.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    It was very late and everyone had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light.In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.

    “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said. “Why?” “He was in despair.” “What about?” “Nothing.” “How do you know it was nothing?” “He has plenty of money.”

    They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind.A girl and a soldier went by in the street.The street light shone on the brass number on his collar.The girl wore no head covering and hurried beside him.

    “The guard will pick him up,” one waiter said.“What does it matter if he gets what he􀆳s after?” “He had better get off the street now.The guard will get him.They went by five minutes ago.”

    The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass.The younger waiter went over to him.

    “What do you want?” The old man looked at him.“Another brandy,” he said.

    “You􀆳ll be drunk,” the waiter said.The old man looked at him.The waiter went away.

    “He􀆳ll stay all night,” he said to his colleague.“I􀆳m sleepy now.I never get into bed before three o􀆳clock.He should have killed himself last week.”

    The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter inside the cafe and marched out to the old man􀆳s table.He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.

    “You should have killed yourself last week,” he said to the deaf man.The old man motioned with his finger.“A little more,” he said.The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile.“Thank you,” the old man said.The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe.He sat down at the table with his colleague again.

    “He􀆳s drunk now,” he said.“He􀆳s drunk every night.” “What did he want to kill himself for?” “How should I know.” “How did he do it?” “He hung himself with a rope.” “Who cut him down?” “His niece.” “Why did they do it?” “Fear for his soul.” “How much money has he got?” “He􀆳s got plenty.” “He must be eighty years old.” “Anyway I should say he was eighty.” “I wish he would go home.I never get to bed before three o􀆳clock.What kind of hour is that to go to bed?” “He stays up because he likes it.” “He􀆳s lonely.I􀆳m not lonely.I have a wife waiting in bed for me.” “He had a wife once too.” “A wife would be no good to him now.” “You can􀆳t tell.He might be better with a wife.” “His niece looks after him.You said she cut him down.” “I know.” “I wouldn􀆳t want to be that old.An old man is a nasty thing.” “Not always.This old man is clean.He drinks without spilling.Even now, drunk.Look at him.” “I don􀆳t want to look at him.I wish he would go home.He has no regard for those who must work.”

    The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters.

    “Another brandy,” he said, pointing to his glass.The waiter who was in a hurry came over.

    “Finished,” he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people employ when talking to drunken people or foreigners.“No more tonight.Close now.”

    “Another,” said the old man.

    “No.Finished.” The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.

    The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.

    “Why didn􀆳t you let him stay and drink?” the unhurried waiter asked.They were putting up the shutters.“It is not half past two.” “I want to go home to bed.” “What is an hour?” “More to me than to him.” “An hour is the same.” “You talk like an old man yourself.He can buy a bottle and drink at home.” “It􀆳s not the same.” “No, it is not,” agreed the waiter with a wife.He did not wish to be unjust.He was only in a hurry.“And you? You have no fear of going home before your usual hour?” “Are you trying to insult me?” “No, hombre, only to make a joke.”

    “No,” the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters.“I have confidence.I am all confidence.” “You have youth, confidence, and a job,” the older waiter said.“You have everything.” “And what do you lack?” “Everything but work.” “You have everything I have.” “No.I have never had confidence and I am not young.” “Come on.Stop talking nonsense and lock up.” “I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe,” the older waiter said.“With all those who do not want to go to bed.With all those who need a light for the night.” “I want to go home and into bed.” “We are of two different kinds,” the older waiter said.He was now dressed to go home.“It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful.Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be someone who needs the cafe.” “Hombre, there are bodegas open all night long.” “You do not understand.This is a clean and pleasant cafe.It is well lighted.The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.”

    “Good night,” said the younger waiter.

    “Good night,” the other said.Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It was the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant.You do not want music.Certainly you do not want music.Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours.What did he fear? It was not a fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well.It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too.It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order.Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada.

=He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.

    “What􀆳s yours?” asked the barman.

    “Nada.” “Otro loco mas,” said the barman and turned away.

    “A little cup,” said the waiter.

    The barman poured it for him.

    “The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished,” the waiter said.

    The barman looked at him but did not answer.It was too late at night for conversation.

    “You want another copita?” the barman asked.

    “No, thank you,” said the waiter and went out.He disliked bars and bodegas.A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing.Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room.He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep.After all, he said to himself, it􀆳s probably only insomnia.Many must have it.

What can we infer from the conversation between the two waiters?

AThe elder waiter thought that a man is supposed to be live with dignity.

BThe young waiter was impatient with the old man and wanted him to go.

CThe young waiter expected the old man to go home steadily with satisfaction.

DThe elder waiter refused a clean, well-lighted place to bars and bodegas.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    It was very late and everyone had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light.In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.

    “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said. “Why?” “He was in despair.” “What about?” “Nothing.” “How do you know it was nothing?” “He has plenty of money.”

    They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind.A girl and a soldier went by in the street.The street light shone on the brass number on his collar.The girl wore no head covering and hurried beside him.

    “The guard will pick him up,” one waiter said.“What does it matter if he gets what he􀆳s after?” “He had better get off the street now.The guard will get him.They went by five minutes ago.”

    The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass.The younger waiter went over to him.

    “What do you want?” The old man looked at him.“Another brandy,” he said.

    “You􀆳ll be drunk,” the waiter said.The old man looked at him.The waiter went away.

    “He􀆳ll stay all night,” he said to his colleague.“I􀆳m sleepy now.I never get into bed before three o􀆳clock.He should have killed himself last week.”

    The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter inside the cafe and marched out to the old man􀆳s table.He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.

    “You should have killed yourself last week,” he said to the deaf man.The old man motioned with his finger.“A little more,” he said.The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile.“Thank you,” the old man said.The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe.He sat down at the table with his colleague again.

    “He􀆳s drunk now,” he said.“He􀆳s drunk every night.” “What did he want to kill himself for?” “How should I know.” “How did he do it?” “He hung himself with a rope.” “Who cut him down?” “His niece.” “Why did they do it?” “Fear for his soul.” “How much money has he got?” “He􀆳s got plenty.” “He must be eighty years old.” “Anyway I should say he was eighty.” “I wish he would go home.I never get to bed before three o􀆳clock.What kind of hour is that to go to bed?” “He stays up because he likes it.” “He􀆳s lonely.I􀆳m not lonely.I have a wife waiting in bed for me.” “He had a wife once too.” “A wife would be no good to him now.” “You can􀆳t tell.He might be better with a wife.” “His niece looks after him.You said she cut him down.” “I know.” “I wouldn􀆳t want to be that old.An old man is a nasty thing.” “Not always.This old man is clean.He drinks without spilling.Even now, drunk.Look at him.” “I don􀆳t want to look at him.I wish he would go home.He has no regard for those who must work.”

    The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters.

    “Another brandy,” he said, pointing to his glass.The waiter who was in a hurry came over.

    “Finished,” he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people employ when talking to drunken people or foreigners.“No more tonight.Close now.”

    “Another,” said the old man.

    “No.Finished.” The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.

    The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.

    “Why didn􀆳t you let him stay and drink?” the unhurried waiter asked.They were putting up the shutters.“It is not half past two.” “I want to go home to bed.” “What is an hour?” “More to me than to him.” “An hour is the same.” “You talk like an old man yourself.He can buy a bottle and drink at home.” “It􀆳s not the same.” “No, it is not,” agreed the waiter with a wife.He did not wish to be unjust.He was only in a hurry.“And you? You have no fear of going home before your usual hour?” “Are you trying to insult me?” “No, hombre, only to make a joke.”

    “No,” the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters.“I have confidence.I am all confidence.” “You have youth, confidence, and a job,” the older waiter said.“You have everything.” “And what do you lack?” “Everything but work.” “You have everything I have.” “No.I have never had confidence and I am not young.” “Come on.Stop talking nonsense and lock up.” “I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe,” the older waiter said.“With all those who do not want to go to bed.With all those who need a light for the night.” “I want to go home and into bed.” “We are of two different kinds,” the older waiter said.He was now dressed to go home.“It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful.Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be someone who needs the cafe.” “Hombre, there are bodegas open all night long.” “You do not understand.This is a clean and pleasant cafe.It is well lighted.The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.”

    “Good night,” said the younger waiter.

    “Good night,” the other said.Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It was the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant.You do not want music.Certainly you do not want music.Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours.What did he fear? It was not a fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well.It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too.It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order.Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada.

=He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.

    “What􀆳s yours?” asked the barman.

    “Nada.” “Otro loco mas,” said the barman and turned away.

    “A little cup,” said the waiter.

    The barman poured it for him.

    “The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished,” the waiter said.

    The barman looked at him but did not answer.It was too late at night for conversation.

    “You want another copita?” the barman asked.

    “No, thank you,” said the waiter and went out.He disliked bars and bodegas.A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing.Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room.He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep.After all, he said to himself, it􀆳s probably only insomnia.Many must have it.

Why was the old waiter unwilling to leave the café and go home?

ABecause the light was very good and there are shadows of the leaves.

BBecause he wanted to have a detailed conversation with the young waiter.

CBecause his soul needed a light and a place to get rid of his despair.

DBecause there may be someone who needs the café and the night is attractive.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    It was very late and everyone had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light.In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.

    “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said. “Why?” “He was in despair.” “What about?” “Nothing.” “How do you know it was nothing?” “He has plenty of money.”

    They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind.A girl and a soldier went by in the street.The street light shone on the brass number on his collar.The girl wore no head covering and hurried beside him.

    “The guard will pick him up,” one waiter said.“What does it matter if he gets what he􀆳s after?” “He had better get off the street now.The guard will get him.They went by five minutes ago.”

    The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass.The younger waiter went over to him.

    “What do you want?” The old man looked at him.“Another brandy,” he said.

    “You􀆳ll be drunk,” the waiter said.The old man looked at him.The waiter went away.

    “He􀆳ll stay all night,” he said to his colleague.“I􀆳m sleepy now.I never get into bed before three o􀆳clock.He should have killed himself last week.”

    The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter inside the cafe and marched out to the old man􀆳s table.He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.

    “You should have killed yourself last week,” he said to the deaf man.The old man motioned with his finger.“A little more,” he said.The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile.“Thank you,” the old man said.The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe.He sat down at the table with his colleague again.

    “He􀆳s drunk now,” he said.“He􀆳s drunk every night.” “What did he want to kill himself for?” “How should I know.” “How did he do it?” “He hung himself with a rope.” “Who cut him down?” “His niece.” “Why did they do it?” “Fear for his soul.” “How much money has he got?” “He􀆳s got plenty.” “He must be eighty years old.” “Anyway I should say he was eighty.” “I wish he would go home.I never get to bed before three o􀆳clock.What kind of hour is that to go to bed?” “He stays up because he likes it.” “He􀆳s lonely.I􀆳m not lonely.I have a wife waiting in bed for me.” “He had a wife once too.” “A wife would be no good to him now.” “You can􀆳t tell.He might be better with a wife.” “His niece looks after him.You said she cut him down.” “I know.” “I wouldn􀆳t want to be that old.An old man is a nasty thing.” “Not always.This old man is clean.He drinks without spilling.Even now, drunk.Look at him.” “I don􀆳t want to look at him.I wish he would go home.He has no regard for those who must work.”

    The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters.

    “Another brandy,” he said, pointing to his glass.The waiter who was in a hurry came over.

    “Finished,” he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people employ when talking to drunken people or foreigners.“No more tonight.Close now.”

    “Another,” said the old man.

    “No.Finished.” The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.

    The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.

    “Why didn􀆳t you let him stay and drink?” the unhurried waiter asked.They were putting up the shutters.“It is not half past two.” “I want to go home to bed.” “What is an hour?” “More to me than to him.” “An hour is the same.” “You talk like an old man yourself.He can buy a bottle and drink at home.” “It􀆳s not the same.” “No, it is not,” agreed the waiter with a wife.He did not wish to be unjust.He was only in a hurry.“And you? You have no fear of going home before your usual hour?” “Are you trying to insult me?” “No, hombre, only to make a joke.”

    “No,” the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters.“I have confidence.I am all confidence.” “You have youth, confidence, and a job,” the older waiter said.“You have everything.” “And what do you lack?” “Everything but work.” “You have everything I have.” “No.I have never had confidence and I am not young.” “Come on.Stop talking nonsense and lock up.” “I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe,” the older waiter said.“With all those who do not want to go to bed.With all those who need a light for the night.” “I want to go home and into bed.” “We are of two different kinds,” the older waiter said.He was now dressed to go home.“It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful.Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be someone who needs the cafe.” “Hombre, there are bodegas open all night long.” “You do not understand.This is a clean and pleasant cafe.It is well lighted.The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves.”

    “Good night,” said the younger waiter.

    “Good night,” the other said.Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It was the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant.You do not want music.Certainly you do not want music.Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours.What did he fear? It was not a fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well.It was all a nothing and a man was a nothing too.It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order.Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada.

=He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.

    “What􀆳s yours?” asked the barman.

    “Nada.” “Otro loco mas,” said the barman and turned away.

    “A little cup,” said the waiter.

    The barman poured it for him.

    “The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished,” the waiter said.

    The barman looked at him but did not answer.It was too late at night for conversation.

    “You want another copita?” the barman asked.

    “No, thank you,” said the waiter and went out.He disliked bars and bodegas.A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing.Now, without thinking further, he would go home to his room.He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep.After all, he said to himself, it􀆳s probably only insomnia.Many must have it.

Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage?

AA Magical Café with Dread

BAn Old Man with Dignity

CA Silent, Beautiful Night

DA Clean, Well-lighted Place

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题20分,共60分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

    请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    For one year, the Dannemiller family gave up buying any unnecessary purchases.

    In an effort to get back in touch with what they call their family mission, which includes “growing in faith together and serving others to create a world without  36 ,” parents Scott and Gabby Dannemiller decided to  37  spending money on things like toys, books, clothing, or anything that wasn􀆳t a necessity or a(n)  38 .

    Overall, the family successfully  39  the plan.Though the experiment took place in 2013, the family  40  tries to live by the lessons they learned while cutting out unnecessary spending.“By focusing on experiences  41  purchases, we grew together in faith as a family, we were able to  42  others, we were able to give more of our time and treasure to people who  43  need it,” Scott says.

    “My daughter􀆳s birthday is next month, and she asked if we could go to visit her uncle􀆳s farm and ride a horse,  44  just asking for a horse stuffed animal,” he says.“Now we look at  45  and say ‘will that really add value to our life,  46  is it something we will just need to find space for and take care of.’”

    If you􀆳re trying to teach your children to focus  47  on physical stuff, Scott says it􀆳s helpful to tweak (稍微改进) your  48  when kids ask for things.“We used to say ‘that􀆳 s too  49 ,’ but that made our kids think OK, we need more money, and when we get more money we can have it,” he says.“We  50  to ‘we don􀆳t need that,’ and that helped them understand.”

    When  51  spending, Scott says the most  52  thing is to focus not on what your family is giving up, but what it is gaining.“It􀆳s not about what you􀆳re  53 ,” he says.“The question should be, ‘What are we going to  54  that with?’ Then, make sure you are adding something to your life that the people in your family 55 .For us, that was time together.”

36.

    A.need       

    B.faith    

    C.delay   

    D.pity

37.

    A.slow       

    B.begin   

    C.increase       

    D.stop

38.

A.party      

    B.experience   

    C.relationship 

    D.gathering

39.

    A.applied to      

    B.subscribe to 

    C.responded to       

    D.stuckto

40.

    A.even       

    B.ever     

    C.still      

    D.just

41.

    A.instead of      

    B.in contrast to      

    C.in parallel with   

    D.regardless of

42.

    A.treat       

    B.serve    

    C.please  

    D.satisfy

43.

    A.presently 

    B.likely   

    C.really   

    D.simply

44.

    A.more than      

    B.or else  

    C.or rather      

    D.ratherthan

45.

    A.purchases       

    B.possessions  

    C.treasures      

    D.earnings

46.

    A.so   

    B.or C.and      

    D.but

47.

    A.less 

    B.occasionally 

    C.frequently   

    D.more

48.

    A.appearance     

    B.atmosphere  

    C.language     

    D.identity

49.

    A.worthy   

    B.cheap   

    C.worthless     

    D.expensive

50.

    A.admitted 

    B.referred       

    C.shifted 

    D.took

51.

    A.cutting off     

    B.cutting down      

    C.cutting up    

    D.cutting away

52.

    A.impressive     

    B.challenging  

    C.important    

    D.encouraging

53.

    A.lacking   

    B.losing  

    C.obtaining     

    D.finding

54.

    A.replace   

    B.share    

    C.exchange     

    D.compare

55.

    A.own       

    B.preserve      

    C.owe     

    D.value

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
1

第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    Aside from the health benefits of laughter (which are numerous and significant), having a sense of humor about life􀆳s difficulties can provide a way to bond with others, look at things in a different way, normalize your experience, and keep things from appearing too overwhelming or scary.Properly developed, a good sense of humor can keep people and relationships strong.

    Studies show that having a smile on your face can make you feel better, and can lead you to actually feeling happier (rather than just looking happier).Even if the smile is fake, the benefits you will experience are real! Also, a fake smile leads readily to a genuine one.If you are able to put a smile on your face, the laughter will come more easily, and the stress will melt more easily.

    If your situation seems ridiculously frustrating, recognize what can develop into humor in just how ridiculously frustrating and annoying it is.In your imagination, take the situation to an extreme that becomes even more ridiculous until you find yourself amused.For example, when you􀆳re waiting in a long line at the store, you can imagine that hours pass, then days, visualizing yourself accepting visits from loved ones from your new home in this ultra-long line, holding your children􀆳s birthday parties in aisle seven so you can be there to enjoy them...you get the picture.

    Besides, find a friend with whom you can laugh also works! You can each share your frustrations, and laugh about them in the process.Even when your friend isn􀆳t there, you can feel less stressed by thinking about the retelling that will come later.

    You can have a “most annoying boss” game with your friends, or try to count how many times the same potentially frustrating event happens in a day.(“I was cut off in traffic 7 times today—I􀆳m almost up to 10!”) This works well for predictable or repetitive annoying situations that you can􀆳t control; you can begin to value them in their own special way instead of letting them upset you.

    One of the factors that drive the popularity of shows like Modern Family or movies like the classic Ferris Bueller􀆳s Day Off, is that they take somewhat universal situations that many people find frustrating and push them a little further, pointing out the silliness of it all.

    What􀆳s more, you can try joining Funny Clubs.Years ago, when Oprah had a show rather than a network, she did a part on Laughter Yoga that interested me, and I researched a club on my own, finding it to be a terrific place to enjoy a good laugh.Whether you mean business or laugh at the silliness of it all, taking part in the exercises of laughter yoga with other humor-participants can be a very effective way to get back in the practice of getting some more laughter into your day.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第五部分:书面表达 (满分25分)

    请认真阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

    There are two factors which determine an individual􀆳s intelligence.The first is sort of brain he is born with.Human brains differ considerably, some being more capable than others.But no matter how good a brain he has to begin with, an individual will have a low intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn.So the second factor is what happens to the individual—the sort of the environment in which he is brought up.If an individual is handicapped (受阻碍) environmentally, it is likely that his brain will stop to develop and he will never attain the level of intelligence of which he is capable.

    The importance of environment in determining an individual􀆳s intelligence can be proved by the identical twins, Peter and John.When the twins were three months old, their parents died, and they were placed in separate foster (寄养) homes.Peter was reared by parents of low intelligence in an isolated community with poor educational opportunities.John, however, was educated in the home well-to-do parents who had been to college.This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their late teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence.John􀆳s IQ was 125, twenty-five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his brother.

【写作内容】

    1以约30个词概括短文的要点;

    2然后以约120个词就“环境与人的智力发展”的主题发表看法,并包括如下要点:

    a.你是否赞同“环境决定智力的发展”这一观点?为什么?

    b.请举出具体事例说明你的观点;

    c.你认为如何才能最大限度地发展智力?

【写作要求】

    1写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

    2作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

    3不必写标题。

【评分标准】

    内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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